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Tarn Taran district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tarn Taran district
Shri Tarn Taran Sahib
Shri Tarn Taran Sahib
Located in the western side of the state
Location in Punjab, India
Coordinates: 31°27′36″N 74°55′48″E / 31.46000°N 74.93000°E / 31.46000; 74.93000
Country India
StatePunjab
RegionMajha
Named forThe boat that takes one across (the ocean of existence)
HeadquartersTarn Taran Sahib
Government
 • Administrator of DistrictHarmesh Singh Pabla
Area
 • Total2,414 km2 (932 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[‡]
 • Total1,119,627
 • Density460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialPunjabi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Literacy69.4%
Websitetarntaran.gov.in
Tarn Taran district showing tehsils along with their headquarters, and surrounding districts.
Tarn Taran district showing tehsils along with their headquarters, and surrounding districts.

Tarn Taran district is one of the districts in the Majha region of Punjab, India. The main cities are Tarn Taran Sahib, Bhikhiwind, Khadur Sahib and Patti. The City of Taran Taran is a holy place for Sikhs.

Tarn Taran district was formed in 2006 out of Amritsar District. The declaration to this effect was made by Captain Amarinder Singh, Chief Minister of Punjab, during the celebrations marking the martyrdom day of Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji. With this, it became the 19th district of Punjab. It has four tehsils, which are Bhikhiwind, Patti, Khadur Sahib and Tarn Taran. The District Headquarters is headed by the Deputy Commissioner, along with a Senior Superintendent of Police, the Additional District and Sessions Judge, the Chief Judicial Magistrate, Civil Surgeon, district Education Officer, Improvement Trust and a Municipal Council.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Tarn Taran district has a population of 1,119,627 out of which more than 93% people are Sikhs.[citation needed] The population of the district is roughly equal to the nation of Cyprus[1] or the US state of Rhode Island.[2] This gives it a ranking of 413th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 464 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,200/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.28%. Tarn Taran has a sex ratio of 898 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 69.4%.[citation needed]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901422,024—    
1911363,045−1.49%
1921383,090+0.54%
1931460,470+1.86%
1941576,325+2.27%
1951485,947−1.69%
1961524,117+0.76%
1971626,166+1.79%
1981728,142+1.52%
1991806,944+1.03%
2001939,057+1.53%
20111,119,627+1.77%
source:[3]

Religion

  Sikhism (93.33%)
  Hinduism (5.3%)
  Christianity (0.54%)
  Islam (0.34%)
  Others (0.38%)

Sikhism is followed by majority of the people in the Tarn Taran district. Hinduism is followed by a minority of the population. [4]

Transport

Air

There is no commercial airport in the district. The nearest airport is Amritsar International Airport. Direct International flights are available to key cities around the world in the likes of London, Birmingham, Dubai, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, Doha, Tashkent and Ashgabat. Domestic connections are available to almost every major city of India.

Rail

The rail network provides good connectivity across the district. Amritsar-Khemkaran and Beas-Tarn Taran railway lines pass through Tarn Taran district. Tarn Taran Junction railway station provides cross connectivity between these two lines. A new project of rail line from Patti to Makhu has been approved by railways since 2013 but not started till date due to delay by state govt. on land acquisition.[5]

Road

The district is well connected through national highways to rest of Punjab state and nationally. Following national highways pass through the district.

Towns and villages

The villages and towns of Tarn Taran District include:

Darazke, Saidpur, Chela, Bhagwanpura, Pahuwind, Veeram, Khalra, Mari Megha

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Cyprus 1,120,489, July 2011 est.
  2. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Rhode Island 1,052,567
  3. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  4. ^ a b "Tarn  Taran district District Religion Census 2011". Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  5. ^ "Patti-Makhu rail link hanging fire for 7 years". The Hindustan Times. 22 June 2020. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  6. ^ "Kapurthala-Taran Taran road declared as NH- 703 A A named as Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji Marg". All India Radio News. 17 October 2019. Retrieved 2 September 2020.

http://dsal.uchicago.edu/reference/gazetteer/pager.html?objectid=DS405.1.I34_V05_327.gif

External links

This page was last edited on 14 May 2021, at 20:42
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