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List of national archives

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

National archives are central archives maintained by countries. This article contains a list of national archives.

Among its more important tasks are to ensure the accessibility and preservation of the information produced by governments, both analogically and digitally, for the government itself, researchers and generations to come.

Some national archives collections are large, holding millions of items spanning several centuries, while others created recently have modest collections. In the last decade, digitization projects have made possible to browse records and contents online, although no archive have their entire collections published on the web.

Country Archive Location Year Collection size Notable artifacts Image Website
 Afghanistan National Archives of Afghanistan Kabul 1890
National Archives, Afghanistan.jpg
 Albania General Directorate of Archives Tirana 1949 [1]
 Algeria Centre Nationale des Archives [2]
 Andorra National Archives of Andorra Andorra la Vieja 1975
Arxiu Nacional d'Andorra.JPG
 Angola Arquivo Histórico Nacional Luanda
 Argentina General Archive of the Nation Buenos Aires 1821
  • 800,000 photographs
  • 100,000 volumes
  • 3,000 films
Archivo General de la Nación (Calle 25 de Mayo).JPG
 Armenia National Archives of Armenia Yerevan 1923
Հայաստանի ազգային արխիվ.jpg
 Aruba National Archives of Aruba Oranjestad
 Australia National Archives of Australia Canberra 1961
  • 40,000,000 items
National Archives of Australia in Parkes, ACT.jpg
National Film and Sound Archive Canberra 1984
  • 2,800,000 items
National Film and Sound Archive.jpg
 Austria Austrian State Archives Vienna 1749
Staatsarchiv Erdberg Sep 2006 001.jpg
 Azerbaijan National Archive Department Baku 2002 [9]
 Bahamas National Archives of the Bahamas Nassau 1971 [10]
 Bangladesh National Archives of Bangladesh Dhaka 1973
  • 225,000 volumes
 Barbados Barbados National Archives Bridgetown
 Belarus National Archives of Belarus Minsk 1927
National Archive of Belarus storage 3.jpg
 Belgium National Archives of Belgium Brussels
Archives générales du Royaume.jpg
 Belize National Archives of Belize Belmopan
 Benin National Archives of Benin Porto-Novo 1914 [14]
 Bhutan National Library & Archives of Bhutan Thimphu 1967
National Library-Thimphu-Bhutan-2008 01 23.jpg
 Bolivia National Archives of Bolivia Sucre 1836
  • 114,000 volumes
Archivo y Biblioteca Nacionales de Bolivia 1.jpg
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Archive of Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo [17]
 Botswana National Archives of Botswana Gaborone 1967
  • 20,000 items
Archives and Records management center Botswana 5.jpg
 Brazil Arquivo Nacional Rio de Janeiro 1838
  • 1,740,000 photographs
  • 124,000 films
  • 44,000 maps
  • 20,000 illustrations
  • 4,000 videotapes
Arquivo Nacional (exterior).jpg
 Bulgaria Bulgarian Archives State Agency [bg] Sofia
 Burkina Faso National Archives of Burkina Faso Ouagadougou [20]
 Cambodia National Archives of Cambodia Phnom Penh [21]
 Cameroon National Archives of Cameroon Yaoundé 1966
  • 64,000 volumes
 Canada Library and Archives Canada Ottawa 2004
  • 30,000,000 photographs
  • 20,000,000 books
  • 3,000,000 architectural drawings, plans and maps
  • 425,000 works of art
  • 550,000 music items
  • 90,000 films
Library and Archives Canada.JPG
 Cape Verde Arquivo Histórico Nacional Praia 1988
Arquivo Histórico Nacional, Praia, Cape Verde.jpg
 Chile National Archives of Chile Santiago 1927
 China National Archives Administration of China Beijing 1954
  • 80,000,000 items
 Colombia General National Archive Bogotá 1989
 Republic of the Congo Archives Nationales du Congo Brazzaville
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Archives Nationales de la République démocratique du Congo Kinshasa
 Cook Islands National Archives of the Cook Islands 1974
  • 4,000 photographs
 Costa Rica National Archives of Costa Rica
 Croatia Croatian State Archives Zagreb
Archivo Nacional, Zagreb, Croacia, 2014-04-13, DD 01.JPG
 Cuba Archivo Nacional de la República de Cuba Havana 1840 [29]
 Cyprus Cyprus State Archives Nicosia 1972 [30]
 Czech Republic National Archives Praga
National Archive, Prague Chodov.jpg

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ Genealogy Introduction—Immigration Records at the National Archives
  • ✪ A Room for Treasures: Cool Things at the National Archives
  • ✪ UFO Interview, 1966
  • ✪ Access to Archival Databases (AAD) for Genealogists
  • ✪ Genealogy Introduction—Military Research at the National Archives: Pension Records


Rebecca: Hello, I’m Rebecca Crawford, and I’m an archives specialist at the National Archives and Records Administration. Katherine: And I’m Katherine Vollen, and I’m also an archives specialist at the National Archives and Records Administration. And today we’re going to be looking at immigration records. Rebecca: Part of our immigration records, we have records of U.S. Customs Service that are part of Record Group 36. They’re going to cover the time period 1820 to 1890 with the exception of Philadelphia which will start in 1800. We will also look at some examples from the Immigration and Naturalization Service which are part of Record Group 85. They’re going to range from 1891 to 1957. On the screen you’ll see a list of the major ports that we have relating to immigration. Within those ports, you’ll see records for the port of Philadelphia which range from 1800 to 1952, for the port of New York from 1820 to 1957, Baltimore for 1820 to 1957, New Orleans from 1820 to 1952, and San Francisco from 1882 to 1957. We also have some records for our border crossings here at the National Archives. So, if your ancestors crossed the border from Canada into the United States, you’re going to look at the port of St. Alban’s. Those records will start in 1895 and go through 1954. If you have an immigrant ancestor that came from the border from Mexico, then you’re going to be looking at the Mexican border crossings. Those records will start about 1903 and run to about 1955. Katherine: Now, the type of information that you can find in the immigration records is going to vary over time. But all of the immigration records, both the Customs and INS records, will include the name of the ship, the name of the ship’s master, the port of arrival and embarkation, and also the date of departure and the date of arrival. The kind of thing that you’ll be looking for when you do genealogy research, the early Customs records are going to include the name of the individual, their age, their occupation, country of origin, and destination. Now, as I said, these vary and they’re going to be different over time. And this is a really early record into Philadelphia. This is the Brig Experiment coming in 1809. And if you take a look, you see all the damage. You’ve got holes. You’ve got tape it looks like. This record is not in good shape. These were actually stored on the docks before they were turned over to us. So, they were exposed to water, other elements, vermin, rats could get at these things. So, we’re lucky we actually have what we do have. But, this is actually mostly a cargo list. So, up here, this is all cargo, and the passengers are down at the bottom. So, you’ll see there are fourteen boxes of linen, one chest of glass, one chest of ceiling wax. And for passengers, we have an example of Henry Vogt and his wife and three children. Now, the rest of the family’s names are not listed. So, all we know is Henry Vogt had a wife, and he had three children that came with him. We don’t know their names, but we do know that they were carrying one trunk and some number bags of bedding. The number is not there. By 1846, we see a little more information. This is the Brig Nautilus arriving in New Orleans in 1846. There’s no cargo listed on this, but this is the entire passenger list. There are only seven things listed. We have a man named Galtier, no first name listed. But, he is 36 years old. He is a clergyman from France, and he is intending to settle in the United States. Now, there’s a column on the right side of the page that says number that have died on the voyage. And, when you start seeing columns with questions like that, you know that the government is trying to track something. And, in this case, they’re trying to track how many people died on the voyage. And, we see that one person died, and he’s listed down here. Matthew, again I don’t know if this is his first name or his last name, but he died during the passage. And, this is 1886, the Nova Scotian arriving in Baltimore. And, this is a longer manifest. This is actually page six of a six-page manifest. So, you can see with these numbers down here, there were 221 passengers and, in this case, we get the individual’s name, their age, their sex, their occupation, the country they’re coming from, state or town to which they’re going, and again it asks if anyone died on the voyage, and it also asks what section of the ship they were in. And, these people were divided into female steerage and male steerage. This entire ship seemed to be in steerage. So, we see here Mary Calleghan. She was 17 years old. She was a domestic servant from Ireland, and she was going to Chicago, Illinois. Now, I mentioned again we had the question “Did anybody die on the voyage?” Down here, we have Maria and Pete Housen or Paulsen. It actually says Housen or Paulsen. Since this information was taken down orally, it’s very possible that the person providing the information had an accent, and the person taking it down just couldn’t understand if it was Housen or Paulsen. So, they wrote both. They were both born at sea on August 10th. And on August 12th, Maria died, and Pete died on August 17th. So, they were less than a week old, and they both died. Rebecca: Now, we’ve looked at what we can find on the earlier passenger manifests. On the later passenger manifests, you’re going to get more information. With these records, you can get the name of the individual, names of any traveling companions, the age and personal description of each person traveling, their occupation, their last residence, the name and address of relatives they’re going to join, whether they can read or write, the amount of money they are carrying, and you can also find out whether or not they were a polygamist or an anarchist. This is an example of a passenger list for the S.S. Majestic which arrived into the port of New York on March 27, 1923. As you can see, this manifest is nicely typed. A lot of the manifests will not be and are very difficult to read. But, you’ll also notice that at the top of this list, it is called “The List of United States Citizens.” And sometimes you will see that the lists will be separate. So, sometimes you’ll have a list of aliens, and sometimes you’ll have a list of citizens, and sometimes they’ll be mingled in together. On this particular list, you have the names of each passenger along with their age, their sex, their marital status, where they were living. You also have a column that’s filled in with a bunch of handwritten notations. These are going to the passport numbers for each of these individuals. So, it could lead you to another source of information that we have at the National Archives. Down at the bottom towards the end, you’ll have an individual. His name is Seth Van Slaars. You’ll find out that he is 21 years old. He is a male. He is married. He has U.S. passport number of 2-4-1-4-6-9, and his address is listed as T.C. and Son, New York. And, upon further investigation, it seems that T.C. Son in New York is actually the name of a travel agency. Katherine: Thomas Cook and Son Rebecca: This passenger list here is for the S.S. Rotterdam which arrived into New York City on August 17, 1921. This one, instead of being a list of U.S. citizens, it’s actually a list of aliens and it tells you that at the very top of the page. And it gives you a whole lot of information about the passengers. Not only do you have page one, but you’re going to have a second page to this manifest which will give you even more information about each passenger. One of the people aboard this ship is Jacob Burger. He’s 25 years old. He is married. He is a butcher. He can read, and he can write. He was born in Rotterdam, and his last permanent residence is in New Jersey. It also gives the address of his father who still lives in Rotterdam. It tells you that his final destination is back to New Jersey. He paid his passage by “workaway”, which means he worked on board the ship in order to pay his passage. He is carrying 25 dollars. It gives you the name of his wife Mrs. Burger and her address in New Jersey, and it also gives you a personal description of Jacob Burger. So, from the manifest, we learn that he is 5’ 5” with blue eyes, and we also learn that, unfortunately, he is not a polygamist or an anarchist. So, you can see that the later immigration lists will give you a wide source and a wide variety of different information. Katherine: I want to point out two things about this list. One, Rebecca says unfortunately he is not a polygamist or an anarchist because no one ever says yes. They wouldn’t be allowed into the country if they admitted to that. But, if you ever find one that says yes they are is a polygamist or an anarchist, please let us know because we’ve been looking for these. And the second thing I want to point out is that we were giving this lecture at one of our Genealogy Fairs, and a gentleman in the front row recognized this family. And Mrs. Burger’s name is apparently Edna according to this researcher. I have no way to verify this, but he told us that. Rebecca: Moving on, now we have the passenger manifest of the S.S New Amsterdam which arrived into New York on June 11, 1953. Because this is one of the later manifests, you’ll notice that it does not give as much information about the individuals as the earlier manifests do. On this manifest, you have John and Augusta Alexander. John was born in New York. Augusta was born in Germany. And you find the amount of luggage that they are traveling with. They have five suitcases, one trunk, one box, and two packages. Now, one of the things that you want to take note of on this manifest is that under the passport number they both have the same number. So, it’s quite possible that they are a married couple even though it does not specify this on the manifest. Katherine: Now, I want to talk about availability of these records. All of the examples we just showed you are available on microfilm at the National Archives building and at some of our regional facilities. Their holdings will vary. So, it’s a good idea to check ahead before you visit. Most of these records have been digitized and are available on And we provide access at all of our facilities free of charge. Some of the records, the New York records for 1892 to 1924, are available at, and has a searchable database but no images of the New York arrival records between 1820 and 1913. And of course you can always submit a mail order request, and you can download a mail order form at HYPERLINK "" . And, if you have any further questions, please feel free to contact us. Our general email is .





















See also


  1. ^ "Landesverwaltung Liechtenstein". Archived from the original on 2008-04-03.
  2. ^ "Archives nationales de Luxembourg".
  3. ^ Marcel Lajeunesse, ed. (2008). Les Bibliothèques nationales de la francophonie (PDF) (in French) (3rd ed.). Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec. OCLC 401164333. Free to read
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-04-18. Retrieved 2016-03-14.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

External links

This page was last edited on 4 June 2019, at 05:56
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