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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A territory is an administrative division, usually an area that is under the jurisdiction of a state. In most countries, a territory is an organized land controlled division of an area that is controlled by a country but is not formally developed into, or incorporated into, a political unit of the country that is of equal status to other political units that may often be referred to by words such as "provinces" or "states". In international politics, a territory is usually a non-sovereign geographic area which has come under the authority of another government; which has not been granted the powers of self-government normally devolved to secondary territorial divisions; or both.

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Transcription

This video was made possible by Brilliant. Learn how to think with Brilliant for 20% off by being one of the first 200 people to sign up over at brilliant.org/HAI. Let’s see, a super-secret, sovereign, international organization with ties to governments worldwide that dates back to the 11th century? I don’t see why anyone would suspect any… oh you know what it looks like a few people do this something weird could be going on here. Here’s a one-minute history of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta—AKA the Order of Malta. In the 11th century there was a country called the Duchy of Amalfi. A bunch of merchants from there went to Jerusalem, which was ruled by an islamic caliphate at the time, and started a hospital to care for anyone from any race or religion—something rather progressive for the time. But then the crusades happened, the Christians conquered Jerusalem, and the regular order became a military order with the goal of protecting the Christian stronghold. They were pretty successful at that until 200 years later when Jerusalem was conquered again by an opposing group and the Order was kicked out. So, they went to Cyprus, then they went to Rhodes, and then they went to Malta. Oh yeah, and there weren’t really called the Order of Malta until they got to Malta, and while they were there they got really powerful, briefly owned the Caribbean Islands of Saint Barthélemy, Kitts, Croix, and Martin, then in about 1800 your boy Napoleon Dy… I mean Bonaparte kicked them out of Malta so they went to Rome where they still are headquartered today. The mission of the group is stated as “Tuitio fidei et obsequium pauperum” which, if you don’t speak Latin, translates to “defense of the faith and service of the poor.” The “faith,” in this context, is of course Roman Catholicism, the faith that Jorge Bergoglio practices, who’s also known by his other name—Pope Francis. The pope is the very reason why the order of Malta is a sovereign entity today—just not this Pope. 105 popes ago, Pope Paschal II said that the Order of Malta was a sovereign entity, and since the Pope was basically president of the world at the time, at least the western world, everyone listened to him. So, still today, the Sovereign Military Order of Malta is sovereign. It’s treated like a country even though it doesn’t have any territory. It does have buildings, like its headquarters in Rome, but these buildings aren’t technically territory of the Order. They’re considered extraterritorial territory. Extraterritorial territory is the kind of territory that the embassies of any country are in. Embassies are not subject to the local laws of the country they are in but they are not territories of the country of origin even though they’re subject to the laws of the country of origin. Therefore, since the Order’s properties are extraterritorial, the Order of Malta has no real territory making it the only sovereign entity in the world to exist territory-free. But they do have pretty much everything else a country has. They have coins, they have stamps, they have license plates, and they even have passports. Only 500 people have this passport, though, making it the most exclusive in the world. 105 countries actually recognize the Order as a sovereign entity so 105 countries will actually let members in on their Order passports, but they do have recognition from the most important organization—the United Nations. The UN’s declaration of an entity’s independence is really the definitive determinant for whether or not the entity is sovereign, so, the order really is sovereign. They aren’t, however, full members of the United Nations. They have permanent observer status much like the Vatican. The Order of Malta even has embassies in 75 countries worldwide and a military. The unique political independence of this group allows them to hypothetically use their military to invade a country and start war without the approval of any other country. Nowadays, however, the order’s primary focus rests on charitable acts around the world. They still hold true to the mission of their original hospital in Jerusalem and administer aid to those in need regardless of their race or religion though employing over 25,000 doctors, nurses, and paramedics globally. Although, a secret society wouldn’t be very good without some secrets, so you can never really be sure who’s in the Order because they don’t release that information publicly. Some people will say that they’re members, but many don’t which helps fuel some of the conspiracy theories. Alleged members include George H. W. Bush, Ronald Reagan, Rick Santorum, and plenty of other powerful politicians, but, if you want to join the Order of Malta, use its military to topple the oligarchy, and usher in a new era of tyrannical international dictatorship, you’ll probably want to get smart, and there’s no better place to get smart than brilliant.org. What’s unique about Brilliant is that they make you smarter by puzzling through well-crafted questions that really teach you how to think. I personally love their logic course, especially the Rational Detective chapter, because it has helped me improve my problem-solving and critical thinking skills. Each one of their courses is superbly designed with straight-forward explanations, simple graphics, and thought-provoking puzzles. It's a brilliant way to get smart. By going to brilliant.org/HAI, you can get started for free and then, by being one of the first 200 people to upgrade to the Premium Subscription, you will get 20% off.

Contents

Etymology

The origins of the word territory begin with the Proto-Indo-European root ters ('to dry').[1] From this emerged the Latin word terra ('earth, land') and later the Latin word territorium ('land around a town').[2][3] Territory made its debut as a word in Middle English during the 14th century. At this point the suffix -orium, which denotes place, was replaced with -ory which also expresses place.[4]

Types

Types of territory include:

Capital territory

A capital territory or federal capital territory is usually a specially designated territory where a country's seat of government is located. As such, in the federal model of government, no one state or territory takes pre-eminence because the capital lies within its borders. A capital territory can be one specific form of federal district.

Dependent territory

Dependent territory is a designation for a territory that is not an independent sovereign state, yet remains politically outside the governing state's integral area.[5] Presently, all dependent territories are either overseas territories or non-sovereign associated states. Only four countries currently possess dependent territories: the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Norway and the United States.

Examples include:

Federal territory

A federal territory is an area within the direct and usually exclusive jurisdiction of the central or national government within a federation.

Federal territories include:

Overseas territory

Overseas territory is a broad designation for a territorial entity that is separated from the country that governs it by an ocean. An overseas territory may be either a constituent part of the governing state or a dependent territory.

Examples include:

See also

References

  1. ^ "Online Etymology Dictionary". www.etymonline.com. Retrieved 2017-07-27. 
  2. ^ "Online Etymology Dictionary". www.etymonline.com. Retrieved 2017-07-27. 
  3. ^ "Definition of TERRITORY". www.merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 2017-07-27. 
  4. ^ Dunmore, Charles; Fleischer, Rita (2008). Studies in Etymology (Second ed.). Focus. ISBN 9781585100125. 
  5. ^ United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1514

External links

This page was last edited on 15 September 2018, at 21:44
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