To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Steven Soderbergh

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Steven Soderbergh
Steven Andrew Soderbergh

(1963-01-14) January 14, 1963 (age 60)
Atlanta, Georgia, US
  • Film director
  • film producer
  • screenwriter
  • cinematographer
  • film editor
Years active1981–present
MovementIndependent cinema
(m. 1989; div. 1994)
(m. 2003)

Steven Andrew Soderbergh (/ˈsdərbɜːrɡ/; born January 14, 1963)[2] is an American film director, producer, screenwriter, cinematographer and editor. A pioneer of modern independent cinema, Soderbergh is an acclaimed and prolific filmmaker.

Soderbergh's directorial-breakthrough indie drama Sex, Lies, and Videotape (1989) lifted him into the public spotlight as a notable presence in the film industry. At 26, Soderbergh became the youngest solo director to win the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival, and the film garnered worldwide commercial success, as well as numerous accolades. His breakthrough led to success in Hollywood, where he directed the crime comedy Out of Sight (1998), the biopic Erin Brockovich (2000) and the crime drama Traffic (2000). For Traffic, he won the Academy Award for Best Director.

He found further popular and critical success with the Ocean's trilogy and film franchise (2001–18); Che (2008); The Informant! (2009); Contagion (2011); Haywire (2011); Magic Mike (2012); Side Effects (2013); Logan Lucky (2017); Unsane (2018); Let Them All Talk (2020); No Sudden Move (2021); and Kimi (2022). His film career spans a multitude of genres, but his specialties are psychological, crime and heist films. His films have grossed over US$2.2 billion worldwide and garnered fourteen Academy Award nominations, winning five.

Soderbergh's films often revolve around familiar concepts which are regularly used for big-budget Hollywood movies, but he routinely employs an avant-garde arthouse approach. They center on themes of shifting personal identities, vengeance, sexuality, morality and the human condition. His feature films are often distinctive in the realm of cinematography as a result of his having been influenced by avant-garde cinema, coupled with his use of unconventional film and camera formats. Many of Soderbergh's films are anchored by multi-dimensional storylines with plot twists, nonlinear storytelling, experimental sequencing, suspenseful soundscapes and third-person vantage points.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    2 036
    82 189
    3 869
    821 576
    78 563
  • 15 Tips on Filmmaking : STEVEN SODERBERGH
  • Steven Soderbergh - Don't tell me what I already know
  • How Traffic Perfected the Hyperlink Film
  • when the director is reeeally good at their job
  • You Know It's Steven Soderbergh IF...


Early life

Soderbergh was born on January 14, 1963, in Atlanta, Georgia, to Mary Ann (née Bernard) and Peter Andrew Soderbergh, who was a university administrator and educator. He has Swedish, Irish, and Italian roots.[3] Soderbergh's paternal grandfather immigrated to the U.S. from Stockholm.[4] As a child, he moved with his family to Charlottesville, Virginia, where he lived during his adolescence, and then to Baton Rouge, Louisiana, where his father became Dean of Education at Louisiana State University (LSU).[3] Soderbergh discovered filmmaking as a teenager and directed short films with a Super 8 and 16 mm cameras.[5] He attended the Louisiana State University Laboratory School for high school before graduating and moving to Hollywood to pursue professional filmmaking. In his first job he worked as a game show composer and cue card holder; soon after which he found work as a freelance film editor. During this time, he directed the concert video 9012Live for the rock band Yes in 1985, for which he received a Grammy Award nomination for Best Music Video, Long Form.[6]


1989: directorial debut

After Soderbergh returned to Baton Rouge, he wrote the screenplay for Sex, Lies, and Videotape on a legal pad during an eight-day cross country drive.[7] The movie tells the story of a troubled man who videotapes women discussing their lives and sexuality, and his impact on the relationship of a married couple.[8] Soderbergh submitted the film to the 1989 Cannes Film Festival where it won a variety of awards, including the Palme d'Or.[9] Its critical performance led it to become a worldwide commercial success, grossing $36.7 million on a $1.2 million budget.[10] The film was considered to be the most influential catalyst of the 1990s Independent Cinema movement.[11][12] At age 26, Soderbergh became the youngest solo director and the second youngest director to win the festival's top award.[13] Movie critic Roger Ebert called Soderbergh the "poster boy of the Sundance generation".[14] His relative youth and sudden rise to prominence in the film industry had him referred to as a "sensation" and a prodigy.[15][16] In 2006, the film was selected by the Library of Congress for preservation in the United States National Film Registry, being deemed "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant" and the American Film Institute nominated it as one of the greatest movies ever made.[17][18]

1990–1997: critical and commercial downturn

"When I say this is the most important motion picture you'll ever attend, my motivation is not financial gain, but a firm belief that the delicate fabric that holds all of us together will be ripped apart unless every man, woman, and child in this country sees this film and pays full ticket price, not some bargain matinée cut-rate deal."

– Soderbergh's introduction to Schizopolis (1996).[19]

Soderbergh's directorial debut was followed by a series of low-budget box-office disappointments.[19][20] In 1991, he directed Kafka, a biopic of Franz Kafka written by Lem Dobbs and starring Jeremy Irons. The film returned one tenth of its budget and received mixed reviews from critics.[21] Roger Ebert's review stated, "Soderbergh does demonstrate again here that he's a gifted director, however unwise in his choice of project".[22] Two years later, he directed the drama King of the Hill (1993), which again underperformed commercially, but fared well with critics.[23] Based on the memoir of writer A. E. Hotchner, the film is set during the Great Depression and follows a young boy (played by Jesse Bradford) struggling to survive on his own in a hotel in St. Louis after his mother falls ill and his father is away on business trips.[24] Also in 1995, he directed a remake of Robert Siodmak's 1949 film noir Criss Cross, titled The Underneath, which grossed $536,020 on a $6.5 million budget and was widely panned by critics.[25] Soderbergh has since called the film "dead on arrival" and described the making of it as his bottoming out.[26]

Soderbergh, formerly a member of Writers Guild of America West, left and maintained financial core status in 1995.[27]

Soderbergh directed Schizopolis in 1996, a comedy which he starred in, wrote, composed, and shot as well as directed. The 96-minute film was submitted to the Cannes Film Festival to such a "chilly response" that he reworked the entire introduction and conclusion before releasing it commercially.[28] In the movie's introduction, he said: "In the event that you find certain sequences or events confusing, please bear in mind this is your fault, not ours. You will need to see the picture again and again until you understand everything".[29] He starred in Schizopolis as Fletcher Munson, a spokesman for a Scientology-esque lifestyle cult, and again as Dr. Jeffrey Korchek, a dentist having an affair with Munson's wife.[29] The film switched languages multiple times mid-scene without subtitles, leaving large parts of it incomprehensible.[29] It was viewed by a critic as a "directorial palate cleanse" for Soderbergh.[30] During the months following his debut of Schizopolis, he released a small, edited version of the Spalding Gray monologue film Gray's Anatomy. Soderbergh would later refer to Schizopolis as his "artistic wake-up call".[29] Soderbergh co-wrote the script for the 1997 horror-thriller Nightwatch with Danish filmmaker Ole Bornedal. Nightwatch is an English-language remake of Bornedal's own film of the same name, which was produced three years earlier in Denmark.[31]

1998–2008: reemergence and Ocean's trilogy

Soderbergh's reemergence began in 1998 with Out of Sight, a stylized adaptation of an Elmore Leonard novel, written by Scott Frank and starring George Clooney and Jennifer Lopez.[32] The film was widely praised, though only a moderate box-office success.[33] The critical reception of the movie began a multi-movie artistic partnership between Clooney and Soderbergh. Soderbergh followed up on the success of Out of Sight by making another crime caper, The Limey (1999), from a screenplay by Lem Dobbs and starring actors Terence Stamp and Peter Fonda. The film was well-received and established him within the cinematic niche of thriller and heist films.[34] He ventured into his first biographical film in 2000 when he directed Erin Brockovich, written by Susannah Grant and starring Julia Roberts in her Oscar-winning role as a single mother taking on industry in a civil action.[35] In late 2000, Soderbergh released Traffic, a social drama written by Stephen Gaghan and featuring an ensemble cast.[36] Time magazine compared him to a baseball player hitting home runs with Erin Brockovich and Traffic.[36] Both films would be nominated at the 2001 Academy Awards, making him the first director to have been nominated in the same year for Best Director for two different films since Michael Curtiz in 1938. He was awarded the Academy Award for Best Director for Traffic and received best director nominations at the year's Golden Globe and the Directors Guild of America Awards.[37][38]

Soderbergh supported director Christopher Nolan (pictured) in his transition from independent to studio filmmaking.

In early 2001, he was approached to direct Ocean's Eleven, a reboot of the 1960s Rat Pack-movie Ocean's 11 by Ted Griffin. After Griffin wrote the screenplay, Soderbergh signed on to direct. The film opened to critical acclaim and widespread commercial success.[39] It quickly became Soderbergh's highest-grossing movie to date, grossing more than $183 million domestically and more than $450 million worldwide.[40][41] Rolling Stone credited the movie with "[spawning] a new era of heist movies".[39] In the same year, Soderbergh made Full Frontal, which was shot mostly on digital video in an improvisational style that deliberately blurred the line between which actors were playing characters and which were playing fictionalized versions of themselves.[42] A year later, he was asked by executives at Warner Bros Studios to direct the psychological thriller Insomnia (2002), starring Academy Award winners Al Pacino, Robin Williams, and Hilary Swank. Despite their insistence, Soderbergh declined, preferring to see it directed by up-and-coming director Christopher Nolan.[43]

Before returning to the Ocean's series, Soderbergh directed K Street (2003), a ten-part political HBO series he co-produced with George Clooney.[44] The series was both partially improvised and each episode being produced in the five days prior to airing to take advantage of topical events that could be worked into the fictional narrative.[45] Actual political players appeared as themselves, either in cameos or portraying fictionalized versions of themselves, notably James Carville and Mary Matalin.[45]

"The reason my career took such a left turn at a certain point was because I realized I was in danger of becoming a formalist. But that wasn't the best representation of me–even as a person. It's easy to fall into that because it's a very isolated position to occupy and it's easy to keep other elements–people and ideas–at a distance."

– Soderbergh (in 2008) on his transition from Sex, Lies, and Videotape to more stylized, heist and psychological thrillers.[46]

Soderbergh directed Ocean's Twelve, a sequel to Ocean's Eleven, in 2004. The second installment received muted critical reviews, and was another commercially successful film, grossing $362.7 million on a $110 million budget.[47] Matt Singer of IndieWire called it a "Great Sequel About How Hard It Is to Make a Great Sequel."[48][49] Also in 2004, Soderbergh produced and co-wrote the adapted screenplay for the film Criminal—a remake of the Argentine film Nine Queens—with his longtime assistant director Gregory Jacobs, who made his directorial debut with the film.[50]

A year later, Soderbergh directed Bubble (2005), a $1.6 million film featuring a cast of nonprofessional actors. It opened in selected theaters and HDNet simultaneously, and four days later on DVD. Industry heads were reportedly watching how the film performed, as its unusual release schedule could have implications for future feature films.[51][52] Theater-owners, who at the time had been suffering from dropping attendance rates, did not welcome so-called "day-and-date" movies.[53] National Association of Theatre Owners chief executive John Fithian indirectly called the film's release model "the biggest threat to the viability of the cinema industry today."[54] Soderbergh's response to such criticism: "I don't think it's going to destroy the movie-going experience any more than the ability to get takeout has destroyed the restaurant business."[55] A romantic drama set in post-war Berlin, The Good German, starring Cate Blanchett and Clooney, was released in late 2006. The film performed poorly commercially grossing $5.9 million worldwide against a budget of $32 million.[56]

Soderbergh next directed Ocean's Thirteen, which was released in June 2007 to further commercial success and increased critical acclaim.[57] Grossing $311.3 million on an $85 million budget, it is the second highest-grossing film of his career after the first Ocean's.[58] The film concluded what would later be known as the Ocean's trilogy, a collection of heist movies that would go on to be described as defining a new era of heist films.[59] Soderbergh directed Che, which was released in theatres in two parts titled The Argentine and Guerrilla, and was presented in the main competition of the 2008 Cannes Film Festival, on May 22. Benicio del Toro played Argentine guerrilla Ernesto "Che" Guevara in an epic four-hour double bill which looks first at his role in the Cuban Revolution before moving to his campaign and eventual death in Bolivia.[60] Soderbergh shot his feature film The Girlfriend Experience in New York in 2008. Soderbergh cast adult film star Sasha Grey as the film's lead actress to great reception and controversy.[61][62]

2009–2016: mainstream success and brief hiatus

Soderbergh's first film of 2009 was The Informant!, a black comedy starring Matt Damon as corporate whistleblower Mark Whitacre. Whitacre wore a wire for two-and-a-half years for the FBI as a high-level executive at a Fortune 500 company, Archer Daniels Midland (ADM), in one of the largest price-fixing cases in history. The film was released on September 18, 2009. The script for the movie was written by Scott Z. Burns based on Kurt Eichenwald's book, The Informant. The film grossed $41 million on a $22 million budget and received generally favorable reviews from critics.[63][64] Also in 2009, Soderbergh shot a small improvised film with the cast of the play, The Last Time I Saw Michael Gregg, a comedy about a theatre company staging Chekhov's Three Sisters. He has stated that he does not want it seen by the public, and only intended it for the cast. Soderbergh nearly filmed a feature adaptation of the baseball book Moneyball, starring Brad Pitt and Jonah Hill. The book, by Michael Lewis, tells of how Billy Beane, general manager of Oakland Athletics, used statistical analysis to make up for what he lacked in funds to beat the odds and lead his team to a series of notable wins in 2002. Disagreements between Sony and Soderbergh about revisions to Steven Zaillian's version of the screenplay led to Soderbergh's dismissal from the project only days prior to filming in June 2009. In 2010, Soderbergh shot the action-thriller Haywire, starring Gina Carano, Ewan McGregor, Michael Fassbender, and Channing Tatum which, even though was shot in early 2010, was not released until January 2012.[65]

Soderbergh with his wife, Jules Asner, at the 2009 Venice International Film Festival
Soderbergh (second from left) with cast and crew of Behind the Candelabra at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival

In 2010, Soderbergh shot the epic virus thriller Contagion, written by Scott Z. Burns.[66] With a cast including Matt Damon, Kate Winslet, Gwyneth Paltrow, Laurence Fishburne, Marion Cotillard and Jude Law, the film follows the outbreak of a lethal pandemic across the globe and the efforts of doctors and scientists to discover the cause and develop a cure. Soderbergh premiered it at the 68th Venice Film Festival in Venice, Italy on September 3, 2011, and released it to the general public six days later to commercial success and widespread critical acclaim.[67] Grossing $135.5 million on a $60 million budget, Manohla Dargis of The New York Times called his film a "smart, spooky thriller about a thicket of contemporary plagues—a killer virus, rampaging fear, an unscrupulous blogger—is as ruthlessly effective as the malady at its cool, cool center."[68]

In August 2011, Soderbergh served as a second unit director on The Hunger Games and filmed much of the District 11 riot scene.[69][70] In September and October 2011, he shot Magic Mike, a film starring Channing Tatum, about the actor's experiences working as a male stripper in his youth. Tatum played the title mentor character, while Alex Pettyfer played a character based on Tatum. The film was released on June 29, 2012, to a strong commercial performance and favorable critical acclaim.[71] Throughout 2012, Soderbergh had announced his intention to retire from feature filmmaking. He stated that "when you reach the point where you're saying, 'If I have to get into a van to do another scout, I'm just going to shoot myself,' it's time to let somebody who's still excited about getting in the van, get in the van."[72] Soderbergh later said that he would retire from filmmaking and begin to explore painting.[73] A few weeks later, Soderbergh played down his earlier comments, saying a filmmaking "sabbatical" was more accurate.[74] For his then-final feature film, he directed the psychological thriller Side Effects, which starred Jude Law, Rooney Mara, Channing Tatum and Catherine Zeta-Jones. It was shot in April 2012 and was released on February 8, 2013.[75] Screened at the 63rd Berlin International Film Festival, A. O. Scott of The New York Times stated, that Soderbergh "[handled] it brilliantly, serving notice once again that he is a crackerjack genre technician."[76] In the end, while promoting Side Effects in early 2013, he clarified that he had a five-year plan that saw him transitioning away from making feature films around his fiftieth birthday.[77] Around that time, he gave a much publicized speech at the San Francisco International Film Festival, detailing the obstacles facing filmmakers in the current corporate Hollywood environment.[78]

Soderbergh had planned to commence production in early 2012 on a feature version of The Man from U.N.C.L.E., also written by Scott Z. Burns. George Clooney was set for the lead role of Napoleon Solo but had to drop out due to a recurring back injury suffered while filming Syriana.[79] In November 2011 Soderbergh withdrew from the project due to budget and casting conflicts,[80] and was eventually replaced by Guy Ritchie. His final televised project before heading into retirement was Behind the Candelabra. Shot in the summer of 2012, it starred Michael Douglas as legendarily flamboyant pianist Liberace and Matt Damon as his lover Scott Thorson. The film is written by Richard LaGravenese, based on Thorson's book Behind the Candelabra: My Life with Liberace, and produced by HBO Films.[81] It was selected to compete for the Palme d'Or at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival.[82]

In May 2013—only months into his retirement—Soderbergh announced that he would direct a 10-part miniseries for Cinemax called The Knick. The series followed doctors at a fictionalized version of the Knickerbocker Hospital in Manhattan in the early twentieth century. The series starred Clive Owen, Andre Holland, Jeremy Bobb, Juliet Rylance, Eve Hewson and Michael Angarano and was filmed in 2013.[83] It began airing in August 2014 to critical acclaim.[84] After completing the second season, Soderbergh revealed he was finished directing for the show and said, "I told them [Cinemax] that I'm going to do the first two years and then we are going to break out the story for seasons 3 and 4 and try and find a filmmaker or filmmakers to do this the way that I did. This is how we want to do this so that every two years, whoever comes on, has the freedom to create their universe."[85]

Soderbergh at the Deauville American Film Festival in 2014

After his work with The Knick, Soderbergh began working on a variety of personal projects starting with directing an Off-Broadway play titled The Library, starring Chloë Grace Moretz in January 2014.[86] On April 21, 2014, Soderbergh released an alternate cut of Michael Cimino's controversial 1980 Western Heaven's Gate on his website. Credited to his pseudonym Mary Ann Bernard and dubbed "The Butcher's Cut", Soderbergh's version runs 108 minutes.[87][88] On September 22, 2014, he uploaded a black-and-white silent version of Raiders of the Lost Ark, with Trent Reznor and Atticus Ross's score of The Social Network. The purpose of it is to study the aspects of staging in filmmaking.[89] It was announced in June 2014 that Soderbergh would be executive producing a series based on his earlier film The Girlfriend Experience for the Starz network, to premiere sometime in 2016.[90] In September 2015, Soderbergh was announced to be directing Mosaic, a series for HBO. Starring Sharon Stone, it was a dual-media project; it was released as both an interactive movie app in November 2017 and as a six-part miniseries airing in January 2018.[91][92]

2016–present: return to filmmaking

In February 2016, Soderbergh officially came out of his retirement to direct a NASCAR heist film, Logan Lucky, starring Channing Tatum, Adam Driver, and Daniel Craig, among others. The film was produced entirely by Soderbergh, with no studio involved in anything other than theatrical distribution.[93] The film was released on August 18, 2017, by Bleecker Street and Fingerprint Releasing, his own distribution and production company.[94][95] Logan Lucky was met with widespread critical acclaim, Matt Zoller Seitz writing for stated: "The odds seem stacked in Logan Lucky's favor the instant you spot 'Directed by Steven Soderbergh' in the opening credits".[96]

In July 2017, it was revealed that Soderbergh had also secretly shot a horror film using iPhones titled Unsane, and starring Claire Foy and Juno Temple.[97][98] The film was released on March 23, 2018[99] and was well received by critics, with Scott Meslow of GQ noting its relevance to the modern plight of women in patriarchal societies, and called it a "nerve-jangling modern-day Kafka story".[100] His usage of an iPhone in 4K to film the movie was considered "inspirational to aspiring filmmakers" for breaking down the perceived costs associated with producing a feature film in the United States.[101]

In 2018, Soderbergh directed High Flying Bird, starring Andre Holland who played the role of a sports agent representing his rookie client with an intriguing and controversial business opportunity during an NBA lockout.[102] The film began production in February 2018[103] and was released on February 8, 2019, by Netflix.[104][105][106] Soderbergh's film The Laundromat is a political thriller about the international leak of the Panama Papers, written by Scott Z. Burns and based on the book Secrecy World, by Pulitzer Prize-winner Jake Bernstein.[107] It stars Meryl Streep, Gary Oldman, Antonio Banderas, Jeffrey Wright, Matthias Schoenaerts, James Cromwell and Sharon Stone and premiered at the Venice Film Festival on September 1, 2019[108] before airing on Netflix.

Soderbergh's 2020 film Let Them All Talk, was written by Deborah Eisenberg, and starred Meryl Streep, Candice Bergen, Gemma Chan, Lucas Hedges, and Dianne Wiest. It was shot in 2019, primarily aboard the ocean liner Queen Mary 2, and also in New York and the UK, and premiered on December 10, 2020, on HBO Max.[109]

No Sudden Move (formerly Kill Switch) is a 1950s period crime film shot in Detroit from September[110] to November 2020.[111] From Mosaic writer Ed Solomon, it stars Don Cheadle, Benicio del Toro, David Harbour, Amy Seimetz,[112] Jon Hamm, Ray Liotta, Kieran Culkin, Brendan Fraser, Noah Jupe, Bill Duke, Frankie Shaw and Julia Fox. It had its world premiere at the Tribeca Film Festival on June 18, 2021.[113] It was released on HBO Max on July 1, 2021.[114]

Kimi, released on HBO Max in 2022, was shot in Seattle and Los Angeles in April and May 2021.[115] It stars Zoë Kravitz as an agoraphobic tech worker who discovers evidence of a violent crime, and reunites Soderbergh with Traffic actors Erika Christensen and Jacob Vargas.[116][117]

Magic Mike's Last Dance, was filmed in London in early 2022. This third episode in the hugely successful Magic Mike franchise brings back star Channing Tatum and also introduces Salma Hayek to the series. The film was originally set to premiere on HBO Max,[118] but was instead released in theaters on February 10, 2023.[119]

Full Circle is a six-part miniseries starring Zazie Beetz, Claire Danes, Jharrel Jerome and Timothy Olyphant. It was written by Ed Solomon, who also wrote Mosaic, and follows "an investigation into a botched kidnapping" that "uncovers long-held secrets connecting multiple characters and cultures in present-day New York City."[120] It premiered on Max on July 13, 2023.[121]

Soderbergh is developing a six-part miniseries written by Lem Dobbs about the life of Emin Pasha.[107]

He also produced the off-broadway play The Fears, his first stage credit.[122]

In 2023, Soderbergh debuted his science fiction series Command Z, inspired by Kurt Andersen's 2020 book, Evil Geniuses: The Unmaking of America.[123]



Soderbergh's visual style often emphasizes wealthy urban settings, natural lighting, and fast-paced working environments.[9][124][125] Film critic Drew Morton has categorized his stylistic approach to films akin to the French New Wave movement in filmmaking.[126][127] Soderbergh's experimental style and tendency to reject mainstream film standards stems from his belief that "[filmmakers] are always, in essence, at the beginning of infinity ... there is always another iteration ... always will be."[128]

On a technical level, Soderbergh prefers sustained close-ups, tracking shots, jump cuts, experimental sequencing, and frequently skips establishing shots in favor of audio and alternative visuals.[9] Many of his films are noted for a milieu of suspense through the usage of third-person vantage points and a variety of over-the-shoulder shots. In his film Contagion (2011), he used a multi-narrative "hyperlink cinema" style, first established within the Ocean's trilogy.[129] He is known for tracking aesthetic transitions with a variety of colored washes, most notably yellow to symbolize open, socially acceptable situations while blue washes typically symbolize illegal or socially illicit endeavors.[130] In line with these washes, Soderbergh is liberal in his usage of montages as he believes that they are equally important story-telling as dialogue is.[131]

Soderbergh is known for having a combative relationship with Hollywood and the standards of studio filmmaking.[124] Film critic Roger Ebert has commented in this stylistic antagonism, "Every once in a while, perhaps as an exercise in humility, Steven Soderbergh makes a truly inexplicable film... A film so amateurish that only the professionalism of some of the actors makes it watchable... It's the kind of film where you need the director telling you what he meant to do and what went wrong and how the actors screwed up and how there was no money for retakes, etc."[132]

In Ocean's Twelve (2004), he had actress Julia Roberts play the part of Tess, a character then forced to play a fictionalized version of Roberts.[133] During the production stages of The Girlfriend Experience (2009) he cast adult film star Sasha Grey in the lead role.[133] In Haywire (2011), Soderbergh cast and eventually launched the film career of professional mixed martial arts (MMA) fighter Gina Carano.[134] Soderbergh's Logan Lucky (2017) made reference to his trilogy by alluding to an "Ocean's 7–11", noting the trilogy's influence on the Southern heist film.[133]

Soderbergh's films are centered on suspenseful and ambient soundscapes.[135] A primary way he achieves suspenseful soundscapes is by introducing audio before visuals in cut scenes, alerting the viewer of a sudden change in tone.[135] His frequent collaborations with composers Cliff Martinez, David Holmes, and most recently Thomas Newman, provide his films with "the thematic and sonic landscapes into which he inserts his characters."[45]


"The simplest way that I can describe it is that a movie is something you see, and cinema is something that's made…. Cinema is a specificity of vision. It's an approach in which everything matters. It's the polar opposite of generic or arbitrary and the result is as unique as a signature or a fingerprint. It isn't made by a committee, and it isn't made by a company, and it isn't made by the audience."

– Soderbergh (in 2013) on the influence his methodological choices have on his films.[136]

Soderbergh's early films—on account of his youth and lack of resources—were primarily filmed on Super 8 and 16 mm film formats.[137] A variety of his feature films have been shot using a diverse range of camera equipment. He filmed all of The Girlfriend Experience (2009) on a Red One camera, which has retailed for $17,500[138]—a relatively inexpensive camera for a movie produced for $1.3 million.[139] Soderbergh filmed the entirety of Unsane (2018) on an iPhone 7 Plus with its 4K digital camera using the app FiLMiC Pro.[140] He filmed with three rotating iPhones using a DJI stabiliser to hold the phone in place.[141] In January 2018, he expressed an interest in filming other productions solely with iPhones going forward.[142] He then filmed the entirety of 2019's High Flying Bird on an iPhone 8.[143]

In addition to his directing, he is frequently a screenwriter for his films. Scott Tobias of The A. V. Club has noted his method of experimental filmmaking as "rigorously conceived, like a mathematician working out a byzantine equation". Starting in 2000 with his film Traffic, Soderbergh has used various pseudonyms when directing films in order to hide the fact that he edits, writes, and arranges in opening and closing credits.[144]

When working with actors, Soderbergh prefers to pursue a non-intrusive directorial style. "I try and make sure they're OK, and when they're in the zone, I leave them alone. I don't get in their way."[145] This method has attracted repeat performances by many high-profile movie stars which has established a reoccurring collaboration between them and Soderbergh.[145]


Soderbergh's films often center the themes of shifting personal identities, sexuality, and the human condition.[146] Richard Brody of The New Yorker stated that Soderbergh is focused on the process of presenting ideas through film rather than their actual realization.[146] In line with this actual realization, he presents themes to critically evaluate political and corporate institutions such as money and capitalism.[147] Film critic A. O. Scott has noted that Soderbergh has a critical interest in exploring the impact capitalist economies have on living an ethical life and the detractions associated with materialism.[148] Money is central to many of his movies as Soderbergh believes that it serves as an obsession unrivaled by any other.[148]

Starting with Out of Sight (1998), Soderbergh's heist films explore themes of vengeance, characters on a mission, and the morality of crime.[149] He is generally said to have a cinematic niche in these types of films. "I've always had an attraction to caper movies, and certainly there are analogies to making a film. You have to put the right crew together, and if you lose, you go to movie jail", the director noted in 2017.[150]


When asked about the top eleven films he regarded among the best, Soderbergh listed the following, in order: The 5,000 Fingers of Dr. T. (1953), All The President's Men (1976), Annie Hall (1977), Citizen Kane (1941), The Conversation (1974), The Godfather (1972), The Godfather Part II (1974), Jaws (1975), The Last Picture Show (1971), Sunset Boulevard (1950), The Third Man (1949).[151] His directorial debut, Sex, Lies, and Videotape (1989), was influenced by Mike Nichols' 1971 American comedy-drama Carnal Knowledge.[152] He has said that Peter Yates' 1972 crime-comedy The Hot Rock inspired the tone of the Ocean's films.[153] Soderbergh listed Costa-Gavras's film, Z as an inspiration on his film Traffic and even stated that he: "wanted to make it like [Costa-Gavras]'s Z".[154][155][156][157] Soderbergh also cites the Swiss-French director Jean-Luc Godard as "...a constant source of inspiration. Before I do anything, I go back and look at as many of his films as I can, as a reminder of what's possible".[158]


In 2018, Soderbergh launched a Bolivian grape spirit brand called "Singani 63". In 2014, he had teamed up with a distillery based in Tarija, Casa Real and became the sole exporter of the spirit from the mountains of Bolivia.[159][160] Singani is a traditional spirit of Bolivia, and Soderberg doesn't like to label singani a brandy, because he says, "Millennials hate brandy." To demonstrate this he created a very short iPhone/YouTube video, "Brandy VS Singani 63", that asks people to give their thoughts regarding brandy and Singani 63.[161]

Recurring collaborators

Soderbergh has worked with various actors, composers, and screenwriters throughout his filmmaking career. His most prolific collaborators are considered to be George Clooney (who started Section Eight Productions with him and has appeared in six of his films), Matt Damon (his most frequent collaborator, who has appeared in nine of his films), Brad Pitt, Julia Roberts, Don Cheadle, and Channing Tatum. Other actors who have appeared in numerous Soderbergh films include Luis Guzmán, Jude Law, Ann Dowd, Joe Chrest,[162] Benicio Del Toro, Michael Douglas, and Albert Finney.[163] Among those who have won awards for their work with Soderbergh, Roberts won an Academy Award for Best Actress for her lead in Erin Brockovich; Benicio del Toro also won an Academy Award for his work in Traffic, and later starred as the title role in Che. Catherine Zeta-Jones received a Golden Globe nomination for her portrayal of Helena in Traffic and reteamed with him for Ocean's Twelve and Side Effects.[163]

Soderbergh has frequently relied on Jerry Weintraub to produce many of his films.[164] Composer Cliff Martinez has scored eleven Soderbergh films starting with Sex, Lies, and Videotape (1989) and ending with Kimi (2022). Northern Irish composer David Holmes joined him in 1998 to score Out of Sight and rejoined him in scoring his Ocean's trilogy.[165] Soderbergh rejected Holmes' score for his 2006 film The Good German, but brought him back on for subsequent movies, most recently Logan Lucky (2017).[165][166] Starting in 2000, composer Thomas Newman has worked with four Soderbergh films, most recently in 2020 with Let Them All Talk.[167] Often editing the films himself, he also works with editor Stephen Mirrione and frequently collaborates with screenwriters Scott Z. Burns, Lem Dobbs and Ed Solomon.[168]

Views on film industry

Soderbergh is a vocal proponent of the preservation of artistic merit in the face of Hollywood corporatism. He believes that "cinema is under assault by the studios and, from what I can tell, with the full support of the audience".[146] He claims that he no longer reads reviews of his movies. "After Traffic I just stopped completely," says the director.[169] "After winning the LA and New York film critics awards, I really felt like, this can only get worse".[169]

Soderbergh claims to not be a fan of possessory credits, and prefers not to have his name front and center at the start of a film. "The fact that I'm not an identifiable brand is very freeing," says Soderbergh, "because people get tired of brands and they switch brands. I've never had a desire to be out in front of anything, which is why I don't take a possessory credit."[169] He often takes cinematography credits on his feature films under the alias Peter Andrews, the given name of his father, and editing credits under Mary Ann Bernard, that of his mother.

In 2009, Soderbergh appeared before the Foreign Affairs Committee of the House of Representatives, and "cited the French initiative in asking lawmakers to deputize the American film industry to pursue copyright pirates," indicating he supports anti-piracy laws and Internet regulation.[170]

Personal life

Soderbergh is married to Jules Asner, whom he often credits for influencing his female characters.[171] He has a daughter with his first wife, actress Betsy Brantley.[20] Soderbergh lives in New York City.[172]

In 2009, Soderbergh signed a petition in support of film director Roman Polanski, calling for his release after Polanski was arrested in Switzerland in relation to his 1977 sexual abuse case.[173]


Directed features
Year Film Distributor
1989 Sex, Lies, and Videotape Miramax Films
1991 Kafka
1993 King of the Hill Gramercy Pictures
1995 The Underneath
1996 Schizopolis Northern Arts
Gray's Anatomy IFC Films
1998 Out of Sight Universal Pictures
1999 The Limey Artisan Entertainment
2000 Erin Brockovich Universal Pictures / Sony Pictures Releasing
Traffic USA Films
2001 Ocean's Eleven Warner Bros. Pictures
2002 Full Frontal Miramax Films
Solaris 20th Century Fox / Universal Pictures
2004 Ocean's Twelve Warner Bros. Pictures
2005 Bubble Magnolia Pictures
2006 The Good German Warner Bros. Pictures
2007 Ocean's Thirteen
2008 Che: Part One
Che: Part Two
IFC Films
2009 The Girlfriend Experience Magnolia Pictures
The Informant! Warner Bros. Pictures
2011 Contagion
Haywire Relativity Media
2012 Magic Mike Warner Bros. Pictures / FilmNation Entertainment
2013 Side Effects Open Road Films
Behind the Candelabra HBO Films
2017 Logan Lucky Fingerprint Releasing / Bleecker Street
2018 Unsane
2019 High Flying Bird Netflix
The Laundromat
2020 Let Them All Talk Warner Bros. Pictures / HBO Max
2021 No Sudden Move
2022 Kimi
2023 Magic Mike's Last Dance Warner Bros.


Soderbergh's entire filmography is routinely analyzed and debated by fans, critics, film academics, and other film directors.[136][174] His early work—particularly his 1989 film, Sex, Lies, and Videotape—has been noted as foundational to the Independent Cinema movement.[26][175][176] After directing his first film, Soderbergh's relative youth and sudden rise to prominence in the film industry had him referred to as a "sensation", a prodigy, and a poster boy of the genre's generation.[14][15] In 2002, he was elected first Vice President of the Directors Guild of America.[177]

After screening Sex, Lies, and Videotape at the 1989 Cannes Film Festival, Soderbergh was given the festival's top award, the Palme d'Or.[9] At 26, he was the youngest solo director to win the award and second-youngest director after French directors Louis Malle and co-director Jacques Cousteau (Malle won it aged 23).[13] For his script, Soderbergh received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay at the 62nd Academy Awards.[178]

Soderbergh was nominated twice for Best Director for two separate films at the 73rd Academy Awards, the first occurrence of such an event since 1938. Apart from his first nomination (Erin Brockovich), he won the award for Traffic.[38] When the same thing happened at the Directors Guild of America Awards, the Associated Press called the category a "Soderbergh vs. Soderbergh" contest.[37]

For his work of Erin Brockovich and Traffic, Soderbergh became one of the five directors (alongside Quentin Tarantino, Curtis Hanson, David Fincher, and Barry Jenkins) to ever sweep "The Big Four" critics awards (LAFCA, NBR, NYFCC, NSFC), as well as the first director shares two separate films to win at the same year[clarification needed] and the first and only to win Academy Award for Best Director from the film's latter.[clarification needed]


Critical, public and commercial reception to Soderbergh's directorial feature films as of August 29, 2022.

Year Film Rotten Tomatoes[23] Metacritic[179] CinemaScore[180] Budget Box office[181]
1989 Sex, Lies, and Videotape 96% (8.0/10 average rating)
(52 reviews)
86 (17 reviews) $1.2 million $36.7 million
1991 Kafka 50% (5.4/10 average rating)
(24 reviews)
46 (17 reviews) $11 million $1.1 million
1993 King of the Hill 91% (7.8/10 average rating)
(33 reviews)
86 (12 reviews) $8 million $1.2 million
1995 The Underneath 62% (6.1/10 average rating)
(26 reviews)
69 (11 reviews) $6.5 million $536,023
1996 Schizopolis 65% (6.5/10 average rating)
(20 reviews)
44 (10 reviews) $250,000 $10,580
Gray's Anatomy 59% (6.3/10 average rating)
(22 reviews)
60 (14 reviews) $350,000 $29,090
1998 Out of Sight 94% (7.9/10 average rating)
(99 reviews)
85 (30 reviews) B− $48 million $77.7 million
1999 The Limey 92% (7.4/10 average rating)
(84 reviews)
73 (32 reviews) $10 million $3.2 million
2000 Erin Brockovich 85% (7.5/10 average rating)
(149 reviews)
73 (36 reviews) A $52 million $256.3 million
Traffic 92% (8.0/10 average rating)
(161 reviews)
86 (34 reviews) B $48 million $207.5 million
2001 Ocean's Eleven 83% (7.0/10 average rating)
(182 reviews)
74 (35 reviews) B+ $85 million $450.7 million
2002 Full Frontal 39% (5.2/10 average rating)
(145 reviews)
45 (37 ratings) $2 million $3.4 million
Solaris 66% (6.6/10 average rating)
(209 reviews)
65 (38 reviews) F $47 million $30 million
2004 Ocean's Twelve 54% (5.9/10 average rating)
(184 reviews)
58 (39 reviews) B− $110 million $362.7 million
2005 Bubble 71% (6.3/10 average rating)
(106 reviews)
63 (32 reviews) $1.6 million $261,966
2006 The Good German 34% (5.1/10 average rating)
(153 reviews)
49 (34 reviews) $30 million $5.9 million
2007 Ocean's Thirteen 70% (6.4/10 average rating)
(200 reviews)
62 (37 reviews) B+ $85 million $311.3 million
2008 Che: Part One
(The Argentine)

Che: Part Two
68% (6.5/10 average rating)
(142 reviews)

79% (6.7/10 average rating)
(53 reviews)

64 (24 reviews) $59 million $40.8 million
2009 The Girlfriend Experience 67% (6.4/10 average rating)
(141 reviews)
66 (26 reviews) $1.7 million $1 million
The Informant! 79% (6.8/10 average rating)
(231 reviews)
66 (37 reviews) C− $22 million $41.8 million
2010 And Everything is Going Fine 91% (7.8/10 average rating)
(34 reviews)
76 (11 reviews) $22,080
2011 Contagion 85% (7.1/10 average rating)
(281 reviews)
70 (38 reviews) B− $60 million $135.5 million
2012 Haywire 80% (6.8/10 average rating)
(200 reviews)
67 (40 reviews) D+ $23 million $34.5 million
Magic Mike 78% (6.8/10 average rating)
(217 reviews)
72 (38 reviews) B $7 million $167.2 million
2013 Side Effects 81% (7.3/10 average rating)
(223 reviews)
75 (40 reviews) B $30 million $66.7 million
Behind the Candelabra 94% (8.1/10 average rating)
(108 reviews)
83 (30 reviews) $23 million
2017 Logan Lucky 92% (7.5/10 average rating)
(290 reviews)
78 (51 reviews) B $29 million $48.5 million
2018 Unsane 80% (6.7/10 average rating)
(239 reviews)
63 (45 reviews) B− $1.5 million $14.3 million
2019 High Flying Bird 91% (7.4/10 average rating)
(137 reviews)
78 (23 reviews) $2 million
The Laundromat 41% (5.5/10 average rating)
(174 reviews)
57 (37 reviews)
2020 Let Them All Talk 87% (7.1/10 average rating)
(119 reviews)
72 (31 reviews)
2021 No Sudden Move 92% (7.8/10 average rating)
(140 reviews)
76 (38 reviews)
2022 Kimi 92% (7.5/10 average rating)
(120 reviews)
79 (27 reviews)
2023 Magic Mike's Last Dance 48% (5.4/10 average rating)
(222 reviews)
52 (54 reviews) $45 million $56.3 million

As of 2018, Soderbergh's entire feature filmography has grossed over US$2.2 billion worldwide in sales.[182] Ocean's Eleven, Ocean's Thirteen, Out of Sight, Logan Lucky and No Sudden Move were named among the "88 Best Heist Movies of All Time" by Rotten Tomatoes.[49] His film Out of Sight was listed as one of the best movies of the 1990s by Rolling Stone.[33]


  1. ^ "Source: Steven Soderbergh Came Clean to Wife About Fathering a Child While Separated". Today. February 3, 2011. Retrieved November 19, 2021.
  2. ^ Steven Soderbergh at the Encyclopædia Britannica
  3. ^ a b "Steven Soderbergh on Quitting Hollywood, Getting the Best Out of J.Lo, and His Love of Girls". Vulture. November 8, 2014. Archived from the original on November 2, 2019. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  4. ^ Sherrill, Martha (August 27, 1989). "What next after 'sex, lies ...'?" Archived July 29, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Tampa Bay Times. pg 1F; retrieved April 16, 2018.
  5. ^ "Steven Soderbergh at". Archived from the original on June 29, 2012. Retrieved December 20, 2007.
  6. ^ "Steven Soderbergh | Biography, Movie Highlights and Photos | AllMovie". AllMovie. Archived from the original on August 22, 2019. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  7. ^ Mahadevan-Dasgupta, Uma (July 18, 2003). "A filmmaker's celluloid feats". The Hindu. Archived from the original on December 16, 2008. Retrieved March 4, 2008.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  8. ^ Barnes, Henry (April 17, 2015). "My favourite Cannes winner: sex, lies and videotape | Henry Barnes". The Guardian. Retrieved April 13, 2018.
  9. ^ a b c d "Steven Soderbergh – Festival de Cannes 2018". Festival de Cannes 2018. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  10. ^ "sex, lies and videotape (1989)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  11. ^ Axmaker, Sean (January 15, 2014). "How Steven Soderbergh's 'sex, lies and videotape' Still Influences Sundance After 25 Years". IndieWire. Retrieved April 13, 2018.
  12. ^ Ebert, Roger (August 1, 1989). "sex, lies, and videotape Movie Review (1989)". Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  13. ^ a b Canby, Vincent (May 27, 1989). "Critics' Notebook; For the Cannes Winner, Untarnished Celebrity". The New York Times. Although Canby does not note it in the cited article, Louis Malle was 23 when he won the Palme d'Or in 1956 with co-director Jacques-Yves Cousteau for The Silent World.
  14. ^ a b Ebert, Roger (January 27, 2006). "Reviews: Bubble". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on September 28, 2012. Retrieved June 1, 2022.
  15. ^ a b Baron, Zach (August 1, 2017). "This Man Has a Brilliant Plan to Destroy Hollywood". GQ. Retrieved April 13, 2018.
  16. ^ Aquino, Tara (February 12, 2016). "10 Facts About sex, lies, and videotape". Mental Floss. Retrieved April 13, 2018.
  17. ^ "SEX, LIES, AND VIDEOTAPE". AFI Catalog. Retrieved April 14, 2022.
  18. ^ "Sex, Lies, and Videotape: 50 Favorite Indie Films – Skyline Indie Film Fest". Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  19. ^ a b Tobias, Scott. "Schizopolis". Film. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  20. ^ a b COLLINS, SCOTT (February 16, 1997). "The Funk of Steven Soderbergh". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  21. ^ Newman, Kim (January 1, 2000). "Kafka". Empire. Retrieved April 13, 2018.
  22. ^ Ebert, Roger (February 7, 1992). "Kafka Movie Review & Film Summary (1992) | Roger Ebert".
  23. ^ a b "Steven Soderbergh". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
  24. ^ Maslin, Janet (January 1, 1993). "King of the Hill; A Boy of the 30s With Grit and Wit". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 12, 2019. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  25. ^ Hassenger, Jesse (November 30, 2013). "Steven Soderbergh's The Underneath plays like a dry run to later triumphs". Film.
  26. ^ a b Perez, Rodrigo (March 11, 2014). "Steven Soderbergh Throws Himself Under The Bus For 'The Underneath'; Talks Criterion 'King of The Hill'". IndieWire. Retrieved April 13, 2018.
  27. ^
  28. ^ Tobias, Scott (June 16, 2011). "Schizopolis". Film. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  29. ^ a b c d Tobias, Scott (June 16, 2011). "Schizopolis". Film. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 13, 2018.
  30. ^ Collins, Scott (May 16, 1996). "The Funk of Steven Soderbergh". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  31. ^ Hornaday, Ann (April 17, 1998). "'Nightwatch': morbid, bloody, yet ordinary". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved May 13, 2018.
  32. ^ Cormier, Roger (January 11, 2016). "17 Fast-Paced Facts About Out of Sight". Mental Floss. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  33. ^ a b Krepps, Daniel (July 12, 2017). "The 100 Greatest Movies of the Nineties". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  34. ^ Tobias, Scott (November 2, 2009). "The New Cult Canon: The Limey filmmaker commentary track". Film. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  35. ^ Dennis Lim (January 3, 2001). "Both Sides Now. Having Your Way With Hollywood, or the Further Adventures of Steven Soderbergh".
  36. ^ a b Cagle, Jess (March 19, 2003). "Soderbergh's Choice The director hits homers with Erin Brockovich and Traffic, thus facing off against himself in the Oscar race". Time. ISSN 0040-781X. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  37. ^ a b Germain, David (March 22, 2001). "Dual nominations for director Soderbergh". Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  38. ^ a b Haygood, Clare Bundy (November 13, 2001). "'Gladiator' Captures 12 Oscar Nominations". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  39. ^ a b Murray, Noel (November 28, 2016). "5 Things You Didn't Know About the 'Ocean's Eleven' Movies". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  40. ^ "Steven Soderbergh Movie Box Office Results". Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved December 19, 2007.
  41. ^ "All Time Worldwide Box Office Grosses". Archived from the original on October 23, 2019. Retrieved May 18, 2009.
  42. ^ Archerd, Army (July 24, 2002). "Soderbergh bares 'Full Frontal'". Variety. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  43. ^ Waxman (2005), p. 15
  44. ^ Bianculli, David (September 15, 2003). "Clooney and Soderbergh's 'K Street'". NPR. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  45. ^ a b c "Clooney and Soderbergh's 'K Street'". NPR. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  46. ^ Sigerson, Davitt (November 22, 2008). "Steven Soderbergh – Interview Magazine". Interview Magazine. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 9, 2018.
  47. ^ "Ocean's Twelve (2004)". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on August 17, 2015. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  48. ^ Singer, Matt (February 5, 2013). "'Ocean's Twelve' Is a Great Sequel About How Hard It Is to Make a Great Sequel". IndieWire. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  49. ^ a b "75 Best Heist Movies of All Time". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on December 22, 2020. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  50. ^ Chocano, Carina (September 10, 2004). "'Criminal' pulls off a fresh caper drama". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved May 13, 2018.
  51. ^ Will Soderbergh's 'Bubble' Burst on Hollywood?. January 24, 2006. Retrieved April 6, 2014.
  52. ^ Anne Thompson (March 17, 2006). "Distributors hold firm against day-and-date". The Hollywood Reporter.
  53. ^ Thompson, Anne (March 15, 2006). "Challenges Seen for Film Biz After 2005 Slide". Backstage. Archived from the original on April 22, 2006. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
  54. ^ Gary Gentile (January 18, 2006). "'Bubble' hits theaters, TV, DVD on same day". USA Today. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved September 15, 2017.
  55. ^ Alter, Ethan (May 17, 2014). Film Firsts: The 25 Movies That Created Contemporary American Cinema. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9781440801884. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved October 20, 2020.
  56. ^ "The Good German (2006)". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  57. ^ Ebert, Roger. "Danny Ocean all at sea". Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  58. ^ "Ocean's Thirteen (2007)". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  59. ^ Murray, Noel. "5 Things You Didn't Know About the 'Ocean's Eleven' Movies". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  60. ^ "Che". Festival de Cannes. May 21, 2023.
  61. ^ Original news release: David Sullivan, "Sasha Grey Stars in Steven Soderbergh Feature" Archived March 20, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, in: Adult Video News, AVN Media Network (online), Oct 14, 2008
  62. ^ David Sullivan, "Video: Soderbergh Directs Sasha Grey" Archived March 20, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, in: Adult Video News, AVN Media Network (online), Oct 15, 2008
  63. ^ "The Informant! (2009)". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  64. ^ Ebert, Roger. "An exceedingly peculiar case of whistle-blowing". Archived from the original on May 11, 2016. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  65. ^ Brody, Richard (January 1, 2012). ""Haywire" and its Haymakers". The New Yorker. ISSN 0028-792X. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  66. ^ Barton, Steve (April 1, 2010). "Script Details Leak Out for Steven Soderbergh's Contagion". Dread Central. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  67. ^ Ebert, Roger. "Contagion Movie Review & Film Summary (2011) | Roger Ebert". Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  68. ^ Dargis, Manohla (September 8, 2011). "'Contagion,' Steven Soderbergh's Plague Paranoia – Review". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on September 19, 2011. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  69. ^ "'Hunger Games' Director Gary Ross 'Sorry' About Cuts". MTV News. Archived from the original on December 4, 2012. Retrieved April 22, 2013.
  70. ^ Chitwood, Adam (August 4, 2011). "Steven Soderbergh is Directing Second Unit on The Hunger Games". Collider. Archived from the original on August 16, 2011. Retrieved January 8, 2012.
  71. ^ Dargis, Manohla (June 28, 2012). "Review: 'Magic Mike,' by Steven Soderbergh, With Channing Tatum". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  72. ^ Syn, Theresa (October 3, 2012). "Is Steven Soderbergh Retiring Or Not?". National Film Festival for Talented Youth. Archived from the original on December 24, 2013. Retrieved April 20, 2014.
  73. ^ "Steven Soderbergh Confirms Plans to Leave Hollywood and Become a Painter". Huffington Post. August 29, 2011. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved August 29, 2011.
  74. ^ Zakarin, Jordan (September 5, 2011). "Steven Soderbergh Now Denies Retiring". Huffington Post. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved November 26, 2011.
  75. ^ Lyttelton, Oliver (January 9, 2012). "Exclusive: Rooney Mara, Jude Law & Channing Tatum Will Lead Steven Soderbergh's 'The Side Effects'". indieWire. Archived from the original on November 7, 2015. Retrieved January 19, 2012.
  76. ^ "Berlinale Competition 2013: Another Nine Films Confirmed". berlinale. Archived from the original on April 10, 2013. Retrieved January 11, 2013.
  77. ^ Steinberg, Don (January 31, 2013). "Steven Soderbergh: Restless Behind the Camera". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
  78. ^ "Steven Soderbergh's State of Cinema Talk". Deadline Hollywood. April 30, 2013. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
  79. ^ George Clooney back injury forced 'Man From U.N.C.L.E.' exit, says writer – Movies News Archived March 20, 2021, at the Wayback Machine. Digital Spy (September 7, 2011). Retrieved on January 22, 2012.
  80. ^ "Exclusive: Steven Soderbergh Spies Other Plans, Won't Direct 'The Man From U.N.C.L.E.'". November 18, 2011. Archived from the original on February 12, 2015. Retrieved August 5, 2013.
  81. ^ HBO Films Backs Steven Soderbergh's Liberace Pic 'Behind The Candelabra'; Set For Summer 2012 Shoot | The Playlist Archived July 7, 2012, at Retrieved on January 22, 2012.
  82. ^ "2013 Official Selection". Cannes. April 18, 2013. Archived from the original on February 11, 2017. Retrieved April 18, 2013.
  83. ^ Bailey, Maria (November 9, 2013). "Steven Soderbergh takes NYC back a century or so for Cinemax series 'The Knick'". Daily News. New York. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
  84. ^ Brock, Ben (December 17, 2013). "Watch: First Footage From Steven Soderbergh's 'The Knick' & More 2014 TV Highlights". Indiewire Blogs. Archived from the original on February 8, 2014. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
  85. ^ Perez, Rodrigo (December 21, 2015). "Steven Soderbergh Says More 'The Knick' Is Coming, Reveals Rough Plan For Season 3 & Beyond". Indiewire. Archived from the original on December 22, 2015. Retrieved December 21, 2015.
  86. ^ Brantley, Ben (April 16, 2014). "Cruel Truths Always Survive a Shooting". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 16, 2014. Retrieved May 30, 2022.
  87. ^ Adams, Sam (April 22, 2014). "Steven Soderbergh Cuts "Heaven's Gate" Down to Size". Indiewire. Archived from the original on April 27, 2014. Retrieved April 27, 2014.
  88. ^ "Steven Soderbergh Takes A Cleaver To Michael Cimino With HEAVEN'S GATE: THE BUTCHER'S CUT!". Ain't It Cool News. April 21, 2014. Retrieved April 27, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  89. ^ "Extension 765, Raiders". Extension 765. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021.
  90. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (June 23, 2014). "Starz Orders Steven Soderbergh Anthology Series 'The Girlfriend Experience' Based on His Movie". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved January 9, 2016.
  91. ^ Wagmeister, Elizabeth (September 24, 2015). "Steven Soderbergh Sets Up Mystery Project 'Mosaic' at HBO, Sharon Stone Set to Star". Variety. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved January 9, 2016.
  92. ^ Bianco, Julia. "Steven Soderbergh's interactive storytelling project Mosaic gets a trailer". Looper. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved October 9, 2016.
  93. ^ Kroll, Justin (February 4, 2016). "Steven Soderbergh to End Film Retirement for Channing Tatum Movie". Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved December 11, 2017.
  94. ^ "Steven Soderbergh". Variety. February 17, 2017. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
  95. ^ Hipes, Patrick (February 16, 2017). "Bleecker Street Inks U.S. Deal For Steven Soderbergh's 'Logan Lucky', Sets August Release". Deadline. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  96. ^ Seitz, Matt Zoller. "Logan Lucky Movie Review & Film Summary (2017) | Roger Ebert". Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved August 17, 2017.
  97. ^ "Steven Soderbergh, Claire Foy Team for Secret Movie Shot on iPhone (Exclusive)". The Tracking Board. July 18, 2017. Archived from the original on August 7, 2017. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  98. ^ Kroll, Justin (July 18, 2017). "Juno Temple to Co-Star With Claire Foy in Steven Soderbergh's Next Movie (Exclusive". Variety. Archived from the original on July 20, 2017. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  99. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (November 15, 2017). "Steven Soderbergh's 'Unsane' Gets Spring Release From Bleecker Street; New Regency Nabs International Rights". Deadline. Archived from the original on March 31, 2019. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  100. ^ Meslow, Scott (March 22, 2018). "'Unsane' Is a Horror Movie About What It's Like to Be a Woman". GQ. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  101. ^ Salem Weekly (April 13, 2018). "Soderbergh's Unsane is an inspiration to aspiring filmmakers – Salem Weekly News". Salem Weekly News. Archived from the original on May 6, 2018. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  102. ^ Raup, Jordon (February 5, 2018). "Steven Soderbergh Reteams with André Holland for NBA Drama 'High Flying Bird,' Shooting This Month". The Film Stage. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  103. ^ Sharf, Zack (March 18, 2018). "Steven Soderbergh Wraps André Holland Film 'High Flying Bird' and Has First Cut Done Three Hours Later". IndieWire. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  104. ^ McNary, Dave (December 11, 2018). "Slamdance Festival Selects Steven Soderbergh for Founders Award". Variety. Retrieved February 9, 2019.
  105. ^ "High Flying Bird". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on October 21, 2020. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
  106. ^ "High Flying Bird". Metacritic. Archived from the original on December 30, 2020. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
  107. ^ a b Perez, Rodrigo (April 12, 2018). "Steven Soderbergh Shooting 'Panama Papers' Movie Next, Title Revealed". The Playlist. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  108. ^ "The Laundromat Venezia 76 Competition". La Biennale di Venezia. July 15, 2019. Archived from the original on July 25, 2019. Retrieved August 19, 2019.
  109. ^ Kit, Borys; Ford, Rebecca (August 19, 2019). "HBO Max Picks Up Steven Soderbergh Comedy Starring Meryl Streep, Gemma Chan (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 20, 2021.
  110. ^ N'Duka, Amanda (September 28, 2020). "'No Sudden Move': Steven Soderbergh Sets Starry Cast For HBO Max Crime Thriller". Deadline. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved September 28, 2020.
  111. ^ "Students take tour of Soderbergh's 'No Sudden Move' at Maccabees Building". Wayne State University. November 16, 2020. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved December 14, 2020.
  112. ^ Buchanan, Kyle (July 31, 2020). "Steven Soderbergh and Amy Seimetz Made the Pandemic Movies of the Moment". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved August 11, 2020.
  113. ^ "Steven Soderbergh's "No Sudden Move" Premieres at the Tribeca Festival". Tribeca Film Festival. May 20, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
  114. ^ Hipes, Patrick (May 20, 2021). "Steven Soderbergh's 'No Sudden Move' Gets Tribeca Film Festival Centerpiece Slot; First-Look Teaser & Photos". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
  115. ^ Keimig, Jasmine (March 31, 2021). "Wanna Be in a Soderbergh Movie?". Slog. Archived from the original on April 13, 2021. Retrieved June 28, 2021.
  116. ^ N'Duka, Amanda (April 1, 2021). "'Parenthood' Alum Erika Christensen Cast In New Line's 'KIMI' For HBO Max & 'Cheaper By The Dozen' Remake At Disney+". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on April 1, 2021. Retrieved June 28, 2021.
  117. ^ Kroll, Justin (March 16, 2021). "Jacob Vargas Joins Steven Soderbergh's Next Film 'KIMI' at New Line". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on March 16, 2021. Retrieved June 28, 2021.
  118. ^ "Salma Hayek Joins 'Magic Mike's Last Dance' as Thandiwe Newton Steps Away from Project Due to Personal Reasons". April 13, 2022.
  119. ^ "'Magic Mike's Last Dance' Pivots from HBO Max to February 2023 Theatrical Release". The Hollywood Reporter. September 16, 2022.
  120. ^ "Timothy Olyphant to Star in Steven Soderbergh's 'Full Circle' HBO Max Limited Series". September 14, 2022.
  121. ^ "'Full Circle': Steven Soderbergh's Max Limited Series Gets Premiere Date, First-Look Teaser". May 18, 2023.
  122. ^ Huston, Caitlin (February 16, 2023). "Soderbergh to Produce Off-Broadway Play 'The Fears' (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 16, 2023.
  123. ^ Zuckerman, Esther (July 17, 2023). "Steven Soderbergh Debuts Sci-Fi Series 'Command Z' at Secret New York Screening". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 17, 2023.
  124. ^ a b "Steven Soderbergh on Quitting Hollywood, Getting the Best Out of J.Lo, and His Love of Girls". Vulture. August 8, 2014. Archived from the original on November 2, 2019. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  125. ^ James, Caryn (1992). "At the Sundance Film Festival, Art and Commerce Square Off". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  126. ^ Anne Thompson. "Steven Soderbergh: The Filmmaker Series". Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved December 19, 2007.
  127. ^ Drew Morton. "French New Wave Influences in Steven Soderbergh Films". Retrieved December 19, 2007.
  128. ^ Movieclips Coming Soon (August 6, 2012), Side By Side Interview – Steven Soderbergh (2012) Film Documentary Movie HD, archived from the original on March 20, 2021, retrieved April 17, 2018
  129. ^ Macaulay, Scott. "Thoughts on 'Contagion'". Filmmaker Magazine. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  130. ^ Baker (2011), p. 13
  131. ^ Vorndam, Jeff (November 1999). "The Limey (1999) – Review". About Film. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  132. ^ Ebert, Roger (August 2, 2002). "Full Frontal". Chicago Sun Times. Retrieved January 22, 2012.
  133. ^ a b c Wilkinson, Alissa (March 21, 2018). "Why Unsane director Steven Soderbergh's work is compulsively watchable". Vox. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
  134. ^ Kois, Dan (September 14, 2011). "I Watched Every Steven Soderbergh Movie". Slate. ISSN 1091-2339. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
  135. ^ a b Bianculli, David (September 15, 2003). "Clooney and Soderbergh's 'K Street'". NPR. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  136. ^ a b Brody, Richard (November 30, 2013). "Steven Soderbergh Dissects Hollywood". The New Yorker. ISSN 0028-792X. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 13, 2018.
  137. ^ Chun, Rene (July 13, 2014). "New Super 8 Camera Boosts Vintage Film With Digital Tech". WIRED. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 13, 2018.
  138. ^ "Red One Digital Cinema Camera Price List Now On Line, Still Not Shipping". Gizmodo. March 13, 2007. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved December 6, 2020.
  139. ^ "The Girlfriend Experience (2009)". Interiors. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  140. ^ Sneider, Jeff (July 18, 2017). "Steven Soderbergh, Claire Foy Team for Secret Movie Shot on iPhone". The Tracking Board. Archived from the original on August 7, 2017. Retrieved July 18, 2017.
  141. ^ Mottram, James. "Why Steven Soderbergh shot new thriller Unsane with an iPhone". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  142. ^ Kohn, Eric (January 26, 2018). "Steven Soderbergh Says He's Done Directing Studio Movies and Wants to Only Shoot on iPhones – Sundance 2018". IndieWire. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  143. ^ "Steven Soderbergh's 'High Flying Bird' and the Rise of iPhone Films - the Ringer". February 7, 2019. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  144. ^ Marx, Rebecca Flint. "Steven Soderbergh profile at". Archived from the original on August 22, 2019. Retrieved February 10, 2013.
  145. ^ a b Ellen A. Kim (December 3, 2000). ""Traffic": Steven Soderbergh Interview". Archived from the original on June 29, 2012. Retrieved March 23, 2006.
  146. ^ a b c "Steven Soderbergh Dissects Hollywood". The New Yorker. April 30, 2013. ISSN 0028-792X. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  147. ^ "Steven Soderbergh – Cinema and Media Studies – Oxford Bibliographies – obo". Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  148. ^ a b Scott, A. O. (February 7, 2013). "Steven Soderbergh's Caper Film 'Side Effects'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  149. ^ Carvajal, Matt Zoller Seitz, Nelson (March 21, 2013). "Video Essay: Peter Andrews: The Soderbergh Vision". IndieWire. Retrieved April 16, 2018.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  150. ^ Scott, A. O. (August 7, 2007). "Steven Soderbergh's Caper Film 'Side Effects'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
  151. ^ Pearce, Leonard (June 30, 2015). "Steven Soderbergh's 11 Favorite Films". The Film Stage. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
  152. ^ Ryan, Sean Fennessey and Chris (August 8, 2014). "'I'm Not a Visionary': The Staggering Career Arc of Steven Soderbergh". Grantland. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
  153. ^ Matthewson, Jennifer (February 22, 2017). "Screenplays and Singani 63: An Interview With Steven Soderbergh". Daily Blender. Retrieved December 28, 2019.
  154. ^ Steven Soderbergh (2002). "Ed Kelleher/1998". In Kaufman, Anthony (ed.). Steven Soderbergh - Interviews. University Press of Mississippi. p. 107. ISBN 9781578064298. Retrieved July 12, 2021.
  155. ^ Kaufman, Anthony, ed. (2015). Steven Soderbergh - Interviews, Revised and Updated. University Press of Mississippi. ISBN 9781626745407. Retrieved July 12, 2021.
  156. ^ Palmer, R. Barton; Sanders, Steven M., eds. (January 28, 2011). The Philosophy of Steven Soderbergh. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 9780813139890. Retrieved July 12, 2021. Soderbergh called Traffic his "$47 million Dogme film" and used hand-held camera, available light, and (ostensibly) improvistational performance in an attempt to present a realistic story about illegal drugs. He prepared by analyzing two political films made in a realist style: Battle of Algiers (Gillo Pontecorvo, 1966) and Z (Constantin Costa-Gavras, 1969), both of which he described as having "that great feeling of things that are caught, instead of staged, which is what we were after."
  157. ^ Mark Gallagher (April 4, 2013). "Hollywood Authorship and Transhistorical Taste Cultures". Another Steven Soderbergh Experience - Authorship and Contemporary Hollywood. University of Texas Press. p. 55. ISBN 9780292748811. Retrieved July 12, 2021.
  158. ^ The Observer (November 26, 2022). "Godard only knows..." The Guardian. Guardian News & Media Limited. Retrieved September 14, 2022. 'Godard is a constant source of inspiration. Before I do anything, I go back and look at as many of his films as I can, as a reminder of what's possible.' - Steven Soderbergh
  159. ^ "Steven Soderbergh not looking to 'cash out' on Singani 63". November 7, 2018. Retrieved April 4, 2019.
  160. ^ says, Venugopal Nair (July 5, 2018). "Steven Soderbergh releases Bolivian spirit in UK". Retrieved April 4, 2019.
  161. ^ Coffey, Jeanne O'Brien. "Steven Soderbergh Makes A Movie About Booze". Forbes. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
  162. ^ deWaard, Andrew; Tait, R. Colin (November 4, 2013). The Cinema of Steven Soderbergh: Indie Sex, Corporate Lies, and Digital Videotape. Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231165501.
  163. ^ a b Lau, Melody (August 17, 2017). "Steven Soderbergh's inner circle: meet his go-to actors". Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  164. ^ "Michael Douglas, Matt Damon, Steven Soderbergh & Jerry Weintraub on HBO's 'Behind The Candelabra': TCA". Deadline. January 4, 2013. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  165. ^ a b Baker, Aaron (November 3, 2011). Steven Soderbergh. University of Illinois Press. ISBN 9780252036057.
  166. ^ "David Holmes to Score Steven Soderbergh's 'Logan Lucky' | Film Music Reporter". Retrieved April 18, 2018.
  167. ^ "Composer Thomas Newman Nods to Classic '60s Jazz Scores for Steven Soderbergh's 'Let Them All Talk'". Variety. December 14, 2020.
  168. ^ Hetrick, Adam. "The Verdict: Critics Review Scott Z. Burns-Steven Soderbergh Drama The Library | Playbill". Playbill. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
  169. ^ a b c "Steven Soderbergh: The Girlfriend Experience". May 21, 2009. Retrieved May 21, 2009.
  170. ^ Kevin J. O'Brien (April 8, 2009). "France Moves to Crack Down on Internet Piracy". The New York Times.
  171. ^ "Steven Soderbergh gets busy". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  172. ^ "Steven Soderbergh Buys an $8.5M Tribeca Apartment". Curbed NY. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  173. ^ "Signez la pétition pour Roman Polanski !". La Règle du jeu (in French). November 10, 2009. Archived from the original on August 29, 2021. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
  174. ^ "Steven Soderbergh – Cinema and Media Studies – Oxford Bibliographies – obo". Oxford University. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  175. ^ Axmaker, Sean (January 15, 2014). "How Steven Soderbergh's 'sex, lies and videotape' Still Influences Sundance After 25 Years". IndieWire. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  176. ^ Ebert, Roger (August 1, 1989). "sex, lies, and videotape Movie Review (1989) | Roger Ebert". Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  177. ^ "Guild's National Board elects Martha Coolidge first woman president of DGA" (Press release). Directors Guild of America. March 9, 2002. Archived from the original on November 17, 2008. Retrieved March 4, 2008.
  178. ^ "The 62nd Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved January 23, 2021.
  179. ^ "Steven Soderbergh". Metacritic. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
  180. ^ "CinemaScore". Archived from the original on January 19, 2015. Retrieved June 30, 2017.
  181. ^ "Steven Soderbergh Movie Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
  182. ^ "Steven Soderbergh Movie Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on April 23, 2018. Retrieved April 13, 2018.


Further reading

External links

This page was last edited on 25 September 2023, at 00:53
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.