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Telekom Romania

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Telekom Romania
IndustryTelecommunications
PredecessorRomtelecom, Cosmote
Founded
  • Fixed: 1930 (as Societatea Anonimă Română de Telefoane (SART))
  • Mobile: 1998 (as Cosmorom)
  • Merged: 2014 (as Telekom Romania)
HeadquartersBucharest, Romania
Key people
Nikolai Beckers (CEO)
ProductsFixed telephony
Mobile telephony
Broadband Internet
IT Services
IPTV
RevenueEUR 972 million (2017)
Owners
  • OTE (54,01% of Telekom Romania Communications S.A.; 30% of Telekom Romania Mobile Communications S.A.)
  • Cosmote (70% of Telekom Romania Mobile Communications S.A.)[1]
ParentOTE, Cosmote, Deutsche Telekom
Websitewww.telekom.ro

Telekom Romania (formerly known as Romtelecom and Cosmote România) is a Romanian telecommunications company headquartered in Bucharest. It is the result of the brand merger between Romtelecom and Cosmote Romania. Although it shares the branding of Deutsche Telekom, the company is a subsidiary of OTE, a Greek telecommunications company (which is in turn minority-controlled by Deutsche Telekom).

Telekom Romania offers fixed telephony, mobile telephony, broadband internet, IPTV and IT services.

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Transcription

Contents

Fixed communications

In 1930, Societatea Anonimă Română de Telefoane (SART, "Romanian Telephone Company, Ltd.") was founded, more than 90% of its value being a foreign investment from ITT.

During this period (1930–1933), SART commissioned Palatul Telefoanelor (The Telephone Palace), a historic building in Bucharest. Although the building has suffered from several earthquakes and a bombardment, it is still standing, and has recently undergone a process of reconstruction and reconsolidation.

In 1949, SART was nationalised and turned into a division of the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications. The slow pace of technological development that ensued was in accordance with a more general trend in the country during the Communist period, which lasted until 1989.

In December 1989, ROM-POST-TELECOM was created as a post and telecommunications operator, independent of the Ministry. The company adopted the name of Romtelecom after a reorganization in July 1991, when the state-owned company was also given the monopoly for basic telecommunications services.

In 1997, a 35% of the company's shares were sold to the Greek telecommunications company OTE. A corruption case arose around details of this privatisation, but eventually no measures were taken.

OTE has since acquired an additional 18% of the shares and has thus become the majority shareholder of the company.

In September 2014, Romtelecom adopted the branding of OTE's controlling minority shareholder, Deutsche Telekom, and changed its name to Telekom Romania, together with its mobile communications subsidiary Cosmote România.

Mobile communications

The company launched on the Romanian mobile telephony market in 1998 as Cosmorom. In 2005, Cosmorom was rebranded as Cosmote România. In September 2014, together with Romtelecom, the company changed its name to Telekom Romania and adopted Deutsche Telekom's branding.

Shareholders

Telekom Romania Communications S.A. (fixed services):[2]

Telekom Romania Mobile Communications S.A. (mobile services):[2]

  • Cosmote Mobile Communications S.A. - 69,99999874%
  • Telekom Romania Communications S.A. - 30%
  • Natural persons - 0,00000126%

Results

Mobile (pre-2014)

Result 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Customers Market share 0.5% 7% 11% 23% over 23% 24% 24% 23.8% 22.9%
Customers 48.934 1.23 mil. 3.6 mil 5.9 mil. 6.92 mil. 6.9 mil. 6.5 mil. 6.3 mil. 6.1 mil.
Revenues 8.0 43.8 155.6 311 423.2 468.8 468.2 462.8 457.6

Radio frequency summary

The following is a list of known frequencies which Telekom employs in Romania:

Frequencies used on the Telekom Romania Network
MCC MNC Frequency Band Number Protocol (Downlink/Uplink speed) Class Notes
226 03 900 MHz 8 GSM/GPRS/EDGE 2G
226 03 1800 MHz 3 GSM/GPRS/EDGE 2G
226 06 900 MHz 8 UMTS/HSPA/HSPA+ (21.6 Mbit/s/5.76 Mbit/s) 3G
226 06 2100 MHz 1 UMTS/HSPA/HSPA+/DC-HSPA+ (43.2 Mbit/s/5.76 Mbit/s) 3G
226 03 800 MHz 20 LTE (37.5 Mbit/s) 4G
226 03 900 MHz 8 LTE (37.5 Mbit/s) 4G
226 03 1800 MHz 3 LTE (150 Mbit/s/50 Mbit/s) 4G

References

  1. ^ "Istoric" (in Romanian). Telekom Romania. Retrieved 2014-09-14.
  2. ^ a b "Actionari (Shareholders)" (in Romanian). Telekom Romania. Retrieved 2018-01-16.

External links

This page was last edited on 16 January 2019, at 21:56
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