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State Legislative Assembly (India)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Legislative Assembly (Hindi: Vidhan Sabha) is a legislative body in the States and Union Territories of India. In the 22 states and 3 union territories with a unicameral state legislature it is the sole legislative body and in 6 states it is the lower house of their bicameral state legislatures with the upper house being Legislative Council. 6 Union territories are governed directly by the Union Government of India and have no legislative body.

Each Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) is directly elected to serve 5 year terms by single-member constituencies. In 14 states the Governor of a state may appoint one Anglo-Indian MLA to their respective states Assemblies, in accordance with the 23rd Amendment of the Constitution of India. The Constitution of India states that a State Legislative Assembly must have no less than 60 and no more than 500 members however an exception may be granted via an Act of Parliament as is the case in the states of Goa, Sikkim, Mizoram and the union territory of Puducherry which have fewer than 60 members. A State Legislative Assembly may be dissolved in a state of emergency, by the Governor on request of the Chief Minister, or if a motion of no confidence is passed against the majority coalition[1].

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Qualifications required to become an MLA

To become a Member of a State Legislative Assembly (MLA), a person must be a citizen of India, not less than 25 years of age, should be mentally sound, should not be bankrupt, and must be enrolled on the voters' list of the state for which he or she is contesting an election. He or she may not be a Member of Parliament. He or she should also state an affidavit that there are no criminal procedures against him or her.

A State Legislative Assembly holds equal legislative power with the upper house of state legislature, the State Legislative Council, except in the area of money bills in which case the State Legislative Assembly has the ultimate authority.

Legislative Assembly Control By Party

Bharatiya Janata Party: 11

Indian National Congress: 5

YSR Congress Party: 1

Janata Dal (United): 1

Aam Aadmi Party: 1

Jharkhand Mukti Morcha: 1

Communist Party of India (Marxist): 1

Shiv Sena: 1

National People's Party: 1

Mizo National Front: 1

Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party: 1

Biju Janata Dal: 1

Sikkim Krantikari Morcha: 1

All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam: 1

Telangana Rashtra Samithi: 1

All India Trinamool Congress: 1

Special powers of the State Legislative Assembly

A motion of no confidence against the government in the state can only be introduced in the State Legislative Assembly. If it is passed by a majority vote, then the Chief Minister and her/his Council of Ministers must collectively resign.

A money bill can only be introduced in State Legislative Assembly. In bicameral jurisdictions, after it is passed in the State Legislative Assembly, it is sent to the State Legislative Council, where it can be kept for a maximum time of 14 days.

In matters related to ordinary bills, the will of State Legislative Assembly prevails and there is no provision of joint sitting. In such cases, State Legislative council can delay the legislation by maximum 4 months (3 months in first visit and 1 month in the second visit of the bill).

List of Legislative Assemblies

Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) Image List of constituencies Location/state capital Number of constituencies Governing party
Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly
Andhra Pradesh Secreteriat.jpg
List of constituencies of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly Amaravati 175 YSR Congress Party
Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly Itanagar 60 Bharatiya Janata Party
Assam Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Assam Legislative Assembly Dispur 126 Bharatiya Janata Party
Bihar Legislative Assembly
List of constituencies of the Bihar Legislative Assembly Patna 243 Janata Dal (United)
Chhattisgarh Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Chhattisgarh Legislative Assembly Naya Raipur 90 Indian National Congress
Delhi Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Delhi Legislative Assembly New Delhi 70 Aam Aadmi Party
Goa Legislative Assembly
India Goa Assembly.jpg
List of constituencies of the Goa Legislative Assembly Panaji 40 Bharatiya Janata Party
Gujarat Legislative Assembly
List of constituencies of the Gujarat Legislative Assembly Gandhinagar 182 Bharatiya Janata Party
Haryana Legislative Assembly
Secretariat Chandigarh.jpg
List of constituencies of the Haryana Legislative Assembly Chandigarh 90 Bharatiya Janata Party
Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly 68 Bharatiya Janata Party
Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly 89 N/A
(Lieutenant Governor's rule)
Jharkhand Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Jharkhand Legislative Assembly Ranchi 81 Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
Karnataka Legislative Assembly
Vidhana Souda , Bangalore.jpg
Suvarna Vidhana Soudha.jpg
List of constituencies of the Karnataka Legislative Assembly 224 Bharatiya Janata Party
Kerala Legislative Assembly
Niyamasabha Mandiram.JPG
List of constituencies of the Kerala Legislative Assembly Thiruvananthapuram 140 Communist Party of India (Marxist)
Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly
Madhyapradesh Legislative Assembly.jpg
List of constituencies of the Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly Bhopal 230 Indian National Congress
Maharashtra Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly 288 Shiv Sena
Manipur Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Manipur Legislative Assembly Imphal 60 Bharatiya Janata Party
Meghalaya Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Meghalaya Legislative Assembly Shillong 60 National People's Party
Mizoram Legislative Assembly
Mizoram Assembly House.jpg
List of constituencies of the Mizoram Legislative Assembly Aizawl 40 Mizo National Front
Nagaland Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Nagaland Legislative Assembly Kohima 60 Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party
Odisha Legislative Assembly
List of constituencies of the Odisha Legislative Assembly Bhubaneshwar 147 Biju Janata Dal
Puducherry Legislative Assembly
Pondicherry Legislative Assembly.jpg
List of constituencies of the Puducherry Legislative Assembly Puducherry 33# Indian National Congress
Punjab Legislative Assembly
Assembly 09.jpg
List of constituencies of the Punjab Legislative Assembly Chandigarh 117 Indian National Congress
Rajasthan Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Rajasthan Legislative Assembly Jaipur 200 Indian National Congress
Sikkim Legislative Assembly
Sikkim legislative Assembly.jpg
List of constituencies of the Sikkim Legislative Assembly Gangtok 32 Sikkim Krantikari Morcha
Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly
Fort St. George, Chennai 3.jpg
List of constituencies of the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly Chennai 234 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Telangana Legislative Assembly
Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly.jpg
List of constituencies of the Telangana Legislative Assembly Hyderabad 119 Telangana Rashtra Samithi
Tripura Legislative Assembly
Ujjayanta palace Tripura State Museum Agartala India.jpg
List of constituencies of the Tripura Legislative Assembly Agartala 60 Bharatiya Janata Party
Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly
Vidhan Sabha Lucknow.jpg
List of constituencies of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly Lucknow 403 Bharatiya Janata Party
Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly Dehradun (interim) 70 Bharatiya Janata Party
West Bengal Legislative Assembly
West Bengal State Legislative Assembly House, Kolkata.jpg
List of constituencies of the West Bengal Legislative Assembly Kolkata 294 All India Trinamool Congress
Total 4125[2]


  • – In these fourteen state legislative assemblies, one seat is reserved for the nominated Anglo-Indian member.
  • – In Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly, two seats are reserved for the nominated women members. In addition to that, twenty-four more seats are reserved for the representatives from Pakistan-administered Kashmir and not counted normally.
  • # – In Puducherry Legislative Assembly, three seats are reserved for the members nominated by the Union Government of India.

See also


  1. ^ (PDF) Retrieved 2018-12-12. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ "Election Commission of India". Retrieved 12 January 2017.

External links

This page was last edited on 12 January 2020, at 04:59
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