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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tangail

টাঙ্গাইল
Tangail
Bangla transcription(s)
From top to bottom: 1. The City Skyline from "Suparibagan"; 2. The Open Stage of Tangail Poura Uddan; 3. Tangail District Court Building; 4. The city gate called "Shamsul Huq Toron"; 5. DC Lake at District Headquarters
From top to bottom: 1. The City Skyline from "Suparibagan"; 2. The Open Stage of Tangail Poura Uddan; 3. Tangail District Court Building; 4. The city gate called "Shamsul Huq Toron"; 5. DC Lake at District Headquarters
Nickname(s): 
Tangail City
Tangail is located in Bangladesh
Tangail
Tangail
Location of Tangail in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 24°15′52″N 89°55′05″E / 24.264423°N 89.918140°E / 24.264423; 89.918140
CountryBangladesh
DivisionDhaka Division
DistrictTangail District
UpazilaTangail Sadar Upazila
Incorporated1887
Government
 • TypePourashava
 • Present MayorMd.Jamilur Rahman Miron (Bangladesh Awami League)
Area
 • Total29.04 km2 (11.21 sq mi)
Elevation
14 m (46 ft)
Population
 (2017)
 • TotalIncrease750,000
Time zoneUTC+6 (BST)
Postal codes
1900, 1901, 1902
Area code(s)0921
Websitetangailpourashava.gov.bd
[1]

Tangail (Bengali: টাঙ্গাইল, [ʈaŋgail]) formerly Arail city of Greater Mymensingh is a major city of Dhaka Division in the central region of Bangladesh 98 km north-west of Dhaka, the capital. Tangail Mohokuma Upazilla of greater Mymensingh district turned to Tangail district on december 1 1969. It is main urban area of Tangail District. The city is on the bank of Louhajang River. [2] It is the 23rd largest city of Bangladesh

Etymology

During the early 19th century, horse carts were the main transportation medium for carrying goods and passengers in the present city area. A long line of horse carts used to stand at that time. There is a common belief that the name Tangail has been originated from the word tanga meaning horse carts.

History

Tangail was a popular local business centre since the early 19th century. But the name came on focus when the headquarter of a subdivision of the Greater Mymensingh District was shifted in 1860 from Atia to there due to its fertility and high elevation near Louhajong River. At the same time, The subdivision was named as Tangail.

The Municipal Corporation or pourashava was established on 1 July 1887. During its establishment the town was composed of five wards.

Ward No. Area
1 Tangail Kanda Para, Par Dighulia, Akur Takur Para
2 Korer Betka, Mirer Betka, Nondir Betka, Sabalia, Dorun, Ashekpur, Nagor Jalfai, Boali
3 Garai, Berai, Kazipur, Bachrakandi, Potol, Bajitpur, Berabuchna, Valluk kandi
4 Kagmari, Sontosh, Aloa, Boitta, Patuli, Ekrampur
5 Kalipur, Dighulia, Sakrail, Kaiyamara, Beradoma, Basha, Khanpur

Afterwards, the pourashava was reshaped into four wards:

  • Ward no. 1 as Central
  • Ward no. 2 as Betka
  • Ward no. 3 as Dighulia
  • Ward no. 4 as Santosh

In 1988 it was subdivided into six wards:

  • Ward no. 1 as Central
  • Ward no. 2 as Betka
  • Ward no. 3 as Dighulia
  • Ward no. 4 as Santosh
  • Ward no. 5 as Zila Sadar
  • Ward no. 6 as Kazipur

After decisions for a few years, in 1999 the city was subdivided into 18 wards and gained its present shape.

The first election of the city was held in November 1887. In that election eight ward commissioners from four wards were elected by direct vote of the citizens of the city. On the other hand, the then Subdivision Commissioner of Tangail, Shashi Shekhar Dutt, was appointed as the first administrator of Tangail city. There was no pakka street in this city then. No lamp post could be seen in the roads. In the 1890s the city was lacking safe water supply, too. The regional zamindars and subdivision board came forward and helped financially to dig ponds, lakes and canals. Those sources served the local people with a safe water supply.

In the early 1900s, the pourashava authority lit the roads for the first time by kerosene lambs. The pourashava gradually became populated in the first half of the 20th century. At that time, many tube wells were set up in the town. The main way of transportation was horse cars in the town. People used cattle for transportation, too.

The people of Tangail used to visit Kolkata through Charabari by launch and Dhaka through Mymensingh. In the early 1930s, electricity line was first provided in the town. The rickshaws started to roll in town's streets. In the 1960s, pakka roads were constructed in the town. In the meantime, Tangail was directly connected to Dhaka by road. Many bridges and culverts were constructed to develop the area. The town got water by pipelines at that time.

In 1985 Tangail City was promoted to 'B Class' from 'C Class'. In 1989 the pourashava was promoted to 'A Class'. In the 1990s, The city was financed by Asian Development Bank and Government of Bangladesh to develop water supply, sanitation, wastewater drainage, bus terminal, supermarkets and other infrastructure.[3]

Sports

Cricket is the most popular sport in Tangail. Football and kabaddi are also popular. All important sports events of the city are held in Tangail Stadium which is beside Bhashani hall and Tangail Eid-gah. The stadium has hosted national events. It was the home venue of Bangladesh Football Premier League club Team BJMC. It was converted into a cricket stadium in 2015. First Division Cricket is regularly hosted in this venue.

Administration

The total area of Tangail city is 35.22 km2. The government of Bangladesh has planned to expand the city. After expansion it will have a proposed area of 81.75 km2.[4] The city consists of 18 wards and 64 mahallas until 2016.

Ward No. Region Households Population (2011)
1 Akur Takur Para-north, Dewla, District hq 2070 10388
2 Enayetpur 2142 8760
3 West Akur Takur Para, North Kagmara, South Kagmara 3205 13903
4 Bepari Para, Fakir Para, Bera Doma, Dighulia, Char Dighulia 2119 9208
5 Kalipur, Lakshimpur, Sarutia, Shakrail 1614 7235
6 College Para, Paradise Para, Par Dighulia-part 1569 6712
7 Baluk Kandi, Bagbari, Patuli Bhabani Bagbari, Uttar Santosh-part, Santosh Palpara 1674 7325
8 Aloa Bhabani Pahim, Aloa Pahim, Dakshin Santosh-part 1797 8026
9 Aloa Baratia, Aloa Paikasta, Aloa Tarini, Baluk Kandi-part, Char Patuli, Purba Aloa, Aloa Bhabani 1888 8575
10 Bajitpur, Berai, Basrakandi, Kazipur, Patal 1458 6189
11 Berabuchna, Kachua Para,Kanda Para 1929 7536
12 Adi Tangail, Bepari Para, Bil Para 1628 7160
13 Tangail Mahalla, Chayanir Bazar, Pachanir Bazar, Thana Para, Uttar Thana Para 1792 7572
14 Purba Adalat Para, Adalat Para, Biswas Betka-part S.W corn, Shaha Para 2790 11786
15 Ashekpur, Biswas Betka-part 2745 12118
16 Akur Takur Para-part, Par Dighulia-part 2459 10670
17 Kumudini College Para, Munshi Para, Registry Para, Biswas Betka-west 2128 11081
18 Kodalia, Sabalia 2600 13168[5]

Karatia is the suburb of Tangail, Besides the old reputed Govt. Saadat College was established here.

Transport

"New Bus Terminal", Dewla, Tangail.
"New Bus Terminal", Dewla, Tangail.

It takes approximately 1 hour and 55 minutes to reach Tangail from Dhaka city, via Kaliakair and Tongi. The distance is around 98 km. From Mohakhali (মহাখালী) bus terminal, several buses run to this city. Among them Nirala, Dhaleshwari, Jhatika and High Choice are notable.

Several trains are available from Dhaka to Tangail. Among them the most popular is "Sirajganj Express". Other notable intercity trains that stop in Tangail railway station are Padma Express, Ekota Express, Nilsagor Express, Silk City Express,tangail express, Sundarban Express, Drutojan Express, Rangpur Express etc. Some local trains stop in the station, too. Those are Rajshahi Express, Rajshahi Mail, Rangpur Express, Fast Passenger, etc.[6] Jamuna Bridge, the largest bridge of Bangladesh, is situated here. Through this bridge, it is connected to sirajganj

Traditional foods

Parks

  • Tangail Poura Uddan
  • Soul Park
  • SP Lake
  • DC Lake
  • Jamuna Ananda Park
  • BTRC Park
  • Madhupur National Park
  • jamuna eco park

Education

The literacy rate of the city area is 71.8%.

There are eight notable high schools in the city:

  1. Bindu Basini Govt. Boys' High School (established in 1880 by zamindar of Santosh of the famous Roy Chowdhury family)
  2. Bindu Basini Govt. Girls' High School (established in 1882 by zamindar of Santosh of the famous Roy Chowdhury family)
  3. Police Lines High School
  4. Santosh Jannabi Govt. High School
  5. Vivekananda High School
  6. Zila Sadar Girls' High School
  7. Shibnath High School
  8. P.T.I. High SchoolTemplate:Tangail school
  9. mirzapur Cadet College,
  10. tangail Polytechnic Institute, There are several colleges in the city.
  1. Major General Mahmudul Hassan College
  2. Kumudini College
  3. Mawlana Mohammad Ali Govt. College
  4. Govt. Sheikh Fazilatunnesa Mujib Mohila College
  5. Vivekananda College
  6. Sristy College
  7. Shaheen School and college

Furthermore, Govt. Saadat College in karatia, Tangail Medical College, Bangabandhu Textile Engineering College, Textile Institute of Tangail and Tangail Polytechnic Institute[7] are located here. There is a technological university named Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University[8] in Santosh, Tangail.

Religion

Religions of Tangail City, 2011[9]
Religion Percent
Muslims
88.2%
Hindus
11.7%
Others
.1%

The majority of Tangail city's people are Muslims (88.2%) like most other parts of Bangladesh. Other religious groups include Hindus (11.7%), Christians (0.08%) and Buddhists (0.02%).

Notable residents

Nayeem, Film Actor

Amit Hassan, Film Actor


Notable nonresident

See also

References

  1. ^ "Population Census 2011: National Volume-3: Urban Area Report" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. p. 8. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
  2. ^ "land grabbers choke Tangail's louhajong river". The Daily Star Bangladesh. 30 June 2015. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
  3. ^ http://tangailpourashava.gov.bd/page/article/10
  4. ^ http://tangailpourashava.gov.bd/page/article/90
  5. ^ "Tangail Pourashava C01 P-97,98,99". Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. 16 June 2011. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  6. ^ "Train schedule of Tangail station". Bangladesh Railway. 1 June 2001.
  7. ^ "Tangail Polytechnic Institute". 13 February 2016.
  8. ^ "Mawlana Bhasani Science & Technology University". 13 February 2016.
  9. ^ "Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics Region Census 2011". Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 20 September 2014.

External links

This page was last edited on 12 May 2020, at 03:40
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