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The Crime Doctor (1934 film)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Crime Doctor
Theatrical poster
Directed byJohn Robertson
Charles Kerr (assistant)
Written byJane Murfin
Based onnovel, The Big Bow Mystery
by Israel Zangwill
Produced byMerian C. Cooper
David Lewis
StarringOtto Kruger
Karen Morley
Nils Asther
CinematographyLucien Andriot
Edited byWilliam Hamilton
Release date
  • April 27, 1934 (1934-04-27) (US)[1]
Running time
75 minutes
CountryUnited States

The Crime Doctor is a 1934 American crime drama directed by John Robertson from a screenplay by Jane Murfin, adapted from the novel The Big Bow Mystery by Israel Zangwill. The film stars Otto Kruger, Karen Morley, and Nils Asther. RKO Radio Pictures produced and distributed the film which was released on April 27, 1934.


Kruger and Morley
Kruger and Morley

When famous detective Dan Gifford arrives home he is surprised to find his wife, Andra, is attracted to famous crime novelist, Eric Anderson. Jealous, he decides to write his own crime novel. When he overhears Andra on the phone with Eric later that evening, he plans to commit the perfect murder and to frame Eric for it. In order to accomplish this, he hires Blanche Flynn, an ex-con, to rent the apartment above Eric's and to keep notes on Eric's activity. However, when Blanche sees Andra entering the apartment, she decides to make a new deal for herself. She approaches Eric and blackmails him for $10,000 to keep the affair secret. Eric agrees, and sets up a meeting with her the following evening to deliver the money.

When Gifford finds out about the blackmail scheme, he realizes the perfect moment to hatch his own scheme has arrived. Offering to help Anderson, he arranges for Anderson to come to his office prior to the money exchange. When Anderson heads to Gifford's office, Gifford sneaks into his apartment, and steals a gun, knowing that Anderson keeps a gun collection. He then quickly goes down to Blanche's apartment, where he murders the young woman, after forcing her to write a note explaining she was romantically involved with Anderson, and implicating him in her murder.

With all the evidence pointing to him, Anderson is convicted of the murder, and sentenced to death. However, Gifford's plan begins to unfold when Andra refuses to accept the evidence, not believing that Anderson is capable of such a heinous crime. When Gifford understands the depth of his wife's feelings for Anderson, he writes a note confessing to the murder, and then commits suicide.

However, it is then revealed that the events of the contrived murder and subsequent events were all simply part of the book Gifford had sat down to begin writing at the beginning of the film. None of it was real.


Screen capture of Asther and Morley from the film
Screen capture of Asther and Morley from the film

(cast list as per AFI database)[1]


Publicity photo of Karen Morley for the film.
Publicity photo of Karen Morley for the film.

In early January, 1934 it was reported that production on the film would begin prior to February 1.[2] Production began on January 26.[1] The following week, it was announced that the film would star Richard Dix and a young unknown actress, Ada Cavell, who RKO was touting as the next "Katharine Hepburn".[3] In mid-January, John Robertson was announced as the film's director, with David Lewis being the supervising producer. While Dix was still mentioned as the leading male star, Wynne Gibson was cast as the second female lead, and Nils Asther was added as the second male lead.[4] Just before production began, it was announced that Otto Kruger would replace Dix in the cast,[5] followed quickly that Corinne Griffith was now going to be the female lead opposite him,[6] replacing Mary Astor, who at some point at replaced Cavell. Griffith was a star during the silent era, and this film was to mark her first sound picture.[7] At the same time it was reported that Judith Wood was replacing Wynne Gibson as the second female lead,[8] and that William Frawley would join the cast.[9] It was revealed in late January that Jane Murfin would be given the writing assignment to turn Israel Zangwill's novel into a screenplay,[5] and shortly after it was announced that Robert Tasker, a writer specializing in crime scripts, would assist on the script, although he is not given credit in the film. At the same time, it was announced that Judith Wood would be joining the cast.[10]

Screen capture of Morley and Kruger from the film.
Screen capture of Morley and Kruger from the film.

Before the end of January, J. Farrell MacDonald, Samuel S. Hinds, and Irving Pichel would be joining the cast.[11] While other contemporaneous sources continue to show Pichel as having been in the film, AFI cannot confirm their participation in the film.[1][12] On January 30, Ethel Wales, Donald Crisp, and Willie Fung were added to the cast.[13] A week after production began, in the beginning of February, Griffith left the show, due to stated creative differences between her, Kruger and Robertson.[14] The studio was forced to throw out all the work done to that date, at a cost of approximately $10,000.[15] She was replaced in the cast by Karen Morley, who RKO borrowed from MGM. At the same time that Morley replaced Griffith, it was announced that two other actors had been added late to the cast, Frank Conway and Wallis Clark.[16] Filming on the picture was completed on February 14, 1934,[1] and by February 26 the film was in the process of being edited.[17] Despite the retakes necessitated by the replacement of Griffith with Morley, the production on the picture was concluded two days ahead of schedule, and $11,000 under budget.[18] Prior to its release in the theaters, a radio dramatization of the film was aired on the "45 Minutes to Hollywood" program, hosted by WABC, on March 24, 1934.[19] In late March, it was announced that The Crime Doctor would be scheduled for an April 27 release,[20][21] and it did open on April 27, 1934.[22]


Screen capture of Otto Kruger from the film.
Screen capture of Otto Kruger from the film.

The Film Daily gave the film a good review, calling it an "Intriguing and suspenseful murder mystery and triangle drama smartly handled all around." They felt the plot was intricate and the film kept the tension going throughout, complimenting both Murfin for the script and Robertson on his direction. They also praised Lucien Andriot's cinematography.[23] Modern Screen also gave the picture favorable press, stating it was "something new and very interesting in mysteries." Rating the film an overall "B", they singled out the performances of all four of the leads: Kruger, Asther, Morley, and Wood,[24] calling Kruger's performance "outstanding".[25] Motion Picture Daily enjoyed the film, saying it presented "an arresting and entertaining murder yarn with a surprise twist finish." They also enjoyed Robertson's direction, and the performances of the four leads.[26] Motion Picture Magazine called Kruger's performance one "you should not miss this month." They called the film "clever" and "tricky", and said about the actors, "Otto Kruger makes a famous detective almost unbearably poignant; Nils Asther makes an innocent man, grilled as a murderer, a human being in agony; and Karen Morley makes the emotions of both men plausible."[27] Photoplay named it one of the best films of the month, and, like Motion Picture Magazine, named Kruger's performance one of the month's best. They called it "A pretty perfect picture, all about the perfect crime, with Otto Kruger, Karen Morley, and Nils Asther turning in pluperfect performances."[28] The Motion Picture Herald gave the film a glowing review, calling it an "intriguing, entertaining picture." It went on to say,

In a novel way, it wraps up its amusement assets in a veil of semi-mystery and by the logical use of clever suspense moves to an odd climax that completely upsets all anticipations. Comedy tinged melodrama, therefore, is its essence, in which amusing thrill, not fear-mongering terror, predominates ... Inasmuch as the reasons for the perfect crime, its accomplishments and the turmoil it brings on, are evident to them and the investigator—all the other participants being in the dark—it remains for the unexpected anti-climax to overturn advance solutions. As the picture is convincingly acted, there never once being a hint as to the finale, realism builds a suspense that not only maintains continuous interest but makes gleeful mincemeat of all the amateur sleuths' logical conclusions.[29]

However, not all reviews were so glowing. While they were highly complimentary of the acting skills of the players, Picture Play Magazine found the film engrossing, but were disappointed in the film's ending, which they called "weak".[30] Screenland was also less than enthusiastic about The Crime Doctor, while again praising the actors, but added "There's material here for an engrossing melodrama, but it needs a somewhat brisker pace and more 'punch' than are accorded it."[31]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e "The Crime Doctor: Detail View". American Film Institute. Archived from the original on March 29, 2014. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
  2. ^ "8 New RKO Pictures Starting by Feb. 1". The Film Daily. January 5, 1934. p. 8. Retrieved January 2, access
  3. ^ "RKO Grooming New Star". The Film Daily. January 11, 1934. p. 1. Retrieved January 2, access
  4. ^ Wilk, Ralph (January 16, 1934). "A "Little" From Hollywood "Lots"". The Film Daily. p. 6. Retrieved January 2, access
  5. ^ a b "A "Little" From "Lots"". The Film Daily. January 23, 1934. p. 2. Retrieved January 2, access
  6. ^ "Corrine Griffith Back". The Film Daily. January 25, 1934. p. 7. Retrieved January 2, access
  7. ^ "Good News!". Modern Screen. April 1934. p. 117. Retrieved January 2, access
  8. ^ Wilk, Ralph (January 16, 1934). "Corinne in Lead". Variety. p. 6. Retrieved January 2, access
  9. ^ "Studio Placements". Variety. January 23, 1934. p. 21. Retrieved January 2, access
  10. ^ Wilk, Ralph (January 26, 1934). "A Little From "Lots"". The Film Daily. p. 7. Retrieved January 2, access
  11. ^ Wilk, Ralph (January 29, 1934). "A Little From "Lots"". The Film Daily. p. 6. Retrieved January 2, access
  12. ^ Wilk, Ralph (February 7, 1934). "A Little From "Lots"". The Film Daily. p. 6. Retrieved January 2, access
  13. ^ "Studio Placements". Variety. January 30, 1934. p. 63. Retrieved January 2, access
  14. ^ "Miss Griffith Walks". Motion Picture Daily. February 1, 1934. p. 10. Retrieved January 2, access
  15. ^ "Net Loss $10,000". Variety. February 6, 1934. p. 3. Retrieved January 2, access
  16. ^ Wilk, Ralph (February 10, 1934). "A Little From "Lots"". The Film Daily. p. 4. Retrieved January 2, access
  17. ^ "RKO Starting New Season With 38 on Star Lineup". The Film Daily. February 26, 1934. p. 4. Retrieved January 2, access
  18. ^ "'Crime Doctor' Weaves Under Wire, 11G Saved". Variety. February 20, 1934. p. 2. Retrieved January 2, access
  19. ^ Daly, Phil M. (March 24, 1934). "Along the Rialto". The Film Daily. p. 2. Retrieved January 2, access
  20. ^ "RKO April Releases". The Film Daily. March 27, 1934. p. 8. Retrieved January 2, access
  21. ^ "The Release Chart: RKO". Motion Picture Herald. March 31, 1934. p. 83. Retrieved January 2, access
  22. ^ "The Release Chart: RKO". Motion Picture Herald. April 28, 1934. p. 67. Retrieved January 2, access
  23. ^ "Reviews of Features and Shorts". The Film Daily. March 14, 1934. p. 9. Retrieved January 2, access
  24. ^ "Reviews—A Tour of Today's Talkies". Modern Screen. June 1934. p. 126. Retrieved January 2, access
  25. ^ "The Report Card: These Pictures Get "B"". Modern Screen. October 1934. p. 112. Retrieved January 2, access
  26. ^ "Motion Picture Daily's Hollywood Previews". Motion Picture Daily. March 9, 1934. p. 6. Retrieved January 2, access
  27. ^ "The Picture Parade". Motion Picture Magazine. June 1934. p. 63. Retrieved January 2, access
  28. ^ "The Shadow Stage: The Crime Doctor". Photoplay. May 1934. p. 57. Retrieved January 2, access
  29. ^ "Showmen's Reviews: The Crime Doctor". Motion Picture Herald. March 17, 1934. p. 38. Retrieved January 2, access
  30. ^ "The Screen in Review: "The Crime Doctor"". Picture Play. August 1934. p. 54. Retrieved January 2, access
  31. ^ "Tagging the Talkies: The Crime Doctor". Screenland. August 1934. p. 15. Retrieved January 2, access

External links

This page was last edited on 4 April 2022, at 03:56
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