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Telephone numbers in Mongolia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mongolia telephone numbers
Mongolia (orthographic projection).svg
Location
CountryMongolia
ContinentAsia
NSN length8
Access codes
Country calling code+976
International call prefix00
Trunk prefix001, 002

Country Code: +976
International Call Prefix: + or 00, some phone companies have 003 on discount services, Mobicom offers a calling scheme 1699p<CC><area><phone># for the globus express service
Trunk Prefix: 01 or 02

National Significant Numbers (NSN): eight digits

Domestic long distance access code (Mongolia Telecom network): 01
Domestic long distance access code (Mongolian Railway network): 02

Format:

EXAMPLES[1]
Type of service Numbering Example
Emergency and special calls 1XX
1XXX
1XXXX
101 – Fire
1610 – “Speed” Information Agency of Mongolian Radio
18300 –
Fixed telephone service AC+ArC+EC+SN
(Operators are identified
by the access code)
Mongolia Telecom subscribers
01+1+45+2222 (+976 1 145 2222)
01+21+2+2222
01+372+2+2222
01+3741+2+222
Mongolian Railway subscribers
02+1+94+2222 (+976 2 194 2222)
02+21+4+2222
02+372+4+2222
02+3741+4+222
Cellular telephone service /OSC+SN/ 99+112222
96+112222
95+112222
91+112222
other OSC: 88,77, 94,81
Wireless local loop SIC+OSC+SN or OSC+SN 0+5B+XXXXXX
AC - Access code
ArC - Area code
EC - Exchange code
SN - Subscriber number
SIC - Service identification code
OSC - Operator selection code
NUMBER FORMULA[1]
Type of network Total length of the numbering (maximum) Length of the access code Length of the trunk code Length of the subscriber number (with exchange code)
PSTN nine – ten two
three
one (Ulaanbaatar)
two (Baganuur)
three (Aimag centers)
four (Sum centers)
six
six or five
five
four
Cellular telephone services eight three (with SIC)
two (without SIC)
five
six

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ Prepare Eclipse for Android 1 [Mongolia] - ...
  • ✪ ऑपरेशन ब्लू स्टार और खालिस्तान की मांग - Operation Blue Star 1984 and demand for Khalistan

Transcription

Hi I’m John Green, this is crash course world history and today we’re gonna discuss… wait for it… THE MONGOLS. So you probably have a picture of the Mongols in your head. Yes, that’s the picture: brutal bloodthirsty, swarthy, humorously mustachioed warriors riding the plains, wearing fur, eating meat directly off the bone, saying bar bar bar. In short, we imagine the Mongol empire as stereotypically barbarian. And that’s not entirely wrong. But if you’ve been reading recent world history textbooks like we here at Crash Course have, you might have a different view of the Mongols, one that emphasizes the amazing speed and success of their conquests— how they conquered more land in 25 years than the Romans did in 400. How they controlled more than 11 million contiguous square miles. And you may have even read that the Mongols basically created nations like Russia and even Korea. One historian has even claimed that the Mongols “smashed the feudal system” and created international law. Renowned for their religious tolerance , the Mongols, in this view, created the first great free trade zone, like a crazy medieval Eurasian NAFTA. And that’s not entirely wrong either. Stupid truth, always resisting simplicity. [intro music] [intro music] [intro music] [intro music] [intro music] [intro music] [intro music] So remember herders? We talked about them way back in episode one as an alternative to hunting and gathering or agriculture. Here are the key things to remember: 1. Nomads aren’t Jack Kerouac: They don’t just go on like random road trips. They migrate according to climate conditions so they can feed their flocks. 2. Nomads don’t generally produce manufactured goods which means they need to trade, so they almost always live near settled people. And 3. Because they live in generally live close to nature and in harsh conditions, pastoralists tend to be tougher than diamond-plated differential calculus. Like, think of the Huns, or the Xiongnu. Or the Mongols. [sweet, familiar horns of the Mongol-tage blare] Okay, Stan. That’s enough. Back to me. Stan. I AM THE STAR OF THIS SHOW NOT THE MONGOLS!!! Hi. Sorry about that. Right, so one last thing: Pastoral people also tend to be more egalitarian, especially where women are concerned. Paradoxically, when there’s less to go around, humans tend to share more, and when both men and women must work for the social order to survive, there tends to be less patriarchal domination of women. Although Mongol women rarely went to war. I can’t tell your gender. I mean you’ve got the pants, but then you also have the floopity flop, so... That’s the technical term, by the way. I’m a historian. [suspiciously lacking a mustache] If you had to choose a pastoral nomadic group to come out of central Asia and dominate the world, you probably wouldn’t have chosen the Mongols. Because for most of the history we’ve been discussing, they just hung out in the foothills bordering the Siberian forest, mixing herding and hunting, quietly getting really good at archery and riding horses. Also the Mongols were much smaller than other pastoral groups like the Tatars or the Uighurs. And not to get like all Great Man History on you or anything, but the reason the Mongols came to dominate the world really started with one guy, Genghis Khan. Let’s go to the Thought Bubble. The story goes that Genghis or Chingus [?] Khan was born around 1162 with the name Temujin to a lowly clan. His father was poisoned to death, leaving Temujin under the control of his older brothers, one of whom he soon killed during an argument. By 19 he was married to his first and most important wife, Borte, who was later kidnapped. This was pretty common among the Mongols, Temujin’s mom had also been kidnapped. In rescuing his wife, Temujin proved his military mettle and he soon became a leader of his tribe, but uniting the Mongol confederations required a civil war, which he won, largely thanks to two innovations: He promoted people based on merit rather than family position, and second he brought lower classes of conquered people into his own tribe while dispossessing the leaders of conquered clans. Thus he made the peasants love him. The rich hated him— but they didn’t matter anymore, because they were no longer rich. With these two building block policies, Temujin was able to win the loyalty of more and more people and in 1206 he was declared Great Khan, the leader of all the Mongols. How? Well, the Mongols chose their rulers in a really cool way. A prospective ruler would call a general council called a khuriltai, and anyone who supported his candidacy for leadership would show up on their horses, literally voting with their feet. Mr. Green, Mr. Green! Horses don’t have feet they have hooves. I hate you, Me From the Past. Also, NO INTERRUPTING THE THOUGHT BUBBLE!! After uniting the Mongols, Genghis Khan went on to conquer a lot of territory. By the time he died in his sleep in 1227, his empire stretched from the Mongol homeland in Mongolia all the way to the Caspian Sea. Thanks, Thought Bubble. So that’s a pretty good looking empire, and sure a lot of it was pasture or mountains or desert, but the Mongols did conquer a lot of people, too. And in some ways with Genghis’ death the empire was just getting started. His son Ogedei Khan expanded the empire even more. And Genghis’ grandson Mongke was the Great Khan in 1258 when Baghdad, the capitol of the Abbasid Empire, fell to the Mongols. And another of Genghis’ grandsons, Kublai Khan, conquered the Song Dynasty in China in 1279. And if the Mamluks hadn’t stopped another of Genghis’ grandsons at the battle of Ain Jalut, they probably would have taken all of North Africa. Genghis Khan sure had a lot of grandkids... It must be time for the open letter. [gladly glides gracefully to faux glow] An Open Letter To Genghis Khan’s Descendants: But first, let’s check what’s in the secret compartment today. Oh. A noisemaker and champagne poppers? Stan, you know I suck at these. Ohhh, it’s because it’s a BIRTHDAY PARTY!! YAY. Happy birthday to Genghis Khan’s descendants. How do I know it’s your birthday, Genghis Khan’s descendants? Because every day is your birthday. Because right now on the planet Earth, there are 16 million direct descendants of Genghis Khan, meaning that every day is the birthday of 43,000 of them. So, good news, Genghis Khan; Your empire might be gone, but your progeny lives on. And on, and on, and on. HAPPY BIRTHDAY!!! Best Wishes, John Green Unfortunately for the Mongols, those guys weren’t always working together, because Genghis Khan failed to create a single political unit out of his conquests. Instead after Genghis’ death, the Mongols were left with four really important Empires called Khanates: 1. The Yuan Dynasty in China 2. The Il-Khanate in Persia 3. The Chagadai Khanate in Central Asia and 4. The Khanate of the Golden Horde in Russia. If you remember all the way back to the Hellenistic period, this is similar to what happened to another good general who wasn’t much for administration, Alexander the Great. Also, neither of them ever conquered India. The Mongols succeeded primarily because of their military skill. Genghis Khan’s army, which never numbered more than 130,000 was built on speed and archery. Just like this guy. [No arrows on the pitch, please.] Mongol mounted archers were like super fast tanks, compared to the foot soldiers and knights they were up against. But wait, all the military history nerds are saying: once people knew that the Mongols were coming, why didn’t they just hole up in their castles and forts? It’s not like the Mongols had flying horses. EXCEPT THEY DID. They didn’t? Stan, why are you always making history boring?? So the Mongols apparently didn’t have flying horses, but they were uncommonly adaptable. So even though they’d never seen a castle before they started raiding, they became experts at siege warfare by interrogating prisoners. And also adopted gunpowder, probably introducing it to Europeans, and they even built ships so they could attack Japan. That might have worked, too except there happened to be a typhoon. Also, people were terrified of the Mongols. Often cities would surrender the moment the Mongols arrived, just to escape slaughter. But of course, that only happened because there were occasions when the Mongols, did, you know, slaughter entire towns. So with all that background, let us return to the question of Mongol awesomeness. First, Five arguments for awesome: 1. The Mongols really did reinvigorate cross-Eurasian trade. The Silk Road trading routes that had existed for about 1000 years by the time the Mongols made the scene had fallen into disuse, but the Mongols valued trade because they could tax it, and they did a great job of keeping their empire safe. It was said that a man could walk from one end of the Mongol empire to the other with a gold plate on his head without fear of being robbed. 2. The Mongols increased communication throughout Eurasia by developing this pony express-like system of weigh stations with horses and riders that could quickly relay information. It was called the yam system and also included these amazing bronze passports, which facilitated travel. 3. Another thing that travelled along the Mongol trade routes was cuisine. For example, it was because of the Mongols that rice became a staple of the Persian diet. Which I mention entirely because I happen to like Persian food. 4. The Mongols forcibly relocated people who were useful to them, like artists and musicians and, especially administrators. As you can imagine, the Mongols were not much for administrative tasks like keeping records so they found people were good at that stuff and just moved them around the empire. This created the kind of cross-cultural pollination that world historians these days get really excited about. And 5. The Mongols were almost unprecedentedly tolerant of different religions. They themselves were shamanists, believing in nature spirits, but since their religion was tied to the land from which they came, they didn’t expect new people to adopt it and they didn’t ask them to. So you could find Muslims and Buddhists and Christians and people of any other religion you can think of prospering throughout the Mongol empire. And it’s that kind of openness that has led some historians to re-evaluate the Mongols- Seeing them as kind of a precursor to modernity. But there’s another side to the story that we should not forget, so, here are five reasons why the Mongols might not be so great: 1. Here is Genghis Khan’s definition of happiness: “The greatest happiness is to vanquish your enemies, to chase them before you, to rob them of their wealth, to see those dear to them bathed in tears, to clasp to your bosom their wives and daughters." Off-topic, but if that quote rings a bell, it might be because Oliver Stone blatantly plagiarized Genghis Khan in the movie Conan the Barbarian. 2. Is an extension of one. The Mongols were seriously brutal conquerors. I mean, not uniquely brutal, but still: The Mongols destroyed entire cities, and most historians estimate the numbers they killed to be in the millions. 3. Their empire didn’t last. Within 80 years they’d left China and been replaced by a new dynasty, the Ming. And in Persia they blended in so completely that by the 15th century they were totally unrecognizable. I mean, they’d even taken up agriculture! Agriculture, the last refuge for scroundrels who want to devote their lives to working instead of skoodilypooping. 4. They also weren’t particularly interested in artistic patronage or architecture. I mean, your palace may last forever, but my yurt can go anywhere. 5. The Mongols were probably responsible for the Black Death. By opening up trade they also opened up vectors for disease to travel, in the case of the Plague via fleas infected with Yersinia pestis. And at least according to one story, the Mongols intentionally spread the plague by catapulting their plague-ridden cadavers over the walls of Caffa in the Crimea. [grody to the max] While this primitive act of biological warfare might’ve happened, it’s unlikely to be what actually spread the plague. More likely it was the fleas on the rats in the holds of Black Sea ships that were trading with Europe. But that trade only existed because of the Mongols. Alright Stan, one last time; Cue the Mongol-tage [oh, sweet thundering melody of carnage] So the Mongols promoted trade, diversity, and tolerance. And they also promoted slaughter and senseless destruction. What you think about the Mongols ends up saying a lot about you: Do you value artistic output over religious diversity? Is imperialism that doesn’t last better or worse than imperialism that does? And are certain kinds of warfare inherently wrong? If you think those are easy questions to answer, than I haven’t been doing my job. [Darn you, FIFA '11!] Regardless, I look forward to reading your answers in comments. Thanks for watching and I’ll see you next week. CrashCourse is produced and directed by Stan Muller, Our script supervisor is Danica Johnson, The show is written by my high school history teacher Raoul Meyer and myself And our Graphics Team is ThoughtBubble [More awesome than maple syrple] Last week's Phrase Of The Week was Hawaiian Pizza If you want to suggest future phrases of the week or guess at this week's, you can do so in comments Where you can also ask questions about today's video that can be answered by our team of historians. By the way, if you want to wear your love for CrashCourse there's a Mongols shirt, link in the video info. [No exceptions!] Thanks for watching CrashCourse. Nobody can beat CrashCourse viewers. Well, except for the Mongols. [when the Mongol-tage rolls, we all win] [outro music] [outro music] [outro music] [Scratch the last, Nyan-Mongol FTW!!!] [outro] [outro]

Area codes

Allocation of the area codes is as following:

Capital region
Ulaanbaatar: 1
Suburban: 2X or 2XX or 2XXX
Central and Northern region: 3X or 3XX or 3XXX
Western region: 4X or 4XX or 4XXX
Eastern region: 5X or 5XX or 5XXX
Area code of Aimag: XX (3X, 4X, 5X)
Aimag center: XX2 (3X2, 4X2, 5X2)
Sum center: XXXX (3XXX, 4XXX, 5XXX)

Length of the area code is one to four digits.

Detailed Allocation of Existing Area Code in Numerical Order

Area codes since 2004/2005[1]
Area code Region Area code Region Area code Region
capital region
1 Ulaanbaatar
21 Baganuur 22 Bagakhangai 23 Nalaikh
27** Töv aimag
272 Zuunmod city
2741 Altanbulag 2751 Bayantsagaan 2761 Möngönmorit
2742 Argalant 2752 Bayantsogt 2762 Öndörshireet
2743 Arkhust 2753 Bayanchandmani 2763 Sümber
2744 Batsümber 2754 Bornuur 2764 Sergelen
2745 Bayan 2755 Büren 2765 Ugtaal
2746 Bayandelger 2756 Delgerkhaan 2766 Tseel
2747 Bayanjargalan 2757 Jargalant 2767 Erdene
2748 Bayan-Önjüül 2758 Zaamar (Khailaast) 2768 Erdenesant
2749 Bayankhangai 2759 Lün
32** Övörkhangai aimag
322 Arvaikheer city
3241 Baruun Bayan-Ulaan 3251 Nariinteel
3242 Bat-Ölzii 3252 Ölziit
3243 Bayangol 3253 Sant
3244 Bayan-Öndör 3254 Taragt
3245 Bogd 3255 Tögrög
3246 Bürd 3256 Uyanga
3247 Guchin-Us 3257 Khairkhandulaan
3248 Yesönzüil 3258 Kharkhorin
3249 Züünbayan-Ulaan 3259 Khujirt
33** Arkhangai aimag
332 Tsetserleg city (Bulgan sum)
3341 Battsengel 3351 Khairkhan
3342 Bulgan 3352 Khangai
3343 Jargalant 3353 Khashaat
3344 Ikh-Tamir 3354 Khotont
3345 Ögii nuur 3355 Tsakhir
3346 Ölziit 3356 Tsenkher
3347 Öndör-Ulaan 3357 Tsetserleg
3348 Tariat 3358 Chuluut
3349 Tüvshrüülekh 3359 Erdenemandal
34** Bulgan aimag
342 Bulgan city
3441 Bayan-Agt 3451 Saikhan (Saikhan-Ovoo)
3442 Bayannuur 3452 Selenge (Khyalganat)
3443 Bugat 3453 Teshig
3444 Büregkhangai 3454 Khangal
3445 Gurvanbulag 3455 Khishig-Öndör
3446 Dashinchilen 3456 Khutag-Öndör
3447 Mogod
3448 Orkhon
3449 Rashaant
35** Orkhon aimag
352 Erdenet city (Bayan-Öndör sum)
3541 Jargalant
36** Selenge aimag
362 Sükhbaatar city
3641 Altanbulag 3651 Saikhan (Khötöl)
3642 Baruunbüren 3652 Sant
3643 Bayangol 3653 Tüshig
3644 Yeröö (Bugant) 3654 Khüder
3645 Javkhlant 3655 Khushaat
3646 Züünbüren 3656 Tsagaannuur
3647 Mandal (Züünkharaa, Tünkhel, Kherkh) 3657 Shaamar (Dulankhaan)
3648 Orkhon
3649 Orkhontuul
37** Darkhan-Uul aimag
372 Darkhan city
3741 Orkhon 3742 Khongor (Salkhit) 3743 Sharyngol
38** Khövsgöl aimag
382 Mörön city
3841 Alag-Erdene (Khatgal) 3851 Tarialan 3861 Tsagaan-Üür
3842 Arbulag 3852 Tosontsengel 3862 Tsetserleg (Mogoin gol)
3843 Bayanzürkh 3853 Tömörbulag 3863 Chandmani-Öndör
3844 Bürentogtokh 3854 Tünel 3864 Shine-Ider
3845 Galt 3855 Ulaan-Uul 3865 Erdenebulgan
3846 Jargalant 3856 Khankh
3847 Ikh-Uul 3857 Khatgal
3848 Rashaant 3858 Tsagaannuur
3849 Renchinlkhümbe 3859 Tsagaan-Uul
42** Bayan-Ölgii aimag
422 Ölgii city
4241 Altai 4251 Tolbo
4242 Altantsögts 4252 Ulaankhus
4243 Bayannuur 4253 Tsengel
4244 Bugat
4245 Bulgan
4246 Buyant
4247 Delüün
4248 Nogoonnuur, Tsagaannuur
4249 Sagsai
43** Khovd aimag
432 Khovd city (Jargalant sum)
4341 Altai 4351 Möst
4342 Bulgan 4352 Myangad
4343 Buyant 4353 Üyench
4344 Darvi 4354 Khovd sum
4345 Dörgön 4355 Tsetseg (Khushuut)
4346 Duut 4356 Chandmani
4347 Zereg 4357 Erdenebüren
4348 Mankhan
4349 Mönkhkhairkhan
44** Bayankhongor aimag
442 Bayankhongor city
4441 Baatsagaan 4451 Buutsagaan 4461 Erdenetsogt (Shaigaljuut)
4442 Bayanbulag 4452 Galuut
4443 Bayangovi 4453 Gurvanbulag
4444 Bayanlig 4454 Jargalant
4445 Bayan-Ovoo 4455 Jinst
4446 Bayan-Öndör 4456 Zag
4447 Bayantsagaan 4457 Ölziit
4448 Bogd 4458 Khüreemaral
4449 Bömbögör 4459 Shinejinst
45** Uvs aimag
452 Ulaangom city
4541 Baruunturuun 4551 Ömnögovi
4542 Bökhmörön 4552 Öndörkhangai
4543 Davst 4553 Sagil
4544 Zavkhan 4554 Tarialan (Khar Tarvagatai)
4545 Züüngovi 4555 Türgen
4546 Züünkhangai 4556 Tes
4547 Malchin 4557 Khovd
4548 Naranbulag 4558 Khyargas
4549 Ölgii 4559 Tsagaankhairkhan
46** Zavkhan aimag
462 Uliastai city
4641 Aldarkhaan 4651 Nömrög 4651 Tsagaanchuluut
4642 Asgat 4652 Otgon 4652 Tsetsen-Uul
4643 Bayantes 4653 Santmargats 4653 Shilüüstei
4644 Bayankhairhan 4654 Songino 4654 Erdenekhairkhan
4645 Tosontsengel (Bulnai) 4655 Tüdevtei 4655 Yaruu
4646 Dörvöljin 4656 Telmen
4647 Zavkhanmandal 4657 Tes
4648 Ider 4658 Urgamal
4649 Ikh-Uul 4659 Tsagaankhairkhan
48** Govi-Altai aimag
482 Altai city (Yesönbulag sum)
4841 Altai sum 4851 Tögrög
4842 Bayan-Uul 4852 Khaliun
4843 Biger 4853 Khökh morit
4844 Bugat 4854 Tsogt (Bayantooroi)
4845 Darvi 4855 Tseel
4846 Delger (Guulin) 4856 Chandmani (Zeegt)
4847 Jargalan 4857 Sharga
4848 Taishir 4858 Erdene
4849 Tonkhil
51** Sükhbaatar aimag
512 Baruun-Urt city
5141 Asgat 5151 Uulbayan
5142 Bayandelger 5152 Halzan
5143 Dariganga 5153 Erdenetsagaan
5144 Mönhhaan
5145 Naran
5146 Ongon
5147 Sükhbaatar
5148 Tüvshinshiree
5149 Tümentsogt
52** Dornogovi aimag
522 Sainshand city
5241 Airag 5251 Ulaanbadrakh
5242 Altanshiree 5252 Khatanbulag
5243 Dalanjargalan 5253 Khövsgöl
5244 Delgerekh 5254 Erdene
5245 Zamyn-Üüd
5246 Ikhkhet (Zülegt, Khajuu-Ulaan)
5247 Mandakh
5248 Örgön
5249 Saikhandulaan
53** Ömnögovi aimag
532 Dalanzadgad city
5341 Bayandalai 5351 Khanbogd
5342 Bayan-Ovoo 5352 Khan khongor
5343 Bulgan 5353 Khürmen
5344 Gurvan tes 5354 Tsogt-Ovoo
5345 Mandal-Ovoo 5355 Tsogttsetsii (Tavan Tolgoi)
5346 Manlai
5347 Noyon
5348 Nomgon
5349 Sevrei
54** Govisümber aimag
542 Choir city (Sümber sum)
5441 Bayantal 5442 Shiveegovi
56** Khentii aimag
562 Öndörkhaan city
5641 Batnorov (Berkh) 5651 Darkhan (Bor-Öndör)
5642 Batshireet 5652 Delgerkhaan
5643 Bayan-Adarga 5653 Jargaltkhaan
5644 Bayanmönkh 5654 Mörön (Chandgana Tal)
5645 Bayan-Ovoo 5655 Norovlin
5646 Bayankhutag 5656 Ömnödelger
5647 Binder 5657 Tsenkhermandal
5648 Galshar
5649 Dadal
58** Dornod aimag
582 Choibalsan city
5841 Bayandun 5851 Khölönbuir
5842 Bayantümen 5852 Tsagaan-Ovoo
5843 Bayan-Uul (Ereen) 5853 Choibalsan
5844 Bulgan 5854 Chuluunkhoroot
5845 Gurvanzagal
5846 Dashbalbar (Erdes)
5847 Matad
5848 Sergelen
5849 Khalhgol
59** Dundgovi aimag
592 Mandalgovi city
5941 Adaatsag 5951 Öndörshil
5942 Bayanjargalan 5952 Saikhan-Ovoo
5943 Govi-Ugtaal 5953 Khuld
5944 Gurvansaikhan 5954 Tsagaandelger
5945 Delgerkhangai 5955 Erdenedalai
5946 Delgertsogt
5947 Deren
5948 Luus
5949 Ölziit

References

  1. ^ a b c "Area Codes Mongolia". ITU. Retrieved 2014-12-20. (The source talks about a "planned" and "proposed" system, but the data indicate that it was implemented 2004/2005)
This page was last edited on 8 November 2018, at 10:02
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