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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A talk show or chat show is a television programming or radio programming genre in which one person (or group of people) discusses various topics put forth by a talk show host.[1]

Usually, guests consist of a group of people who are learned or who have great experience in relation to whatever issue is being discussed on the show for that episode. Other times, a single guest discusses their work or area of expertise with a host or co-hosts. A call-in show takes live phone calls from callers listening at home, in their cars, etc. Sometimes, guests are already seated but are often introduced and enter from backstage. There have been many notable talk show hosts; in many cases, the shows have made their hosts famous.

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  • 5 Biggest TV Game Show Scandals

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Game shows are made for not only our entertainment as the viewer, but for the people competing to have some fun and even potentially win some epic cash prizes. Although, there can be a dark side to what should be an hours worth of fun for all. Here are our top five gameshow scandals. Nuber 1- Super Password - Fugitive In 1988, A man by the name of Patrick Quinn managed to win a total of $58,000 on the game show "Super Password". Sadly enough, however, this was not long-lived. The man, Patrick Quinn, was actually named Kerry Dee Ketchum, a fugitive who was wanted in 3 states. Someone watching the program managed to recognise him, and made the call to the police. When the 36 year old turned up collect his prize money, he was swiftly arrested by local officers. Ketchum was sentenced to 5 years in prison for faking his ex wife's de ath, in order to collect $100,000 from the insurance policy and for credit card fraud. He also never received his super password winnings as it was deemed that he had violated contestant eligibility rules. Number 2 - Michael Larson - Press Your Luck Genius or cheat? How about both! In 1984, Michael Larson managed to win $110,237 in a single game of the American game show 'Press Your Luck'. The concept of the game was simple, contestants would collect spins by answering trivia questions and then use the spins on a seemingly random 18-space game board, to win cash and prizes. However, The clever ice-cream truck driver noticed that the Luck board would always move in one of 5 looping patterns and he was able to stop the moving square on the board anywhere he wanted. It wasn't luck or random at all! With the help of hundreds of recorded episodes, Larson completed his memory training in just under two months. He was then able to dominate the show by stopping the moving square on the high value prizes and cash amounts which quickly added up to a sizeable amount. Producers of the show tried to get out of paying him because his 'skills' could be counted as cheating... However, because there weren't any specific rules against memorising the patterns... the producers had to admit that there were flaws in the system.. and Larson drove off into the sunset with his cash... Unfortunately, his small fortune didn't last long and within 2 years he had lost the lot.. mainly due to getting involved in illegal schemes and some had been stolen in a burglary. Number 3 - Million Dollar Money Drop Scandal A total reverse scenario here, in the form of couple Gabe Okoye and Brittany Mayi, who were contestants on very first episode of Million Dollar Money Drop. The two were given a question, "Which of these was sold in stores first?", and the couple placed $800,000 of their $1,000,000 on Post-It Notes, with the two other choices being a Mac computer and a Walkman. Unfortunately, the couples answer was wrong, and down the shoot their $800,000 fell... However, after the show was aired, producers were left red-faced, when it was revealed that the couples original answer of Post-It Notes was in fact correct. The internet was extremely vocal in its collective upset with Fox, as they deduced that while Post-It Notes, under that name, were sold after the walkman in 1980, they were first tested and sold under the name Press N Peel in 1977. So, technically, they were right. However, host Kevin Pollak is on record explaining that because of the way the game is played, at the time when they got the answer incorrect, it did not even matter, because the money winnings were not even secured at that point, and the couple lost the remaining money on the very next question. To this day, the argument is still divided. Rather than Fox offering the couple some sort of compensation, they were instead invited back onto the show for another shot at the game. However, in another streak of bad luck, the show was cancelled before they could come back with a vengeance. Number 4 - Who Wants To Be A Millionaire - Fraud In 2001, former British army major, Charles Ingram managed to show the world how utterly stupid he is, all the while being made to pay 115,000 pounds in fines for fraud. His crime? Attempting to defraud on an episode of popular gameshow Who Wants To Be A Millionaire. How? by having his wife and another contestant cough as the correct answer was said out loud to indicate that it was right. Luckily, the producers of the show were vigilant and suspected foul play, and his scheme was quickly sussed. Charles managed to answer the 15th and final question correctly and had won the 1 million pound jackpot prize. However, the winnings were quickly suspended on allegations that he had cheated by using the help of the audience. After the show ended, Producers began looking at all the recorded footage in an attempt to find evidence of cheating.. which they did, after Tecwen Whittock (who was another contestant) and who was positioned right behind Charles, could be heard coughing and blowing his nose numerous times through out the show, after the correct answer to the question was read out loud by Charles. During the 14th question which was worth 500 thousand pounds, Charles nearly messed up the entire plan, when he almost answered the question incorrectly, but out of desperation, Tecwen can be heard coughing and even whispering loudly, the word 'No'. Charles' wife, can also be heard coughing twice during one of the questions, Once she thought her husband didn't know the answer. Charles has always claimed that he did not cheat during the show and did not recall hearing any coughing. However, a jury disagreed and found all 3 guilty of fraud and they were each given suspended jail sentences, and instead of receiving the million pound prize, were made to pay over 100 thousand pounds in fines and fees. Charles was also ordered to resign from his position in the Army due to the scandal. Number 5 - The Dating Game Killer The Dating Game, was an american TV show which aired on ABC, that had three mystery men battle each other with their own words of seduction, in order to gain a date and maybe a bit more. Cheryl Bradshaw was the woman of the episode, and in 1978, managed to weed out a serial killer in the line-up... Rodney Alcala somehow managed to remain undetected as a rap ist and killer, even though he was a registered sex offender. Prior to being on the show, The seemingly charming man had already ra ped a child and murdered at least 2 women and went on to kill at least 2 more and a 12 year old girl. Looking back at the show now, it's very creepy hearing some of Alcala's answers to the womans questions, especially when the 35 year old said ''We're going to have a great time together, Cheryl. Luckily for Bradshaw, despite choosing Alcala as her choice date, she never actually went on it and refused to go out with him. Alcala was eventually caught in 1979 after the disappearance of the 12-year-old girl led traces back to him. He is currently awaiting execution in a California state prison. It is estimated that he has murdered between 8 and 130 women. We're not sure what's crazier, this guy's creepy answers on the dating game, or the fact that a murderer was easily able to get on a TV show. Thanks for watching! please like & Subscribe to FactFaction to see more videos like this..

Contents

Subgenres

There are several major formats of talk shows. Generally, each subgenre predominates during a specific programming block during the broadcast day.

  • Breakfast chat or early morning shows that generally alternate between news summaries, political coverage, feature stories, celebrity interviews, and musical performances.
  • Late morning chat shows that feature two or more hosts or a celebrity panel, and focus on entertainment and lifestyle features.
  • Daytime tabloid talk shows, generally featuring a host, a guest or a panel of guests, and a live audience that interacts extensively with the host and guests. These shows may feature celebrities, political commentators, or "ordinary" people who present unusual or controversial topics.
  • "Lifestyle" or self-help programs, which generally feature a host or hosts who are medical practitioners, therapists, or counselors, and guests who seek intervention, describe medical or psychological problems, or offer advice.
  • Evening panel discussion shows which focus on news, politics, or popular culture.
  • Late-night talk shows that feature celebrity guests who talk about their work and personal lives as well as their latest films, TV shows, music recordings, or other projects they'd like to promote to the public. The hosts are often comedians who open the shows with comedy monologues.
  • Sunday morning talk shows are a staple of network programming in North America. These shows feature elected political figures and candidates for office, commentators, and journalists.
  • Aftershows which feature in-depth discussion about a program on the same network that aired just before (for example, Talking Dead).
  • Spoof talk shows, such as Space Ghost Coast to Coast, Tim and Eric Nite Live, Comedy Bang! Bang!, and The Eric Andre Show, where the interviews are mostly scripted, and shown in a humorous and satirical way, or the show engages in subverting the norms of the format.

These formats are not absolute. Syndicated "daytime" shows may appear overnight in some markets, and some afternoon programs have similar structures to late night talk shows.

These formats may vary across different countries or markets. Late night talk shows are especially significant in the United States. Breakfast television is a staple of British television. The daytime talk format has become popular in Latin America as well as the United States.

Talk-radio host Howard Stern also hosted a talk show that was syndicated nationally in the USA, then moved to satellite radio's Sirius. The tabloid talk show genre, pioneered by Phil Donahue[2] but popularized by Oprah Winfrey[3] was extremely popular during the last two decades of the 20th century.[4]

Politics are hardly the only subject of American talk shows, however. Other radio talk show subjects include Car Talk hosted by NPR and Coast to Coast AM hosted by Art Bell and George Noory which discusses topics of the paranormal, conspiracy theories, fringe science, and the just plain weird. Sports talk shows are also very popular ranging from high-budget shows like The Best Damn Sports Show Period to Max Kellerman's original public-access television cable TV show Max on Boxing.

History

Talk shows have been broadcast on television since the earliest days of the medium. Joe Franklin, an American radio and television personality, hosted the first television talk show. The show began in 1951 on WJZ-TV (later WABC-TV) and moved to WOR-TV (later WWOR-TV) from 1962 to 1993.[5]

NBC's The Tonight Show is the world's longest-running talk show; having debuted in 1954, it continues to this day. The show underwent some minor title changes until settling on its current title in 1962, and despite a brief foray into a more news-style program in 1957 and then reverting that same year, it has remained a talk show. Ireland's The Late Late Show is the second-longest running talk show in television history, and the longest running talk show in Europe, having debuted in 1962.

Steve Allen was the first host of The Tonight Show, which began as a local New York show, being picked up by the NBC network in 1954. It in turn had evolved from his late-night radio talk show in Los Angeles. Allen pioneered the format of late night network TV talk shows, originating such talk show staples as an opening monologue, celebrity interviews, audience participation, and comedy bits in which cameras were taken outside the studio, as well as music, although the series' popularity was cemented by second host Jack Paar, who took over after Allen had left and the show had ceased to exist.

TV news pioneer Edward R. Murrow hosted a talk show entitled Small World in the late 1950s and since then, political TV talk shows have predominantly aired on Sunday mornings.

Syndicated daily talk shows began to gain more popularity during the mid-1970s and reached their height of popularity with the rise of the tabloid talk show. Morning talk shows gradually replaced earlier forms of programming — there were a plethora of morning game shows during the 1960s and early to mid-1970s, and some stations formerly showed a morning movie in the time slot that many talk shows now occupy.

Current late night talk shows such as The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon, Conan and The Late Show with Stephen Colbert have aired featuring celebrity guests and comedy sketches. Syndicated daily talk shows range from tabloid talk shows, such as Jerry Springer and Maury to celebrity interview shows like Live with Kelly and Ryan, The Better Show, The Wendy Williams Show, and Ellen to industry leader The Oprah Winfrey Show which popularized the former genre and has been evolving towards the latter. On November 10, 2010, Oprah Winfrey invited several of the most prominent American talk show hosts - Phil Donahue, Sally Jessy Raphael, Geraldo Rivera, Ricki Lake, and Montel Williams - to join her as guests on her show. The 1990s in particular saw a spike in the number of "tabloid" talk shows, most of which were short-lived and are now replaced by a more universally appealing "interview" or "lifestyle TV" format.[6]

Talk shows have more recently started to appear on Internet radio. Also, several Internet blogs are in talk show format including the Baugh Experience.[citation needed]

The current world record for the longest talk show is held by Rabi Lamichhane from Nepal by staying on air for 62 hours from April 11 to 13, 2013 breaking the previous record set by two Ukrainians by airing the show for 52 hours in 2011.[7]

Talk shows around the world

Rabi Lamichhane from Nepal holds the present world record for longest ever talk show.

In Japan, panel shows — called "tooku bangumi" (トーク番組)in Japanese — are very commonplace, accounting for about 30% of daytime and prime-time programming on the four main television stations. Due to language and cultural differences, Japanese TV stations could not freely use syndicated programs (mostly from Europe and North America) and therefore turned to panel shows, which could be produced cheaply and easily, to fill time during daytime programming.

Japanese panel shows are distinct in generally not employing regular panelists but instead having a panel made up of different freelance comedians and celebrities each program, although the program is generally hosted by the same compere. Talk shows evolved in tandem with the Japanese variety show and it is very common for talk shows to borrow variety elements, typically by having celebrity guests attempt some kind of amusingly incongruous activity. Often, one of the guests will be a gaijin tarento (foreign talent) in order to provide comedy or to comment on matters related to Western culture. Comedic material is commonly written and rehearsed before tapings with or without a live audience.

Korean and Taiwanese talk shows have used the panel format similar to Japanese programs and rely on famous celebrities and comedic banter than topics. Their programs often shorten interviews from lengthy tapings.

In Brazil, Jô Soares inaugurated the genre with Jô Soares Onze e Meia ("Jô Soares Eleven Thirty") from 1988 to 1999. In 2000, Soares took his show's format to Rede Globo, where it was then called Programa do Jô, and hosts the program until the present day. Jô's main competitors are Danilo Gentili and Fábio Porchat. Weesibe Bbiri on Delta TV Uganda, hosted by Moses Wamala

See also

References

  1. ^ Stelter, Brian (September 30, 2010). "Anderson Cooper to Host Daytime Talk Show". NYTimes.com. Retrieved July 3, 2011.
  2. ^ Carter, Bill (February 26, 2003). "MSNBC Cancels the Phil Donahue Talk Show — New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved July 3, 2011.
  3. ^ Tannen, Deborah (November 28, 2009). "Op-Ed Contributor — Donahue Talked, Oprah Listened". NYTimes.com. Retrieved July 3, 2011.
  4. ^ Carter, Bill (January 5, 1994). "Stern Reportedly Rules Out Late-Night TV Talk Show — New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved July 3, 2011.
  5. ^ Hinckley, David (November 26, 1999). "Joe Franklin: Truth in Packaging". New York Daily News. Archived from the original on July 3, 2009. Retrieved January 1, 2008.
  6. ^ "Donahue, Sally Jessy, Geraldo, Montel, Ricki: Talk Show Hosts—Where Are They Now?". Oprah.com. November 10, 2010. Retrieved July 3, 2011.
  7. ^ "Nepali hosts longest-ever talk show". BBC News. April 13, 2013.

Further reading

This page was last edited on 15 October 2018, at 08:28
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