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Theobald II, Count of Champagne

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Theobald the Great (French: Thibaut de Blois) (1090–1152) was count of Blois and of Chartres as Theobald IV from 1102 and was count of Champagne and of Brie as Theobald II from 1125. Theobald held Auxerre, Maligny, Ervy, Troyes, and Châteauvillain as fiefs from Duke Odo II of Burgundy.

Career

Theobald was the son of Count Stephen II of Blois and Adela of Normandy,[1] and the elder brother of King Stephen of England. Although he was the second son, Theobald was appointed above his older brother William. Several historians have painted William as mentally deficient, but this has never been substantiated. However, we know that his mother found him stubbornly resistant to control and unfit for wide-ranging comital duties. Theobald had no such problems. Theobald accompanied his mother throughout their domain on hundreds of occasions and, after her retirement to Marcigney in 1125, he administered the family properties with great skill. Adela died in her beloved convent on 8 March 1137, the year after her son Stephen was crowned king of England.[2]

King Louis VII of France became involved in a war with Theobald by permitting Count Raoul I of Vermandois and seneschal of France, to repudiate his wife Eleanor, Theobald's sister, and to marry Petronilla of Aquitaine, sister of Louis VII's wife, Eleanor. The war, which lasted two years (1142–1144), was marked by the occupation of Champagne by the royal army and the capture of Vitry-le-François, where 1500 people perished in the deliberate burning of the church by Louis.[3] The scholastic Pierre Abélard, famous for his love affair with and subsequent marriage to his student Héloïse d'Argenteuil, sought asylum in Champagne during Theobald II's reign. Abelard died at Cluny Abbey in Burgundy, a monastery supported by the Thebaudians for many centuries.

Marriage and issue

In 1123 he married Matilda of Carinthia, daughter of Duke Engelbert of Carinthia.[4]

Their children were:

Theobald had an illegitimate son, Hugh, (d.1171), abbot of Lagny near Paris.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Dunbabin 1985, p. 390.
  2. ^ LoPrete 2007, p. 416-417.
  3. ^ Kaeuper 2016, p. 202.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Cline 2007, p. 501-502.
  5. ^ a b Fassler 2010, p. 457.
  6. ^ Baldwin 2002, p. 46.

Sources

  • Baldwin, John W. (2002). Aristocratic Life in Medieval France. Johns Hopkins University.
  • Cline, Ruth Harwood (2007). "Abbot Hugh: An Overlooked Brother of Henry I, Count of Champagne". The Catholic Historical Review. Catholic University of America Press. Vol. 93, No. 3 (July). |volume= has extra text (help)
  • Dunbabin, Jean (1985). France in the Making, 943-1180. Oxford University Press.
  • Fassler, Margot Elsbeth (2010). The Virgin of Chartres: Making History Through Liturgy and the Arts. Yale University Press.
  • Kaeuper, Richard W. (2016). Medieval Chivalry. Cambridge University Press.
  • LoPrete, Kimberly (2007). Adela, Countess and Lord. Fourcourts Press.
Theobald II, Count of Champagne
Born: 1090 Died: 10 January 1152
Preceded by
William the Simple
Count of Blois
1102–1152
Succeeded by
Theobald V
Preceded by
Hugh
Count of Champagne
1125–1152
Succeeded by
Henry I
This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 14:35
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