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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Theba pisana 0109.JPG
Live and active individual of Theba pisana
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order: Stylommatophora
Family: Helicidae
Subfamily: Helicinae
Tribe: Thebini
Genus: Theba
Risso, 1826[1]

See text

  • Euparypha W. Hartmann, 1843
  • Fruticicola (Theba) Risso, 1826 (unaccepted rank)
  • Helix (Euparypha) W. Hartmann, 1843
  • Helix (Leucochroa) H. Beck, 1837 (junior synonym)
  • Helix (Theba) Risso, 1826
  • Helix (Xerophila) Held, 1838
  • Leucochroa Beck, 1837 (junior synonym)
  • Xerophila Held, 1838
  • Xerophila (Xerophila) Held, 1838

Theba is a taxonomic genus of air-breathing land snails, medium-sized pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the family Helicidae, the true snails. [2]

Theba is the type genus of the tribe Thebini.[3]

The genus occurs in the Mediterranean Basin, in the Canary Islands, and in Morocco.[4]


Species within the genus Theba include:

Species brought into synonymy
  • Theba albocincta P. Hesse, 1912: synonym of Monacha albocincta (Hesse, 1912) (original combination)
  • Theba cemenelea Risso, 1826: synonym of Monacha cemenelea (Risso, 1826) (original combination)
  • Theba compingtae' Pallary, 1929: synonym of Monacha compingtae (Pallary, 1929) (original combination)
  • Theba hemitricha P. Hesse, 1914: synonym of Paratheba hemitricha (P. Hesse, 1914): synonym of Monacha hemitricha (P. Hesse, 1914) (original combination)
  • Theba melitenensis P. Hesse, 1915: synonym of Monacha melitenensis (P. Hesse, 1915) (original combination)
  • Theba orientalis Hesse, 1914: synonym of Monacha (Metatheba) samsunensis (L. Pfeiffer, 1868) represented as Monacha samsunensis (L. Pfeiffer, 1868) (junior synonym)
  • Theba pontica (P. Fischer in Tchihatcheff, 1866) †: synonym of Monacha pontica (P. Fischer in Tchihatcheff, 1866)
  • Theba rubella Risso, 1826: synonym of Monacha cemenelea (Risso, 1826) (junior synonym)
  • Theba samsunensis (L. Pfeiffer, 1868): synonym of Monacha samsunensis (L. Pfeiffer, 1868) (unaccepted combination)


  1. ^ Risso A. 1826. Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes Maritimes. Tome quatrième. pp. [1-3], j-vij [= 1-7], 1-439, pl. [1-12]. Paris. (Levrault).
  2. ^ MolluscaBase eds. (2021). MolluscaBase. Theba Risso, 1826. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: on 2021-05-06
  3. ^ Bouchet, Philippe; Rocroi, Jean-Pierre; Frýda, Jiri; Hausdorf, Bernard; Ponder, Winston; Valdés, Ángel & Warén, Anders (2005). "Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families". Malacologia. Hackenheim, Germany: ConchBooks. 47 (1–2): 1–397. ISBN 3-925919-72-4. ISSN 0076-2997.
  4. ^ Greve C., Hutterer R., Groh K., Haase M. & Misof B. (2010). "Evolutionary diversification of the genus Theba (Gastropoda: Helicidae) in space and time: A land snail conquering islands and continents". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57(2): 572-584. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2010.08.021.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Gittenberger, G.; Ripken, Th. E. J. (1987). "The genus Theba (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Helicidae), Systematics and distribution". Zoologische Verhandelingen. 241 (1): 1–59.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Species in genus Theba (n=6). AnimalBase, accessed 3 May 2009.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Theba Risso 1826". Fauna Europaea, last update 27 January 2011, accessed 11 May 2011.
  8. ^ [1]. NCBI, accessed 11 May 2011.
  9. ^ [2]. NCBI, accessed 11 May 2011.
  10. ^ [3]. NCBI, accessed 11 May 2011.
  • Bank, R. A. (2017). Classification of the Recent terrestrial Gastropoda of the World. Last update: July 16th, 2017

External links

This page was last edited on 6 January 2022, at 08:03
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