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The Devil's Bondwoman

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Devil's Bondwoman
The Devl's Bondwoman.png
Motion Picture Weekly Ad
Directed byLloyd B. Carleton[1]
Written byFred Myton[1]
Screenplay byMaie B. Havey
Story byF. McGrew Willis
Produced byUniversal Red Feather[1]
Starring
Distributed byUniversal
Release date
  • November 20, 1916 (1916-November-20)
Running time
5 reels[1]
CountryUSA
LanguageEnglish intertitles

The Devil's Bondwoman is a 1916 American silent Melodrama directed by Lloyd B. Carleton. The film was based on the story by F. McGrew Willis and scenarized by Maie B. Havey and Fred Myton. The movie features Dorothy Davenport and Emory Johnson and employed the same cast seen in other Red Feather films, e.g. Barriers of Society, Black Friday.

The film has an allegorical prologue taking place in Hell and an epilogue. Wealthy banker Mason Van Horton becomes involved with socialite Doria Manners who is married to businessman John Manners. When Mason falls in love with another woman named Beverly Hope, he tries to end the affair with Doria. A revengeful Doria tells her husband, Mason tried to seduce her and wants John to ruin Van Horton financially. An incensed John Manners arranges for one of Mason's major banks to go bankrupt but then discovers his wife making love to Prince Vandloup. John instantly realizes Doria lied about Mason while having an affair with the prince. John Manners leaves her, and Prince Vandloup changes into the devil and carts Doria away.

The movie was released by Universal on November 20, 1916.[2][3]

Plot

The film's prologue transports the moviegoers to the grottoes of Hell. Life's Creator has gathered the underworld spirits to help him create a mortal. They work non-stop and complete their creation. While the spirits admire their work, the Devil enters. Examining the Creator's mortal, Satan determines one attribute is missing. He instills the mortal with the Love of Self. The Devil knows pride is the most sinister of the Seven Deadly sins, and all other immoralities spring forth from the sin of pride.

Satan has added his last touches to the mortal and feels the "Man" is ready to navigate the road of life. The Devil chooses the easiest path for the man and sends him forth into the world. Satan returns to Hell, discovering the spirits have created another mortal. Satan declares this mortal a "Woman." The Devil adds no other attributes to the woman and sends her to follow life's pathways. Satan knows the man will take care of her downward spiral. Maniacal laughter fills the cavern–Satan knows he has done well.

Mason Van Horton is the young president of Van Horton bank, a self-made millionaire, and a ranking member of society. The bank is in an impoverished section of town. Hundreds of workers have placed their hard-earned life savings in the bank. Mason has taken a carefree approach towards the bank, and it is on the precipice of failure. The elder John Manners is wealthy and married to his wife, Doria. She is always seeking to raise her social standing and is a social vampire. John Manners has assisted Mason in his ascent to the top of his business. However, he is not above taking advantage of Mason's missteps whenever they present themselves.

Doria tires of her husband's company, so she focuses her flirtatious talents on Mason Van Horton. She flirts and entices Mason, and he is not resistant to her overtures. Beverly Hope visits her aunt, Barbara. Mason meets Beverly at a social function and falls in Love. Beverly is so sweet and virtuous that Mason reflects upon his past life. Could he have done anything differently so he could ask her to marry him?

There is a gala at the Manners' home. They have invited all the social elites. During the party, Doria snuggles up to Mason and asks him to meet her in private. Mason agrees, and after all the guests have gone, he sneaks upstairs to Doria's apartment. She is sitting on a divan, waiting for his arrival. Mason enters the room, sits on the sofa, and they embrace. He pulls back after a brief sigh and then leans forward to kiss Doria. As their lips are about to meet, Mason takes one last glance at Doria. The room seems to darken around them, and he can only see the face of his beloved Beverly. He reels back in fear and stumbles to his feet. Mason rushes from the room while every fiber of his body is writhing in guilt. After all, he almost betrayed the woman he loves, but just the thought of Beverly broke Doria's spell. As he leaves the room, he passes a curious John Manners.

Doria is beside herself when she cannot win the affections of Mason Van Horton. Mason's rejection of Doria triggers a vengeance response. She tells her husband; Mason had forced his way into her room and tried to have his way. An enraged Manners wants to kill Van Horton. Doria pleads with her husband not to harm him but to ruin him financially. With Manner's business acumen, it doesn't take long for him to bankrupt Van Horton's bank. The bank's investors lose every penny of their savings. Mason holds himself responsible for the failure of his bank. He commits to making total restitution. He sacrifices his entire fortune to repay the poor people that invested in his bank. While all the other intrigues are taking place, Beverly has fallen in love with Mason. Beverly has agreed to marry Mason and, meantime, to help him work his way through his plans for restitution.

A woman who lost her savings stabs herself in Doria's room

Doria throws a reception at her house and invites Mason. He accepts, hoping he can find some private time with John Manners. The reception is in full swing when a strange woman shows up. She was a former member of the Van Horton fail bank and had lost her life savings. Doria discovers her background and orders her from the house. Instead of leaving, the woman slips upstairs to Doria's room. Once in the room, she stabs herself and falls bleeding to the floor. At the reception, the dinner guests gather around a table. Doria is entertaining the guests when a drop of blood falls from the ceiling. The shaken dinner guests are astonished. During the confusion in the other room, Mason and John Manners are in the library discussing business when a guest hurries in and tells them about the drops of blood. John Manners rushes upstairs to see what happened. After assessing the situation, he returns to the library. Passing one of the upstairs rooms, he hears Doria and Prince Vandloup making Love. He enters the room, confronts the two, and condemns Doria. John Manners now recognizes how Doria had manipulated him. Manners heads downstairs explains to his bewildered guests that Doria was behind the collapse of the Van Horton bank. Under the circumstances, Manners will help Mason make restitution. He expels Doria from the house and banishes her forever.

Mason and Beverly profess their Love for each other and get married. Doria has always had an infatuation with Prince Vandloup. The prince made Love to her at every opportunity. Because Doria failed to seduce Mason, she must now pay the Devil his due. Prince Vandloup transforms into the Devil, and Doria learns she is in the power of evil and forever the Devil's Bondwoman.

Cast

Actor Role
Dorothy Davenport Beverly Hope
Emory Johnson Mason Van Horton
Adele Farrington Doria Manners
William Canfield John Manners
Arthur Hoyt The Alchemist
Richard Morris Prince Vandloup
C. Norman Hammond The Spirit of Fire
Miriam Shelby Aunt Barbara
Carl Laemmle in 1918

Development

According to the book - The Universal Story, Carl Laemmle (c. 1867-1939) produced around 91 movies in 1916.[4] Lloyd B. Carleton (c. 1872–1933) started working for Carl Laemmle in the Fall of 1915.[5] Carleton arrived with impeccable credentials, having directed some 60 films for the likes of Thanhouser, Lubin, Fox, and Selig.[6] Between March and December 1916, 44-year-old Lloyd Carleton directed 16 movies for Universal, starting with The Yaqui and ending with The Morals of Hilda. Emory Johnson acted in all 16 of these films. Of Carleton's total 1916 output, 11 were feature films, and the rest were two-reel shorts.

In 1916, Carleton directed all 13 films pairing Dorothy Davenport and Emory Johnson. This film would be the last in the 13-film series. These totals show Carl Laemmle was clearly giving the Davenport-Johnson pairing one of his elite directors from the working cadre of universal directors to produce the screen chemistry Laemmle was seeking. After completing this film, Carleton would make The Morals of Hilda and then sever his connections with Universal.

Casting

Dorothy Davenport (1895-1977) was an established star for Universal when the 21 year-old actress played Beverly Hope. She had acted in hundreds of movies by the time she starred in this film. The majority of these films were 2-reel shorts, as was the norm in Hollywood's teen years. She had been making movies since 1910. She started dating Wally Reid when she was barely 16, and he was 20. They married in 1913. After her husband died in 1923, she used the name "Mrs. Wallace Reid" in the credits for any project she took part in.[7] Besides being an actress, she would eventually become a film director, producer, and writer.[8]

Emory Johnson (1894-1960) was 22 years old when he acted in this movie as Mason Van Horton. In January 1916, Emory signed a contract with Universal Film Manufacturing Company. Carl Laemmle of Universal Film Manufacturing Company thought he saw great potential in Johnson, so he chooses him to be Universal's new leading man. Laemmle's hope was Johnson would become another Wallace Reed. A major part of his plan was to create a movie couple that would sizzle on the silver screen. Laemmle thought Dorothy Davenport and Emory Johnson could create the chemistry he sought. Johnson and Davenport would complete 13 films together. They started with the successful feature production of Doctor Neighbor in May 1916 and ended with The Devil's Bondwoman in November 1916. After completing the last movie, Laemmle thought Johnson did not have the screen presence he wanted. He decided not to renew his contract.[9][8] Johnson would make 17 movies in 1916, including 6 shorts and 11 feature-length Dramas. 1916 would become the second-highest movie output of his entire acting career. Emory acted in 25 films for Universal, mostly dramas with a sprinkling of comedies and westerns.

Richard Morris (1862-1924) was a 54 year-old actor when he played Prince Vandloup. He was a character actor and former opera singer known for Granny (1913). He would eventually participate in many Johnson projects, including |In the Name of the Law (1922), The Third Alarm (1922), The West~Bound Limited (1923), The Mailman (1923), The Spirit of the USA (1924) until his untimely death in 1924.

Adele Farrington (Mrs. Hobart Bosworth) (c. 1867-1936) was 49 years old when she portrayed Doria Manners. She was also a Universal contract player appearing in 74 films between 1914 and 1926. Although she got her start in movies when she was 47-years-old (1914), Universal cast her mostly in character leads. Many of her roles were acting alongside her husband, Hobart Bosworth, who married in 1909 and divorced in 1920. In addition to her roles as an actress, she was also a music composer and writer.

Arthur Hoyt (1874-1953) was 42 years old when he portrayed the Alchemist. He was an American film character actor who appeared in more than 275 films. He started seriously acting in 1916 and continued getting parts until 1947.

Screenplay

This film was written by F. McGrew Willis (1891-1957) and Walter Woods (1881-1942). They often combined their name into "Willis Woods"; thus, the credit for the story would be given to - "Willis Wood."[2]

In the film's original copyright entry, the names of scenarist Maie B. Havey and author Willis Woods are scratched out. The office replaced the entry with the names of "Willis Woods" as the author and "Fred Myton" as the scenarist. They reached an agreement, and "Fred Myton" was given credit as the prologue writer.[1]

Filming

The interiors were filmed in the studio complex at Universal Studios located at 100 Universal City Plaza in Universal City, California.[citation needed]

Alternate title

During the film's development, the title was listed as - The Devil's Die. This movie had another alternate title of The Devil's Bondswoman.[2]

Music

As part of Universal's in-house publication The Moving Picture Weekly, a section was devoted to proposing musical selections for specific Universal movies. The musical selections were "Specially Selected and Compiled by M. Winkler." Each reel of the movie had recommendations as shown below:

The Devil's Bondwoman
REEL I
I. "Olympia," by Ascher, until "And then was brought forth," etc.
2. "Creepy Creep," by Tyler, until "Mason Van Horton," etc.
3. "Extase," by Ganne, until "Scene: Dancing."
4. "Harlequin One-Step," by Roberts, until "Scene: Interior of office."
5. "Alia Ballerina Valse Lenton."

The complete music recommendations for this film are located in the Gallery section of this page.[10]

Advertising

This film carried Universal's "Red Feather" brand, designating a low-budget feature film.

Universal's trade journal magazine, The Moving Picture Weekly contains an advertising section titled - PUTTING IT OVER. The section would give exhibitors suggestions for advertising selected movies. The November 11, 1916 issue had the following advertising suggestions for this movie:

THE RED FEATHER for November 20 is called "The Devil's Bondwoman." Mephisto costumes are easy to obtain, and it would be very effective to have a regular operatic Mephistopheles in red clothes, a short cape, pointed shoes, and a cap with a standing feather, dragging a handsomely dressed woman chained by the wrists to him. This could be used as a lobby tableau vivant, or posed on the stage in front of your screen while the lights in the house are up, with appropriate placards giving the date of the release.[11]

Reviews

The magazine movie critics generally panned this movie. In the November 25, 1916 issue of the Motion Picture News, Peter Milne writes:[12]

One is led to believe that too many scenario writers spoiled " The Devil's Bondwoman." Take, for instance, the allegoricals, which include several flashes of the lower regions. These have little to do with the story proper, and the picture would be better if they were eliminated. The main plot is of a common-place sort and is not founded on basically convincing situations. Lloyd B. Carleton's direction falls quite far below the standard he usually maintains. The double exposures and dissolves are not well done. The exteriors were chosen with little care, and the interiors are not appropriate. Adele Farrington is an unconvincing vampire and over-acts so strenuously that one can never take her appearances seriously.

In the November 22, 1916 issue of The New York Clipper, the staff critic opines:[13]

A conventional, rather uninteresting "movie" with the usual plot ingredients. The picture shows a lack of care in its production and want of originality by its several authors. While the leads do all possible with the unconvincing roles assigned them, the rest of the cast is inclined to overplay. There is not enough body to the story proper to warrant the filming of five reels, and the introduction of the allegorical scenes showing glimpses of Hades adds nothing to the tale, Taken all in all. this picture falls far below the standard set for meritorious features of the present day.

Preservation status

According to the Library of Congress website, this film has a current status of "No holdings located in archives," thus it is presumed all copies of this film are lost.[14][15]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Catalog of Copyright Entries Cumulative Series Motion Pictures 1912 - 1939". Internet Archive. Copyright Office * Library of Congress. 1951. p. 201. Retrieved March 21, 2021. Motion Pictures, 1912-1939, is a cumulative catalog listing works registered in the Copyright Office in Classes L and M between August 24, 1912 and December 31, 1939
  2. ^ a b c "The Devil's Bondwoman". catalog.afi.com.
  3. ^ The Devil's Bondwoman at the TCM Movie Database
  4. ^ Hirschhorn, Clive (1983). The Universal Story - The Complete History of the Studio and its 2,641 films. New York: Crown Publishing Group. pp. 22–23. ISBN 0-517-55001-6.
  5. ^ "CARLETON, Lloyd B." www.thanhouser.org. Thanhouser Company Film Preservation. March 1994. Retrieved February 19, 2021. Thanhouser Company, Thanhouser Films: An Encyclopedia and History Version 2.1 by Q. David Bowers,Volume III: Biographies
  6. ^ Wikipedia Lloyd Carleton page
  7. ^ "Dorothy Davenport". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved January 20, 2021.
  8. ^ a b E.J. Fleming (July 27, 2010). Wallace Reid: The Life and Death of a Hollywood Idol. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-8266-5.
  9. ^ "Plays and Players". Exhibitors Herald. Chicago, Exhibitors Herald. June 1, 1918. p. 1050.
  10. ^ "MUSIC FOR "THE MAINSPRING"— WEEK OF NOVEMBER 27, 1916". The Moving Picture Weekly. November 27, 1916. p. 689. Retrieved May 26, 2021.
  11. ^ "THE MOVING PICTURE WEEKLY-Putting It Over". The Moving Picture Weekly. November 11, 1916. p. 594. Retrieved May 18, 2021. Advertising Suggestions That Get Business
  12. ^ "THE DEVIL'S BONDWOMAN - (Red Feather-Universal — Five Reels)". Motion Picture News. New York, Motion Picture News, Inc. November 25, 1916. Retrieved March 21, 2021. REVIEWED BY PETER MILNE
  13. ^ "THE DEVIL'S BONDWOMAN - (Red Feather-Universal — Five Reels)". The New York Clipper. The Clipper Company. November 22, 1916. Retrieved March 21, 2021. Reviewed by staff
  14. ^ The Library of Congress American Silent Feature Film Survival Catalog: The Devil's Bondwoman / Lloyd B Carleton (motion picture)
  15. ^ Progressive Silent Film List: The Devil's Bondwoman at silentera.com

External links

This page was last edited on 29 November 2021, at 17:15
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