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Texas Independence Day

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Texas Independence Day
Texas Declaration of Independence.jpg
The Texas Declaration of Independence
Observed byTexas
Begins12:00 a.m.
Ends11:59 p.m.
DateMarch 2
Next timeMarch 2, 2020 (2020-03-02)
Frequencyannual

Texas Independence Day is the celebration of the adoption of the Texas Declaration of Independence on March 2, 1836. With this document signed by 59 delegates, settlers in Mexican Texas officially declared independence from Mexico and created the Republic of Texas.

It is not, however, an official state holiday whereby offices are closed, but instead a "partial staffing holiday"; state offices are required to be open on that day but with reduced staffing.[1]

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ The Texas Revolution in 3 Minutes
  • ✪ Texas for Kids | US States Learning Video

Transcription

It’s not quite common knowledge that what is now part of the United States, was once part of Mexico, and Mexico, part of Spain. Of course the Spanairds conquered it from the Aztecs, who took it from the Toltecs, who took it from the Mayans, who took it from the Olmecs, etc. But what we’re concerned about in this video is how Texas, once a territory in Mexico – became its own country. It all started when Mexico gained its independence from Spain which occurred around 50 years after the U.S. gained its independence from Great Britain. In 1821 Mexico concluded its war of independence and became a its own country, which was founded on a federalist system of government, that gave control to both Mexico’s states and federal government. Texas was one of these states and was given a lot of autonomy in its ability to control itself. Because of its tiny population and distance from Mexico City, Mexico’s government started a settlement program in the hopes that Texas would become more developed and be able to integrate with the more populous regions of Mexico. Part of this settlement program was allowing foreigners to purchase land in Texas for little money. The only conditions that they were given were that they had to live in Texas for 10 years, they had to be loyal to the Mexican government, and they had to accept Catholicism as their own religion. One American, named Stephen Austin, from Virginia accepted this deal and was given a lot of land on the condition that he would bring more settlers into Texas. By 1830, Austin was able to bring over 10,000 white Americans who came to Texas and lived alongside the Mexican Tejano population of 4,000. The Mexican government was happy with how its settlement program was going, but was also becoming very cautious at this stage. After all the Mexican population of Texas was less than half that of the white Anglo population. Many Americans settling in Texas were also protestant, patriots of the U.S. and from slave states – which is important to note because Mexico had made it illegal to practice slavery in its country. In 1833 Antonio Lopez de Santa Ana was elected president and began to centralize the power of the Mexican government back to the capital in Mexico City. The federal system weakened and states like Texas were now being controlled from the capital. Because of this, Austin went to the capital in protest, requesting that Texas get its autonomy back. Unfortunately for Austin, he was jailed. However, when he was released and back in Texas, serious rebellion began to occur and the Mexican soldiers stationed in Texas were pushed back to Mexico City. Santa Ana became furious and took command of the army. By February, 1836, his troops had passed the Nueces River, which was the traditional border of Texas and made his way to the Alamo in San Antonio where the Texan Rebels were holed up. Most of the rebels in the Alamo, however, were not Texans. In fact of the 180 rebel soldiers, only 29 were Texas, 28 were European, and the remainders were Americans. This makes me wonder, what incentive did any Americans or Europeans have for fighting on the side of the Texan rebels? It was here in 1836 that Texas became independent of Mexico. However, in several years, after war with Mexico, the U.S. would claim Texas for its own. Thank you for watching the video if you enjoyed it hit the thumbs up button below and hit the subscribe button to stay updated with Thought Monkey videos.

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This page was last edited on 22 May 2019, at 00:48
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