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Subdivisions of Vietnam

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Vietnam is divided into 64 provinces and cities, with 4 cities and 60 provinces. It is a unitary state, so there is no such thing as a state or self-governing provinces.

Administrative Units

Administrative subdivisions of Vietnam since 2016
Administrative subdivisions of Vietnam since 2016

Officially, Vietnam is divided into 3 administrative tiers, with different types of administrative unit on each tier:

A Fourth Tier also exists as Hamlet (xóm, ấp) and Village (làng, thôn, bản). However this is not an official tier.

Administrative Hierarchy
Level 1st (Province-level) 2nd (District-level / County-level) 3rd (Commune-level)
Type Municipality
(Thành phố trực thuộc trung ương)
Municipal city
(Thành phố thuộc thành phố trực thuộc trung ương)
Urban District / Borough
District-level town / Town
(Thị xã)
District / County
Commune-level town / Township
(Thị trấn)
Provincial city / City
(Thành phố thuộc tỉnh)
District-level town / Town
(Thị xã)
District / County
Commune-level town / Township
(Thị trấn)

First Tier

On the First Tier, there are 5 municipalities and 58 provinces

Second Tier

Municipalities are subdivided into: District-level city (Municipal city), Urban District (Borough), District-level town (Town) and District (County). There is no official capital of the municipality but usually the seat of the local authority is located at the central urban district.

Provinces are subdivided into: District-level city (City), District-level town (Town) and District (County). Normally, the Provincial City or Town is the capital of that province.

Based on latest sources of General Statistics Office of Vietnam (GSO), there are 707 Second Tier units.[2]

The Rural District can be upgraded to Town, which can be upgraded to Provincial City.

Third Tier

Urban Districts are subdivided into: Ward, while Towns are subdivided into: Ward and Commune. Rural Districts are subdivided into: Township and Commune.

There is no designated capital for Urban District and Rural District, but usually the seat of the local authority is located at the central ward or township. Similarly, there is no designated capital for Provincial City or Town, but usually the seat of the local authority is located at the central ward.

As of 2020, GSO indicated that there are 10,614 Third Tier units with 1,712 wards, 605 townships and 8,297 communes.[2]

Townships are known as thị trấn in Vietnamese, but less common type of townships are farm townships (thị trấn nông trường). [3]

The Commune can be upgraded to Township or Ward.

Other Subdivisions

Vietnam is also divided into electoral divisions and military regions.

Administrative Regions

Geographically, Socialist Republic of Vietnam is divided into 3 regions but, the Vietnamese government often divides it into 8 administrative regions:

Regions of Vietnam
Geographical Region Administrative Region
Northern Vietnam (Bắc Bộ, Miền Bắc) Northeast (Đông Bắc Bộ)
Northwest (Tây Bắc Bộ)
Red River Delta (Đồng Bằng Sông Hồng)
Central Vietnam (Trung Bộ, Miền Trung) North Central Coast (Bắc Trung Bộ)
South Central Coast (Duyên hải Nam Trung Bộ)
Central Highlands (Tây Nguyên)
Southern Vietnam (Nam Bộ, Miền Nam) Southeast (Đông Nam Bộ, Miền Đông)
Mekong River Delta (Đồng Bằng Sông Cửu Long)
or Southwest (Tây Nam Bộ, Miền Tây)

Within each administrative region, they comprises the various First Tier administrative units.

Electoral divisions

For electoral purpose, each province or municipality is divided into electoral units (đơn vị bầu cử) which are further divided into voting zones (khu vự bỏ phiếu). The number of electoral divisions varies from election to election and depends on the population of that province or municipality.

Since the parliamentary election in 2011, there are 183 electoral units and 89,960 voting zones.

Military regions

Military regions of Vietnam
Military regions of Vietnam

Vietnam People's Army is organised into 8 military regions:

See also

List of cities in Vietnam


This page was last edited on 31 May 2021, at 14:58
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