To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Swabian Circle

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Swabian Circle
Schwäbischer Reichskreis
1500–1808
Coat of arms
Locator Swabian Circle.svg

The Swabian Circle as at the beginning of the 16th century within the Holy Roman Empire
CapitalUlm
Area 
• 1801
34,314 km2 (13,249 sq mi)
Government
Circle Colonel 
• 1531-1537
Wolfgang von Montfort
• 1556-1562
Wilhelm von Eberstein
• 1563, 1564-1568
Christoph
• 1569-1591
Louis III
• 1622-1628
John Frederick
LegislatureCircle Diet
Historical eraEarly modern period
• Established
1500
• Peace of Westphalia
1648
1806
• Disestablished
1808
Today part ofAustria Austria
Germany Germany
Liechtenstein Liechtenstein
Switzerland Switzerland

The Circle of Swabia or Swabian Circle (German: Schwäbischer Reichskreis or Schwäbischer Kreis) was an Imperial Circle of the Holy Roman Empire established in 1500 on the territory of the former German stem-duchy of Swabia. However, it did not include the Habsburg home territories of Swabian Austria, the member states of the Swiss Confederacy nor the lands of the Alsace region west of the Rhine, which belonged to the Upper Rhenish Circle. The Swabian League of 1488, a predecessor organization, disbanded in the course of the Protestant Reformation and the Thirty Years War later in the 16th century.

Administration

The directors of the Swabian Circle were the Bishop of Constance (replaced by the margrave of Baden after the 1803 Reichsdeputationshauptschluss) and the Duke of Württemberg; meetings of the circle's diet were usually held at the Imperial city of Ulm. Though it was shattered into a multitude of mainly very small states, the circle had an effective government, which, in view of the eastward expansion of France, from 1694 on even maintained its own army based at the Kehl fortress.

As of 1792 the Swabian Circle consisted of 88 territories, of which only the Duchy of Württemberg, the Margraviate of Baden and the Bishopric of Augsburg were of any significance. The Reichsdeputationshauptschluss reduced the number to 41 and the 1806 Rheinbundakte to seven (including the territories that had fallen to Bavaria).

Composition

The circle was made up of the following states:

Name Type of entity Comments
Coa Aalen.svg
Aalen
Imperial City Imperial immediacy (Reichsfreiheit) granted by Emperor Charles IV of Luxembourg in 1360.
Augsburg-Bistum.PNG
Augsburg
Prince-Bishopric Established in the 11th century, from the 15th century residence at Dillingen.
Wappen Augsburg 1811.svg
Augsburg
Imperial City Reichsfreiheit granted by Rudolph of Habsburg in 1276.
DEU Aulendorf COA.svg
Aulendorf
Lordship Held by the Lords of Königsegg from about 1350.
Baar Landgraviate Territory around Rottweil, held by the Counts of Fürstenberg since 1283.
Coat of arms of Baden.svg
Baden
Margraviate Established in 1112, partitioned into Baden-Durlach and Baden-Baden from 1535 to 1771.
Baden-Baden.JPG
Baden-Baden
Margraviate Subdivision of Baden from 1535, residence at Rastatt from 1705, fell to Baden-Durlach in 1771.
Baden-Durlach.JPG
Baden-Durlach
Margraviate Subdivision of Baden from 1535, residence at Karlsruhe from 1715.
Coat of arms of Baden.svg
Baden-Hachberg-Sausenberg
Margraviate Markgräflerland territory, inherited by Baden in 1503.
Wappen Baindt.svg
Baindt
Imperial Abbey Gained Reichsfreiheit in 1376.
Wappen Biberach.svg
Biberach an der Riß
Imperial City Reichsfreiheit granted by Rudolph of Habsburg in 1281.
Wappen Bonndorf im Schwarzwald.png
Bonndorf
Lordship Acquired by St. Blaise's Abbey in 1609 to gain Reichsfreiheit.
DEU Bopfingen COA.svg
Bopfingen
Imperial City Since 1241.
Coats of arms of None.svg
Buchau
Imperial Abbey Established in 819 by Louis the Pious.
Wappen Bad Buchau.svg
Buchau
Imperial City Since the 13th century.
Wappen Friedrichshafen.svg
Buchhorn
Imperial City Reichsfreiheit granted by Rudolph of Habsburg in 1275.
Wappen Bistum Konstanz.svg
Constance
Prince-Bishopric Established about 585, Reichsfreiheit confirmed by Frederick I Barbarossa in 1155, residence at Meersburg from 1526.
Wappen von Dinkelsbühl.svg
Dinkelsbühl
Imperial City Since 1351.
Wappen Grafschaft Eberstein.svg
Eberstein
County Line extinct in 1660, inherited by Württemberg.
Wappen Eglingen.png
Eglingen
Lordship Held by Thurn und Taxis from 1726.
Argenbuehl Wappen.svg
Eglofs
Lordship Held by the Counts of Abensberg from 1661.
Elchingen Imperial Abbey Established about 1120, gained Reichsfreiheit in 1485.
Wappen Propstei Ellwangen.gif
Ellwangen
Prince-Provostry Established in 1460 as successor of Ellwangen Imperial Abbey.
DEU Esslingen am Neckar COA.svg
Eßlingen
Imperial City Since 1229.
Fugger Coat of Arms.svg
Fugger
Freiherren Acquired the former County of Kirchberg and Weißenhorn in 1507, ennobled by Maximilian I in 1511, hereditary Imperial counts from 1530.
Wappen Zaehringer.png
Fürstenberg
County Various territories, established from the bequest of Berthold V of Zähringen in 1218, Fürstenberg-Baar since 1441.
Wappen Zaehringer.png
Fürstenberg-Blumberg
County Subdivision from 1559, again partitioned in 1614.
Wappen Zaehringer.png
Fürstenberg-Messkirch
County Subdivision of Fürstenberg-Blumberg from 1614, raised to Principality in 1716, inherited by Fürstenberg-Fürstenberg in 1744.
Wappen Zaehringer.png
Fürstenberg-Stühlingen
County Subdivision of Fürstenberg-Blumberg from 1614, again partitioned between Fürstenberg-Fürstenberg and Fürstenberg-Weitra in 1704.
Wappen Zaehringer.png
Fürstenberg-Heiligenberg
County Subdivision from 1559, raised to Principality in 1664, inherited by Fürstenberg-Fürstenberg in 1716.
Wappen Reichenbach (Gengenbach).png
Gengenbach
Imperial Abbey Established about 730 by Saint Pirmin, granted to Prince-Bishopric of Bamberg by Henry II in 1007.
DEU Gengenbach COA.svg
Gengenbach
Imperial City Since 1360.
Wappen Giengen an der Brenz.svg
Giengen an der Brenz
Imperial City Since 1391.
DEU Gundelfingen COA.svg
Gundelfingen
Lordship Acquired by Baden in 1507.
Coats of arms of None.svg
Gutenzell
Abbacy Established in 1237, Reichsfreiheit granted by Emperor Sigismund in 1437.
Wappen Hausen im Tal.svg
Hausen
Lordship Territory around Hausen Castle, near Beuron. Acquired by Fugger in 1682 following extinction of the line of Lords; to Castell in 1735.
Coats of arms of None.svg
Heggbach
Imperial Abbey Established in 1231, gained Reichsfreiheit about 1428.
Wappen Heilbronn.svg
Heilbronn
Imperial City Reichsfreiheit granted by Charles IV in 1371.
Wappen Heiligenberg.svg
Heiligenberg
County Held by the Counts of Fürstenberg from 1535.
Wappen Hohenems.svg
Hohenems
County Reichsfreiheit granted by Ferdinand I in 1560, acquired by Habsburg in 1765.
Wappen-geroldseck before 1636AD 20px.png
Hohengeroldseck
County 948AD to 1634AD then to the House of Kronberg, then held by the House of Leyen from 1697, Imperial Counts from 1711, Principality of Leyen in 1806.
Coats of arms of None.svg
Hohenhöwen
Lordship Established in 1415, with Stühlingen acquired by Pappenheim in 1582, to Fürstenberg-Stühlingen in 1639.
Wappen Hechingen.svg
Hohenzollern
County County of Zollern established in the 11th century, partitioned in 1576.
Hohenzollern-arms.JPG
Hohenzollern-Hechingen
County Subdivision of Hohenzollern from 1576, raised to principality in 1623.
Wappen Hechingen.svg
Hohenzollern-Haigerloch
County Former Lordship of Haigerloch, subdivision of Hohenzollern from 1576, inherited by Hohenzollen-Sigmaringen in 1767.
Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen.JPG
Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
County Subdivision of Hohenzollern from 1576, raised to principality in 1623.
Reichsabtei Irsee coat of arms.svg
Irsee
Imperial Abbey Established in 1186, gained Reichsfreiheit in 1694.
Wappen Isny.svg
Isny
Imperial City From 1365.
Wappen Justingen.png
Justingen
Lordship Territory around Justingen Castle near Schelklingen, acquired by Württemberg in 1751.
Wappen Markt Kaisheim.png
Kaisheim
Imperial Abbey Established in 1133, Imperial abbey since 1346.
Wappen Kaufbeuren.svg
Kaufbeuren
Imperial City Reichsfreiheit granted by Rudolph of Habsburg in 1286.
Fuerststift Kempten coat of arms.png
Kempten
Prince-Abbey Established in 752, Reichsfreiheit granted by Henry IV in 1062.
DEU Kempten (Allgäu) COA.svg
Kempten
Imperial City Reichsfreiheit granted by Rudolph of Habsburg in 1289.
Wappen Kinzigtal.png
Kinzigtal
Lordship Territory around Wolfach, held by Fürstenberg since 1291.
DEU Klettgau COA.svg
Klettgau
Landgraviate Held by the Counts of Sulz since 1410, acquired by the House of Schwarzenberg in 1698.
COA family de von Königsegg.svg
Königsegg
Lordship Territory around Guggenhausen, acquired the Imperial county of Rothenfels in 1565, Freiherren from 1621, partitioned in 1622.
COA family de von Königsegg.svg
Königsegg-Aulendorf
Lordship Subdivision of Königsegg from 1622, Imperial county from 1629.
Grafschaft Koenigsegg-Rothenfels coat of arms.svg
Königsegg-Rothenfels
Lordship Subdivision of Königsegg from 1622, Imperial county from 1629.
DEU Leutkirch im Allgäu COA.svg
Leutkirch
Imperial City Reichsfreiheit granted by Adolf of Nassau in 1293.
Blason Liechtenstein.svg
Liechtenstein
Principality Former County of Vaduz and Lordship of Schellenberg, acquired by the Counts of Sulz and Klettgau in 1510, sold to Hohenems in 1613, finally to the Princely Family of Liechtenstein in 1699 (Schellenberg) and 1712 (Vaduz).
Coats of arms of None.svg
Lindau
Imperial Abbey Established about 822, gained Reichsfreiheit in 1466.
Wappen Lindau (Bodensee).png
Lindau
Imperial City Reichsfreiheit granted by Rudolph of Habsburg in 1275.
Den tyske ordens skjold.svg
Mainau
Commandery An administrative grouping of lands held by the Teutonic Order since 1272.
Wappen Kloster Marchtal.svg
Marchtal
Imperial Abbey Established about 776, gained Reichsfreiheit in 1500.
Wappen Memmingen.svg
Memmingen
Imperial City Reichsfreiheit granted by Rudolph of Habsburg in 1286.
DEU Meßkirch COA.svg
Meßkirch
Lordship Held by the Counts of Zimmern since 1354, fell to the House of Helfenstein in 1594, Fürstenberg-Messkirch from 1627.
Wappen Mindelheim.png
Mindelheim
Lordship Held by the House of Frundsberg since 1467, fell to the Duchy of Bavaria in 1586, held by John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough as Prince of Mindelheim from 1705 to 1714.
Coats of arms of None.svg
Neresheim
Imperial Abbey Established in 1095, Reichsfreiheit contested by the House of Oettingen-Wallerstein, confirmed by the Reichskammergericht in 1764.
Wappen Noerdlingen.svg
Nördlingen
Imperial City Reichsfreiheit granted by Frederick II of Hohenstaufen in 1215.
Wappen Ochsenhausen.svg
Ochsenhausen
Imperial Abbey Established about 1090, gained Reichsfreiheit in 1495.
Coa Germany Family Oettingen.svg
Oettingen
County Partitioned in 1522.
Coa Germany Family Oettingen.svg
Oettingen-Oettingen
County Subdivision of Oettingen from 1522, raised to principality in 1674, extinct in 1731.
Coa Germany Family Oettingen.svg
Oettingen-Wallerstein
County Subdivision of Oettingen from 1522, raised to principality in 1774.
Coa Germany Family Oettingen.svg
Oettingen-Spielberg
County Subdivision of Oettingen-Wallerberg from 1623, raised to principality in 1734.
DEU Offenburg COA.svg
Offenburg
Imperial City Reichsfreiheit granted by Frederick II of Hohenstaufen in 1240.
Wappen Kloster Petershausen.svg
Petershausen
Imperial Abbey Established in 983 by Saint Gebhard of Constance, Reichsfreiheit granted by Frederick II of Hohenstaufen.
Wappen Pfullendorf.svg
Pfullendorf
Imperial City Reichsfreiheit granted by Frederick II of Hohenstaufen in 1220.
Wappen Ravensburg.svg
Ravensburg
Imperial City Reichsfreiheit granted by Rudolph of Habsburg in 1278.
Wappen Stadt Reutlingen.svg
Reutlingen
Imperial City From about 1240.
Reichsabtei Roggenburg coat of arms.png
Roggenburg
Imperial Abbey Established in 1126, gained Reichsfreiheit in 1482.
Wappen Rot an der Rot.svg
Rot an der Rot
Imperial Abbey Established in 1126, gained Reichsfreiheit in 1376.
Grafschaft Koenigsegg-Rothenfels coat of arms.svg
Rothenfels
County Territory around Immenstadt held by the Counts of Montfort since 1332, acquired by Königsegg in 1565.
Coats of arms of None.svg
Rottenmünster
Imperial Abbey Established in 1224, Reichsfreiheit granted by Frederick II of Hohenstaufen in 1237.
Wappen Rottweil.svg
Rottweil
Imperial City Reichsfreiheit granted by Sigismund of Luxembourg in 1434, associate of the Swiss Confederacy 1519–1689.
Salem Baden Wappen.svg
Salem
Imperial abbey Established about 1134, Reichsfreiheit granted by Conrad III of Hohenstaufen in 1142.
Wappen Bad Schussenried.svg
Schussenried
Imperial Abbey Established by Rot an der Rot Abbey in 1183, gained Reichsfreiheit about 1440.
Schwäbisch Gmünd Wappen.svg
Schwäbisch Gmünd
Imperial City Since about 1250.
Wappen Schwaebisch Hall.svg
Schwäbisch Hall
Imperial City Since 1280.
Wappen Sickingen.svg
Sickingen
Lordship Territory in the Kraichgau, held by the successors of Imperial Knight Franz von Sickingen, Freiherren from 1606, Imperial counts from 1790.
Coats of arms of None.svg
Söflingen
Imperial Abbey Established about 1258 by the Counts of Dillingen, gained Reichsfreiheit against Ulm in 1773.
Wappen Isny.svg
St George in Isny
Imperial Abbey Established in 1096, gained Reichsfreiheit in 1781.
DEU Oberstadion COA.svg
Stadion
County Reached Reichfreiheit in 1705 by purchasing the Lordship of Thannhausen (not to be confused with Tannhausen), split into Stadion-Thannhausen and Stadion-Warthausen in 1741.
Stadtwappen Staufen im Breisgau.svg
Staufen
Lordship Held by the Freiherren von Staufen (not related to the House of Hohenstaufen), extinct in 1602, then part of Further Austria, acquired by St Blaise's Abbey in 1738.
Wappen Stuehlingen.svg
Stühlingen
Landgraviate Held by the Counts of Lupfen since 1251, extinct in 1582, acquired by Pappenheim, to Fürstenberg-Stühlingen in 1639.
Teck Arms.svg
Teck
Duchy Former branch of the House of Zähringen, extinct in 1439, ducal title granted to Eberhard I of Württemberg by Maximilian I in 1495.
Wappen Tettnang.svg
Tettnang
Lordship Held by the Counts of Monfort, fell to Further Austria in 1780.
Coats of arms of None.svg
Thannhausen
Lordship Reichsfrei territory around Tannhausen (not to be confused with Thannhausen).
Wappen Tengen-alt.png
Thengen
County Rear county held by the Mainau commandery of the Teutonic Order since 1488, front county to Further Austria in 1522 and held by the Princes of Auersperg from 1663.
DEU Überlingen COA.svg
Überlingen
Imperial City Reichsfreiheit confirmed about 1400.
Coat of arms of Ulm.svg
Ulm
Imperial City Gained Reichsfreiheit in the 12th century.
DEU Ursberg COA.svg
Ursberg
Imperial Abbey Established about 1128, gained Reichsfreiheit in 1143.
Wappen Nüziders.svg
Waldburg-Sonnenburg
Archstewardship Territory around Nüziders, lordship held by the Truchsess of Waldburg since 1455, Reichsfreiheit granted by Frederick III of Habsburg in 1463, line extinct in 1511.
Wappen Waldburg.svg
Waldburg-Trauchburg
Archstewardship Territory around Trauchburg castle near Isny, held by Waldburg since 1306, Imperial county from 1628, extinct in 1772.
Wappen Nüziders.svg
Waldburg-Scheer
Archstewardship Former County of Friedberg around Scheer castle, held by Waldburg-Sonnenburg since 1454, inherited by Waldburg-Trauchburg in 1511, to Thurn und Taxis in 1785.
Wappen Waldburg.svg
Waldburg-Wolfegg-Zeil
Archstewardship Territory around Zeil castle near Leutkirch, held by Waldburg since 1337, acquired Wolfegg and Waldsee from Waldburg-Trauchburg in 1508, partitioned in 1589.
Wappen Waldburg.svg
Waldburg-Wolfegg
Archstewardship Subdivision of Waldburg-Wolfegg-Zeil from 1589, Imperial county from 1628, again partitioned in 1667, extinct in 1798.
Wappen Waldburg.svg
Waldburg-Waldsee
Archstewardship Subdivision of Waldburg-Wolfegg from 1667, inherited Waldburg-Wolfegg in 1798, raised to principality in 1803.
Wappen Waldburg.svg
Waldburg-Zeil
Archstewardship Subdivision of Waldburg-Wolfegg-Zeil from 1589, Imperial county from 1628, again partitoned in 1674, inherited Waldburg-Trauchburg in 1772, raised to principality in 1803.
Wappen Waldburg.svg
Waldburg-Wurzach
Archstewardship Subdivision of Waldburg-Zeil from 1674, raised to principality in 1803.
Wappen Wangen im Allgäu.svg
Wangen
Imperial City Reichsfreiheit granted by Rudolph of Habsburg in 1286.
Coat of Arms of Weil der Stadt.svg
Weil
Imperial City Since about 1275.
DEU Weingarten (Württemberg) COA.svg
Weingarten
Imperial Abbey Established in 1056 by Duke Welf I of Bavaria, gained Reichsfreiheit in 1274.
Eschach Ravensburg Wappen.png
Weißenau
Imperial Abbey Established in 1145, gained Reichsfreiheit about 1257.
Reichsstift Wettenhausen coat of arms.png
Wettenhausen
Prince-Provostry Established in 1130.
Wappen Wiesensteig.svg
Wiesensteig
Lordship Held by the House of Helfenstein, partitioned between Fürstenberg and the Duchy of Bavaria in 1627.
Wappen Bad Wimpfen.svg
Wimpfen
Imperial City Since about 1300.
Wuerttemberg Arms.svg
Württemberg
Duchy County of Wirtemberg established in the 12th century, raised to duchy in 1495 by Maximilian I.
DEU Zell am Harmersbach COA.svg
Zell am Harmersbach
Imperial City Since the 14th century.
Wappen Grafen von Achalm.svg
Zwiefalten
Imperial Abbey Established in 1089, gained Reichsfreiheit from Württemberg in 1750.

References

External links

This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 18:06
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.