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The Nun's Story (film)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Nun's Story
Nun story.jpg
Original film poster
Directed byFred Zinnemann
Screenplay byRobert Anderson
Based onThe Nun's Story
1956 novel
by Kathryn Hulme
Produced byHenry Blanke
Starring
CinematographyFranz Planer
Edited byWalter Thompson
Music byFranz Waxman
Production
company
Warner Bros.
Distributed byWarner Bros.
Release date
  • July 18, 1959 (1959-07-18)
Running time
152 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$3.5 million[1]
Box office$12.8 million[1]

The Nun's Story is a 1959 American drama film directed by Fred Zinnemann and starring Audrey Hepburn, Peter Finch, Edith Evans, and Peggy Ashcroft. The screenplay was written by Robert Anderson, based upon the popular 1956 novel of the same name by Kathryn Hulme. The film tells the life of Sister Luke (Hepburn), a young woman who decides to enter a convent and make the many sacrifices required by her choice.

The film is a relatively faithful adaptation of the novel, which was based on the life of Belgian nun Marie Louise Habets. Latter portions of the film were shot on location in the Belgian Congo and feature Finch as a cynical but caring surgeon.[2]

Plot

Gabrielle "Gaby" Van Der Mal (Audrey Hepburn), whose father Hubert (Dean Jagger) is a prominent surgeon in Belgium, enters a convent of nursing sisters in the late 1920s, hoping to serve in the Belgian Congo. After receiving the religious name of Sister Luke, she undergoes her postulancy and novitiate which foreshadow her future difficulties with the vow of obedience. She takes her first vows and is sent to the Institute of Tropical Medicine in Antwerp.

After passing her courses with high marks, along with some spiritual conflict, she silently resists the Mother Superior's request to purposely fail her final exam as a proof of her humility. Despite finishing fourth in her class, she is not assigned to the Congo but sent to a European mental hospital where she assists with the most difficult and violent cases, wasting her tropical medicine skills. A particularly violent schizophrenic (Colleen Dewhurst) tricks Sister Luke into opening the cell door in violation of the rules. She attacks Sister Luke, who barely escapes and once again faces the shame of her disobedience.

Eventually she takes her solemn vows and is sent to her long-desired posting in the Congo. Once there, she is disappointed that she will not be nursing the natives, but will instead work in a segregated whites/European patient hospital. She develops a strained but professional relationship with the brilliant, atheistic surgeon there, Dr. Fortunati (Peter Finch). Eventually, the work strains and spiritual struggles cause her to succumb to tuberculosis. Fortunati, not wanting to lose a competent nurse and sympathetic to her desire to stay in the Congo, engineers a treatment plan that allows her to remain there rather than having to convalesce in Europe.

After Sister Luke recovers and returns to work, Fortunati is forced to send her to Belgium as the only nurse qualified to accompany a VIP who has become mentally unstable. She spends an outwardly reflective but inwardly restless period at the motherhouse in Brussels before the superior general gives her a new assignment. Due to the impending war in Europe, she cannot return to the Congo, and is assigned as a surgical nurse at a local hospital.

While at her new assignment, Sister Luke's struggle with obedience becomes impossible for her to sustain, as she is repeatedly forced into compromises to cope with the reality of the Nazi occupation, including that they have killed her father. No longer able to continue as a nun, she requests and is granted a dispensation from her vows. She is last seen changing into lay garb and exiting the convent through a back door.

Cast

Production

Pre-production

Fred Zinnemann was introduced to the source material by actor Gary Cooper. Zinnemann was immediately interested in an adaptation, but there was little traction from studios until Audrey Hepburn expressed her interest.[3]

The cast and crew included few if any Catholics. Fred Zinnemann was Jewish. Audrey Hepburn and Edith Evans were Christian Scientists. The film's writer, Robert Anderson, was a Protestant, and Peggy Ashcroft was agnostic.[3] To ensure accuracy and fidelity, a number of consultants were used. The screenplay was reviewed by the literary editor of America, by a panel of Dominican Priests in Rome, and by the Los Angeles chapter of the National Legion of Decency.[4] The production team also corresponded regularly with Kathryn Hulme, the author of the source material. The Kathryn Hulme collection at Yale University contains 37 of these letters.[5] Further, the director and many of the actresses in the film spent time in European convents prior to rehearsal and principal photography. Zinnemann describes the Catholic Church as somewhat hesitant at first, in part worried that the film would depict a romantic relationship between Sister Luke and Dr. Fortunati. Once the Church had more confidence in the production, there was a high level of collaboration leading to a high level of preparation that Zinnemann credits for the realism and emotional intensity of the film. Zinnemann also continued his usual practices of collaborating with the film's writer on the second draft of the screenplay (though not receiving a writing credit) and meeting with each major actor for an in-depth discussion of his or her character.[6]

To prepare for her role Audrey Hepburn met with both Hulme and Marie Louise Habets, the inspiration for the novel and film. The three spent a considerable amount of time together, apparently becoming known as "The 3-H Club." Hepburn and Habets had some surprising similarities. Both had Belgian roots and had experienced personal trauma during World War II, including losing touch with their fathers and having their brothers imprisoned by Germans.[4] Habets later helped nurse Hepburn back to health following her near-fatal horse-riding accident on the set of the 1960 film The Unforgiven.

The cast was rounded out by Colleen Dewhurst, making her first screen appearance and Renée Zinnemann, the wife of the director who played the assistant of the Mother Superior (Edith Evans).[7][3]

Principal photography

This house on the Sint-Annarei [nl] in Bruges was a backdrop of the movie
This house on the Sint-Annarei [nl] in Bruges was a backdrop of the movie

The film was shot partially in the then Belgian Congo, now Democratic Republic of the Congo with production based in then Stanleyville, now Kisangani, and some scenes shot in Yakusu, a nearby center of missionary and medical activity where cast and crew met the famous missionary Stanley George Browne.[8] Fred Zinnemann had originally intended to film only the African scenes in color, with Europe rendered in stark black and white.[9] There was originally a scene towards the end of the film depicting three men endangered by quicksand and rapidly rising water, but it was never filmed due to adverse conditions.[6]

Interior scenes for the Belgian portions of the film were shot in Rome at Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografia and Cinecittà on sets designed by Alexandre Trauner.[3] Extras for these scenes were recruited from the ballet corps of the Rome Opera company. Zinnemann wanted actors who would be capable of precise and coordinated movement.[9]

Belgian exteriors were shot on location in Bruges, but the novel took place in Ghent.[3]

Post-production

According to Zinnemann, composer Franz Waxman's dislike of the Catholic Church was a conspicuous influence on early drafts of the score. This is part of the reason why the final scene has no score, an uncommon stylistic choice for the era.[10] Regardless of Waxman's work, Zinnemann had always wanted the film to end in silence.[9][6]

The original theatrical trailer for the film contains a brief shot of Gabrielle and her father sitting at a cafe. The shot is an excerpt from a scene that was removed from the final cut. The scene is alluded to in the final film when Dr. Van Der Mal mentions a restaurant reservation at the beginning of the film. Zinnemann removed the scene because he felt it was redundant and hindered the pace of the film's opening.[6]

Accolades

Award[11] Category Nominee(s) Result
Academy Awards[12] Best Motion Picture Henry Blanke Nominated
Best Director Fred Zinnemann Nominated
Best Actress Audrey Hepburn Nominated
Best Screenplay – Based on Material from Another Medium Robert Anderson Nominated
Best Cinematography – Color Franz Planer Nominated
Best Film Editing Walter A. Thompson Nominated
Best Scoring of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture Franz Waxman Nominated
Best Sound George Groves Nominated
British Academy Film Awards[13] Best Film from any Source Fred Zinnemann Nominated
Best British Actor Peter Finch Nominated
Best British Actress Peggy Ashcroft Nominated
Audrey Hepburn Won
United Nations Award Fred Zinnemann Nominated
David di Donatello Awards Best Foreign Actress Audrey Hepburn Won
Directors Guild of America Awards[14] Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures Fred Zinnemann Nominated
Faro Island Film Festival Best Film (Golden Train Award) Nominated
Golden Globe Awards[15] Best Motion Picture – Drama Nominated
Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama Audrey Hepburn Nominated
Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture Edith Evans Nominated
Best Director – Motion Picture Fred Zinnemann Nominated
Best Film Promoting International Understanding Nominated
Special Achievement Award Won
Grammy Awards[16] Best Soundtrack Album – Background Score from a Motion Picture or Television Franz Waxman Nominated
Laurel Awards Top Drama Nominated
Top Female Dramatic Performance Audrey Hepburn Nominated
Top Score Franz Waxman Nominated
National Board of Review Awards[17] Best Film Won
Top Ten Films Won
Best Director Fred Zinnemann Won
Best Supporting Actress Edith Evans Won
New York Film Critics Circle Awards[18] Best Director Fred Zinnemann Won
Best Actress Audrey Hepburn Won
San Sebastián International Film Festival Golden Shell Fred Zinnemann Won
Best Actress Audrey Hepburn Won
Writers Guild of America Awards[19] Best Written American Drama Robert Anderson Nominated

The film was recognized by American Film Institute in 2005 as a nominee for AFI's 100 Years of Film Scores[20] and in 2006 as a nominee for AFI's 100 Years...100 Cheers.[21]

Reception

On Rotten Tomatoes the film has an approval rating of 83% based on reviews from 18 critics.[22]

The Nun's Story was a major box office success in its day. Produced on a budget of $3.5 million, it grossed $12.8 million at the domestic box office,[1] earning $6.3 million in theatrical rentals in the U.S.[23] The Nun's Story was considered, for a time, to be the most financially successful of Hepburn's films and the one the actress often cited as her favorite.

The Nun's Story received its first official North American DVD release on April 4, 2006. The story behind the book and film was the subject of The Belgian Nurse, a radio play by Zoe Fairbairns, broadcast on BBC Radio 4 on January 13, 2007.

According to correspondences in the Kathryn Hulme collection at Yale University, both Mary Louise Habets and Kathryn Hulme were pleased with the film and its success.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b c Box Office Information for The Nun's Story. The Numbers. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
  2. ^ "The Nun's Story (1959)". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved October 15, 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d e Zinnemann, Fred (1992). A life in the movies : an autobiography. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. ISBN 0-684-19050-8.
  4. ^ a b Campbell, Debra (2008). "The Nun's Story: Another Look at the Postwar Religious Revival". American Catholic Studies. 119 (Winter 2008): 103–108. JSTOR 44195197.
  5. ^ a b May, Anne (1979). "The Kathryn Hulme Collection". The Yale University Library Gazette. 53 (3): 129–134. JSTOR 40858678.
  6. ^ a b c d Zinnemann, Fred; Nolletti Jr., Alfred (1994). "Conversation with Fred Zinnemann". Film Criticism. 18/19 (3/1): 7–29. JSTOR 44076035.
  7. ^ "The Nun's Story (1959) - Notes". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved October 15, 2011.
  8. ^ "Wellcome Library for the History of Medicine & Understanding". Leprosy History. Retrieved 2011-10-25.
  9. ^ a b c Zinnemann, Fred; Neve, Brian (1997). "A Past Master of His Craft: An Interview with Fred Zinnemann". Cinéaste. 23 (1): 15–19. JSTOR 41688984.
  10. ^ Phillips, Gene (1999). "Waxing Silent". Film Comment. 35 (3): 2. JSTOR 43455378.
  11. ^ Cite error: The named reference Monaghan was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  12. ^ "The 32nd Academy Awards (1960) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-21.
  13. ^ "BAFTA Awards: Film in 1960". BAFTA. 1968. Retrieved 16 September 2016.
  14. ^ "12th DGA Awards". Directors Guild of America Awards. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
  15. ^ "The Nun's Story – Golden Globes". HFPA. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
  16. ^ "1959 Grammy Award Winners". Grammy.com. Retrieved 1 May 2011.
  17. ^ "1959 Award Winners". National Board of Review. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
  18. ^ "1959 New York Film Critics Circle Awards". Mubi. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
  19. ^ "Awards Winners". wga.org. Writers Guild of America. Archived from the original on 2012-12-05. Retrieved 2010-06-06.
  20. ^ "AFI's 100 Years of Film Scores Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-14.
  21. ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Cheers Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-14.
  22. ^ "The Nun's Story (1959)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2021-09-15.
  23. ^ "1959: Probable Domestic Take", Variety, January 6, 1960 p 34.

External links

This page was last edited on 15 September 2021, at 17:01
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