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Structure of the United States Space Force

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Organization of the United States Space Force within the Department of Defense.
Organization of the United States Space Force within the Department of Defense.

The United States Space Force is organized by different units: the Space Staff, the field commands, and the space deltas.

The Space Force is organized as one of two coequal military service branches within the Department of the Air Force, the other being the United States Air Force. Both services are overseen by the Secretary of the Air Force, who has overall responsibility for organizing, training, and equipping the Air Force and Space Force.[1]

The military head of the Space Force is the chief of space operations (CSO), who is an officer in the grade of general.

Space Staff

Space Staff Badge
Space Staff Badge

The Space Staff is the headquarters of the U.S. Space Force. Like the U.S. Air Force's Air Staff that is under the Department of the Air Force, it is overseen by the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force. It is responsible for developing doctrine, guidance, and plans in performing the Space Force's functions, cooperating with the Air Staff on support issues. It is composed of the military service's most senior leaders: the chief of space operations, the vice chief of space operations, and the chief master sergeant of the Space Force. Like the other services, there is a director of staff who oversees the synchronization of policies and plans of the headquarters staff and four deputy chiefs of space operations.[2] The Space Staff was designed to be lean. Compared to the Air Force's nine headquarters directorates, the Space Force merged nine functional areas into four directorates.[2] Additionally, each of the four deputy chiefs of space operations has unofficial positional titles akin to that of corporate organizations: chief human capital officer, chief operations officer, chief technology and innovation officer, and chief strategy and resourcing officer. The chief human capital officer and chief technology and innovation officer positions are held by senior civilian officials at the SES-3 level, while both the chief operations officer and chief strategy and resourcing officer positions are filled by two lieutenant generals.[3]

Field organization

The Space Force field organization consist of three different echelons of command: field commands, deltas, and squadrons.[11]

Field command

Field commands align with specific mission focuses and are led by officers in the grade of lieutenant general or major general, comparable to the United States Air Force's major command. The Space Force's three field commands will be Space Operations Command (SpOC), Space Systems Command (SSC), and Space Training and Readiness Command (STARCOM).

Field Command Headquarters Current commander
Space Operations Command emblem.png
Space Operations Command (SpOC)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado Lt Gen Stephen Whiting
Space Systems Command emblem.png
Space Systems Command (SSC)
Los Angeles Air Force Base, California Lt Gen Michael Guetlein
Space Training and Readiness Command emblem.png
Space Training and Readiness Command (STARCOM)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado Maj Gen Shawn Bratton, USAF
Component Field Commands
United States Space Forces Central (SPACEFORCENT) Al Udeid Air Base, Qatar Col Christopher S. Putman
United States Space Forces Europe Germany Col Max E. Lantz II
U.S. Space Forces Indo-Pacific emblem.png
United States Space Forces Indo-Pacific (SPACEFORINDOPAC)
Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, Hawaii Brig Gen Anthony Mastalir
United States Space Forces Korea (SPACEFORKOREA) South Korea Lt Col Joshua McCullion
U.S. Space Forces Special Operations Command emblem.png
United States Space Forces Special Operations Command (SPACESOC)
TBA Lt Col Matthew J. Bertsch
Space Force Elements
Space Force Element to the National Reconnaissance Office emblem.png
Space Force Element to the National Reconnaissance Office (SFELM NRO)
Chantilly, Virginia Brig Gen Christopher Povak

  Denotes planned unit but not yet activated.

Space Operations Command

Hartinger Building, SpOC headquarters at Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado.
Hartinger Building, SpOC headquarters at Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado.

The Space Operations Command (SpOC) will be the primary force provider of space forces and capabilities. It is responsible for the organization, training, equipping, command and control, and employment of space forces to support operational plans and missions for U.S. combatant commanders. It is headquartered at Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado.[12]

Established on 21 October 2020, SpOC was the first field command activated. It was established by the redesignation of the headquarters of the former Air Force Space Command to Space Operations Command. It was composed of the 10 deltas and two garrisons activated on 24 July 2020. This included the Space Training and Readiness Delta (Provisional) which served as the interim unit for space training and education until the August 2021 stand-up of a full field command. SpOC also maintained command of the two launch wings, which were later redesignated as launch deltas in 2021, previously under the Air Force Space Command until the establishment of the Space Systems Command.[13]

The 14th Air Force in Vandenberg Space Force Base, California that was temporarily redesignated Space Operations Command upon the creation of the Space Force was inactivated. A new unit, Space Operations Command West (SpOC West), was activated to serve as headquarters of the Combined Force Space Component Command (CFSCC), a subordinate command of the United States Space Command. The SpOC West commander also served as the commander of CFSCC and as the deputy commander of SpOC.

Space Systems Command

SSC organizational chart, 2022
SSC organizational chart, 2022

The Space Systems Command (SSC) is becoming responsible for developing, acquiring, and fielding space systems, as well as launch, developmental testing, on-orbit checkout, and sustainment and maintenance of space systems. It also runs Space Force science and technology activities.

The Space Force on 8 April 2021 announced the planned structure of the SSC. Led by a lieutenant general, SSC was to be formed by redesignating the Space and Missile Systems Center, Commercial Satellite Communications Office, and other space systems programs offices transferred into the Space Force, being stood up in summer 2021. On July 29, Michael Guetlein was confirmed as its first commander by the United States Senate.[14][15] The ceremony installing him in command of the new SSC was held August 13, 2021.[16]

Under the new structure, the two launch deltas previously under SpOC were reassigned to SSC under the oversight of the SSC deputy commander. The commander of the Space Launch Delta 45 will take on additional duties as the field command's director of operations.[14]

Space Training and Readiness Command

STARCOM emblem
STARCOM emblem

The Space Training and Readiness Command was planned to train and educate space professionals, and develop combat-ready space forces. Initially, before the activation of the command, a Space Training and Readiness Delta was established in July 2020 at Peterson SFB.[11] STARCOM was activated on 23 August 2021, led by a major general.[17] Five subordinate deltas then began being established: one each for training, doctrine and lessons learned, range and aggressor, test and evaluation, and education.[17]

Delta

The Space Force has no command echelon equivalent of the U.S. Air Force′s numbered air forces,[18] so the next command echelon below field commands is the delta, a single level of command which combines the wing and group command echelons found in the U.S. Air Force.[18] Each delta is organized around a specific function, such as operations, installation support, or training, and is led by an officer in the grade of colonel.[11][18] Space Deltas are operational organizations, but have no responsibility for base support, which is either the Air Force′s responsibility,[18] or that of the Space Base Deltas, the former Garrisons.

The first 11 deltas in the Space Force initially were assigned to the Space Operations Command. Of those, two were realigned under the Space Systems Command, and the Space Training and Readiness Delta (Provisional) became a separate field command.

Delta Headquarters Current commander
Space Operations Command
Emblem of Space Delta 2.png
Space Delta 2 – Space Domain Awareness (DEL 2)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado Col Marc A. Brock
Emblem of Space Delta 3.png
Space Delta 3 – Space Electronic Warfare (DEL 3)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado Col Christopher A. Fernengel
Emblem of Space Delta 4.png
Space Delta 4 – Missile Warning (DEL 4)
Buckley Space Force Base, Colorado Col Miguel A. Cruz
Emblem of Space Delta 5.png
Space Delta 5 – Combined Space Operations Center (DEL 5)
Vandenberg Space Force Base, California Col Phillip A. Verroco
Emblem of Space Delta 6.png
Space Delta 6 – Cyberspace Operations (DEL 6)
Schriever Space Force Base, Colorado Col Christopher A. Kennedy
Emblem of Space Delta 7.png
Space Delta 7 – Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (DEL 7)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado Col Brett T. Swigert
Emblem of Space Delta 8.png
Space Delta 8 – Satellite Communication and Navigation Warfare (DEL 8)
Schriever Space Force Base, Colorado Col David A. Pheasant
Emblem of Space Delta 9.png
Space Delta 9 – Orbital Warfare (DEL 9)
Schriever Space Force Base, Colorado Col Mark C. Bigley
SpOC delta template.png
Space Delta 15 – National Space Defense Center (DEL 15)
Schriever Space Force Base, Colorado Col Stephen G. Lyon
Space Delta 18 emblem.png
Space Delta 18 – National Space Intelligence Center (DEL 18)
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio Col Marqus Q. Randall
Emblem of the Peterson-Schriever Garrison.svg
Space Base Delta 1 (SBD 1)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado Col David G. Hanson
Emblem of the Buckley Garrison.svg
Space Base Delta 2 (SBD 2)
Buckley Space Force Base, Colorado Col Marcus L. Jackson
Space Systems Command
Space Base Delta 3 emblem.png
Space Base Delta 3 (SBD 3)
Los Angeles Air Force Base, California Col Mia Walsh
SSC delta template.png
Environmental and Tactical Surveillance Acquisition Delta[19]
Los Angeles Air Force Base, California Col Dennis Birchenough
SSC delta template.png
Space Acquisition Management Delta[20]
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado
SSC delta template.png
Warfighting Enterprise Acquisition Delta
Los Angeles Air Force Base, California
Assured Access To Space Directorate
Space Launch Delta 30 emblem.png
Space Launch Delta 30 (SLD 30)
Vandenberg Space Force Base, California Col Robert A. Long
Space Launch Delta 45 emblem.png
Space Launch Delta 45 (SLD 45)
Patrick Space Force Base, Florida Brig Gen Stephen G. Purdy
SSC delta template.png
Launch Execution Acquisitions Delta
Los Angeles Air Force Base, California Col Erin R. Gulden
SSC delta template.png
Mission Solutions Acquisition Delta[21]
Los Angeles Air Force Base, California Col Chad Malone
Military Communications & Positioning, Navigation, and Timing Directorate
SSC delta template.png
Tactical SATCOM Acquisition Delta[22]
Los Angeles Air Force Base, California
SSC delta template.png
Strategic SATCOM Acquisition Delta[22]
Los Angeles Air Force Base, California
SSC delta template.png
Narrowband SATCOM Acquisition Delta[22]
Naval Base Point Loma, California[23]
SSC delta template.png
GPS Acquisition Delta[22]
Los Angeles Air Force Base, California
SSC delta template.png
GPS User Equipment Acquisition Delta[22]
Los Angeles Air Force Base, California
SSC delta template.png
GPS Ground/C2 Acquisition Delta[22]
Los Angeles Air Force Base, California
SSC delta template.png
MILSATCOM Product Support Delta[22]
Los Angeles Air Force Base, California
SSC delta template.png
GPS Product Support Delta[22]
Los Angeles Air Force Base, California
Space Sensing Directorate
SSC delta template.png
Resilient Missile Warning, Tracking, Defense Acquisition Delta
Los Angeles Air Force Base, California Col Heather Bogstie
SSC delta template.png
Strategic Missile Warning Acquisition Delta[24]
Los Angeles Air Force Base, California Col Daniel T. Walter
Battle Management Command & Control & Communications Directorate
SSC delta template.png
Advanced Communications Acquisition Delta
Los Angeles Air Force Base, California John Kirkemo
SSC delta template.png
Space Command and Control Acquisition Delta
Los Angeles Air Force Base, California Col Christopher Kadala
SSC delta template.png
Tactical Command, Control, and Communication Acquisition Delta
Los Angeles Air Force Base, California Col Peter Mastro
SSC delta template.png
Satellite Control Network Product Support Delta[22]
Los Angeles Air Force Base, California Shawn Sawyer
Space Domain Awareness and Combat Power Directorate
SSC delta template.png
Innovation and Prototyping Acquisition Delta[25]
Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico Col Joseph J. Roth
Space Training and Readiness Command
Space Delta 1 emblem.png
Space Delta 1 – Training (DEL 1)
Vandenberg Space Force Base, California Col Jason N. Schramm
Space Delta 10 emblem.png
Space Delta 10 – Doctrine and Wargaming (DEL 10)
United States Air Force Academy, Colorado Col Jack D. Fulmer II
Space Delta 11 emblem.png
Space Delta 11 – Range and Aggressor (DEL 11)
Schriever Space Force Base, Colorado Col Kyle J. Pumroy
Space Delta 12 emblem.png
Space Delta 12 – Test and Evaluation (DEL 12)
Schriever Space Force Base, Colorado Col E. Lincoln Bonner III
Space Delta 13 emblem.png
Space Delta 13 – Education (DEL 13)
Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama Col Niki J. Lindhorst
Space Force Element to the National Reconnaissance Office
NRO delta template.png
Space Delta 20 – Aerospace Data Facility-Colorado (DEL 20)
Buckley Space Force Base, Colorado Col Robert J. Schreiner
NRO delta template.png
Space Delta 21 – Aerospace Data Facility-East (DEL 21)
Fort Belvoir, Virginia Col Robert J. Bonner
Space Delta 23 emblem.png
Space Delta 23 – Aerospace Data Facility-Southwest (DEL 23)
White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico Col Michael C. Todd
NRO delta template.png
Space Delta 24
NRO delta template.png
Space Delta 25 – National Reconnaissance Operations Center (DEL 25)
Chantilly, Virginia
Space Delta 26 emblem.png
Space Delta 26 – NRO Cyber (DEL 26)
Chantilly, Virginia

  Denotes planned unit but not yet activated.

Squadron

Below deltas in the Space Force structure are squadrons. Space Force squadrons are focused on specific tactics and are led by an officer in the grade of lieutenant colonel.[11]

Squadron Headquarters
Space Delta 1
1st Delta Operations Squadron emblem.png
1st Delta Operations Squadron (1 DOS)
Vandenberg Space Force Base, California
319th Combat Training Squadron emblem.png
319th Combat Training Squadron (319 CTS)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado
328th Weapons Squadron emblem.png
328th Weapons Squadron (328 WPS)
Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada
392d Training Squadron.png
392nd Combat Training Squadron (392 CTS)
Schriever Space Force Base, Colorado
Emblem of the 533rd Training Squadron.png
533rd Training Squadron (533 TRS)
Vandenberg Space Force Base, California
Space Delta 2
21st Operations Support Squadron emblem.png
21st Operations Support Squadron (21 OSS)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado
15th Space Surveillance Squadron emblem.png
15th Space Surveillance Squadron emblem (18 SPSS)
Maui, Hawaii
18th Space Defense Squadron emblem.png
18th Space Defense Squadron (18 SDS)
Vandenberg Space Force Base, California
19th Space Defense Squadron emblem.png
19th Space Defense Squadron (19 SDS)
Naval Support Facility Dahlgren, Virginia
20th Space Surveillance Squadron emblem.png
20th Space Surveillance Squadron (20 SPSS)
Eglin Air Force Base, Florida
Space Delta 3
3rd Combat Training Squadron emblem.png
3rd Combat Training Squadron (3 CTS)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado
4th Electromagnetic Warfare Squadron emblem.png
4th Electromagnetic Warfare Squadron (4 EWS)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado
5th Space Control Squadron emblem.png
5th Electromagnetic Warfare Squadron (5 EWS)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado
16th Electromagnetic Warfare Squadron emblem.png
16th Electromagnetic Warfare Squadron (16 EWS)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado
Space Delta 4
2nd Space Warning Squadron emblem.png
2nd Space Warning Squadron (2 SWS)
Buckley Space Force Base, Colorado
3rd Satellite Communications Squadron emblem.png
3rd Satellite Communications Squadron (3 SCS)
Buckley Space Force Base, Colorado
6th Space Warning Squadron emblem.png
6th Space Warning Squadron (6 SWS)
Cape Cod Space Force Station, Massachusetts
7th Space Warning Squadron emblem.png
7th Space Warning Squadron (7 SWS)
Beale Air Force Base, California
10th Space Warning Squadron emblem.png
10th Space Warning Squadron (10 SWS)
Cavalier Space Force Station, North Dakota
11th Space Warning Squadron emblem.png
11th Space Warning Squadron (11 SWS)
Buckley Space Force Base, Colorado
12th Space Warning Squadron emblem (2).png
12th Space Warning Squadron (12 SWS)
Thule Air Base, Greenland
13th Space Warning Squadron emblem.png
13th Space Warning Squadron (13 SWS)
Clear Space Force Station, Alaska
Space Delta 5
614th Combat Training Squadron emblem.png
614th Combat Training Squadron (614 CTS)
Vandenberg Space Force Base, California
Space Delta 6
21st Space Operations Squadron emblem.png
21st Space Operations Squadron (21 SOPS)
Vandenberg Space Force Base, California
22nd Space Operations Squadron emblem.png
22nd Space Operations Squadron (22 SOPS)
Schriever Space Force Base, Colorado
23rd Space Operations Squadron emblem.png
23rd Space Operations Squadron (23 SOPS)
New Boston Space Force Station, New Hampshire
61st Cyber Squadron emblem.png
61st Cyberspace Squadron (61 CYS)
Schriever Space Force Base, Colorado
62nd Cyber Squadron emblem.png
62nd Cyberspace Squadron (62 CYS)
Buckley Space Force Base, Colorado
65th Cyber Squadron emblem.png
65th Cyberspace Squadron (65 CYS)
Vandenberg Space Force Base, California
SpOC squadron template.png
68th Cyberspace Squadron (68 CYS)
Schriever Space Force Base, Colorado
50th Communications Squadron emblem.png
69th Cyberspace Squadron (69 CYS)
Schriever Space Force Base, Colorado
Space Delta 7
71st Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Squadron emblem.png
71st Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Squadron (71 ISRS)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado
72nd Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Squadron emblem.png
72nd Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Squadron (72 ISRS)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado
73rd Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Squadron emblem.png
73rd Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Squadron (73 ISRS)
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio
Space Delta 8
8th Combat Training Squadron emblem.png
8th Combat Training Squadron (8 CTS)
Schriever Space Force Base, Colorado
2nd Space Operations Squadron emblem.png
2nd Space Operations Squadron (2 SOPS)
Schriever Space Force Base, Colorado
4th Space Operations Squadron emblem.png
4th Space Operations Squadron (4 SOPS)
Schriever Space Force Base, Colorado
10th Space Operations Squadron emblem.png
10th Space Operations Squadron (10 SOPS)
Point Mugu, California
53rd Space Operations Squadron.png
53rd Space Operations Squadron (53 SOPS)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado
Space Delta 9
750th Operations Support Squadron emblem.png
9th Combat Training Squadron (9 CTS)
Schriever Space Force Base, Colorado
1st Space Operations Squadron emblem.gif
1st Space Operations Squadron (1 SOPS)
Schriever Space Force Base, Colorado
3rd Space Operations Squadron emblem.png
3rd Space Operations Squadron (3 SOPS)
Schriever Space Force Base, Colorado
Space Delta 10
10th Delta Operations Squadron emblem.png
10th Delta Operations Squadron (10 DOS)
United States Air Force Academy, Colorado
Space Delta 11
11th Delta Operations Squadron emblem.png
11th Delta Operations Squadron (11 DOS)
Schriever Space Force Base, Colorado
25th Space Range Squadron emblem.png
25th Space Range Squadron (25 SRS)
Schriever Space Force Base, Colorado
57th Space Aggressor Squadron emblem.png
57th Space Aggressor Squadron (57 SAS)
Schriever Space Force Base, Colorado
98th Space Range Squadron emblem.png
98th Space Range Squadron (98 SRS)
Schriever Space Force Base, Colorado
527th Space Aggressor Squadron emblem.png
527th Space Aggressor Squadron (527 SAS)
Schriever Space Force Base, Colorado
Space Delta 12
12th Delta Operations Squadron emblem.png
12th Delta Operations Squadron (12 DOS)
Schriever Space Force Base, Colorado
1st Test and Evaluation Squadron emblem.png
1st Test and Evaluation Squadron (1 TES)
Schriever Space Force Base, Colorado
3rd Test and Evaluation Squadron emblem.png
3rd Test and Evaluation Squadron (3 TES)
Schriever Space Force Base, Colorado
4th Test and Evaluation Squadron emblem.png
4th Test and Evaluation Squadron (4 TES)
Schriever Space Force Base, Colorado
17th Test and Evaluation Squadron emblem.png
17th Test and Evaluation Squadron (17 TES)
Schriever Space Force Base, Colorado
Space Delta 13
13th Delta Operations Squadron emblem.png
13th Delta Operations Squadron (13 DOS)
Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama
Emblem of the National Security Space Institute.png
National Security Space Institute (NSSI)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado
Emblem of the Forrest L. Vosler Noncommissioned Officer Academy.png
Forrest L. Vosler Noncommissioned Officer Academy (Vossler NCOA)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado
Space Delta 18
1st Space Analysis Squadron emblem.png
1st Space Analysis Squadron emblem (1 SAS)
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio
2nd Space Analysis Squadron emblem.png
2nd Space Analysis Squadron (2 SAS)
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio
Space Delta 26
660th Network Operations Squadron emblem.png
660th Network Operations Squadron (660 NETOPS)
Fort Belvoir, Virginia
661st Cyber Operations Squadron emblem.png
661st Cyber Operations Squadron (661 CYS)
Fort Belvoir, Virginia
662nd Cyber Operations Squadron emblem.png
662nd Cyber Operations Squadron (662 CYS)
Fort Belvoir, Virginia
663rd Cyberspace Squadron emblem.png
663rd Cyber Operations Squadron (663 CYS)
Buckley Space Force Base, Colorado
NRO squadron template.png
664th Cyber Operations Squadron (664 CYS)
Cape Canaveral SFS, Florida
Space Launch Delta 30
30th Operations Support Squadron emblem.png
30th Operations Support Squadron (30 OSS)
Vandenberg Space Force Base, California
2nd Range Operations Squadron emblem.png
2nd Range Operations Squadron (2 ROPS)
Vandenberg Space Force Base, California
2nd Space Launch Squadron emblem.png
2nd Space Launch Squadron (2 SLS)
Vandenberg Space Force Base, California
30 SCS Color Emblem.png
30th Space Communications Squadron (30 SCS)
Vandenberg Space Force Base, California
30 Civil Engineer Sq emblem.png
30th Civil Engineer Squadron (30 CES)
Vandenberg Space Force Base, California
30 Contracting Sq emblem.png
30th Contracting Squadron (30 CONS)
Vandenberg Space Force Base, California
30th Force Support Squadron emblem.png
30th Force Support Squadron (30 FSS)
Vandenberg Space Force Base, California
30 Logistics Readiness Sq emblem.png
30th Logistics Readiness Squadron (30 LRS)
Vandenberg Space Force Base, California
30 Security Forces Sq emblem.png
30th Security Forces Squadron (30 SFS)
Vandenberg Space Force Base, California
30th Medical Support Squadron emblem.png
30th Healthcare Operations Squadron (30 HCOS)
Vandenberg Space Force Base, California
30th Medical Operations Squadron emblem.png
30th Operational Medical Readiness Squadron (30 OMRS)
Vandenberg Space Force Base, California
30th Comptroller Squadron.PNG
30th Comptroller Squadron (30 CPTS)
Vandenberg Space Force Base, California
Space Launch Delta 45
1st Range Operations Squadron emblem.png
1st Range Operations Squadron (1 ROPS)
Patrick Space Force Base, Florida
5th Space Launch Squadron.jpg
5th Space Launch Squadron (5 SLS)
Patrick Space Force Base, Florida
45 Range Squadron.jpg
45th Range Squadron (5 RANS)
Patrick Space Force Base, Florida
45th Communications Squadron emblem.png
45th Space Communications Squadron (45 SCS)
Patrick Space Force Base, Florida
45th Weather Squadron Patch.png
45th Weather Squadron (45 WS)
Patrick Space Force Base, Florida
45 Civil Engineer Sq emblem.png
45th Civil Engineer Squadron (4 CES)
Patrick Space Force Base, Florida
45 Contracting Sq emblem.png
45th Contracting Squadron (45 CONS)
Patrick Space Force Base, Florida
SSC squadron template.png
45th Force Support Squadron (45 FSS)
Patrick Space Force Base, Florida
45 Logistics Readiness Sq emblem.png
45th Logistics Readiness Squadron (45 LRS)
Patrick Space Force Base, Florida
45th Security Forces Squadron.gif
45th Security Forces Squadron (45 SFS)
Patrick Space Force Base, Florida
45th Healthcare Operations Squadron.jpg
45th Healthcare Operations Squadron (45 HCONS)
Patrick Space Force Base, Florida
45th Operational Medical Readiness Squadron.jpg
45th Operational Medical Readiness Squadron (45 OMRS)
Patrick Space Force Base, Florida
SSC squadron template.png
45th Comptroller Squadron (45 CPTS)
Patrick Space Force Base, Florida
Space Base Delta 1
21 Civil Engineer Sq emblem.png
21st Civil Engineer Squadron (21 CES)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado
21st Communications Squadron emblem.png
21st Communications Squadron (21 CS)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado
21 Contracting Sq emblem (2).png
21st Contracting Squadron (21 CONS)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado
21 Force Support Sq emblem.png
21st Force Support Squadron (21 FSS)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado
21st Logistics Readiness Squadron emblem.jpg
21st Logistics Readiness Squadron (21 LRS)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado
21 Security Forces Sq emblem.png
21st Security Forces Squadron (21 SFS)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado
50 Civil Engineer Sq emblem.png
50th Civil Engineer Squadron (50 CES)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colo
50 Contracting Sq emblem.png
50th Contracting Squadron (50 CONS)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado
50 Force Support Sq emblem.png
50th Force Support Squadron (50 FSS)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado
50 Security Forces Sq emblem.png
50th Security Forces Squadron (50 SFS)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado
50th Communications Squadron emblem.png
50th Space Communications Squadron (50 SCS)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado
21 Medical Operations Sq emblem.png
21st Healthcare Operations Squadron (21 HCOS)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado
21st Operational Medical Readiness Squadron emblem.jpg
21st Operational Medical Readiness Squadron (21 OMRS)
Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado
821st Support Squadron.png
821st Support Squadron (821 SPTS)
Thule Air Base, Greenland
821st Security Forces Squadron emblem.jpg
821st Security Forces Squadron (821 SFS)
Thule Air Base, Greenland
Space Base Delta 2
460 Civil Engineer Sq.png
460th Civil Engineer Squadron (460 CES)
Buckley Space Force Base, Colorado
460th Force Support Squadron emblem.png
460th Force Support Squadron (460 FSS)
Buckley Space Force Base, Colorado
SpOC squadron template.png
460th Logistics Readiness Squadron (460 LRS)
Buckley Space Force Base, Colorado
460 Security Forces Squadron emblem.png
460th Security Forces Squadron (460 SFS)
Buckley Space Force Base, Colorado
460th Healthcare Operations Squadron emblem.png
460th Healthcare Operations Squadron (460 HCOS)
Buckley Space Force Base, Colorado
460th Operational Medical Readiness Squadron emblem.png
460th Operational Medical Readiness Squadron (460 OMRS)
Buckley Space Force Base, Colorado
460 Comptroller Sq emblem.png
460th Comptroller Squadron (460 CPTS)
Buckley Space Force Base, Colorado
Space Base Delta 3
61st Space Communications Squadron emblem.png
61st Communications Squadron (61 CS)
Los Angeles Space Force Base, California
61 Civil Engineer & Logistic Sq emblem.png
61st Civil Engineer and Logistics Squadron (61 CELS)
Los Angeles Space Force Base, California
61 Force Support Sq enblem.png
61st Force Support Squadron (61 FSS)
Los Angeles Space Force Base, California
61 Security Forces Sq emblem.png
61st Security Forces Squadron (61 SFS)
Los Angeles Space Force Base, California
61 Medical Sq emblem.png
61st Medical Squadron (61 MDS)
Los Angeles Space Force Base, California

History

On 20 December 2019, Air Force Space Command's principal components were 14th Air Force (Air Forces Strategic) and the Space and Missile Systems Center. At the same time as the creation of the Space Force 14th Air Force was redesignated as Space Operations Command.[26]

On 12 March 2019, the Space Development Agency (SDA), a new space-focused development agency, additional to the Space and Missile Systems Center and the Space Rapid Capabilities Office, was established.[27] It was established under the authority of the under secretary of defense for research and engineering.[28] As of January 2020, the SDA is planned to become part of the U.S. Space Force in October 2022.[29]

In early April 2020, a list of twenty-three units to be transferred from the Air Force to the Space Force was publicly reported.[30] Those units included the 17th Test Squadron, Peterson Space Force Base, Colorado; 18th Intelligence Squadron, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH; the 25th Space Range Squadron, Schriever AFB, CO; the 328th Weapons Squadron, Nellis AFB, NV; the 527th Space Aggressor Squadron, Schriever AFB, CO; the 7th Intelligence Squadron, 659th Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Group, 70th ISR Wing, Ft. Meade, Maryland*; Sixteenth Air Force/Advanced Programs*, Schriever AFB, Colorado; the 32nd Intelligence Squadron, Ft. Meade, Maryland*; the 566th Intelligence Squadron, Buckley AFB, Colorado*; the 544th Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Group, Group Staff & Detachment 5, Peterson AFB, Colorado; D the 533d Training Squadron, 381st Training Group, Vandenberg AFB, CA (initial training); the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) Research Lab Mission Execution, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio*; the AFRL Space Vehicles Directorate, Kirtland AFB, New Mexico*; the AFRL Rocket Propulsion Division, Edwards AFB, CA; the AFRL Electro-Optical Division, Maui, Hawaii & Kirtland AFB, New Mexico*; the AFRL Sensors Directorate, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio*; the Counter-Space Analysis Squadron and the Space Analysis Squadron, collectively half of the Space and Missiles Analysis Group, National Air and Space Intelligence Center, both at Wright-Patterson AFB; the Air Force Operational Test and Evaluation Center Detachment 4, Peterson AFB, CO; and the Air Force Safety Center – Space Safety Division, Kirtland AFB, New Mexico.

Detachment 1, USAF Warfare Center, Schriever AFB, Colorado; Operating Location A, 705th Combat Training Squadron, Schriever AFB, Colorado (ultimately part of the 505th Command and Control Wing), and the National Security Space Institute, Peterson AFB, CO National Security Space Institute, a place for space education became eventually part of the STAR Delta.

In September 2021 it was announced the 53rd Signal Battalion, the U.S. Army Satellite Operations Brigade, and the Naval Satellite Operations Center would be transferred to Space Force.[31]

Heraldry

U.S. Space Force patch shapes, 2021
U.S. Space Force patch shapes, 2021

Each unit in the Space Force has an emblem in a shape depending on the unit type.[32] Each of the three field commands also have a distinctive color: Platinum Grey for SpOC, Gold for SSC, and Cannes Blue for STARCOM. Unit emblems are trimmed with the color of the field command to which they report. Space Force personnel assigned to National Reconnaissance Office roles will wear insignia trimmed in Black.

Unit SpOC
(Platinum)
SSC
(Gold)
STARCOM
(Cannes Blue)
NRO
(Black)
Field Command
Space Operations Command emblem.png
Space Systems Command emblem.png
Space Training and Readiness Command emblem.png
Space Force Element to the National Reconnaissance Office emblem.png
Delta
SpOC delta template.png
SSC delta template.png
STARCOM delta template.png
NRO delta template.png
Base Delta
(hexagon)
SpOC garrison template.png
SSC garrison template.png
Squadron/Detachment
(ellipse)
SpOC squadron template.png
SSC squadron template.png
STARCOM squadron template.png
NRO squadron template.png

See also

References

  1. ^ U.S. Department of Defense (February 2019). "United States Space Force Strategic Overview" (PDF). defense.gov. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 31, 2019. Retrieved May 11, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Comprehensive Plan for the Organizational Structure of the U.S. Space Force" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on February 5, 2020. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
  3. ^ "Space Force proposes headquarters staff led by generals and civilians". SpaceNews. July 7, 2020. Archived from the original on July 7, 2020. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
  4. ^ "WADE S. YAMADA". www.af.mil. Archived from the original on June 21, 2021. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
  5. ^ "Katharine Kelley".
  6. ^ "Todd L. Remington".
  7. ^ "JOSEPH D. ROUGE". www.af.mil.
  8. ^ "Biography - Bruce E. Hollywood". Retrieved November 17, 2022.
  9. ^ "STEPHEN L. HART". www.spaceforce.mil.
  10. ^ "Dr. LISA A. COSTA". www.spaceforce.mil.
  11. ^ a b c d Kirby, Lynn (June 30, 2020). "USSF field command structure reduces command layers, focuses on space warfighter needs". United States Space Force. Archived from the original on April 8, 2021. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
  12. ^ "About Space Operations Command". www.spoc.spaceforce.mil. Archived from the original on October 26, 2020. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
  13. ^ "Space Force activates first field command". United States Space Force.
  14. ^ a b "Space Systems Command geared to deliver swift, responsive space capabilities". United States Space Force.
  15. ^ "PN823 - 1 nominee for Space Force, 117th Congress (2021-2022)". www.congress.gov. July 29, 2021.
  16. ^ "USSF establishes 2nd Field Command, Guetlein assumes command". United States Space Force.
  17. ^ a b "Space Force activates Space Training and Readiness Command". United States Space Force. Retrieved August 23, 2021.
  18. ^ a b c d Erwin, Sandra (June 30, 2020). "Space Force to stand up three major commands, lower echelons to be called 'deltas'". SpaceNews.
  19. ^ Hitchens, Theresa (July 12, 2022). "Space Force considers asking satellite firms to host payloads for tactical ISR".
  20. ^ "Contracts for January 25, 2022". U.S. Department of Defense.
  21. ^ "MilsatMagazine".
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Military Communications & Positioning, Navigation, and Timing Overview with GPS Update - PNT Advisory Board" (PDF). Retrieved November 17, 2022.
  23. ^ "Where We Operate".
  24. ^ "New Missile-Warning Satellite, Set to Launch, Will Complete SBIRS Constellation". August 2, 2022.
  25. ^ "MilsatMagazine".
  26. ^ Chiles, Cody (December 27, 2019). "14th Air Force Redesignated as Space Operations Command". United States Space Force. Archived from the original on June 15, 2020. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
  27. ^ Browne, Ryan (March 13, 2019). "Pentagon launches development agency seen as key to future Space Force". CNN. Archived from the original on December 29, 2019. Retrieved January 22, 2020.
  28. ^ See https://www.cto.mil/ Archived 2020-08-17 at the Wayback Machine (accessed May 2020).
  29. ^ Valerie Insinna (January 21, 2020). "Space Development Agency on track to become part of Space Force in 2022, director says". Defense News. Archived from the original on December 15, 2020. Retrieved May 15, 2020.
  30. ^ Erwin, Sandra (March 31, 2020). "U.S. Air Force to transfer 23 units to the Space Force". SpaceNews. Archived from the original on April 1, 2020. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
  31. ^ Erwin, Sandra (September 21, 2021). "Space Force reveals which Army and Navy units are moving to the space branch". Space News. Retrieved November 2, 2022.
  32. ^ "Approved USSF Patch Shapes (5 Aug 2020)". August 6, 2020.
This page was last edited on 23 November 2022, at 03:51
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