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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Crow
Eric
The Crow #1 (February 1989).
Publication information
PublisherCaliber Press, Kitchen Sink Press, Image Comics, IDW Publishing
First appearanceCaliber Presents #1 (Jan. 1989)
Created byJames O'Barr
In-story information
Alter egoEric
Abilities
  • Enhanced strength, speed, and agility
  • Cat-like reflexes
  • Heightened senses
  • Resistance to injury or pain
  • Invulnerability
  • Skilled marksmanship
The Crow
Series publication information
PublisherCaliber Press (1989–1990)
Kitchen Sink Press (1996–1998)
Image Comics (1999)
IDW Publishing (2012–)
FormatLimited series
GenreDark fantasy
Publication date(The Crow (Caliber Press))
Feb. – May 1989
(The Crow: Dead Time)
Jan. – Mar. 1996
(The Crow: Flesh & Blood)
May – July 1996
(The Crow: Wild Justice)
Oct. – Dec. 1996
(The Crow: Waking Nightmares)
Jan. 1997 – May 1998
(The Crow / Razor: Kill the Pain)
Apr. – Sept. 1998
(The Crow (Image Comics))
Feb. – Nov. 1999
Number of issues45+
Main character(s)Eric
Shelly
Creative team
Writer(s)James O'Barr, John Wagner, James Vance, Jerry Prosser, Christopher Golden, Everette Hartsoe, Jon J Muth, John Shirley, Frank Bill
Artist(s)James O'Barr, Alexander Maleev, Charlie Adlard, Jamie Tolagson, Paul Lee, Kevin Colden, Antoine Dodé, Drew Moss
Penciller(s)Philip Hester
Inker(s)Andé Parks
Collected editions
The Crow: Special EditionISBN 978-1451627251

The Crow is a supernatural dark fantasy comic book series created by James O'Barr revolving around the titular character of the same name. The series, which was originally created by O'Barr as a means of dealing with the death of his fiancée at the hands of a drunk driver,[1] was first published by Caliber Comics in 1989. It became an underground success, and was later adapted into a film of the same name in 1994. Three film sequels, a television series, and numerous books and comic books (published by numerous companies) have also been subsequently produced.

The Crow has been translated into almost a dozen languages and has sold around 750,000 copies worldwide.[2]

Publication history

Caliber Press

The Crow first appeared on the back cover of Deadworld #10 (November 1988); James O'Barr provided a back cover to the first comic book Caliber Press published, which contained an advertisement for the upcoming The Crow appearance in Caliber Presents #1. (The ads shows The Crow standing with a smoking shotgun in one hand and a samurai sword in the other, with the statement, "For Some Things...There Is No Forgiveness". It mentions The Crow appearing in February 1989.)

The Crow's first in-story appearance was in Caliber Presents #1 (January 1989), in the story "Inertia", which serves as a prequel to the main series. O'Barr again provided a back cover for this issue.

The character's first limited series was The Crow #1–4 (February–May 1989). Four issues, titled "Pain", "Fear", "Irony", and "Despair," take readers through a series of vengeance tales as The Crow cuts and shoots through Tin-Tin, Tom-Tom, Top Dollar, Funboy and T-Bird, the gang members that attacked and killed him and his lover Shelly.

In A Caliber Christmas (December 1989), Eric reflects back on happier times with Shelly in the story "Atmosphere." (In The Crow graphic novel, this story is placed between issues #2 and 3.)

Caliber Presents #15 (September 1990) contained a key preview of The Crow #5, titled "Death" which was left unpublished. The preview was a story to conclude the original arc.

Tundra Publishing

Tundra Publishing later reprinted Caliber's first four issues in two double-sized volumes and printed "Death" (also double-sized) as the third volume.

Kitchen Sink Press

In 1993, Kitchen Sink Press collected The Crow into a graphic novel. A limited hardcover edition was also released by Graphitti Designs.

From 1996–1998, Kitchen Sink published five mini-series and a one-shot based on The Crow concept with a new avatar in each series.

London Night Studios

Following the Kitchen Sink series, London Night Studios published The Crow/Razor: Kill the Pain in 1998, which saw Eric Draven paired with Everette Hartsoe's bad girl character Razor in five numbered issues (#0–4), plus "Finale" and "The Lost Chapter" in February 1999.

Image Comics

In 1999, Image Comics released a new Crow comic series with yet another take on the Eric Draven story. It ran for ten issues, ending in November of that year.

Pocket Books

In 2002, Pocket Books re-released the original Crow graphic novel after being out-of-print for several years

Gallery Books

O'Barr stated in a 2004 interview that an Author's Edition would contain at least "60 pages of new material that no one has ever seen. Half of that are pages that had to be removed for space reasons." O'Barr described the additions as including "more romance flashback scenes between Eric and Shelly," as well as sequences that would make the work "more visually interesting."[3] On January 16, 2010, it was announced on O'Barr's official website that the Author's Edition of The Crow was indeed going to be released and that O'Barr was currently working on it.[4] On April 7, 2011, O'Barr announced that The Crow: Special Edition would be released on July 28, 2011, from Gallery Books.[5]

IDW Publishing

In July 2012, IDW Publishing published a new five-issue Crow series, The Crow: Death and Rebirth, written by novelist John Shirley (co-writer of the original Crow film) and illustrated by Kevin Colden.[6]

Four more IDW Crow series followed: The Crow: Skinning the Wolves (2013), The Crow: Curare (2013), The Crow: Pestilence (2014) and The Crow: Memento Mori (2018).

Plot

The story revolves around an unfortunate young man named Eric. He and his fiancée, Shelly, are assaulted by a gang of street thugs after their car breaks down. Eric is shot in the head and is paralyzed, and can only watch as Shelly is savagely beaten, raped, and then shot in the head. They are then left for dead on the side of the road. Eric later dies in the hospital operating room while Shelly is DOA.

He is resurrected by a crow and seeks vengeance on the murderers, methodically stalking and killing them. When not on the hunt, Eric stays in the house he shared with Shelly, spending most of his time there, lost in memories of her. Her absence is torture for him; he is in emotional pain, even engaging in self-mutilation by cutting himself.

The crow acts as both a guide and goad for Eric, giving him information that helps him in his quest but also chastising him for dwelling on Shelly's death, seeing his pining as useless self-indulgence that distracts him from his purpose.

Characters

  • Eric: The main character. He was shot in the head and paralyzed, having seen all the brutal things done to Shelly, dying shortly after. A year after his death, his soul is brought back into his dead body. Unlike the movie, however, since Eric is basically a walking corpse, he does not heal and is totally invulnerable. The fact that there are no conditions or limitations to Eric's presence or powers gives the character a unique presence that does not exist in any other hero. He is completely unstoppable compared to any other mortal character in his universe.
  • The crow (bird): serves as a guide to Eric as well as a companion. Unlike in the movie, the crow is not a real bird but a spirit that only Eric sees (and T-Bird, once, at the very end). Given its nature, it cannot be killed.
  • The Skull Cowboy: a dark character that exists mostly to keep Eric on track in his mission and keep him from becoming too attached to his memories.
  • Shelly: Fiancée of Eric who gets raped and killed by T-Bird's gang. She appears in Eric's dreams and memories.
  • Sherri: A young street girl whom Eric meets while going after Funboy. Sherri is shown as upset, due to her mother not being there for her, and even goes so far as to tell Eric that she believes she's been bad and God sent her to Hell. She and Eric seem to bond closely, and feeling sorry for her, Eric gives her Shelly's engagement ring. She's overjoyed, because no one has ever given her a gift before, and she calls him a "clown" while he calls her a "princess". She is renamed Sarah in the film adaptation.
  • T-Bird: The head of the gang that murders Shelly and Eric.
  • Funboy: T-Bird's right-hand man, a morphine addict who is sleeping with Sherri's mother.
  • Top Dollar: A low-level drug dealer who also participated in gang-raping Shelly; in the film adaptation, he is the main antagonist rather than T-Bird.
  • Tin-Tin: The first of T-Bird's gang to be eliminated by Eric.
  • Tom-Tom: Another of T-Bird's soldiers and one of Shelly's rapists, whom Eric interrogates over the whereabouts of Shelly's ring. Tom-Tom is absent from the film adaptation and his role is largely rewritten into a new character, Skank.
  • Gideon: A pawnbroker who fences Shelly's engagement ring after it is given to him by T-Bird; in the film adaptation, Tin-Tin gives him the ring.
  • Officer Albrecht: A beat cop who confronts Eric outside of Gideon's pawnshop.
  • Captain Hook: The detective who originally handled Eric and Shelly's case. Eric sends him his regards through Albrecht.

Critical reception

The Crow is ranked 37th in IGN's Top 100 Comic Book Heroes.[7] In 2005, creator James O'Barr claimed that The Crow was:

  • The best-selling independent black-and-white graphic novel of all time.
  • Translated into almost a dozen languages and has sold over a quarter-million copies worldwide.
  • The second American comic book to get its author the "Storyteller Award" by the Angoulême International Comics Festival held annually in Angoulême, France.[8]

In other media

Professional wrestling

World Championship Wrestling superstar Sting portrayed a character inspired by The Crow beginning in late 1996. As this character, Sting was involved in a major storyline with Hulk Hogan and the New World Order throughout 1997 and early 1998.

Film

In 1994, a film based on the comic (titled The Crow) was released to theaters by Miramax Films. The film was both a critical and commercial success, earning $50,693,129[9] total gross during its 1994 United States theatrical release. A cult following, in part due to the accidental death of its star Brandon Lee on the film's set, has maintained the film's popularity, with a regular staple of movie memorabilia being found at retailers like Hot Topic.[citation needed] Three sequels have been made so far: The Crow: City of Angels (1996), starring Vincent Pérez (as The Crow), Mia Kirshner, Richard Brooks and Iggy Pop; The Crow: Salvation (2000), starring Eric Mabius (as The Crow), Kirsten Dunst and Fred Ward; and The Crow: Wicked Prayer (2005), starring Edward Furlong (as The Crow), David Boreanaz and Tara Reid.

In the late 1990s, a sequel/reboot to The Crow entitled The Crow: 2037 was in the works; it would be set in the future. It was written and scheduled to be directed by Rob Zombie, but it was ultimately cancelled.[10][11][12][13]

On December 14, 2008, Stephen Norrington announced in Variety that he planned to write and direct a "reinvention" of The Crow. Norrington distinguished between the original and his remake: "Whereas Proyas’ original was gloriously Gothic and stylized, the new movie will be realistic, hard-edged and mysterious, almost documentary-style."[14] In 2009 Ryan Kavanaugh's Relativity Media was negotiating with Edward R. Pressman for both the film's rights and financing.[15] In May 2013, actor Luke Evans accepted the role of Eric Draven, with F. Javier Gutiérrez set to direct. According to James O'Barr the movie is expected to be much more faithful to the comic including flashbacks, metaphors, horses, trains and barbed wire, making it not suitable for younger audiences.[16] Director Javier Gutiérrez also confirmed that his intentions are to create literally a page-by-page adaptation of the movie.[17] Filming was slated to start in the spring of 2015[18] but on July 31, 2015, The Hollywood Reporter reported that production on the reboot stalled because of Relativity Media's bankruptcy.[19]

Corin Hardy was the next director to take on the film and O'Barr said in October 2017:

As of right now, it's slated to start pre-production in February with a very talented British director named Corin Hardy. I'm involved in every aspect of the film and working closely with the director.[20]

On May 31, 2018, it was announced that both director Hardy and star Jason Momoa had exited the project.[21]

Television

A television series, The Crow: Stairway to Heaven (1998), was based on the first movie with Mark Dacascos replacing Lee in the role of Eric Draven.

Novels and story collections

From 1996–2001, a number of novels based on the world and thematic concerns of The Crow were published, mostly by Harper. Authors of these novels included such notable names as Chet Williamson, David Bischoff, Poppy Z. Brite, S. P. Somtow, Norman Partridge, and A. A. Attanasio.

In 1998, O'Barr and editor Ed Kramer asked an array of fiction writers, poets, and artists—including Gene Wolfe, Alan Dean Foster, Charles de Lint, Jack Dann, Jane Yolen, Henry Rollins and Iggy Pop—to interpret this Gothic fiction phenomenon. The Crow: Shattered Lives and Broken Dreams[22] was released by Random House on Halloween; and a year later, in a limited signed and numbered volume, by Donald M. Grant Publishing.

Video games

The Crow: City of Angels is a 1997 action video game for Sega Saturn, Sony PlayStation and Microsoft Windows. It is loosely based on the movie of the same title. The player assumes the role of the hero of the film, Ashe Corven. It received negative reviews.[23][24] Ojom GmbH released a j2me game called simply The Crow.[25]

Music

There have been five albums of music related to The Crow and its attendant films:

Card games

The Crow is an out-of-print collectible card game by Heartbreaker Press and Target Games. It is based on The Crow comics by James O'Barr and depicted images from the movie. It was released in November 1995 but initially had a release date of March 1995.[26][27] It was one of three sets released by Heartbreaker Press and Target Games in November along with James Bond 007 and Kult.[26] The game did not have starter decks, and instead it had a core set with 122 cards that included 10 foils that had artwork from the comic.[26][28] The game was sold in booster packs of 15 cards, but no starter packs were available.[28][29] A promo card called The Confident Crow was available by mail through proof-of-purchase order.[28][29] An expansion titled Crow: City of Angels was announced for an October 1996 release but never materialized.[26]

Players control Angel, Devil, and Neutral Bystander cards and then send them into combat with "opposing [P]ersonalities". Action cards allow players to pump or hinder a Personality. Each Personality has an attack and defense value, as well as Virtue, which is equal to the highest value. Players play their Personality card and discard cards from their hands equal to the Virtue of the played card, and then they attack. If a player has a higher attack value than their opponent's defense value, the opponent is wounded. If a Personality would be wounded again, it is killed. A player wins by killing 25 Virtue worth of an opponent's Personalities.[26]

Andy Butcher reviewed The Crow for Arcane magazine, rating it a 6 out of 10 overall.[30] Butcher comments that "The Crow is a simple game that would serve as a good introduction to CCGs. There's just enough depth to give it some skill, and the game mechanics are elegant. Experienced players may find it limiting and lacking in lasting appeal."[30]

Bibliography

Comics

  • The Crow (4 issues, 1989, Caliber Press) by James O'Barr
    • Collected with the addition of new material as The Crow: Special Edition (Gallery Books, 2011)
  • The Crow: Dead Time (3 issues, 1996, Kitchen Sink Press) story by James O'Barr & John Wagner, art by Alexander Maleev
    • Collected as The Crow: Midnight Legends Volume 1: Dead Time (IDW), 2012)
  • The Crow: Flesh and Blood (3 issues, 1996, Kitchen Sink) story by James Vance, art by Alexander Maleev
    • Collected as The Crow: Midnight Legends Volume 2: Flesh and Blood (IDW, 2012)
  • The Crow: City of Angels (3 issues, 1996, Kitchen Sink) adapted from the screenplay)[31]
  • The Crow: Wild Justice (3 issues, 1996, Kitchen Sink) story by Jerry Prosser, art by Charlie Adlard
    • Collected as The Crow: Midnight Legends Volume 3: Wild Justice (IDW, 2013)
  • The Crow: Waking Nightmares (4 issues, 1997–1998, Kitchen Sink) story by Christopher Golden, art by Philip Hester
    • Collected as The Crow: Midnight Legends Volume 4: Waking Nightmares (IDW, 2013)
  • The Crow #0: A Cycle of Shattered Lives (one-shot, 1998, Kitchen Sink) story by James O'Barr / various
  • The Crow / Razor: Kill the Pain (7 issues, 1998–1999, London Night Studios) story by Everette Hartsoe
  • Todd McFarlane Presents: The Crow (10 issues, 1999, Image Comics), story by Jon J Muth, art by Jamie Tolagson & Paul Lee
    • Issue #1–5 collected as The Crow: Midnight Legends Volume 5: Resurrection (IDW, 2013)
    • Issue #6–10 collected as The Crow: Midnight Legends Volume 6: Touch Of Evil (IDW, 2014)
  • The French Crow (5 volumes, 2002–2011, Goutte D'Or Production / Réflexions) stories by various, including Isha ("La Mort Sur Le Trottoir"), Christophe Henin ("Medieval Crow") and Yoann Boisseau ("Le Sang des Innocents"), published in France
  • The Crow: Death & Rebirth (5 issues, 2012, IDW) story by John Shirley, art by Kevin Colden
  • The Crow: Skinning the Wolves (3 issues, 2012, IDW) story by James O'Barr and Jim Terry
  • The Crow: Curare (3 issues, 2013, IDW) story by James O'Barr, art by Antoine Dodé
  • The X-Files/The Crow: Conspiracy (one-shot, 2014, IDW) story by Denton J. Tipton, art by Vic Malhotra
  • The Crow: Pestilence (4 issues, 2014, IDW) story by Frank Bill, art by Drew Moss
  • The Crow: Memento Mori (4 issues, 2018, IDW) story by Roberto Recchioni and Matteo Scalera, art by Werther Dell'Edera and Matteo Scalera
  • The Crow: Hack/Slash (4 issues, 2019, IDW) story by Tim Seeley, art by Jim Terry
  • The Crow: Hark the Herald (one-shot, 2019, IDW) story by Tim Seeley, art by Meredith Laxton
  • The Crow: Lethe (3 issues, 2020, IDW) story by Tim Seeley, art by Ilias Kyriazis

Novels

Short stories

  • The Crow: Shattered Lives & Broken Dreams (Random House, 1999) ed. James O'Barr & Ed Kramer

See also

References

  1. ^ "DIKE BLAIR | Writing". Thing.net. Retrieved 2011-01-12.
  2. ^ "The Crow Translations". Archived from the original on 2008-04-15. Retrieved 2010-02-05.
  3. ^ Epstein, Daniel Robert (May 21, 2004). "James O'Barr, creator of The Crow". Suicide Girls. Retrieved 2008-04-24. Archived[dead link] on 2008-04-24.
  4. ^ "The Crow Author's Edition". James O'Barr. January 16, 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-18.
  5. ^ O'Barr, James. "'The Crow: Special Edition' release date!" James O'Barr blog (April 7, 2011).
  6. ^ The Comic Book Critic. "Preview of The Crow #1 (IDW)". Retrieved 2012-04-17.
  7. ^ The Crow – #37 Top Comic Book Heroes – IGN
  8. ^ CrowFansOnline and James O'Barr – the official fansite of the creator of The Crow
  9. ^ "The Crow". Retrieved 2010-01-23.
  10. ^ "Zombie Will Write/Direct Next "Crow" Flick – Music, Celebrity, Artist News". MTV. 1997-02-11. Retrieved 2012-11-24.
  11. ^ "What happened to the Rob Zombie script for Crow: 2037?". Experts123.com. Retrieved 2012-11-24.
  12. ^ "Scripts on the Net – The Crow: 2037 A New World of Gods and Monster, by Rob Zombie – Read The Screenplay". Roteirodecinema.com.br. 2008-09-22. Retrieved 2012-11-24.
  13. ^ "100 Wonderful and Terrible Movies That Never Existed". Io9.com. 2012-08-10. Retrieved 2012-11-24.
  14. ^ Fleming, Michael (2008-12-14). "Norrington flies with 'Crow' franchise". Variety.
  15. ^ "The Crow Relaunch Moves Forward With Casting". i09. Retrieved 2009-11-25.
  16. ^ "NYCC 2014: Twenty Years Of 'The Crow' With James O'Barr". IGN. 2014-10-10. Retrieved 2014-11-15.
  17. ^ Korsgaard, Sean CW (October 30, 2014). "Interview with James O'Barr, creator of The Crow". korsgaardscommentary.com. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
  18. ^ "The Crow Reboot to Start Shooting in Spring 2015". IGN. 2014-10-24. Retrieved 2014-11-15.
  19. ^ Ritman, Alex (July 31, 2015). "Relativity Fallout: 'The Crow' Remake Sees Pre-Production Stall". The Hollywood Reporter.
  20. ^ Salcido, Mark (2017-10-29). "Exclusive: The Crow Reboot To Begin Pre-Production In February". Screengeek. Retrieved 2017-10-30.
  21. ^ "'The Crow' Remake is Dead Again as Jason Momoa and Corin Hardy Exit". /Film. 2018-05-31. Retrieved 2018-05-31.
  22. ^ The Crow: Shattered Lives & Broken Dreams review, Publishers Weekly. Accessed Oct. 27, 2016.
  23. ^ "The Crow: City of Angels". Game Rankings. 1997-02-28. Retrieved 2011-01-13.
  24. ^ GamePro 95 (June 1997), page 76.
  25. ^ "Telcogames To Distribute Ojom Content". www.gamesindustry.biz. 2005-06-27. Retrieved 2019-01-08.
  26. ^ a b c d e Miller, John Jackson (2003), Scrye Collectible Card Game Checklist & Price Guide, Second Edition, p. 109.
  27. ^ "The Crow Flies with Upper Deck in Trading Card and Memorabilia Deal". Carboardconnection.com. Retrieved 2018-02-02.
  28. ^ a b c "The Crow Card Game". Brandonlee.com. Retrieved 2018-02-02.
  29. ^ a b Brown, Timothy (1999), The Official Price Guide to Collectible Card Games, pp. 51–52.
  30. ^ a b Butcher, Andy (February 1996). "Games Reviews". Arcane. Future Publishing (3): 77.
  31. ^ "Crow City of Angels (1996) comic books," MyComicShop.com. Accessed Dec. 28, 2017.
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