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St Vincent's Church, Sheffield

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

St Vincent's church in 2009
St Vincent's church in 2009

St Vincent's Church is a disused (since 1998) Roman Catholic church situated on Solly Street at its junction with Hollis Croft in the centre of the City of Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England.

The church fell into a worsening state of disrepair since closure, however the site was redeveloped recently,[when?] along with the surrounding area.

Irish emigration to Sheffield

As a result of the Great Famine of Ireland between the years of 1845 and 1849 many emigrants left Ireland to try to find a better life in England. The developing cutlery and tool industries of Sheffield attracted many of these Irish emigrants and they settled in "The Crofts" area of the town. The Crofts was centred on Solly Street (then called Pea Croft) and at that time was the centre of the Sheffield steel, cutlery and filemaking industries. It was an area of working class tenements and back to back housing interspersed with iron and steel works and small workshops making cutlery and hand tools.

Founding of St Vincent’s

The majority of the Irish emigrants in The Crofts were Roman Catholics and worshipped at the newly opened St Marie's church in Norfolk Row, the only Catholic church in Sheffield in the early 1850s. Father Edmund Scully of St Marie's pledged to build a school-chapel for The Crofts area and on Good Friday 1851 a plot of ground was purchased in the area for £700. Matthew Ellison Hadfield designed the chapel-school which was completed in July 1853 at a cost of £1,850.

St Vincent's in the 1930s, the original school-chapel on the right was destroyed in the Sheffield Blitz.
St Vincent's in the 1930s, the original school-chapel on the right was destroyed in the Sheffield Blitz.

Chapel becomes a church

The chapel was greatly expanded in 1856 by George Goldie, a partner of Hadfield's, with the addition of a nave and a chancel at a cost of £3,100 and was officially recognised as a church although it had no tower or spire. Further building work costing £650 took place in 1870 when a church tower was built up to a height of 40 feet which incorporated the south porch and an entrance from White Croft. The tower was raised up to its present-day height of 93 feet in 1911 when a donation of £1,400 by Mr. Philip Wake enabled it to be completed in a design in the Norman style based on a typical church in Normandy. The architect of the new tower was Charles Hadfield and it was formally blessed and opened by Michael Logue Primate of All Ireland on 28 October 1911.[1][2]

Inter war years

1920 saw the division of St Vincent's parish with the creation of the Sacred Heart parish in the Hillsborough area of the city. The area around the church was still mostly slum housing with some crime, one of the gangs involved in the Sheffield Gang Wars of the mid 1920s was of Irish descent with most of its members from the St Vincent's parish. The Great Depression in the United Kingdom caused great hardship in the parish, it eventually resulted in a programme of slum clearances which began in 1929. Many acres of old properties were demolished in the parish and the residents moved to more spacious housing in the suburbs. The slum clearances continued up to 1938 when they were suspended because of the imminence of war. The actor Patrick McGoohan was a pupil at the school during this time.

Second World War

The first Sheffield Blitz raid by German bombers on the night of 12/13 December 1940 resulted in the destruction of the original 1853 chapel when a parachute mine landed on the roof. The original girls school was also destroyed and every window in the church was blown out destroying some valuable stained glass windows. The newer part of the church from 1911 escaped serious damage.

Post war and present day

Vigorous fund raising enabled much re-building to be done on the damaged church in the 1950s, this included a new chapel, replacement roofs and a new entrance porch, organ loft and choir gallery.[3]

Due to the war damage and continuing slum clearances in the post war St Vincent's area, the church lost much of its congregation as the district was rebuilt as a business area. By 1989 the presbytery and the school were both closed. Many of the remaining church members now lived in the Walkley / Crookes areas of Sheffield, and around this time fundraising began for a new more conveniently situated church building. The old church building in the Crofts finally closed as a place of worship in 1996. Fundraising for a new building continued; St Vincent's Church, Crookes eventually opened in May 2001.[4][5]

The old church remained empty for many years; it was used for a time by the St Vincent de Paul Society for storage of furniture. The surrounding land was operated by St Vincent's parish as a commercial car park.[4][6] The church is part of the St Vincent's Quarter of Sheffield which is undergoing slow rejuvenation. Eventually the majority of the site was purchased by Unite Students, who submitted a planning application for student accommodation in 2016.[7] The first students took up residence in September 2018. The church building itself has been turned into a communal area, incorporating shared social space, a cinema, a kitchen and soundproofed music rooms.[8]

The old school building initially remained in the ownership of St Vincent's parish. In 2017 the parish gifted the building to Mission Hub Sheffield, an Evangelical Catholic organisation.[9] Renovation of the school building was completed by 2019. The school building is also used by the Catholic chaplaincy of the University of Sheffield.[10]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Pevsner Architectural Guides - Sheffield", Ruth Harman & John Minnis, ISBN 0-300-10585-1, Page 162 Gives details of architecture.
  2. ^ "Illustrated Guide to Sheffield", Pawson & Brailsford, ISBN 0-85409-671-X, Page 61 Gives details of architecture.
  3. ^ "A Detailed History of St Vincent‘s Church, Sheffield", No ISBN, Gives the general history of church and parish.
  4. ^ a b P. J. Fenwick, "St. Vincent's Catholic Church – A Short History", stvincentschurch.com/
  5. ^ Pat Travis, "Mission Hub", Hallam News, 27 October 2018
  6. ^ Pat Travis, "Mission Hub", Hallam News, 27 October 2018
  7. ^ The Star, "Parish praise for plans to turn church into student hub", The Star, 1 November 2016
  8. ^ The University of Sheffield, "St. Vincent's Place - A brief history, The University of Sheffield, 22 January 2019
  9. ^ Mission Hub Sheffield, "The Story", Mission Hub Sheffield, 2019
  10. ^ The University of Sheffield, "Christian Chaplaincy", The University of Sheffield, 2020

This page was last edited on 27 January 2021, at 17:34
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