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Texas Attorney General

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Attorney General of Texas
Seal of Texas Attorney General.svg
Incumbent
Ken Paxton

since January 5, 2015
Style The Honorable
Term length Four years, no term limits
Inaugural holder Volney E. Howard
1846
Formation Texas Constitution
Website oag.state.tx.us
The William P. Clements State Office Building houses the Attorney General offices.
The William P. Clements State Office Building houses the Attorney General offices.

The Texas Attorney General is the chief legal officer[1] of the State of Texas.

The department has offices at the William P. Clements State Office Building in Downtown Austin.[2][3]

History

The Office of the Attorney General was first established by executive ordinance of the Republic of Texas government in 1836. The attorneys general of the Republic of Texas and the first four attorneys general under the 1845 state constitution were appointed by the governor. The office was made elective in 1850 by constitutional amendment.

The Attorney General is elected to a four-year term. In 2013, former Attorney General Greg Abbott announced he would not seek reelection and would run for Governor. In November 2014, he was elected as the Governor of Texas. Ken Paxton defeated former House Representative Dan Branch in the Republican primary by a 26% margin and was elected easily in the general election as the 50th Attorney General of Texas,[4] (there is a historical dispute whether he is the 50th or 51st Attorney General).[5] Ken Paxton was sworn in on January 5, 2015, in the Senate Chamber in the Texas Capitol. Governor Rick Perry, Lieutenant Governor David Dewhurst, United States Senator Ted Cruz, and Lieutenant Governor-Elect Dan Patrick all participated in the swearing-in ceremony.[6]

Duties and responsibilities

The Attorney General is charged by the state constitution to represent the state in civil litigation[1] and approve public bond issues.[7] There are nearly 2,000 references to the Office of the Attorney General in state laws.

The Office of the Attorney General serves as legal counsel to all boards and agencies of state government, issues legal opinions when requested by the governor, heads of state agencies and other officials and commissions, and defends challenges to state laws and suits against both state agencies and individual employees of the state. These duties include representing the Director of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice in appeals from criminal convictions in federal courts.

The Texas Constitution gives the Attorney General no general law-enforcement powers; instead it limits the Attorney General's authority in criminal cases to that dictated by statute.[1] The Texas Legislature has not given the Attorney General broad law-enforcement authority, but permits the Attorney General to act in criminal cases "at the request of" prosecutors.[8]

The Office of the Attorney General, Law Enforcement Division employs a staff of sworn commissioned Texas peace officers (state police) that investigate public corruption, violent crime, human trafficking, money laundering, medicaid provider fraud, mortgage fraud, election violations, cybercrime, fugitives (apprehension), investigate other special classes of offenses, and conduct criminal investigations at the request of local prosecutors. In addition, the Law Enforcement Division is the state of Texas liaison to Interpol (International Criminal Police Organization) and the U.S. Department of the Treasury, Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN).

The office is also charged with proceedings to secure child support through its Child Support Division.[9]

List of Texas Attorneys General

List of office holders, with the dates they assumed and left office, as well as political party affiliation
Attorney General Took office Left office Political Party
Volney Howard February 21, 1846 May 7, 1846 Democrat
John W. Harris May 7, 1846 October 31, 1849 Democrat
Henry Percy Brewster October 31, 1849 January 15, 1850
Andrew Jackson Hamilton January 15, 1850 August 5, 1850 Democrat
Ebenezer Allen1 August 5, 1850 August 2, 1852
Thomas J. Jennings August 2, 1852 August 4, 1856
James Willie August 4, 1856 August 2, 1858
Malcolm D. Graham August 2, 1858 August 6, 1860 Democrat
George M. Flournoy August 6, 1860 January 15, 1862 Democrat
Nathan G. Shelley Democrat
Benjamin E. Tarver
William Alexander Republican
William M. Walton August 9, 1866 August 8, 1867 Democrat
Ezekiel B. Turner Nov. 5, 1867 July 11, 1870 Independent
William Alexander July 11, 1870 Jan. 27, 1874 Republican
George W. Clark Jan. 27, 1874 Apr. 25, 1876 Democrat
Hannibal Boone Apr. 25, 1876 Nov. 5, 1878 Democrat
George McCormick Nov. 5, 1878 Nov. 2, 1880
James H. McLeary Nov. 2, 1880 Nov. 7, 1882 Democrat
John D. Templeton Nov. 7, 1882 Nov. 2, 1886 Democrat
Jim Hogg Nov. 2, 1886 Nov. 4, 1890 Democrat
Charles Allen Culberson Nov. 4, 1890 Nov. 8, 1894 Democrat
Martin McNulty Crane Nov. 6, 1894 Nov. 8, 1898 Democrat
Thomas Slater Smith Nov. 8, 1898 March 15, 1901 Democrat
Charles K. Bell March 15, 1901 January 1,1904 Democrat
Robert V. Davidson January 1,1904 January 1, 1910 Democrat
Jewel P. Lightfoot January 1, 1910 August 31, 1912 Democrat
James D. Walthall September 1, 1912 January 1, 1913 Democrat
B. F. Looney January 1, 1913 January 1919 Democrat
Calvin M. Cureton January 1919 December 1921 Democrat
Walter Angus Keeling December 1921 January 1925 Democrat
Dan Moody January 1925 January 1927 Democrat
Claude Pollard2 January 1927 September 1929 Democrat
Robert L. Bobbitt3 September 1929 January 1931 Democrat
James Allred January 1931 January 1935 Democrat
William McCraw January 1935 January 1939 Democrat
Gerald Mann January 1939 January 1944 Democrat
Grover Sellers January 1944 January 1947 Democrat
Price Daniel January 1947 January 1953 Democrat
John Ben Shepperd January 1953 January 1, 1957 Democrat
Will Wilson January 1, 1957 January 15, 1963 Democrat
Waggoner Carr January 15, 1963 January 1, 1967 Democrat
Crawford Martin January 1, 1967 December 29, 1972 Democrat
John Hill January 1, 1973 January 19, 1979 Democrat
Mark White January 19, 1979 January 18, 1983 Democrat
Jim Mattox January 18, 1983 January 15, 1991 Democrat
Dan Morales January 15, 1991 January 13, 1999 Democrat
John Cornyn January 13, 1999 December 2, 2002 Republican
Greg Abbott December 2, 2002 January 5, 2015 Republican
Ken Paxton January 5, 2015 Incumbent Republican

Political prominence

Many leading political figures in Texas history have served as Attorney General, several of them using the office as a jumping off place to other offices in the state and national government. Attorneys general James S. Hogg, Charles A. Culberson, Dan Moody, James Allred, Price Daniel, Mark White, and Greg Abbott were elected governor. Culberson, Daniel, and John Cornyn were later elected to the United States Senate.[10]

See also

Notes

  1. First elected Attorney General (AG) of State of Texas; previously elected AG of the Republic of Texas
  2. Resigned
  3. Appointed

References

  1. ^ a b c Texas Constitution Article 4 Section 22.
  2. ^ "Contacting the Office of the Attorney General." Texas Attorney General. Accessed September 13, 2008.
  3. ^ "STATE AGENCIES Archived 2008-08-21 at the Wayback Machine.." State of Texas State Classification. Accessed September 13, 2008.
  4. ^ Texas attorney general election, 2014, Ballotpedia.
  5. ^ http://trailblazersblog.dallasnews.com/2014/05/ken-paxton-and-dan-branch-slug-it-out-in-race-for-texas-attorney-general.html/
  6. ^ Barnett, Marissa (January 2015). "Ken Paxton vows to continue Abbott's federal fights as attorney general". Dallas News. The Dallas Morning News Inc. Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  7. ^ Texas Constitution Article 3 Section 49.
  8. ^ Texas Government Code section 402.028.
  9. ^ Duties & Responsibilities - Office of the Attorney General
  10. ^ Attorney General from the Handbook of Texas Online

External links

This page was last edited on 4 November 2018, at 16:57
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