To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Talcahuano viewed from Michimalonco
Talcahuano viewed from Michimalonco
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Map of Talcahuano in Biobío Region
Map of Talcahuano in Biobío Region
Talcahuano is located in Chile
Location in Chile
Coordinates (city): 36°43′0″S 073°07′19″W / 36.71667°S 73.12194°W / -36.71667; -73.12194
 • TypeMunicipality
 • AlcaldeGastón Saavedra Chandía (Ind.)
 • City, Port and Commune92.3 km2 (35.6 sq mi)
1 m (3 ft)
 (2012 Census)[3]
 • City, Port and Commune150,499
 • Density1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
 • Metro
 • Urban
 • Rural
 • Men121,778
 • Women128,570
Time zoneUTC−4 (CLT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−3 (CLST)
Area code(s)56 + 41 (in Spanish)

Talcahuano (Spanish pronunciation: [talkaˈwano]) (From Mapudungun Tralkawenu, "Thundering Sky") is a port city and commune in the Biobío Region of Chile. It is part of the Greater Concepción conurbation. Talcahuano is located in the south of the Central Zone of Chile.


Together with ten other municipalities, it forms part of the Concepción Province, which in turn is one of four provinces that forms the VIII Region of Biobío Region.


According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Talcahuano spans an area of 145.8 km2 (56 sq mi) and has 250,348 inhabitants (121,778 men and 128,570 women). Of these, 248,964 (99.4%) lived in urban areas and 1,384 (0.6%) in rural areas. The population grew by 59.9% (93,766 persons) between the 1992 and 2002 censuses.[3] With a population density of 1,873 inhabitants per square kilometre, it is the seventh most populated city of the country.


The official foundation date of Talcahuano is 5 November 1764 when Antonio Guill y Gonzaga declared it an official port. However, the site of Talcahuano began to appear in history books as early as 1544 when Genoese captain Juan Bautista Pastene discovered the mouth of the Biobío river while exploring the coast in his ships San Pedro and Santiaguillo. In 1601 Alonso de Ribera built Fort Talcahueno to defend remaining Spanish settlements near Concepción.

The city is named after an Araucanian chief, Talcahueñu, who inhabited the region at the arrival of the Spanish. In Mapudungun, the language of the indigenous Mapuches, Talcahuano means "Thundering Sky".

The port was well known to American whaleships of the 19th century. They often put in for fresh water, food, and various forms of entertainment for the crews.

On 24 January 1939 at around 23.33 the city was hit by a major earthquake of 8.3 which had an epicenter close to the city of Chillán. The Chilean Government requested from the British Government the help of two British cruisers HMS Ajax (22) and HMS Exeter (68) then visiting the city of Valparaíso to head south to investigate. The ships arrived at Talcahuano on 25th, many of the city's main buildings had been destroyed with little power, food or water available to the survivors. The two ships crews helped with rubble clearing, rescuing those still trapped, recovering bodies as well as the ships taking trips north to Valparaiso with those injured and refugees.[4]

The 2010 tsunami carried this fishing boat ashore.
The 2010 tsunami carried this fishing boat ashore.

27 February 2010 earthquake

On 27 February 2010 Talcahuano was devastated by the 8.8 magnitude 2010 Chile earthquake and its subsequent tsunami. These back-to-back disasters left 80% of the city's residents homeless. [5] The tsunami is estimated to have been more than 7.5 feet high.[6] After a week, there are only 20 reported deaths, and 18 missing. The city government estimates that it will take 10 years to recover from the quake and tsunami. The local government has been turning away tent aid, as they want to make permanent shelters rather than have permanent tent camps.[7]


Talcahuano contains Chile's Productive development Pillar of the development of the city, the productive activities represent the motor of the advance of Talcahuano in a globalized world. From tourism, our marine gastronomy, the nautical qualities of the bay, to industry, trade in services, products and the logistics platform. Talcahuano is an integral city that grows hand in hand with the spirit of its inhabitants. main naval base which is home of the historical relic, the Huáscar, a Peruvian ironclad ship (British-made), which was captured in 1879 during the War of the Pacific. It is also the base of the Chilean submarine fleet and the ASMAR shipyard.


As a commune, Talcahuano is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2008–2012 alcalde is Gastón Saavedra Chandía (Ind.).[1][2]

The commune of Talcahuano has seventeen districts, the three most populous being Carriel, San Vicente and San Miguel, which together account for about 46% of the population of the commune.[8] Only two of the districts contain any rural population: Tumbes with 5% rural and Carrie with ½%.[8]

  • El Portón
  • Valdivieso
  • Cerro Fuentes
  • La Aduana
  • Cerro Buenavista
  • Tumbes
  • Isla Quiriquina
  • San Vicente
  • Estadio
  • Huachipato
  • Estadio Higueras
  • San Miguel
  • El Arenal
  • Carriel
  • Las Salinas
  • Barranquilla
  • Zunico

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Talcahuano is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Jorge Ulloa (UDI) and Cristián Campos (PDC) as part of the 43rd electoral district, (together with Hualpén). The commune is represented in the Senate by Alejandro Navarro Brain (MAS) and Hosain Sabag Castillo (PDC) as part of the 12th senatorial constituency (Biobío-Cordillera).



Talcahuano entered football history when Ramón Unzaga Asla, a player for the local club Estrella del Mar, invented the famous bicycle kick (also known as "chilena") there in 1914.

The city is home to Club Deportivo Huachipato, a football club in Chile's Primera División, playing at Estadio CAP.

In literature

It featured prominently in Miles Smeeton's book Once Is Enough, a sailor's classic.[9]

It is mentioned by the character Charlie Marlow in Joseph Conrad's book Lord Jim.

A chapter of In Search of the Castaways by Jules Verne is set in its bay.

External links


  1. ^ a b "Asociación Chilena de Municipalidades" (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 February 2011.
  2. ^ a b "Municipality of Talcahuano" (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 February 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d "National Statistics Institute" (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 December 2010.
  4. ^ Holman, D. The Man They Couldn't Kill London 1960 pp44-46
  5. ^ "Double tragedy for Chile's beach communities". Archived from the original on 1 March 2010. Retrieved 1 March 2010.
  6. ^ Padget, Tim (1 March 2010). "Chile: Prepared for the Quake but Not the Tsunami". Time Magazine. Retrieved 4 March 2010.
  7. ^ Manda, Alexander (7 March 2010). "Destruction seen everywhere in tsunami-hit Chilean port". Xinhua. Retrieved 8 March 2010.
  8. ^ a b "División Político Administrativa y Censal" (PDF) (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas (INE). 2007. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 March 2013.
  9. ^ Once Is Enough, by Miles Smeeton. International Marine Publishing, 2003. ISBN 0-07-141431-2
This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 16:42
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.