To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Supreme Constitutional Court (Egypt)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Supreme Constitutional Court
المحكمة الدستورية العليا
Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt.JPG
Established1979
LocationCairo
Coordinates29°58′8″N 31°14′23″E / 29.96889°N 31.23972°E / 29.96889; 31.23972
Authorized by1971 Constitution
Law No. 48/1979
Number of positions21
President
CurrentlyHanafi Ali Jibali
Since30 June 2018

The Supreme Constitutional Court (Egyptian Arabic: المحكمة الدستورية العليا‎, El Mahkama El Dustūrīya El ‘Ulyā) is an independent judicial body in Egypt, located in the Cairo suburb of Maadi.

The Supreme Constitutional Court is the highest judicial power. It alone undertakes the judicial control in respect of the constitutionality of the laws and regulations and shall undertake the interpretation of the legislative texts in the manner prescribed by law. In addition, the court is empowered to settle competence disputes between the judicial and the administrative courts.

History

The establishment of the Supreme Constitutional Court goes back to the argument which was raised over the right of courts or any judicial bodies to pronounce on the constitutionality of the laws issued by the Legislative power. Such a judicial argument has been advocated in arguing that considering the issue of the constitutionality of laws is included in the competence of the courts. Therefore, it does not prejudice in any way the principle of separation of powers. The argument of such a party was, however, based on a basic assertion that discussing this issue is but a sheer legal act as the core and crux of this matter is represented in interpreting the laws which were appealed against as unconstitutional, a matter of a legal nature in the first place. Indeed, the Egyptian legislator adopted this approach when the court was established in 1969 and was then called the Supreme Court entrusted to censoring the laws' constitutionality. The aforementioned court was existent till its replacement with the SCC in 1979.[1]

Structure

The establishment of the Court has been stipulated in the body of the Egyptian Constitution in 1971. Judges are appointed for life by the president, with mandatory retirement at the age of 70.[2] Articles from 174 to 178 talked about this court, its competences and its staff. And, according to Article 174, the Court is an independent judicial authority whose headquarters is in Cairo. The SCC is alone responsible for censoring the constitutionality of the laws and regulations and it assumes interpreting legislative texts. By virtue of constitutional provisions, the law No. 48/1979, known as that of the Supreme Court, has been issued. Article No. 25 of this law has specified the competences of this court as follows:

  • To censor the constitutionality of the laws and regulations.
  • To decide on the disputes over the competent authority among the judicial bodies or authorities of judicial competence.
  • To decide on the disputes that might take place as to carrying out two final contradictory rulings where one of the aforementioned rulings has been issued by one of the judicial body and the other by another body of judicial competence.
  • And by virtue of the provision of Article No. 26 of the aforementioned law, the SCC alone has the power to interpret the laws issued by the Legislative Authority and the decrees issued by the Head of the State in case of any divergence as regards their implementation.

The SCC can, in all cases, judge on the unconstitutionality of any provision in a law or a regulation being presented to it when assuming its competences and connected to the dispute presented before it.[3]

The president of the Supreme Court was the head of the Presidential Election Commission that supervised and ran the country's first multi-candidate presidential elections in 2005.

Building

The new building (completed in the year 2000)[4] was designed by Ahmed Mito, a young Egyptian architect. It is an unusual contemporary instance of Egyptian Revival architecture, a style more popular in the nineteenth century. Covering 4000 m2, it also includes counseling halls, a multi purpose hall for 451 people, offices, a library, a museum, 33 consultants' offices and a large atrium that rises up to 18 meters and is covered by a dome.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Historical Overview". Official website of the Supreme Constitutional Court. Archived from the original on 2010-03-05. Retrieved 2010-07-09.
  2. ^ https://www.loc.gov/law/help/egypt.php
  3. ^ "Supreme Constitutional Court". Egypt State Information Service. Retrieved 2013-08-29.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-10-17. Retrieved 2012-12-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Building of the court". Official website of the Supreme Constitutional Court. Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2010-07-10.

External links

This page was last edited on 24 September 2019, at 18:20
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.