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The Big Clock (film)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Big Clock
TheBigClock.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byJohn Farrow
Produced byJohn Farrow
Richard Maibaum
Screenplay byJonathan Latimer
Based onThe Big Clock
by Kenneth Fearing
StarringRay Milland
Charles Laughton
Music byVictor Young
CinematographyDaniel L. Fapp
John Seitz
Edited byLeRoy Stone
Eda Warren (sup.)
Color processBlack and white
Production
company
Paramount Pictures
Distributed byParamount Pictures
Release date
  • April 9, 1948 (1948-04-09) (United States)
Running time
95 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Box office$2 million (U.S. rentals)[1]

The Big Clock is a 1948 American film noir directed by John Farrow and adapted by novelist-screenwriter Jonathan Latimer from the 1946 novel of the same name by Kenneth Fearing.

The black-and-white film is set in New York City and stars Ray Milland, Charles Laughton, and Maureen O'Sullivan. Elsa Lanchester and Harry Morgan, in an early film role, also appear. Noel Neill has an uncredited part as an elevator operator very early in the film.[2]

Plot

The film opens with George Stroud (Ray Milland), editor-in-chief of Crimeways magazine, hiding from building security inside the "big clock." The clock is the largest and most sophisticated clock ever built; it dominates the lobby of the Janoth Publications building in New York City, where he works.

The film flashes back to thirty-six hours earlier. Stroud is eager to go on a long-postponed honeymoon in Wheeling, West Virginia, with his wife Georgette (Maureen O'Sullivan) and son. His tyrannical boss, Earl Janoth (Charles Laughton) wants him to stay and follow up on a missing persons story Stroud has just cracked, but Stroud refuses and Janoth fires him. Stroud goes to a bar to drink and is distracted by the attentions of Janoth's glamorous mistress, Pauline York (Rita Johnson), who proposes a blackmail plan against Janoth. When Stroud loses track of time and misses their scheduled train, Georgette angrily leaves for Wheeling without him. Stroud spends the evening drinking and going out on the town with York at various locations, buying a painting and a sundial.

Stroud and York go to York's apartment, but she sees Janoth arriving, and Stroud leaves. Janoth sees someone leaving but does not recognize Stroud in the dark. Janoth assumes York is cheating on him, leading to a quarrel which ends with him striking York with the sundial and killing her. Janoth goes to his assistant, Hagen (George Macready), and tells him what happened, intending on going to the police and confessing. But Hagen talks him out of it and convinces him that they can frame the man Janoth saw leaving York's apartment for the crime. Janoth decides to use the resources of Crimeways to find the man instead of calling the police.

Stroud has since caught up with his wife and son in West Virginia and tells her that he has been fired (but leaves out his adventures with York). Janoth calls to re-hire him, to lead the effort to find the mystery man (leaving out any mention of York). He mentions enough details for Stroud to know that the mystery man is himself. He reluctantly agrees to return to his job and lead the manhunt, to Georgette's disappointment.

During the manhunt, Stroud has to appear to lead the investigation diligently, and at the same time, prevent the investigation from identifying him as its target. Meanwhile, he must also secretly carry out his own investigation to prove Janoth's guilt.

Eventually York is identified by the Crimeways team and witnesses are found that saw her out on the town with the mystery man. These witnesses are brought to the Janoth Building.

One is eccentric artist Louise Patterson (Elsa Lanchester), who did the painting that was purchased by Stroud. Asked to paint a portrait of the mystery man, she produces a modernist abstract of blobs and swirls.

Stroud tries to avoid the witnesses, but one of them sees and recognizes him as the mystery man. Stroud slips away before the witness points him out to the investigators, but now the investigators know that the mystery man is in the building, though not who he is. All exits from the building are sealed, and everyone must leave by the main door, with the witnesses watching for the mystery man. Building security men sweep the building to flush out the wanted man.

Stroud evades the dragnet by various maneuvers, finally hiding in the clock (ending the flashback segment of the film).

In the climax of the film, Stroud confronts Janoth and Hagen. He presents evidence which appears to point to Hagen as the killer. Hagen implores Janoth to clear him, but Janoth tells him only that he will provide him the best possible legal defense. Enraged, Hagen turns on Janoth and reveals that Janoth killed York and he helped cover it up. Janoth shoots Hagen and flees. Janoth tries to escape in an elevator, but the elevator car is stuck floors below (jammed there by Stroud earlier while evading the security men); Janoth falls down the elevator shaft to his death.

Cast

Morgan's screen name later would become "Henry 'Harry' Morgan" and eventually Harry Morgan, to avoid confusion with the popular humorist of the same name.

Production

Paramount bought the rights to the novel before publication. (Fearing's earlier novel The Hospital (1939) had been a best seller.[3]) The purchase price was a reported $45,000.[4]

Jonathan Latimer was assigned to write the script and Ray Milland to star. Leslie Fenton was announced as director but he was held up on Saigon so John Farrow took over. Filming began February 17, 1947.[5] Charles Laughton was cast as the villain.[6]

This was Maureen O'Sullivan's first film in five years, since Tarzan's New York Adventure, after which she had concentrated on raising her family. She did it as a favor for her husband, director John Farrow.[7]

Reception

The film was very well received by critics, and as of September 7, 2020, holds a 100% "Fresh" rating on Rotten Tomatoes.[8]

Bosley Crowther of The New York Times extolled the film's virtues as a thriller, writing, "When you hear the musical chime at the end of this ticking review of The Big Clock, it will be exactly the time for all devotees of detective films to make a mental memorandum to see it without possible fail." He added that the film "is a dandy clue-chaser of the modern chromium-plated type [and] requires close attention from the start ... Scriptwriter Jonathan Latimer and Director John Farrow have fetched a film which is fast-moving, humorous, atmospheric and cumulative of suspense."[9]

Film critic Bruce Eder wrote, "The Big Clock is a near-perfect match for the book, telling in generally superb visual style a tale set against the backdrop of upscale 1940s New York and offering an early (but accurate) depiction of the modern media industry."[10]

In 1998 film writer David N. Meyer wrote, "More screwball comedy than noir, The Big Clock's big moments derive from snappy dialogue and over-the-top humor."[11]

Dennis Schwartz wrote in 2004 that "John Farrow directs this thrilling psychological film noir with style, though it's barely a work of noir in the full sense of that genre."[12]

In 2001, the American Film Institute nominated this film for AFI's 100 Years...100 Thrills.[13]

Remakes

The story was remade in 1976 as Police Python 357 and in 1987 as No Way Out with Kevin Costner. The 1948 film is closer to the novel. The 1976 remake, on the other hand, updated the events to the Orléans Police Department in France, whereas the 1987 remake updated the events to the United States Department of Defense in Washington, D.C. during the Cold War.

References

  1. ^ "Top Grossers of 1948", Variety 5 January 1949 p 46
  2. ^ The Big Clock at the American Film Institute Catalog.
  3. ^ Schallert, Edwin (20 June 1946). "'Exile' to Head Doug's Independent Program". Los Angeles Times. p. A2.
  4. ^ "FAIRBANKS AGREES TO MAKE 3 FILMS: Actor and International Sign Production Deal--He Will Have Lead in 'The Exile' Laraine Day as Alice Adams Of Local Origin". New York Times. 20 June 1946. p. 19.
  5. ^ THOMAS F BRADY (17 Jan 1947). "PARAMOUNT TO DO FILM ON LUDWIG II: Picture Will Deal With King's Patronage of Wagner--Ray Milland in 'The Big Clock'". New York Times. p. 26.
  6. ^ THOMAS F BRADY (25 Jan 1947). "LAUGHTON TO PLAY ROLE IN 'BIG CLOCK': Will Appear With Ray Milland in Paramount Mystery Film Based on Novel by Searing". New York Times. p. 12.
  7. ^ "Husbands and Wives". The Argus. Melbourne. 4 May 1948. p. 3 Supplement: The Argus Woman's Magazine. Retrieved 3 March 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  8. ^ "The Big Clock". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2020-03-19.
  9. ^ Crowther, Bosley (1948-04-22). "THE SCREEN; ' The Big Clock,' 17-Jewel Film, With Ray Milland, Laughton, Is a Dandy Clue-Chaser". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-09-07.
  10. ^ The Big Clock at AllMovie.
  11. ^ David M. Meyer (1998). A Girl and a Gun: The Complete Guide to Film Noir on Video. Avon Books. ISBN 0-380-79067-X.
  12. ^ Schwartz, Dennis (January 2, 2004). "The Big Clock". Ozus' World Movie Reviews.
  13. ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Thrills Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-20. The Big Clock is 27th on the list of "Most Heart Pounding Movies".

External links

Streaming audio

This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 00:29
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