To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Languages
Recent
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Technische Nothilfe

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Technical Emergency Help
Technische Nothilfe
Technische Nothilfe linke Seite.svg
Standard of the TN during the Third Reich
Civil defence overview
Formed30 September 1919 (1919-09-30)
DissolvedMay 1945
Superseding agency
Jurisdiction Weimar Republic (to 1933)
 Nazi Germany
Civil defence executive
Members of TN demonstrate their skills for the general public in Berlin 1939.
Members of TN demonstrate their skills for the general public in Berlin 1939.
Poster for Technische Nothilfe
Poster for Technische Nothilfe

Technische Nothilfe (abbreviated as TN, TeNo, TENO; literally: 'Technical Emergency Help') was a German organisation. It began as a strikebreaker organisation after the first world war, but developed into a volunteer emergency response unit. During the Nazi period TN became in charge of technical civil defence.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/1
    Views:
    4 303
  • ✪ Freikorps Epp 1919 in Farbe

Transcription

Contents

History

The TN was founded on September 30, 1919 by Otto Lummitzsch with the stated purpose to protect and maintain vital & strategic facilities (e.g., gas works, water works, power stations, railways, post offices, agriculture concerns and food production activities). At the time (1919–1923), these vital infrastructure facilities were under threat from sabotage and attack during a period bordering on civil war, which was caused by the collapse of German economy following the end of World War I and exacerbated by a spate of politically motivated wildcat strikes, usually by left-wing elements. In effect they were strike-breakers.

The organization was formed from primarily post World War I Army engineering / technical unit members, and transitioned into a volunteer civilian organisation which was registered by the Department of the Interior. The change was required by the demilitarisation requirements of the Treaty of Versailles, in order that the TN would not be classified as a military organization. Based on the nature of its operations, the background of its personnel was mainly conservative middle class, but included a large number of students, especially those in technical studies. In the Weimar Republic period, the TN was seen as a threat by the working class and thus aroused the animosity of trade unionists, and more particularly the Communist Party of Germany. The TN intervened as a volunteer aide organization, when strikes could not be avoided, and when the public welfare was endangered as in strikes of electricity, food service, railroad workers.

As economic conditions improved (after about 1925) and strikes became less common and less aggressive, the TN was able to shift its activities into public welfare areas such as disaster relief (Katastrophedienst), with respect to floods, fires, industrial accidents, bridge and railway collapse; as well responding to motor vehicle accidents in the countryside. A mobile Bereitschaftdienst (BD; literally ‘Call Service’) was set up, in order to be able to more readily respond. Clandestine air raid protection activities also began in the late 1920s – early 1930s as the Luftschutzdienst (LD; ‘Air Protection Service’). From 1931–1934, the TN also became involved in the Freiwilligen Arbeitsdienst (FAD; 'Volunteer Labour Service') and supervised training at over 12,000 locations. The FAD was later morphed into the Reichsarbeitsdienst (RAD). Throughout the Third Reich the TN, within Germany, focused on civil defence — air raid rescue, general disaster response, and relief work. From 1936 the TN was gradually absorbed into Ordnungspolizei as an auxiliary police organization and it came under the ultimate control of Heinrich Himmler, as the head of the police, and ultimately the SS. From June 1, 1943, the TN members, serving outside of the Reich, wore the green uniform of the Police and were referred to as the TN-Police. In addition, to working within Germany, the TN was active in Nazi-occupied countries from September 1, 1939 as Einsatzgruppen, which followed the Wehrmacht and restored vital services and functions in Poland, France, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, and Norway. Local TN branch organisations were formed in some occupied countries, notably as the Technische Noodhulp in the Netherlands and as the Teknisk Nødhjelp in Norway.

The TN Einsatzgruppen participated in the occupation of the Saar, Austria, Sudetenland, Poland and then in the Western Campaigns of 1940. Their purpose was to secure vital industries, prevent or repair sabotage, rebuild the infrastructure (bridges, power plants, drinking water facilities, wastewater facilities, etc.) TN units were taken into Luftwaffe (air force) service early on and other TN units into Heer (land army) service in mid 1941. Those in Army were named the Technische Truppen, which was commanded by Erich Hampe, the long term Stellv. Chef der TN [#2 TN man from 1919-1940]. Also, some TN units served in the Kriegsmarine (Navy), although it is poorly documented. Other TN units, under the control of the TN Headquarters (Reichsamt Technische Nothilfe), remained in service until the end of World War II.

In 1945 the victorious Allies dissolved the TN. Its functions were assumed again in 1950 when Otto Lummitzsch was requested by the West German government to form the Technisches Hilfswerk (literally: 'Technical Relief') which exists to the present day with civil defence responsibilities and also participates in worldwide disaster relief responses.

Leadership

Chief

Standard for the Chief
Standard for the Chief
Chief of the TN Took office Left office Time in office
1Lummitzsch, OttoOtto Lummitzsch [de]
(1886–1962)
January 1919April 193415 years, 3 months
2Weinreich, HansHans Weinreich [de]
(1896–1963)
April 1934September 19439 years, 5 months
3Schmelcher, WillyWilly Schmelcher [de]
(1894–1974)
15 October 1943May 19451 year, 6 months

Deputy Chief

Standard for the Deputy Chief
Standard for the Deputy Chief
Deputy Chief of the TN Took office Left office Time in office
1Hampe, ErichErich Hampe
(1889–1978)
1920194120–21 years

Ranks

Member of the Technische Nothilfe with rank as Unterwachtmeister der TN 1944. The collar patches have TN rank insignia, while the shoulder straps have the rank insignia of the Ordnungspolizei.
Member of the Technische Nothilfe with rank as Unterwachtmeister der TN 1944. The collar patches have TN rank insignia, while the shoulder straps have the rank insignia of the Ordnungspolizei.
Collar insignia 1936-1943 Shoulder insignia 1936-1943 1936-1943 [1][2] 1943-1945 [3] Equivalent rank in the Wehrmacht
None.svg
TN-Mann h.svg
TN-Anwärter Anwärter der TN Schütze
TN-Mann - Oberschütze
TN-Vormann h.svg
TN-Vormann Unterwachtmeister der TN Gefreiter
TN-Obervormann h.svg
TN-Obervormann Rottwachtmeister der TN Obergefreiter
TN-Mannschaften-collar.svg
TN-Scharführer h.svg
TN-Scharführer Wachtmeister der TN Unteroffizier
- Oberwachtmeister der TN Unterfeldwebel
TN-Oberscharführer h.svg
TN-Oberscharführer Zugwachtmeister der TN Feldwebel
TN-Hauptscharführer h.svg
TN-Hauptscharführer Hauptwachtmeister der TN Oberfeldwebel
TN-Stabsscharführer h.svg
TN-Stabsscharführer Meister der TN Stabsfeldwebel
None.svg
TN-Kameradschaftsführer.svg
TN-Kameradschaftsführer Zugführer der TN Leutnant
TN-Gemeinschaftsführer.svg
TN-Gemeinschaftsführer Oberzugführer der TN Oberleutnant
TN-Gefolgschaftsführer.svg
TN-Gefolgschaftsführer Bereitschaftsführer der TN Hauptmann
TN-Bereitschaftsführer.svg
TN-Bereitschaftsführer Abteilungsführer der TN Major
TN-Hauptbereitschaftsführer.svg
TN-Hauptbereitschaftsführer Oberabteilungsführer der TN Oberstleutnant
TN-Offiziersränge -collar.svg
TN-Bezirksführer.svg
TN-Bezirksführer Landesführer der TN Oberst
TN-Landesführer-collar.svg
TN-Landesführer h.svg
TN-Landesführer
Chef der TN-collar.svg
TN-Stellvertretender chef h.svg
Stellvertretender Chef der TN - Generalmajor
Chef der TN h.svg
Chef der TN Chef der TN = SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Polizei Generalleutnant

References

  1. ^ Ranks of the Technische Nothilfe 2014-07-01.
  2. ^ "TN Ranks" (in German). Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  3. ^ War Department: Technical Manual, German Military Forces 2014-07-01.

Further reading

  • Technische Nothilfe in der Weimar Republic - Dr. Andreas Linhardt
  • Defending the Reich - Bender / David Littlejohn
  • German Police, Vol. 2 - Bender / John Angolia and Hugh Page Taylor
This page was last edited on 5 June 2019, at 16:22
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.