To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Stain (heraldry)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In heraldry, a stain (sometimes termed stainand colour or staynard colour) is one of a few non-standard tinctures or colours (namely murrey, sanguine and tenné), which are only known to occur in post-medieval heraldry and are thought to denote a rebatement of honour. Almost none of these rebatements are found in fact of heraldic practice, however, and in British heraldry the stains find only exceptional use, other than for purposes of livery.[1]

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/3
    1 040
    23 337
  • THE LIVE SERIES Blackamoors Decorative Artfacts
  • Wooden Signs - Custom Carved Wooden Signs
  • THE LIVE SERIES Moorish Medieval Stained Glass.




Murrey (deriving from late Middle English, via Old French from Medieval Latin moratus, from morum 'mulberry') is mulberry-coloured, or reddish purple. The murrey colour used in coats of arms & armorials should be clearly darker than purpure and stand out from it, to approximately the same extent that sanguine is darker than Gules and brunâtre from tenné.[2] A good comparison between the two tinctures could be obtained from comparing the murrey in the coat of arms of the University of Wales, with the lion purpure adorning the coat of arms of the Kingdom of León.


Sanguine (deriving from Middle English, from French sanguin(e) 'of blood', from Latin sanguineus 'of blood', from sanguis, sanguin- 'blood') is a brownish red, or blood-red colour. It is due to be darker than Gules, the regular red, from approximately the same extent as murrey to purpure, and brunâtre from tenné.[3]

It can also be used for the depiction of animals said écorché ('scorched') in French heraldry, although this is very rarely used among the already rare occurrences of blazons depicting bleeding animals, on which the regular Gules is used instead.


Tenné (deriving mid-16th century from an obsolete French variant of Old French tané)[4] (sometimes termed tawny) is an orange-tawny colour, though orange is considered distinct in continental European and African heraldic traditions. Called tanné in modern and actual French heraldry, it refers to the leather tanning process and to the color the finished product is said to have, hence the name tanné ('tanned'). Being the initial shade of brown available by itself in heraldry, its hatching form naturally took the shape of red and green lines mixed together. Tenné is expected to be slightly darker than Gules, clearly darker than orange, but lighter than brunatre (dark brown), sanguine (dark red), murrey (dark purple) & sable (black).

Historical examples

Flag of the Second Spanish Republic (1931-1939)
Flag of the Second Spanish Republic (1931-1939)

See also


  1. ^ Fox-Davies (1909), pp. 72-73.
  2. ^ "murrey". Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved 2012-08-11.
  3. ^ "sanguine". Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved 2012-08-11.
  4. ^ "tenné". Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved 2012-08-11.
  5. ^ "Arms and Crest". University of Wales. Retrieved 2012-08-11.
  6. ^ Provisional Government of the Republic of Spain (in Spanish).
    Wikisource link to
     Decreto del Gobierno Provisional de la República de 27 de abril de 1931
    . Wikisource.


This page was last edited on 21 November 2018, at 17:12
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.