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Stanley Wilson (composer)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Stanley Wilson (November 25, 1917 – July 12, 1970) was an American musical conductor, arranger and film composer. Wilson was one of the most prolific collaborators in the Hollywood music industry for more than three decades. The creator of original themes and incidental music for several TV series, he also composed, arranged, or orchestrated more than 100 films. Wilson is considered "truly outstanding and most deservedly well loved of all the music directors".[1]

Early life

Stanley James Wilson was born on November 25, 1917, in New York City, New York,[2] the youngest of Regina (née Reiman) and Philip Wilson's four children. Wilson's father had emigrated from Russia. Wilson's parents had a brief career in the Yiddish Shakespeare Theatre.

Wilson had his first trumpet recital at the age of five and was a trumpet player in a police band at 7.[2] Wilson graduated early from Townsend Harris High School at the age of 14. He attended City College of New York, enrolling in a pre-med program. By the age of 16 he was playing trumpet on 52nd Street with Bobby Hackett and Nick's in Greenwich Village with Spud Murphy. During the latter part of his third year at City College, at the age of 17, Wilson decided he wanted to make music, not medicine, his career, dropping out in 1937.

Wilson was influenced by Edwin Franko Goldman of the Goldman band, Walter Damrosch, then conductor of the New York Symphony Orchestra and studied orchestration with Nathan Van Cleave. Wilson was playing and arranging for Art Paulsen's band at the New Yorker Hotel when he met his future wife Gertrud who was from New Jersey and had been working at the World's Fair as a hostess. A month after their marriage in 1941 he auditioned for Glenn Miller. He received a call to join the Miller orchestra. By that time Wilson had joined the Eddie Brandt band. Wilson joined Herbie Holmes' orchestra in 1941, making his first trip to the West Coast with that group. He joined two uncles who had left New York for the film business in Hollywood. One of the uncles and his godfather, Joseph Ruttenberg was an Oscar-winning MGM cinematographer (The Great Waltz, Mrs. Miniver, Somebody Up There Likes Me, Gigi). Wilson was with the Freddie Martin Orchestra for three years, playing trumpet and arranging at the Coconut Grove in Los Angeles.

Motion picture career

Wilson was one of the most prolific collaborators in the Hollywood music industry for more than three decades. The creator of original themes and incidental music for several TV series, he also composed, arranged, or orchestrated more than 100 films.

MGM Studios

Following World War II, he joined the MGM music department in 1945. Moving to Republic Pictures a year later, Wilson composed the film soundtracks for all Republic Westerns and serials in the late 1940s and early 1950s. Wilson was in charge of supplying music for every Republic production.[3]

Republic Studios

Wilson wrote scores for countless B-movies and serials for the next twelve years. While at Republic, he provided the music support for classic serials as King of the Rocket Men and Zombies of the Stratosphere, as well in exciting adventures featuring western heroes as Rex Allen, Wild Bill Elliott, Allan Lane and Roy Rogers.

Television career

Revue Studios

In 1953, Wilson became the music supervisor of Revue Studios production unit. Wilson stayed on when it became Universal Studios.[2] As head of creative activities, Wilson was in charge of overseeing the creation of the music for all of the studio's productions. Wilson hired and assigned projects to different composers, arrangers, orchestrators and conductors. Wilson was one of the first to hire composers and musicians without regard to their cultural diversity. Wilson integrated television music. As an executive, Wilson employed significant composers as Pete Rugolo, John Williams, Elmer Bernstein, Juan García Esquivel, Dave Grusin, Quincy Jones, Henry Mancini, Oliver Nelson and Lalo Schifrin, among others.

Composer Jerry Goldsmith worked within Wilson's creative environment at Revue. Goldsmith said of the time there that Wilson allowed him much creative latitude. He said "Stanley was great and he loved all of us...They were all trying to outdo each other, and he gave us...free reign to do whatever we wanted to do and the crazier and the wilder we got...again, it was the same old thing. If you didn’t do it this week...next week. One week you’d hit a home run and then next week you’d strike out, but we were always trying something different."[4] Quick turnarounds were a constant concern and a constant challenge. Goldsmith said “On Thriller, you’d get the show on Friday and have to record it Monday morning".

Universal Studios

The composer John Williams remembered working for Wilson, saying "In 1960, at Universal Studios, (music supervisor) Stanley Wilson had a music department. In the hallway there, there were five or six rooms, little rooms with no windows. And each room had a little piano and on any given day I would be in one room, Jerry Goldsmith in the next one, Lalo Schifrin in the next one, Quincy Jones in the next one, Morty Stevens, also Conrad Salinger and the late Bernard Hermann, who made it his home for a couple of years and wrote some great music and drove everyone crazy. It was a situation where we taught each other and learned from each other and it was a group effort that produced the results that each one of us was able to accomplish.”[5]

In 1964, MCA formed Universal City Studios, Inc., merging the motion pictures and television arms of Universal Pictures Company and Revue Productions.

Toward the end of his career with Universal, as head of creative activities of the Motion Picture and Television Music Department of Universal City Studios,[6] he began to dedicate more of his own time to specific shows, composing themes and much of the background music for It Takes A Thief, The Bold Ones, Ironsides, Columbo, Marcus Welby MD, among others. In 1955, Wilson wrote an arrangement of Gounod's "Funeral March of a Marionette" as the theme music for Alfred Hitchcock Presents.

Wilson also was the music director for M Squad, the police series starring Lee Marvin, working in collaboration with Count Basie, Sonny Burke, Pete Carpenter, Benny Carter and John Williams. Wilson composed the theme music for the first season, winning the 1959 Grammy Award for the Best Soundtrack Album and Background Score from Motion Picture or Television. Wilson said at the time, "There is nothing new about jazz. But there is plenty new about using it to underscore exciting action on the TV screen. A show like M Squad is supposed to move; jazz moves. I feel we have the best marriage of drama and jazz music in show business".

For the second and third seasons, he entrusted Basie to compose a new theme. Wilson, along with Esquivel, composed the now famous Revue Studios/Universal Television fanfare, which lasted for nearly three decades.

Wilson traveled to France in 1963 to record the soundtrack to the television special, Princess Grace's Monaco. After the shooting was finished, he arranged and conducted The World of Sights and Sounds, Stop One: Paris, an album of French standards. This time Wilson was accompanied by a small jazz combo fronted by M Squad colleague and jazz legend, Benny Carter, and included a string section orchestra and a wordless vocal choir led by Michel Legrand's sister, Christiane.

In 1967 Wilson co-produced, with Robert Wagner, a documentary film of the International Music Festival in Rio de Janeiro, entitled The World Goes On. It was to be a pilot for the documentation of music festivals worldwide.

In 1969, Wilson collaborated with composer, arranger Oliver Nelson on the album, Black, Brown and Beautiful, described as, 'A stirring tribute to Dr. Martin Luther King that is as searching and angry as it is contemplative and compassionate'.

Death

Wilson died of a heart attack in Aspen, Colorado, at the age of 52, moments after addressing the 1970 Aspen Music Festival on the subject of composing for films and television. A memorial service was held July 15, 1970 at the Church of the Hills Chapel in Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Hollywood Hills, California.[2] Wilson's body was cremated.[7] He was survived by his wife Gertrud and three children: daughter Phyllis Wilson Paul and sons Philip and Peter.

Legacy

The Stanley Wilson Memorial Scholarship was established in 1970 at UCLA to annually benefit a brass and composition student.[8]

In 2013, John Williams and Steven Spielberg asked Ron Meyer, then president & COO of Universal Studios, to name a street on the Universal lot for Stanley Wilson. Stanley Wilson Avenue connects Main Street with James Stewart Avenue on the Universal lot, not far from the now-demolished Stage 10 where its namesake conducted literally thousands of hours of music.[3] A plaque, written by composer John Williams, stands below the street sign, in tribute to his mentor, Stanley Wilson.

Selected filmography

Films

Serials

TV shows

Discography

  • Wilson rarely featured his talent on records, but today some of his albums are classics of space age pop and exotica audiences. This list include:
    • Wagon Train [1] (1957)
    • The Music From M Squad [2] (1959)
    • Themes to Remember [3] (1962)
    • The Lost Man (The Original Soundtrack Album) [4] (1960)
    • Pagan Love [5] (1961)
    • The Great Waltz - American Continental [6] (1961)
    • The World of Sights and Sounds - Stop One: Paris - Charter Records Corp (1963)
    • Alfred Hitchcock Presents Music To Be Murdered By [7] (1980)

As conductor

With Quincy Jones

With Oliver Nelson

References

  1. ^ Karlin, Fred (1994). Listening to Movies - The Film Lover's Guide to Film Music. Schirmer Books. p. 190. ISBN 9780028733159.
  2. ^ a b c d "Stanley Wilson Rites Today, Film Figure". The Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, California. July 15, 1970. Retrieved February 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b Burlingame, Jon (March 17, 2012). "Studio honors career-making composer". www.variety.com. Variety. Retrieved February 16, 2021.
  4. ^ Gassi, Vincent (May 2019). "The Forbidden Zone, Escaping Earth And Tonality: An Examination Of Jerry Goldsmith's Twelve-Tone Score For Planet Of The Apes" (PDF). www.core.ac.uk. York University. Retrieved February 15, 2021.
  5. ^ Newman, Melinda (May 10, 2018). "John Williams Honored With Namesake Award At BMI Film, TV & Visual Media Awards". www.billboard.com. Billboard. Retrieved February 16, 2021.
  6. ^ "Stanley Wilson, 53, TV‐Film Composer". The New York Times. July 18, 1970. Retrieved 16 February 2021.
  7. ^ "Stanley Wilson". www.findagrave.com. Retrieved February 16, 2021.
  8. ^ "Stanley Wilson Scholarship Fund To Be Memorial". The Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, California. August 18, 1970. Retrieved February 16, 2021.

9. Cool Jazz For Hot Shows, TV Guide, June 15, 1959

McNeil, Alex. Total Television (1996). Penguin Books ISBN 0-14-024916-8

  • Lentz, Robert J. Lee Marvin: his films and career (2000). McFarland & Company ISBN 0-7864-0723-9.

External links

This page was last edited on 7 July 2021, at 04:06
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