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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chess has been a popular board game for centuries
Chess has been a popular board game for centuries

Tabletop games are games that are normally played on a table or other flat surface, such as board games, card games, dice games, miniature wargames, or tile-based games.[1][2]

Classification according to equipment used

Tabletop games can be classified according to the general form, or equipment utilized:[3]

Game category Game examples
Board games Adventure board games, Adventure gamebooks, Backgammon, Can't Stop, Chess, German-style board games, Go, Reversi
Card games Solitaire, Collectible card games, Hanafuda, Tarot card games
Dice games Bunco, Craps, Farkle, Generala, Poker dice, Sic bo, Yahtzee, Zombie Dice
Paper and pencil games Battleship, Connect 5, Dots and Boxes, Hangman, Sprouts, Sudoku
Tabletop role-playing games Call of Cthulhu, Dungeons & Dragons, Warhammer Fantasy Roleplay
Strategy games Wargames, Government simulation games, Miniatures games
Tile-based games 15 puzzle, Anagrams, Dominoes, Mahjong, Mahjong solitaire, Tangrams

Games like chess and draughts are examples of games belonging to the board game category. Other games, however, use various attributes and cannot be classified unambiguously (e.g. Monopoly utilises a board as well as dice and cards).

For several of these categories there are sub-categories and even sub-sub-categories or genres. For instance, German-style board games, board wargames, and Roll-and-move games are all types of board games that differ markedly in style and general interest.

Classification according to elements of chance

As an alternative to classifying games by equipment, they can also be classified according to the elements of chance involved. In game theory, two fundamentally different elements of chance can play a role:

  • Chance due to outcome uncertainty, e.g. due to dice rolls or due to unknown cards being dealt during the game. Games in which outcome uncertainty plays a role are referred to as stochastic games as opposed to deterministic games.
  • Chance due to state uncertainty, e.g. due to the opponent's position or cards not being visible, or due to the simultaneous move character of the game. Games in which state uncertainty plays a role are referred to as partial or imperfect information games as opposed to full or perfect information games.

Examples of the chance classification for some well-known tabletop games are given in the table below.

Full/perfect information Partial/imperfect information
Deterministic
Stochastic

Organizations

List of organizations that sponsor events featuring tabletop games:

Numerous independent, local groups run by gamers exist to play tabletop games. Additionally, many colleges have student run organizations pertaining solely to table top gaming. The Collegiate Association of Table Top Gamers is one such organization that has a few chapters at different schools.

Tabletop simulators

See also

References

  1. ^ "Collegiate Association of Table Top Gamers".
  2. ^ "TGN FAQ". Tabletop Gaming News. May 10, 2008.
  3. ^ "What is Tabletop?". Amelia Con.
This page was last edited on 22 July 2020, at 17:43
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