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Federal Assembly (Switzerland)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Federal Assembly

Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
HousesCouncil of States
National Council
Leadership
President of the National Council
Marina Carobbio Guscetti, SP/PS
President of the Council of States
Jean-René Fournier, CVP/PDC
Structure
Seats246
200 National Council
46 Council of States
Swiss Federal Apportionment Diagram.svg
National Council political groups
Council of States (Switzerland) Nov 2015.svg
Council of States political groups
Elections
National Council last election
18 October 2015
Council of States last election
18 October, 15 and 22 November 2015
Meeting place
Bundeshaus - Nationalratsratssaal - 001.jpg
Federal Palace of Switzerland, Bern
Website
www.parliament.ch

The Federal Assembly (German: Bundesversammlung, French: Assemblée fédérale, Italian: Assemblea federale, Romansh: Assamblea federala) is Switzerland's federal legislature. It meets in Bern in the Federal Palace.

The Federal Assembly is bicameral, being composed of the 200-seat National Council and the 46-seat Council of States. The houses have identical powers. Members of both houses represent the cantons, but, whereas seats in the National Council are distributed in proportion to population, each canton has two seats in the Council of States, except the six 'half-cantons', which have one seat each. Both are elected in full once every four years, with the last election being held in 2015.

The Federal Assembly possesses the federal government's legislative power, along with the separate constitutional right of citizen's initiative. For a law to pass, it must be passed by both houses. The two houses may come together as a United Federal Assembly in certain circumstances, such as to elect the Federal Council (the head of government and state), the Federal Chancellor, the federal judges or (only in times of great national danger) a general.

History

The Federal Assembly was created in 1848, with the rise of Switzerland as a federal state. The previous central institution was the Federal Diet of Switzerland.

Composition

The Federal Assembly is made up of two chambers:

Seats in the National Council are allocated to the cantons proportionally, based on population. In the Council of States, every canton has two seats (except for the former "half-cantons", which have one seat each).

United Federal Assembly

On occasions the two houses sit jointly as the "United Federal Assembly" (German: Vereinigte Bundesversammlung, French: Assemblée fédérale, Chambres réunies, Italian: Assemblea federale plenaria, Romansh: Assamblea federala plenara). This is done to:

The United Federal Assembly is presided by the National Council's presidency.

The Federal Assembly also confirms the appointment of the Federal Data Protection and Information Commissioner (appointed by the Federal Council).[1]

Groups

Coat of Arms of Switzerland (Pantone).svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Switzerland

Parties can cooperate in groups, allowing smaller parties access to rights as part of a caucus. These groups must have at least five members and must be maintained across both chambers.[2] Being a member of a formal group gives members the right to sit on committees, and those that are not members cannot speak in most debates. Each group receives a fixed allowance of CHF[clarification needed]112,000, while each member of a group also receives an additional CHF20,800 a year each.[2][unreliable source?]

Since March 2009, there have been six groups in the Federal Assembly. The latest group to form was the Conservative Democratic Party which split off the Swiss People's Party in 2008. The Christian Democrats/EPP/glp Group (CEg) was formed after the 2007 elections, out of the former Christian Democratic (C) and EPP (E) groups. The current FTP/Liberal group (RL) was formed in 2003 out of the former FDP (R) and Liberal (L) groups; since the 2009 fusion of the Free Democrati and Liberal Parties, RL is once again a single-party group. In 2011, the CEg was disbanded, the Green Liberals formed their own parliamentary group (GL) and the three Christian parties formed the Christian-Evangelical Group (CE).

Currently (for the legislative period of 2015–2019), the seven parliamentary groups are composed as follows:[3]

Group Parties NC CS Total
People's parliamentary group (V) Swiss People's Party 65 5 74
Ticino League 2 0
Geneva Citizens' Movement 1 0
Independent 0 1
Social Democrats parliamentary group (S) Social Democratic Party 43 12 55
FDP.The Liberals parliamentary group (RL) FDP.The Liberals 33 13 46
Christian-Evangelical parliamentary group (CE) Christian Democratic People's Party 27 13 43
Evangelical People's Party 2 0
Christian Social Party 1 0
Green parliamentary group (G) Green Party 11 1 13
Swiss Party of Labour 1 0
BDP parliamentary group (BD) Conservative Democratic Party 7 1 8
Green Liberal parliamentary group (GL) Green Liberal Party 7 0 7

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ Federal Act on Data Protection of 19 June 1992 (status as of 1 January 2014), Federal Chancellery of Switzerland (page visited on 18 September 2016).
  2. ^ a b Swiss Confederation (2010), p. 36
  3. ^ "Parliamentary groups". www.parlament.ch. Retrieved 28 May 2017.

Bibliography

External links

This page was last edited on 19 September 2019, at 23:05
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