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Tadeusz Vetulani

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tadeusz Bolesław Vetulani
Born(1897-03-13)March 13, 1897
DiedFebruary 24, 1952(1952-02-24) (aged 54)

Tadeusz Bolesław Vetulani (March 13, 1897 – February 24, 1952) was a Polish agriculturalist and biologist, associate professor of Adam Mickiewicz University in animal husbandry. He was a pioneer of biodiversity research in Poland and conducted notable research into forest tarpan and the Polish koniks, launching restoration and breeding schemes.[1][2]

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Vetulani was born in Sanok in 1897, the son of Roman and Elżbieta Kunachowicz, and brother of Kazimierz, a professor of Lvov University, Adam, a professor of Jagiellonian University, Zygmunt, Maria, and Elżbieta.[3]

In the years 1915-1916 he studied philosophy at the University of Vienna, and in the years 1919-1922 at Jagiellonian University in agriculture.[3] In the years 1922-1929 he published work on the Polish pony (Badania nad konikiem polskim z okolic Biłgoraja and Dalsze badania nad konikiem polskim). He is credited with introducing the term "Polish pony" or Polish konik into the hippological literature in the mid-1920s.[2]Zbigniew Jaworski of the Polish Academy of Sciences says that "based on his research and observations, he hypothesized that a forest variety of the tarpan (Equus cab. gmelini Ant., forma silvatica Vet.) had split off from the populations living in the steppes of Eastern Europe and had survived into the mid 18th century in the lands of Poland, Lithuania, and Prussia."[2]

In 1926, Vetulani received a doctoral degree in agriculture at the Jagiellonian University.[3] Three years later he obtained his degree of associate professor in animal husbandry. From 1931 to 1935 he worked as an associate professor and head of the Department of Animal Breeding at the Stefan Batory University in Vilnius.[3] In February 1936, he founded a reserve and restoration scheme in Bialowieza Forest involving the breeding of Polish koniks, putting his early hypothesis to practice.[2] Helmut Hemmer says that "Tadeusz Vetulani purchased animals with particularly high resemblance to tarpans and subjected them to a selection programme carried out in the Institute for Genetics and Animal Breeding of the Polish Academy."[4]

Plaque of Vetulani in Poznań
Plaque of Vetulani in Poznań

From 1938, Vetulani was co-editor of the German journal "Zeitschrift für Züchtungsbiologie." In 1939 he represented Poland in Zürich in an international conference on breeding.[3]

During World War II Vetulani lived in Kraków, working as a clerk in the Polish Red Cross from 1940-1943. He was a spokesperson for the organization against the occupation authorities. He also aided in the care of Polish prisoners of war.[3] Vetulani rejected all proposals for collaboration with the Nazis and also refused to join the committee appointed to audit the Katyn graves, not wanting to serve the German propaganda.[3]

Between 1945-1952 worked in restoration and increasing the breeding of the Polish pony. In 1949 he received the full title of Professor of Animal Husbandry.[3]

On June 5, 1949 he married Marie Godlewska. Their son Zygmunt was born in 1950.[3]

Tadeusz Vetulani died of a heart attack on February 24, 1952. He had fainted while working in a laboratory in Krakow during a scientific trip, and died the same day. He was buried at the Rakowicki Cemetery.

Family tree


  1. ^ "Tadeusz Vetulani" (in Polish). Adam Mickiewicz University. Retrieved 28 May 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d Jaworski, Zbigniew. "Precious ponies" (PDF). Research Station for Ecological Agriculture and Preservation of Native Breeds, Popielno Polish Academy of Sciences. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 July 2011. Retrieved 28 May 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Tadeusz Vetulani – Życie i działalność" (in Polish). Adam Mickiewicz University. Retrieved 28 May 2011.
  4. ^ Helmut Hemmer (1990). Domestication: the decline of environmental appreciation. Cambridge University Press. p. 51. ISBN 978-0-521-34178-3. Retrieved 28 May 2011.
This page was last edited on 29 September 2019, at 21:51
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