To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Stamford, Lincolnshire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Stamford
Stamford, St Mary's Hill - geograph.org.uk - 1712783.jpg

St Mary's Hill, Stamford
Stamford is located in Lincolnshire
Stamford
Stamford
Location within Lincolnshire
Population19,701 
OS grid referenceTF0207
• London92 mi (148 km) S
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSTAMFORD
Postcode districtPE9
Dialling code01780
PoliceLincolnshire
FireLincolnshire
AmbulanceEast Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Lincolnshire
52°39′22″N 0°29′02″W / 52.656°N 0.484°W / 52.656; -0.484

Stamford is a town and civil parish in the South Kesteven District of Lincolnshire, England. The population at the 2011 census was 19,701[2] and estimated at 20,645 in 2019.[3] The town has 17th and 18th-century stone buildings, older timber-framed buildings and five medieval parish churches.[4] It is a frequent film location. In 2013 it was rated a top place to live in a survey by The Sunday Times.[5] Its name has been passed on to Stamford, Connecticut, founded in 1641.[6]

History

Roman and Medieval Stamford

High Street, St Martin's
High Street, St Martin's

The Romans built Ermine Street across what is now Burghley Park and forded the River Welland to the west of Stamford, eventually reaching Lincoln. They also built a town to the north at Great Casterton on the River Gwash. In 61 CE Boudica followed the Roman legion Legio IX Hispana across the river. The Anglo-Saxons later chose Stamford as the main town, being on a larger river than the Gwash.

The place-name Stamford is first attested in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, where it appears as Steanford in 922 and Stanford in 942. It appears as Stanford in the Domesday Book of 1086. The name means "stony ford".[7]

In 972 King Edgar made Stamford a borough. The Anglo-Saxons and Danes faced each other across the river.[8] The town had grown as a Danish settlement at the lowest point that the Welland could be crossed by ford or bridge. Stamford was the only one of the Five Boroughs of the Danelaw not to become a county town. Initially a pottery centre making Stamford Ware, it had gained fame by the Middle Ages for its production of the woollen cloth known as Stamford cloth or haberget, which "In Henry III's reign... was well known in Venice."[9]

Stamford was a walled town,[8] but only a small portion of the walls remains. Stamford became an inland port on the Great North Road, the latter superseding Ermine Street in importance. Notable buildings in the town include the medieval Browne's Hospital, several churches and the buildings of Stamford School, a public school founded in 1532.[8]

A fragment of Stamford Castle
A fragment of Stamford Castle

A Norman castle was built about 1075 and apparently demolished in 1484.[8][10][11] The site stood derelict until the late 20th century, when it was built over and now includes a bus station and a modern housing development. A small part of the curtain wall survives at the junction of Castle Dyke and Bath Row.

In 1333–1334, a group of students and tutors from Merton and Brasenose colleges, dissatisfied with conditions at the university, left Oxford to found a rival college at Stamford. Oxford and Cambridge universities petitioned Edward III, and the King ordered the closure of the college and the return of the students to Oxford. MA students at Oxford were obliged to take an oath: "You shall also swear that you will not read lectures, or hear them read, at Stamford, as in a University study, or college general." This remained in force until 1827.[12] The site and limited remains of the former Brazenose College, Stamford, where Oxford secessionists lived and studied, now form part of Stamford School.[13]

Stamford has been hosting an annual fair since the Middle Ages. It is mentioned in Shakespeare's Henry IV, Part 2 (Act 3, Scene 2). Held in mid-Lent, it is now the largest street fair in Lincolnshire and among the largest in the country. On 7 March 1190, crusaders at the fair led a pogrom, in which many Stamford Jews were massacred.[14]

Tudor and Stuart Stamford

By the early 1500s the wool and broadcloth industry in England, on which Stamford depended, had declined significantly.[15] Stamford was sufficiently poor, financially and demographically, that in 1548 it had to amalgamate its eleven parishes into six and its population had reduced to 800.[16][17]

However, by the second half of the 17th century, after almost 150 years of stagnation, the population started to increase. As Stamford emerged into the 17th century, leather and fibre working (in the widest sense; weavers, ropers and tailors) were the main activities along with wood and stone working.[18]

In the 1660s the various efforts to make the River Welland navigable again were finally successful. Stamford then became a centre for the malting trade as the barley from nearby fenlands to the east and heathlands to the north and west could make its way more easily and cheaper to the town.[19]

The Great North Road passed through Stamford. It had always been a halting town for travellers; Henry VIII, Queen Elizabeth, James I and Charles I all passed through and it had been a post station for the postal service journey in Elizabeth’s reign.[20] By the later 17th century roads start to be used more for longer distance travelling. In 1663 an Act of Parliament was passed to set up turnpikes on the Great North Road, and this was to make a notable difference to Stamford’s fortunes in the following century.[21]

Map by John Speed, 1611-12
Map by John Speed, 1611-12

During the English Civil War local loyalties were split. Thomas Hatcher MP was a Parliamentarian. Royalists used Wothorpe and Burghley as defensive positions. In the summer of 1643 the Royalists were besieged at Burghley on 24 July after a defeat at Peterborough on 19 July. The army of Viscount Campden was heavily outnumbered and surrendered the following day.[22]

Bull Run

A jug commemorates Ann Blades – a Stamford bull runner in 1792
A jug commemorates Ann Blades – a Stamford bull runner in 1792

For over 600 years Stamford was the site of the Stamford bull run, held annually on 13 November, St Brice's day, until 1839.[8][23] Local tradition says it began after William de Warenne, 5th Earl of Surrey had seen two bulls fighting in the meadow beneath his castle. Some butchers came to part the combatants and one bull ran into the town. The earl mounted his horse and rode after the animal; he enjoyed the sport so much that he gave the meadow where the fight began to the butchers of Stamford, on condition that they continue to provide a bull to be run in the town every 13 November.[8]

Victorian period to 21st century

The East Coast Main Line would have gone through Stamford, as an important postal town at the time, but resistance led to routing it instead through Peterborough, whose importance and size increased at Stamford's expense.[24]

During the Second World War, the area round Stamford contained several military sites, including RAF station, airborne encampments and a prisoner-of-war camp.[25] Within the town, Rock House held the headquarters of Stanisław Sosabowski and the staff of the Polish 1st Independent Parachute Brigade. A memorial plaque was unveiled there in 2004.[26]

Stamford Museum occupied a Victorian building in Broad Street from 1980 until June 2011, when it succumbed to Lincolnshire County Council budget cuts.[27] Some exhibits have been moved to a "Discover Stamford" space at the town library[28] and to Stamford Town Hall.[29]

Governance

Stamford Town Council's arms: Per pale dexter side Gules three Lions passant guardant in pale Or and the sinister side chequy Or and Azure
Stamford Town Council's arms: Per pale dexter side Gules three Lions passant guardant in pale Or and the sinister side chequy Or and Azure

Stamford belongs to the parliamentary constituency of Grantham and Stamford. The incumbent is Gareth Davies of the Conservative Party, who won the seat at the 2019 General Election. His predecessor, Nick Boles, had left the Conservatives in March 2019.[30][31]

In local government, Stamford before 1974 was a municipal borough based at Stamford Town Hall.[32] Since April 1974 it has come under Lincolnshire County (upper tier) and South Kesteven District Council (lower tier). It previously belonged to Kesteven County Council.

Stamford's town council[33] has arms: Per pale dexter side Gules three Lions passant guardant in pale Or and the sinister side chequy Or and Azure.[34] The three lions are the English royal arms, granted to the town by Edward IV for its part in the "Lincolnshire Uprising".[35] The blue and gold chequers are the arms of the De Warenne family, which held the manor here in the 13th century.

Geography

Stamford, on the bank of the River Welland, forms a south-westerly protrusion of Lincolnshire between Rutland to the north and west, Peterborough to the south, and Northamptonshire to the south-west. There have been mistaken claims of a quadripoint where four ceremonial counties – Rutland, Lincolnshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire – would meet at a point[36] but the location actually has two tripoints some 20 metres (22 yd) apart.[37]

The River Welland forms the border between two historic counties: Lincolnshire to the north and Soke of Peterborough in Northamptonshire to the south.

In 1991, the boundary between Lincolnshire and Rutland (then part of Leicestershire) in the Stamford area was redrawn.[38] It now mostly follows the A1 to the railway line. The conjoined parish of Wothorpe is in the city of Peterborough. Barnack Road is the Lincolnshire/Peterborough boundary where it borders St Martin's Without.

The river downstream of the town bridge and some of the meadows fall within the drainage area of the Welland and Deepings Internal Drainage Board.[39]

Geology

Much of Stamford is built on Middle Jurassic Lincolnshire limestone, with mudstones and sandstones.[40]

The area is known for limestone and slate quarries. Cream-coloured Collyweston stone slate is found on the roofs of many Stamford stone buildings. Stamford Stone in Barnack has quarries at Marholm and Holywell.[41] Clipsham Stone has two quarries in Clipsham.

Palaeontology

In 1968, a specimen of the sauropod dinosaur Cetiosaurus oxoniensis was found in the Williamson Cliffe Quarry, close to Great Casterton in adjacent Rutland. Some 15 metres (49 ft) long, it is about 170 million years old, from the Aalenian or Bajocian era of the Jurassic period.[42] It is one of the most complete dinosaur skeletons found in the UK and was installed in 1975 in the Leicester Museum & Art Gallery.

Economy

Tourism is important to Stamford's economy, as are professional law and accountancy firms. Health, education and other public-service employers also feature, notably a hospital, a large medical general practice, schools (some independent) and a further education college. Hospitality is provided by several hotels, licensed premises, restaurants, tea rooms and cafés.

The licensed premises reflect the history of the town. The George Hotel, Lord Burghley, William Cecil, Danish Invader and Jolly Brewer are among nearly 30 premises serving real ale.[43] Surrounding villages and Rutland Water provide other venues and employment opportunities, as do several annual events at Burghley House.

Retail

The town centre's major retail and service sector has many independent boutique stores and draws shoppers from a wide area. Several streets are traffic-free. Outlets include gift shops, eateries, men's and women's outfitters, shoe shops, florists, hairdressers, beauty therapists and acupuncture and health-care services. Harrison Dunn, Dawson of Stamford, the George Hotel and The Crown Arts Centre are other popular places. Stamford has several hotels, coffee shops and restaurants. Its branch of the national jeweller F. Hinds can trace its history back to the clockmaker Joseph Hinds, who worked in Stamford in the first half of the 19th century.[44] In the summer months, Stamford Meadows attract visitors.

National supermarkets Waitrose, Marks & Spencer, Tesco, Sainsbury's and Morrisons are represented. There are two retail parks a little way from the centre. One has Homebase DIY, Curry's electrical, Carpetright floor covering and McDonald's fast-food, the other Sainsbury's, Argos, Lidl, and Halfords car spares and bicycle shop. The town has three builders' merchants and several other specialist trade outlets and skilled trades such as roofers, builders, tilers etc. There are two car showrooms and a number of car-related businesses. Local services include convenience stores, post offices, newsagents and take-aways.

RAF Wittering is nearby to the south
RAF Wittering is nearby to the south

Engineering

South of the town is RAF Wittering, a main employer which was until 2011 the home of the Harrier. The base opened in 1916 as RFC Stamford. It closed in 1919, but reopened in 1924 under its present name.

The engineering company, largely closed since June 2018, is Cummins Generator Technologies (formerly Newage Lyon, then Newage International), a maker of electrical generators in Barnack Road.[45] C & G Concrete (now part of Breedon Aggregates)[46] is in Uffington Road.

The Pick Motor Company was founded in Stamford in about 1898. A number of smaller firms — welders, printers and so forth — feature in collections of industrial units or more traditional premises in older, mixed-use parts of the town. Blackstone & Co was a farm implement and diesel engine manufacturing company.

Stamford lies amidst some of England's richest farmland and close to the famous "double-cropping" land of parts of the fens. Agriculture still provides a small, but steady number of jobs in farming, agricultural machinery, distribution and ancillary services.

Publishing and broadcasting

The Stamford Mercury claimed to have been published since 1695 as "Britain's oldest newspaper", but in fact it was founded in 1710 as the Stamford Post.[47] However, it is the oldest provincial continuous newspaper title, as The Stamford Mercury has been in print since 1712.

Local radio provision was shared between Peterborough's Heart East (102.7 – Heart Peterborough closed in July 2010) and Greatest Hits Radio Stamford and Rutland (formerly Rutland Radio) (a 97.4 transmitter on Little Casterton Road) from Oakham. Since March 2021, Rutland and Stamford Sound has been providing a locally based service via the internet. Other stations include BBC Radio Cambridgeshire (95.7 from Peterborough), BBC Radio Northampton (103.6 from Corby) and BBC Radio Lincolnshire (94.9). NOW Digital broadcasts from an East Casterton transmitter covering the town and Spalding, which provides the Peterborough 12D multiplex (BBC Radio Cambridgeshire and Heart East). Stamford has a lower-power television relay transmitter, due to it being in a valley,[48][49] which takes its transmission from Waltham, not Belmont.

Local publishers include Key Publishing (aviation) and the Bourne Publishing Group (pets). Old Glory, a specialist magazine for steam power and traction engines, was published in Stamford.

Landmarks

Stamford was the first conservation area designated in England and Wales,[50][51] under the Civic Amenities Act 1967.[52] There are over 600 listed buildings in and around the town.[53]

The Industrial Revolution left Stamford largely untouched. Much of the centre was built in the 17th and 18th centuries in Jacobean or Georgian style.[8] It is marked by streets of timber-framed and stone buildings using local limestone and by little shops tucked down back alleys. Several former coaching inns survive, their large doorways being a feature. The main shopping area was pedestrianised in the 1980s.

Near Stamford (but in the historical Soke of Peterborough) is Burghley House, an Elizabethan mansion, built by the First Minister of Elizabeth I, Sir William Cecil, later Lord Burghley.[8] It is the ancestral seat of the Marquess of Exeter. The tomb of William Cecil is in St Martin's Church, Stamford. The parkland of the Burghley Estate adjoins the town on two sides. Another country house near Stamford, Tolethorpe Hall, hosts outdoor theatre productions by the Stamford Shakespeare Company.[54]

Tobie Norris had a bell foundry in the town in the 17th century. His name is borne by a pub in St Paul's Street.[55]

Transport

Stamford railway station before being extensively refurbished by Network Rail and Central Trains; Robert Humm's bookshop has now moved into the town
Stamford railway station before being extensively refurbished by Network Rail and Central Trains; Robert Humm's bookshop has now moved into the town

Road

Lying on the main north–south Ermine Street, the Great North Road, and the A1) from London to York and Edinburgh, Stamford hosted several Parliaments in the Middle Ages. The George Hotel, Bull and Swan, Crown and London Inn were well-known coaching inns. The town coped with heavy north–south traffic through its narrow streets until 1960, when a bypass was built to the west of the town.[56] The old route is now the B1081. There is only one road bridge over the Welland, excluding the A1: a local bottleneck.[57]

Until 1996 there were plans to upgrade the bypass to motorway standard, but these have been shelved. The Carpenter's Lodge roundabout south of the town has been replaced by a grade-separated junction.[58] The old A16, now the A1175 (Uffington Road) to Market Deeping, meets the northern end of the A43 (Kettering Road) in the south of the town.

On foot

All Saints' Street
All Saints' Street

Footbridges cross the Welland at the Meadows, some 200 metres upstream of the Town Bridge, and at the Albert Bridge 250 metres downstream.[59]

The Jurassic Way runs from Banbury to Stamford. The Hereward Way runs through the town from Rutland to the Peddars Way in Norfolk, along the Roman Ermine Street and then the River Nene. The Macmillan Way heads through the town, finishing at Boston. Torpel Way follows the railway line, entering Peterborough at Bretton.

Rail

The town is served by Stamford railway station, previously Stamford Town to distinguish it from the now closed Stamford East station in Water Street. The station building is a stone structure in Mock Tudor style, influenced by nearby Burghley House and designed by Sancton Wood.[60]

The station has direct services to Leicester, Birmingham and Stansted Airport (via Cambridge) on the Birmingham to Peterborough Line.[61] CrossCountry operates most services as part of their Birmingham–Stansted Airport route. Trains to and from Peterborough pass through a short tunnel beneath St Martin's High Street.

Buses

The town bus station occupies part of the old castle site in St Peter's Hill.[62] The main routes are to Peterborough via Helpston or Wansford and to Oakham, Grantham, Uppingham and Bourne. There are less frequent services to Peterborough by other routes. Delaine Buses services terminate at its depot in North Street. Other active operators include CentreBus, Blands and Peterborough Council.

On Sundays and Bank Holidays from 16 May 2010, there have been five journeys to Peterborough operated by Peterborough City Council on routes via Wittering/Wansford, Duddington/Wansford, Burghley House/Barnack/Helpston and Uffington/Barnack/Helpston. There is a National Express coach service between London and Nottingham each day, including Sundays. Route maps and timetables appear on Lincolnshire County Council's website.

River Welland
River Welland

Waterways

Commercial shipping was carried along a canal from Market Deeping to warehouses in Wharf Road until the 1850s.[8] This is no longer possible, due to abandonment of the canal and the shallowness of the river above Crowland. There is a lock at the sluice in Deeping St James, but it is not in use. The river was not conventionally navigable upstream of the Town Bridge.

Education

Stamford has five state primary schools: Bluecoat, St Augustine's (RC), St George's, St Gilbert's and Malcolm Sargent, and the independent Stamford Junior School, a co-educational school for children aged two to eleven.[63]

The one state secondary school is Stamford Welland Academy (formerly Stamford Queen Eleanor School), formed in the late 1980s from the town's two comprehensive schools: Fane and Exeter. It became an academy in 2011. In April 2013, a group of parents announced an intention to establish a Free School in the town,[64] but failed to receive government backing. Instead, the multi-academy trust that submitted the bid was invited to take over the running of the existing school.[65]

Stamford School and Stamford High School are long-established independent schools with about 1,500 pupils between them. Stamford School for boys was founded in 1532, the High School for girls in 1877. They have run co-educational classes in the sixth form since 2000. Together with Stamford Junior School, they form the Stamford Endowed Schools.[66]

Most of Lincolnshire still has grammar schools. In Stamford, their place was long filled by a form of the Assisted Places Scheme, providing state funding to send children to one of two independent schools in the town that were formerly direct-grant grammars.[67] The national scheme was abolished by the 1997 Labour government. The Stamford arrangements remained in place as a protracted transitional arrangement. In 2008, the council decided no new places could be funded and the arrangement ended in 2012. The rest of South Kesteven, apart from Market Deeping, has the selective system.

Other secondary pupils travel to Casterton College or further afield to The Deepings School or Bourne Grammar School.

New College Stamford offers post-16 further education: work-based, vocational and academic; and higher education courses including BA degrees in art and design awarded by the University of Lincoln and teaching-related courses awarded by Bishop Grosseteste University.[68] The college also offers a range of informal adult learning.

Churches

All Saints' Church, Stamford with the wooden war memorial, and Red Lion Square to the right
All Saints' Church, Stamford with the wooden war memorial, and Red Lion Square to the right

In the 2011 Census, less than 67 per cent of the population of Stamford identified themselves as Christian, over 25 per cent as of "no religion". Stamford has many current or former churches:[8]

Filming location

Filming Pride and Prejudice in September 2004
Filming Pride and Prejudice in September 2004
Broad Street looking east
Broad Street looking east

Television shows

Films

Notable residents

In alphabetical order by section. References appear on each person's page.

Arts and broadcasting

Business

  • John Drakard (c. 1775–1854), newspaper proprietor
  • Arthur Kitson (1859–1937), managing director of Kitson Empire Lighting Company and monetary theorist

Crime

Government and armed forces

Performance

Scholarship

Sports

Sport

Football teams

There are a number of junior teams in each age group and also school teams.

Rugby teams

  • Stamford College Old Boys R.F.C.
  • Stamford College Rugby Team
  • Stamford Rugby Club
Tolethorpe Hall in nearby Little Casterton
Tolethorpe Hall in nearby Little Casterton

Cricket teams

  • Burghley Park Cricket Club[70]
  • Stamford Town Cricket Club

Festivals and events

November Sheep Fair, Stamford,c. 1905
November Sheep Fair, Stamford,
c. 1905

See also

References

  1. ^ "Stamford Town Council".
  2. ^ "All Saints – UK Census Data 2011". UK Census Data. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  3. ^ City Population site. Retrieved 28 November 2020.
  4. ^ "Stamford Conservation Area Draft Appraisal" South Kesteven Council.
  5. ^ "The winners: Our four top spots". The Sunday Times. 17 March 2013. Archived from the original on 2 May 2014. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
  6. ^ The Connecticut Magazine: An Illustrated Monthly. Connecticut Magazine Company. 1903. p. 334.
  7. ^ Eilert Ekwall, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names, p. 436.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Samuel Lewis, ed. (1848). A Topographical Dictionary of England. pp. 175–180 'St. Albans – Stamfordham'.
  9. ^ Trevelyan, G M (1944). English Social History. p. 35.
  10. ^ "Stamford Castle". www.roffe.co.uk.
  11. ^ Historic England. "Stamford Castle  (347832)". Research records (formerly PastScape). Retrieved 20 August 2009.
  12. ^ Michael Beloff, The Plateglass Universities, p. 15.
  13. ^ B. L. Deed, The History of Stamford School, Cambridge University Press, (1954), 2nd ed., 1982.
  14. ^ "The Pogroms of 1189 and 1190 – Historic UK". Historic UK. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  15. ^ Cambridge Economic History of Europe Vol III 1963 p.464 CUP
  16. ^ Joan Thirsk 1984 The Rural Economy of England Collected Essays, XVII Stamford in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries p.310 The Hambledon Press
  17. ^ Peter Clark and Paul Slack English Towns in Transition 1976 p25 OUP
  18. ^ Joan Thirsk 1984 The Rural Economy of England Collected Essays, XVII Stamford in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries p.313-4 The Hambledon Press
  19. ^ Joan Thirsk 1984 The Rural Economy of England Collected Essays, XVII Stamford in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries pp.317 and 321 The Hambledon Press
  20. ^ Joan Thirsk 1984 The Rural Economy of England Collected Essays, XVII Stamford in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries p312-3 The Hambledon Press
  21. ^ Christopher Hill 1969 Reformation to Industrial Revolution p167
  22. ^ "Stamford and the Civil War". www.visitoruk.com. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  23. ^ "November Bull-Running in Stamford, Lincolnshire; Martin W. Walsh.  Journal of Popular Culture" (PDF).
  24. ^ Cecil J. Allen, Railway Building, John F Shaw & Co, undated but 1925 or soon after, p. 6.
  25. ^ "Prisoner of War Camps 1939-1948". Historic England. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  26. ^ "Stamford Memorial". Imperial War Museum.
  27. ^ "Stamford Museum to close" Stamford Mercury, published: 4 June 2010". Archived from the original on 12 June 2010.
  28. ^ "Discover Stamford's official opening ceremony". Rutland & Stamford Mercury. 4 March 2012.
  29. ^ "Town Hall – Stamford Town Council". www.stamfordtowncouncil.gov.uk. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  30. ^ "Find MPs - MPs and Lords - UK Parliament". members.parliament.uk.
  31. ^ "Am I still conservative?". Nick Boles.
  32. ^ Historic England. "Town Hall (1306544)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  33. ^ "Town Councillors".
  34. ^ "CIVIC HERALDRY OF ENGLAND AND WALES-LINCOLNSHIRE". www.civicheraldry.co.uk.
  35. ^ Crowther-Beynon, V. B. (1911). Mansel Sympson, E. (ed.). Memorials of Old Lincolnshire (PDF). London: George Allen and Sons. p. 176. Retrieved 24 June 2019. Alt URL
  36. ^ In minutes and seconds, 52 38' 25 north and 0 29' 4 west.
  37. ^ "A real quadripoint?". blanchflower.org.
  38. ^ "The Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Lincolnshire, Nottinghamshire and Warwickshire (County Boundaries) Order 1991".
  39. ^ "Welland and Deepings IDB".
  40. ^ Geological Survey of England and Wales: Stamford. British Geological Survey. 1957.
  41. ^ "Natural Stone suppliers of Limestone & Masonry – Stamford Stone". Stamford Stone Company.
  42. ^ "1968 Williamson Cliffe brick-pit, Rutland: Late/Upper Bajocian, United Kingdom". The Paleobiology Database.
  43. ^ Stamford Town Pub Map (PDF) (Issue 04 ed.). UK Pub Maps Ltd. March 2011.
  44. ^ "Our History". www.fhinds.co.uk.
  45. ^ "Cummins generators".
  46. ^ "Breedon Group – Largest Independent Construction Materials Group". www.candgconcrete.co.uk.
  47. ^ "The Rutland & Stamford Mercury". Archived from the original on 20 April 2008.
  48. ^ Stamford transmitter Archived 30 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  49. ^ Brown, Mike. "mb21 – The Transmission Gallery". tx.mb21.co.uk.
  50. ^ "First Conservation Area". Stamford Civic Society. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  51. ^ "The First Conservation Area". Heritage Calling. 19 September 2017. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  52. ^ "Civic Amenities Act 1967". www.legislation.gov.uk. Expert Participation. Retrieved 4 July 2018.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  53. ^ England, Historic. "Search the List – Find listed buildings | Historic England". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  54. ^ "Tolethorpe Hall". Stamford Shakespeare Company.
  55. ^ "tobienorris.com – LCN.com". www.tobienorris.com.
  56. ^ "Cinema Newsreel on opening of A1 Stamford Bypass by Minister of Transport Ernest Marples".
  57. ^ Sheet 234: Rutland Water:Stamford & Oakham (Map) (A2- ed.). 1:25 000. OS Explorer. Ordnance Survey. 27 November 2008. ISBN 978-0-319-46406-9.TF030069
  58. ^ "Proposal for Carpenters Lodge". Highways Agency.
  59. ^ Sheet 234: Rutland Water:Stamford & Oakham (Map) (A2- ed.). 1:25 000. OS Explorer. Ordnance Survey. 27 November 2008. ISBN 978-0-319-46406-9.TF028068TF033069
  60. ^ Historic England. "Stamford Station  (499042)". Research records (formerly PastScape). Retrieved 20 August 2009.
  61. ^ "East Midland Trains routemap". Retrieved 1 July 2021.
  62. ^ Stamford bus station, St Peters Hill, Town Centre, Stamford, PE9 2PE TF028070
  63. ^ "Independent Schools For Independent Minds | Stamford Endowed Schools". Stamford Schools.
  64. ^ "Stamford Mercury". stamfordmercury.co.uk.
  65. ^ "Stamford Mercury". stamfordmercury.co.uk.
  66. ^ "Stamford Endowed Schools". Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  67. ^ "Last stronghold of assisted pupils faces legal threat" by Julie Henry, The Daily Telegraph 23 March 2003.
  68. ^ "Part of the Inspire Education Group". Stamford College.
  69. ^ Stamford Heritage, "Stamford Arts Centre" Archived 6 June 2014 at the Wayback Machine, Stamford Heritage. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  70. ^ "Welcome". Burghley Park Cricket Club.
  71. ^ "Stamford International Music Festival | 15th - 17th May 2020". Stamford International Music Festival.
  72. ^ "Stamford Diversity Festival". Rutland and Stamford Sound.
  73. ^ Retrieved 26 September 2019.

Further reading

External links

This page was last edited on 31 July 2022, at 20:14
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.