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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Stone of Tayammum
Stone of Tayammum

Tayammum (Arabic: تيمم‎) is the Islamic act of dry ablution using a purified sand or dust, which may be performed in place of ritual washing (wudu or ghusl) if no clean water is readily available or if one is suffering from moisture-induced skin inflammation or scaling.

O you who believe! When you intend to offer As-Salat (the prayer), wash your faces and your hands (forearms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to ankles. If you are in a state of Janaba (i.e. after a sexual discharge), purify yourselves (bathe your whole body). But if you are ill or on a journey, or any of you comes after answering the call of nature, or you have been in contact with women (i.e. sexual intercourse), and you find no water, then perform tayammum with clean earth and rub therewith your faces and hands. Allah does not want to place you in difficulty, but He wants to purify you, and to complete His Favour to you that you may be thankful.

— Qur'an, Sura 5 (Al-Mai'da), ayat 6[1]

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  • ✪ How To Do Tayammum - purity - dry ablution
  • ✪ Performing Tayammum at home and praying in the Masjid - Sheikh Assim al Hakeem
  • ✪ Tayammum for the bedridden using a stone - Maliki madhhab - Shaykh Gibril Fouad Haddad
  • ✪ How to perform Tayammum | Learning with Zaky
  • ✪ How to perform Tayammum | Learning with Zaky


At-Tayammum "In their books, the scholars keep stressing, generation after generation, that Islamic legislation does not leave anything that comes to a person's mind, or even doesn't come to his mind, but it elaborates on it, so as to surround a Muslim with a very wid" "One of the proofs that the scholars show to illustrate this above rule is ""at-tayammum"". " At-tayammum linguistically means intending and striving towards something. "And in Islamic Law it means wiping the face and hands with clean soil, with the intention of purification. " "As Allah, exalted is He, Says“ ... and when you don't find water, then perform at-tayammum with clean earth and rub your faces and hands with it.” (Al-Ma’idah:6) :" The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "“I have been given five things which have not been given to anyone else before me: Allah made me victorious by causing my enemies to fear me up to a distance of one month’s journey, the earth has been made for me (and my followers) a place for praying and" "At-tayammum becomes compulsory in the absence of water, " "or when one is unable to use water, or when a risk is attached to using water, to purify oneself for worship like As-Ṣalāh. " "However, at-tayammum is only recommended for acts for which purification is only recommended, like reading the Qur’an." "According to Islamic legislation, one is allowed to perform at-tayammum when there is no water" "Due to Allah's Saying: “ ... and when you don't find water, then perform at-tayammum with clean earth and rub your faces and hands with it.” (Al-Ma’idah:6) " But a person is not considered to be lacking water if he has not searched for it. "Similarly it is allowed when one is incapable of using water, even when it is available. Such an example is when a sick and/or an elderly person who cannot move and has no one to help him/her perform wudu’." "It is also allowed when one fears he will be harmed by using water because he is ill or the weather is extremely cold, as the Prophet (peace be upon him) approved of the action of Amr Ibn Al-‘As when he led his people in prayer and he had performed at-tay" "And finally, at-tayammum is an alternative for purifying oneself with water if a Muslim is far away from others or on a long journey with no water except a little for him to drink, and he is not able to get other water. " "If someone has no choice but to perform at-tayammum, he should strike the soil/dust with his hands, once," then blow into the palms of the hands to reduce the particles therein. "Next he should wipe the face with the palms, once," "and then wipe the back of both hands," "by wiping the back of the right hand with the palm of the left," and then the back of the left hand with the palm of the right. "Before he performs at-tayammum, he must have the intention that he is purifying himself for worship." "Also, he must follow a sequential order, starting with the face and then the hands. " He must also be brisk when performing at-tayammum by wiping the hands immediately after the face. "We have Ammar, may Allah be pleased with him, who narrated:" "“Indeed the Prophet ﷺ struck the earth lightly with the palms of his hands, then blew in them (to blow off the extra dust) and wiped his face and hands with them.”" "ِAt-tayammum becomes nullified as soon as water is available or the occurrence of any one of the nullifiers of wudu’, like passing wind, or the occurrence of what necessitates bathing, like having a wet dream. It also becomes nullified due to the absence " The scholars have noted some points concerning at-tayammum. The first point is that making at-tayammum after relieving oneself - in the event that one is unable to use water - and praying is better than praying with wudu’ while forcefully retaining urine "The second point is that it is permissible to perform at-tayammum by using a wall, " "prayer mat e.t.c., if soil or dust is present on them." "And it is permissible for the person who performs at-tayammum to pray as many obligatory or optional prayers as he wishes, as long as the tayammum remains intact." They also stated that it is correct for the person who performed at-tayamum to lead the one who has performed wudu’ in Salāh. The Prophet approved of the action of ‘Amr Ibnul-‘Ass when he led his people in prayer after performing at-tayammum due to the ex "The person who performed at-tayammum but finds water before or while offering As-Ṣalāh, " "must make wudu’. The Prophet ﷺ said: “Indeed, clean earth is a source of purification for a Muslim, even if he does not find water for ten years. But, whenever he finds water, he should wipe his skin with it, because that is good for him.”" "Nothing should prevent a Muslim from observing Ṣalāh and he also must not delay it. If he is incapable of using water or he is not able to find it, he should perform at-tayammum. And if he is not able to perform at-tayammum, he should pray without purific"


Circumstances when tayammum is necessary

Tayammum may be substituted for wudu or ghusl when access to water is restricted or impractical, namely:[2]

  • When sufficient amounts of water for ritual washing are not available, including when using the available water for wudu or ghusl would leave insufficient water for drinking.
  • When obtaining water is hazardous or prohibitively expensive.
  • When using water poses a health risk.
  • When the water available is impure.
  • When you don’t have potable water.

Clarifying the meaning of the verse

4:43 O you who have believed, do not approach prayer while you are intoxicated until you know what you are saying or in a state of janabah, except those passing through [a place of prayer], until you have washed [your whole body]. And if you are ill or on a journey or one of you comes from the place of relieving himself or you have contacted women and find no water, then seek clean earth and wipe over your faces and your hands [with it]. Indeed, Allah is ever Pardoning and Forgiving.[3]

Thus, in case of illness, even if there is water, one still does not need to wash.

Performing Tayammum

  1. Finding a piece of ground which is free of najaasah (unclean elements). This could be any surface that naturally collects dust like rock, sand or grass.
  2. Mentally make niyyah, or intention to make tayammum.
  3. Recite the bismillah.
  4. Place the hands on the surface of the ground.
  5. Lift your hands and ensure that there is no dust on your palm surface by hitting your hands together.
  6. Rub your face with both your hands. The face encompasses the right ear to the left, and the top of the forehead to the bottom of the chin
  7. Rub your hands with one another.

The same conditions that invalidate wudu also invalidate tayammum. In addition, a person's tayammum is invalidated as and when water becomes available.

Items on which Tayammum is permitted

Tayammum is permitted on all items which have thick dust on them, baked earthen pots (unglazed), clay, limestone, the ابخش stone, taahir (pure) earth, and walls of mud, stone or brick.

Items on which Tayammum is not permitted

Tayammum is not permitted on: all items which burn to ash, dissolve, rot or melt; food items, glass, metal, trees, wood, dash[clarification needed].


  1. ^ Quran 5:6
  2. ^ "How to make Tayammum".
  3. ^ Quran: Sahih International

Further reading

  • Lemu, B. A. Islamic Aqidah and Fiqh: A textbook of Islamic Belief and Jurisprudence revised and expanded edition of Tawhid and Fiqh), IQRA' International Educational Foundation, Chicago, 1997.

External links

This page was last edited on 2 August 2019, at 00:14
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