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2011 Swiss federal election

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2011 Swiss federal election

← 2007 23 October 2011 2015 →

All 200 seats in the National Council (101 seats needed for a majority)
All 46 seats in the Council of States (24 seats needed for a majority)
  First party Second party Third party
 
Toni Brunner (Nationalrat, 2007).jpg
Christian Levrat (Nationalrat, 2007).jpg
Fulvio Pelli (2007).jpg
Leader Toni Brunner Christian Levrat Fulvio Pelli
Party Swiss People's Social Democrats FDP.The Liberals
Leader since 1 March 2008 1 March 2008 1 January 2009
Leader's seat St. Gallen Fribourg Ticino
Last election 62+7, 28.9% 43+9, 19.5% 31+12, 15.8%
Seats before 58 + 7 42 + 9 35 + 12
Seats won 54 + 5 46 + 11 31 + 11
Seat change Decrease10 Increase5 Decrease1
Popular vote 641,106 450,693 364,704
Percentage 26.6% 18.7% 15.1%
Swing Decrease2.3pp Decrease0.9pp Decrease2.5pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Christophe Darbellay 2.jpg
Ueli Leuenberger (2007).jpg
Martin Bäumle (2007).jpg
Leader Christophe Darbellay Ueli Leuenberger Martin Bäumle
Party Christian Democrats Greens Green Liberals
Leader since 2 September 2006 26 April 2008 20 July 2007
Leader's seat Valais Geneva Zürich
Last election 31+15, 14.5% 20+2, 9.6% 3+1, 1.4%
Seats before 31 + 15 20 + 2 3 + 1
Seats won 28 + 13 15 + 2 12 + 2
Seat change Decrease5 Decrease5 Increase10
Popular vote 296,350 203,447 130,041
Percentage 12.3% 8.4% 5.4%
Swing Decrease2.2pp Decrease1.2pp Increase4.0pp

  Seventh party Eighth party Ninth party
 
Hans grunder.jpg
AG STUDER HEINER.JPG
Leader Hans Grunder Heiner Studer Giuliano Bignasca
Party Conservative Democrats Evangelical People's Lega
Leader since 1 November 2008 1 June 2008 17 January 1991
Leader's seat Bern None Ticino
Last election New 2+0, 2.4% 1+0, 0.6%
Seats before 5 + 0 2 + 0 1 + 0
Seats won 9 + 1 2 + 0 2 + 0
Seat change New Steady Increase1
Popular vote 130,878 48,259 18,956
Percentage 5.4% 2.0% 0.8%
Swing New Decrease0.4pp Increase0.2pp

National Council of Switzerland 2011 election winner by canton.svg
Map of Swiss cantons shaded by the party that won the most votes. The Swiss People's Party dominated German-speaking Switzerland, while the Social Democrats were the largest in the French-speaking west.
Coat of Arms of Switzerland (Pantone).svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Switzerland

Federal elections were held in Switzerland on 23 October 2011. All of the Federal Assembly were to be elected: all 200 seats in the National Council and all 46 seats in the Council of States.

Voter turnout was 49.1%, compared to 48.9% in 2007.[1]

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Contents

National Council

At the last election, in 2007, the Swiss People's Party (SVP) won the highest share of the vote ever recorded for a single party in Switzerland, with 29% of the vote. Soon after, a moderate faction split from the SVP, forming the Conservative Democratic Party (BDP).

In the 2011 election, the two neophyte parties BDP and Green Liberal Party (GLP) were successful, each receiving 5.4% of the popular vote. Both the GLP and the BDP have gained the required five seats to form their own parliamentary groups, suggesting a split of the centrist CVP/EVP/glp group.

All other major parties lost votes, the Swiss People's Party (SVP) for the first time since the 1987 elections. With 26.6% of the popular vote, the SVP is still the strongest party by a comfortable margin, but the 2011 elections marked the end of its rapid growth during the period of 1995–2007.

Of the small parties (below 5 seats), the Evangelical People's Party received 2.0% of the vote (+0.4%), retaining its two seats. The Ticino League received 0.8% of the vote (+0.2%) and gains one seat, now holding two.

The Christian Social Party lost one seat, but gained another to remain in the National Council, while the Federal Democratic Union of Switzerland and Swiss Party of Labour lost their single seats. Other minor groups which gathered more than 0.1% of the popular vote are: the Swiss Pirate Party (0.48%), the Swiss Democrats (0.20%), parteifrei.ch (0.19%) and Tierpartei Schweiz (0.15%).


e • d Summary of the 23 October 2011 National Council of Switzerland election results
Parties Abbr. Alignment Ideology Votes[2] % +/– (%) Seats % +/– (seats)
Swiss People's Party SVP/UDC Right wing National conservatism 648,675 26.6 −2.3 54 27 −8
Social Democratic Party SPS/PSS Centre-left/Left-wing Social democracy 457,317 18.7 +0.8 46 23.0 +3
FDP.The Liberals FDP/PLR Centre-right Classical liberalism 368,951 15.1 −0.7 30 15.0 −1
Christian Democratic People's Party CVP/PDC Centre/Centre-right Christian democracy 300,544 12.3 −2.2 28 14.0 −3
Green Party GPS/PES Left wing Green politics 205,984 8.4 −1.2 15 7.5 −5
Green Liberal Party GLP/PVL Centre Green liberalism 131,436 5.4 +4.0 12 6.0 +9
Conservative Democratic Party BDP/PBD Centre-right Conservatism / Economic liberalism 132,279 5.4 +5.4 9 4.5 +9
Evangelical People's Party EVP/PEV Centre Christian democracy 48,789 2.0 −0.4 2 1.0 ±0
Ticino League LdT Right wing Regionalism / Right-wing populism 19,657 0.8 +0.2 2 1.0 +1
Geneva Citizens' Movement MCG Right wing Regionalism / Right-wing populism 10,714 0.4 +0.3 1 0.5 +1
Federal Democratic Union EDU/UDF Right wing Christian right 31,056 1.3 ±0 0 0 −1
Party of Labour PdA Left wing Socialism 21,482 0.5 −0.2 0 0 −1
Christian Social Party CSP/PCS Centre-left Christian left 6,248 0.3 -0.1 0 0 -1
Other 54,622 2.2 1 0.5 +1
Total (turnout 48.5%) 2,442,648 200
Source: Swiss Federal Statistical Office (in French) Statistics Switzerland (in German)

Seats by canton

Canton Total SVP SP FDP CVP Grüne glp BDP EVP EDU PdA CSP Lega MCG Other
ZH
Wappen Zürich matt.svg
Zurich
34 11 −1 7 4 2 −1 3 −1 4 +1 2 +2 1
BE
Wappen Bern matt.svg
Berne
26 8 -2 6 2 -2 -1 3 2 +2 4 +4 1 0 -1
LU
Wappen Luzern matt.svg
Lucerne
10 2 −1 1 2 3 1 1 +1
UR
Wappen Uri matt.svg
Uri
1 1
SZ
Wappen des Kantons Schwyz.svg
Schwyz
4 1 −1 1 1 +1 1
NW
Wappen Nidwalden matt.svg
Nidwald
1 1 +1 0 −1
OW
Wappen Obwalden matt.svg
Obwald
1 0 −1 1 +1
GL
Wappen Glarus matt.svg
Glaris
1 0 −1 1 +1
ZG
Wappen Zug matt.svg
Zoug
3 1 1 +1 1 0 −1
FR
Wappen Freiburg matt.svg
Friburg
7 1 3 +1 1 2 0 −1
SO
Wappen Solothurn matt.svg
Soleure
7 2 2 +1 1 2 0 −1
BL
Coat of arms of Kanton Basel-Landschaft.svg
Basle-Country
7 2 2 1 1 1
BS
Wappen Basel-Stadt matt.svg
Basle-City
5 1 2 1 1 +1 0 −1
SH
Wappen Schaffhausen matt.svg
Schaffhouse
2 1 1
AR
Wappen Appenzell Ausserrhoden matt.svg
Appenzell Outer-Rhodes
1 1
AI
Wappen Appenzell Innerrhoden matt.svg
Appenzell Inner-Rhodes
1 1
SG
Wappen St. Gallen matt.svg
St Gall
12 4 −1 2 1 3 1 1 +1
GR
Wappen Graubünden matt.svg
Grisons
5 1 −1 1 0 −1 1 1 +1 1 +1
AG
Wappen Aargau matt.svg
Argovia
15 6 3 2 1 −2 1 1 +1 1 +1
TG
Wappen Thurgau matt.svg
Thurgovia
6 3 1 −1 1 1 +1
TI
Wappen Tessin matt.svg
Tessin
8 1 +1 1 -1 2 -1 2 2 +1
VD
Wappen Waadt matt.svg
Vaud
18 4 -1 6 +2 4 1 2 -1 1 +1 0 -1
VS
Wappen Wallis matt.svg
Valais
7 1 2 +1 1 3 −1
NE
Wappen Neuenburg matt.svg
Neuchâtel
5 1 1 2 1
GE
Wappen Genf matt.svg
Geneva
11 2 3 2 -1 1 2 1 +1
JU
Wappen Jura matt.svg
Jura
2 −1 1 1 +1
  Switzerland 200 54 -8 46 +3 30 -5 28 -3 15 -5 12 +9 9 +9 2 ±0 0 -1 0 -1 0 -1 2 +1 1 +1 1 +1

Council of States

The elections of the Council of States are done by a plurality voting system. 27 out of 46 seats were determined on the first ballot on 23 October; the remaining 19 seats were decided in a second ballot held in November.


e • d Summary of the 23 October, 13 November, 20 November, 27 November and 4 December 2011 Council of States of Switzerland election results
Parties Ideology 2007 Seats ±
Christian Democratic People's Party (CVP/PDC) Christian democracy 15 13 -2
FDP.The Liberals (FDP/PRD) Classical liberalism 12 11 -1
Social Democratic Party (SPS/PSS) Social democracy 9 11 +2
Swiss People's Party (SVP/UDC) National conservatism 7 5 -2
Green Party (GPS/PES) Green politics 2 2 ±0
Green Liberal Party (GLP/VL) Green liberalism 1 2 +1
Conservative Democratic Party (BDP/PBD) Conservatism / Economic liberalism New 1 +1
Independent Independent 0 1 +1
Total 46 46
Source: http://www.politik-stat.ch/srw2011CH_de.html
Canton Seat 1 Party Seat 2 Party
ZH
Wappen Zürich matt.svg
Zurich
Felix Gutzwiller * FDP.The Liberals Verena Diener  * Green Liberal Party
BE
Wappen Bern matt.svg
Berne
Werner Luginbühl * Conservative Democratic Party Hans Stöckli Social Democratic Party
LU
Wappen Luzern matt.svg
Lucerne
Konrad Graber * Christian Democratic People's Party Georges Theiler FDP.The Liberals
UR
Wappen Uri matt.svg
Uri
Isidor Baumann Christian Democratic People's Party Markus Stadler * Green Liberal Party
SZ
Wappen des Kantons Schwyz.svg
Schwyz
Alex Kuprecht * Swiss People's Party Peter Föhn Swiss People's Party
OW
Wappen Obwalden matt.svg
Obwald
Hans Hess * FDP.The Liberals N/A
NW
Wappen Nidwalden matt.svg
Nidwald
Paul Niederberger * Christian Democratic People's Party N/A
GL
Wappen Glarus matt.svg
Glaris
This Jenny * Swiss People's Party Pankraz Freitag * FDP.The Liberals
ZG
Wappen Zug matt.svg
Zoug
Joachim Eder FDP.The Liberals Peter Bieri * Christian Democratic People's Party
FR
Wappen Freiburg matt.svg
Friburg
Alain Berset * Social Democratic Party Urs Schwaller * Christian Democratic People's Party
SO
Wappen Solothurn matt.svg
Soleure
Roberto Zanetti * Social Democratic Party Pirmin Bischof Christian Democratic People's Party
BS
Wappen Basel-Stadt matt.svg
Basle-City
Anita Fetz * Social Democratic Party N/A
BL
Coat of arms of Kanton Basel-Landschaft.svg
Basle-Country
Claude Janiak Social Democratic Party N/A
SH
Wappen Schaffhausen matt.svg
Schaffhouse
Hannes Germann * Swiss People's Party Thomas Minder Independent
AI
Wappen Appenzell Innerrhoden matt.svg
Appenzell Inner-Rhodes
Ivo Bischofberger * Christian Democratic People's Party N/A
AR
Wappen Appenzell Ausserrhoden matt.svg
Appenzell Outer-Rhodes
Hans Altherr * FDP.The Liberals N/A
SG
Wappen St. Gallen matt.svg
St Gall
Karin Keller-Sutter FDP.The Liberals Paul Rechsteiner Social Democratic Party
GR
Wappen Graubünden matt.svg
Grisons
Martin Schmid FDP.The Liberals Stefan Engler Christian Democratic People's Party
AG
Wappen Aargau matt.svg
Argovia
Pascale Bruderer Social Democratic Party Christine Egerszegi * FDP.The Liberals
TG
Wappen Thurgau matt.svg
Thurgovia
Roland Eberle Swiss People's Party Brigitte Häberli-Koller Christian Democratic People's Party
TI
Wappen Tessin matt.svg
Tessin
Filippo Lombardi * Christian Democratic People's Party Fabio Abate FDP.The Liberals
VD
Wappen Waadt matt.svg
Vaud
Géraldine Savary * Social Democratic Party Luc Recordon * Green Party
VS
Wappen Wallis matt.svg
Valais
Jean-René Fournier * Christian Democratic People's Party René Imoberdorf * Christian Democratic People's Party
NE
Wappen Neuenburg matt.svg
Neuchâtel
Didier Berberat * Social Democratic Party Raphaël Comte * FDP.The Liberals
GE
Wappen Genf matt.svg
Geneva
Liliane Maury Pasquier * Social Democratic Party Robert Cramer * Green Party
JU
Wappen Jura matt.svg
Jura
Claude Hêche * Social Democratic Party Anne Seydoux-Christe * Christian Democratic People's Party
* indicates a candidate that was re-elected. Source: Federal Chancellery

Pre-election polls

Pollster Date SVP SPS FDP CVP GPS GLP BDP EVP EDU PdA LdT CSP oth.
gfs.bern[3] 1–8 October 2011 29.3 19.9 15.2 14.2 9.3 4.9 3.6 1.5 1.0 n.c. n.c. n.c. 1.1
Isopublic[4] 1–23 September 2011 28.2 20.3 15.7 14.2 9.8 5.2 3.2 n.c. n.c. n.c. n.c. n.c. 3.4
gfs.bern[5] 23 August – 3 September 2011 28.0 20.5 15.6 14.5 9.5 4.5 3.1 1.6 1.0 n.c. n.c. n.c. 1.7
demoscope.ch[6] 25 July – 6 August 2011 24.8 19.5 17.8 12.4 9.9 7.2 3.0 n.c. n.c. n.c. n.c. n.c. 5.4
gfs.bern[5] 25 July – 6 August 2011 27.4 18.5 16.1 15.0 10.1 4.6 2.9 1.7 1.7 n.c. n.c. n.c. 2.0
gfs.bern[7] 13–26 June 2011 27.5 18.9 15.0 13.4 10.0 5.2 3.0 2.4 1.3 n.c. n.c. n.c. 3.3
Isopublic[8] 8–18 June 2011 28.7 18.6 13.9 13.2 9.9 8.0 3.7 1.0 0.1 n.c. n.c. 0.2 1.8
gfs.bern[7] 4–16 April 2011 29.9 17.7 15.2 12.7 10.9 5.7 3.5 1.5 1.1 n.c n.c n.c 1.8
Isopublic[9] 17–26 March 2011 25.4 18.2 15.4 14.3 10.5 6.1 2.8 n.c n.c n.c n.c n.c 7.3
gfs.bern[7] 10–22 January 2011 29.8 18.0 17.7 12.9 8.8 5.2 2.6 2.2 1.5 n.c n.c n.c 1.4
Isopublic[10] 10–21 December 2010 26.0 19.1 17.1 13.8 9.1 3.2 4.5 1.4 1.2 0.5 n.c n.c 4.1
gfs.bern[7] 28 Sept. – 11 Oct. 2010 26.1 20.1 17.2 14.1 8.5 3.8 3.6 2.4 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.7 2.0
2007 federal election[11] 21 October 2007 28.9 19.5 17.7 14.5 9.6 1.4 2.4 1.3 0.7 0.6 0.4 2.9

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Wahlbeteiligung 2011". Politik-stat.ch. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
  2. ^ These numbers represent fictional voters. See National Council for more details.
  3. ^ "gfs.bern AG - öffentliche Meinung; Umfragen; Issue-Analysen; Politik, Kommunikation, Gesellschaft, Trends". Gfsbern.ch. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
  4. ^ "Detail - SonntagsZeitung". Sonntagszeitung.ch. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
  5. ^ a b [1]
  6. ^ (PDF) https://web.archive.org/web/20120331162056/http://www.demoscope.ch/upload/docs/PDF2008/Bli.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 March 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2011. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ a b c d "Barometer of voting". Kunden.gfsbern.ch. Archived from the original (JPG) on 21 March 2012. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
  8. ^ (PDF) https://web.archive.org/web/20110815151705/http://www.isopublic.ch/publikationen/pdf/ISOPUBLIC%20POLITBarometer%20Juni%202011.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 August 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2011. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ "Einen Moment bitte, die Ausgabe wird geladen" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 October 2011. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
  10. ^ "ISOPUBLIC POLITBAROMETER im Auftrag der SonntagsZeitung & Le Matin Dimanche" (PDF). Isopublic.ch. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 December 2012. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
  11. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20110723000454/http://www.politiquesuisse.5gigs.net/cn.html. Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 13 February 2011. Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links

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