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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Teeyan (Southern Punjab: Malwa, Puadh and Bagar tract)
Giddha dance Teeyan Punjab Teej India 3.jpg
Giddha dance Teeyan Punjab
Official nameTeeyan Teej diyan
Also calledTeej
Observed byWomen
TypeReligious/Monsoon festival/seasonal
ObservancesMonsoon
BeginsThird Day of Shraavana
EndsShraavana Full Moon
DateJuly/August

Teeyan (Punjabi: ਤੀਆਂ) is the regional name of the festival of Teej which is celebrated in Southern Punjab espcially in Malwa,[1] Puadh and Bagar tract which is dedicated to the onset of the monsoon[2] and focuses on daughters[3][4] and sisters.

Celebration

The festival is celebrated during the monsoon season from the third day of the lunar month of Sawan on the bright half, up to the full moon of sawan(about 13 days), by women. Married women go to their maternal house to participate in the festivities.[5] In the past, it was traditional for women to spend the whole month of Sawan with their parents.[5][6]

Gifts

Whether or not a married woman goes to her parents, brothers take a gift set to their sisters called a 'sandhara'. A sandhara includes a Punjabi Suit/sari, laddoo, bangles, mehndi (henna) and a swing.[5]

Gidha and swings

Peengh
Peengh

The festival of teeyan centres on girls and women getting together in the village green and tying swings to the trees. The festival gathers momentum in the teeyan Gidha.

Traditional bolyan which are sung to dance Gidha include:

Punjabi:

ਓੁੱਚੇ ਟਾਹਣੇ ਪੀਂਘ ਪਾ ਦੇ
ਜਿਥੇ ਆਪ ਹੁਲਾਰਾ ਆਵੇ
[5]

Uchay tahne peeng pa de
jithey aap hulara aavey

Translation

Hang my swing from a high tree branch
where the swing moves by itself

The main focus of the teeyan is dancing Giddha. In the past, the festival would last for as long as the girls wishes ranging from a few days to four weeks. Girls would gather to dance Giddha every day. The festival would close by the women performing the closing dance called 'bhallho'. Bhallo or ballo is performed by the women standing in two rows and dancing.[7] This tradition of women getting together in villages has now become extinct.[8]

Food

The food traditionally associated with teeyan is:

  • kheer (rice boiled in milk)[5]
  • poorhay (fried bread)[5]
  • halwa
  • malpua (spelled malpura)
  • Gulgullay (Punjabi: ਗੁਲਗੁਲੇ) which are made from jaggery syrup mixed with wheat flour and then made into balls, and then fried[9]
  • Mandey (Punjabi: ਮੰਡੇ) are made of wheat floor but the dough is thin. The flat mandey bread is not rolled out using a rolling pin but stretched with the hands and then placed on the back of both hands before being put on the griddle to bake.[9]

Observance

Punjabis consider teeyan as a seasonal festival. Although the teeyan gatherings are not as common in the villages in Punjab, the festival is observed on a low-key scale, especially in schools and colleges. Government sponsored teeyan festivals are observed at pre-selected sites.[10] Festivals are held in Surrey, and Brampton in Canada[3] and in other countries outside of India such as in Southall[11][12] and Smethwick[13] in the United Kingdom. Festivals are also organised in Melbourne Australia.[14] and in Singapore.

Religion

In Punjab,[15] Haryana and Rajasthan, Hindu women fast on the day of Teej as the festival is dedicated to Goddess Parvati.[16] In fact, every Tritiya is dedicated to Goddess Parvati and she is referred to as Teej Mata.[17]

References

  1. ^ Bhatt, Shankarlal C. (2006). Land and People of Indian States and Union Territories: In 36 Volumes. Punjab. Gyan Publishing House. ISBN 978-81-7835-378-4.
  2. ^ Good Earth Punjab Travel Guide (2006)
  3. ^ a b http://www.teeyandamela.com/
  4. ^ Savino, Natalie (03 09 2013) Leader: New cultural group Koonj-The Flock bringing migrants together for fun, theatre and dance [1]
  5. ^ a b c d e f Alop Ho Raha Punjabi Virsa: Harkesh Singh KehalUnistar Books PVT Ltd ISBN 81-7142-869-X
  6. ^ Rainuka Dagar (2002) Identifying and Controlling Female Foeticide and Infanticide in Punjab [2]
  7. ^ Yash Kohli The Women of Punjab 1983
  8. ^ East of Indus: My memories of old Punjab: Gurnam Singh Sidhu Brar
  9. ^ a b Alop ho riha Punjabi virsa - bhag dooja by Harkesh Singh Kehal Unistar Book PVT Ltd ISBN 978-93-5017-532-3
  10. ^ [3] The Tribune 26 08 2012:Amar Nath Wadehra & Randeep Wadehra
  11. ^ Ramaa Sharma (15 08 2008) Happy Clapping  BBC London
  12. ^ Teeyan Festival at Southall Library (04 07 2013)
  13. ^ Charanjit Kaur Sapra Tia in West Smethwick Park
  14. ^ Teeyan Melbourne diyan 2015
  15. ^ NewsGram (25 July 2017). "Why Hariyali Teej (Teeyan) is an Emotion for Indians : A Personal Account". NewsGram. Retrieved 27 July 2021.
  16. ^ Narula, S.S (1991) Aspects of Punjabi Culture. Punjabi University, Patiala. OCLC 263147472
  17. ^ Ltd, Data & Expo India Pvt; Goyal, Ashutosh (19 October 2015). RBS Visitors Guide India - Rajasthan: Rajasthan Travel guide. Data and Expo India Pvt. Ltd. ISBN 978-93-80844-78-7.
This page was last edited on 27 July 2021, at 10:52
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