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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Syzygium
Starr 070321-6132 Syzygium malaccense.jpg
Syzygium malaccense
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Subfamily: Myrtoideae
Tribe: Syzygieae
Genus: Syzygium
R.Br. ex Gaertn.[1]
Species

About 1100; see text

Synonyms[2]
 Syzygium paniculatum (magenta lilly pilly)
Syzygium paniculatum (magenta lilly pilly)
 Syzygium samarangense, with a cross section of the fruit
Syzygium samarangense, with a cross section of the fruit
 A cultivated white Syzygium
A cultivated white Syzygium

Syzygium is a genus of flowering plants that belongs to the myrtle family, Myrtaceae. The genus comprises about 1200–1800 species,[3][4] and has a native range that extends from Africa and Madagascar through southern Asia east through the Pacific.[5] Its highest levels of diversity occur from Malaysia to northeastern Australia, where many species are very poorly known and many more have not been described taxonomically.

Most species are evergreen trees and shrubs. Several species are grown as ornamental plants for their attractive glossy foliage, and a few produce edible fruit that are eaten fresh or used in jams and jellies. The most economically important species, however, is the clove Syzygium aromaticum, of which the unopened flower buds are an important spice. Some of the edible species of Syzygium are planted throughout the tropics worldwide, and several have become invasive species in some island ecosystems. Several species of Syzygium bear fruit that are edible for humans, many of which are named "roseapple". Fifty-two species are found in Australia and are generally known as lillipillies, brush cherries or satinash.[6]

At times Syzygium was confused taxonomically with the genus Eugenia (ca. 1000 species), but the latter genus has its highest specific diversity in the neotropics. Many species formerly classed as Eugenia are now included in the genus Syzygium, although the former name may persist in horticulture.[6] The Syzygium Working Group, an international group of researchers, formed in April 2016 with the aim to produce a monograph of Syzygium.[4]

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • Edible Bushfood Hedge Riberry Lilly Pilly - Syzygium luehmanii from Australia
  • Syzygium malaccense Malay Apple
  • Syzygium aromaticum (with translation text)
  • Syzygium jambos Rose Apple
  • Making Clove (Syzygium aromaticum) Tincture

Transcription

This beautiful hedge here is a Riberry Hedge, Syzigium luehmanii and it is a perfect bushfood for hedging. You can see it has this gorgeous leaf flush which is what this is primarily grown for. So this hedge is cut back by using pruning sheers and what that does is it keeps this juvenile leaf flush coming on this hedge so it doesn't fruit so if you wanted your hedge to fruit and produce a massive crop of fruits you'd need to use your cincturing tool to cincture these plants and then you'd actually encourage flowering and fruiting. So if you want a fruiting hedge cincture your trees to keep them small and dwarf them and if you want a beautiful leaf flush use your pruning sheers to hedge them.

Contents

Selected species

 An Australian rainforest Syzygium exhibits cauliflory
An Australian rainforest Syzygium exhibits cauliflory

Species include:[7]

Formerly placed in this genus

See also

References

  1. ^ "Genus: Syzygium R. Br. ex Gaertn.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2009-01-27. Retrieved 2011-01-26. 
  2. ^ "WCSP". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  3. ^ Jie Chen and Lyn A. Craven, "Syzygium P. Browne ex Gaertner, Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 166. 1788", Flora of China Online, 13, retrieved 3 May 2015 
  4. ^ a b Ahmad, Berhaman; Baider, Cláudia; Bernardini, Benedetta; Biffin, Edward; Brambach, Fabian; Burslem, David; Byng, James W.; Christenhusz, Maarten J.M.; Florens, F.B. Vincent; Lucas, Eve J.; Ray, Avik; Ray, Rajasri; Smets, Erik; Snow, Neil W.; Strijk, Joeri S.; Wilson, Peter G. (2016). "Syzygium (Myrtaceae): Monographing a taxonomic giant via 22 coordinated regional revisions". PeerJ Preprints 4:e1930v1. doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1930v1. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  5. ^ Tuiwawa, S. H.; Craven, L. A.; Sam, C.; Crisp, M. D. (23 August 2013). "The genus Syzygium (Myrtaceae) in Vanuatu" (PDF (free)). Blumea. 58: 53–67. doi:10.3767/000651913x672271. Retrieved 29 Sep 2013. 
  6. ^ a b Wrigley, John W.; Fagg, Murray A. (2003). Australian native plants: cultivation, use in landscaping and propagation (Fifth ed.). Australia: Reed New Holland. p. 696. ISBN 1876334908. 
  7. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  8. ^ Whistler, W. Arthur (1978). "Vegetation of the Montane Region of Savai'i, Western Samoa" (PDF). Pacific Science. The University Press of Hawai'i. 32 (1): 90. Retrieved 10 July 2010. 
  9. ^ Little Jr., Elbert L.; Roger G. Skolmen (1989). "‘Ōhi‘a ha" (PDF). United States Forest Service. 
  10. ^ Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A. (22 July 2013). "Catalogue of Life". Species 2000: Reading, UK. 
  11. ^ "GRIN Species Records of Syzygium". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-01-26. 

External links

This page was last edited on 16 July 2017, at 05:52.
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