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St Saviourgate

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

View along St Saviourgate
View along St Saviourgate
The medieval parish church of St. Saviour stands on the street.
The medieval parish church of St. Saviour stands on the street.

St Saviourgate is a historic street in the city of York.[1]

History

The area in which the street runs just outside the city walls of Roman Eboracum, north of a marshy area around the River Foss. When the foundations of new houses were dug here in the seventeenth century, large numbers of animal horns were found, indicating the site of a Roman temple, next to the palace.[2]

The street was first mentioned in 1175, when it was known as "Ketmongergate", street of the flesh sellers. St Saviour's Church was built on the street in the 11th-century, and by 1368, it had given its name to the street.[3]

The street became a centre for nonconformism in the city. The York Unitarian Chapel was built in 1693, the Congregationalist Salem Chapel was built in 1839, and the Methodist Centenary Chapel in 1840. Much of the rest of the street was rebuilt in the 18th-century, and in 1736, it was described by Francis Drake as "one of the neatest and best-built streets in the city". The street was widened in 1777. In the 1960, the Salem Chapel was demolished to make way for an office block.[3]

Architecture and layout

The street runs from the junction of Colliergate and Whip-Ma-Whop-Ma-Gate, north-east to the junction of Spen Lane and St Saviour's Place. Historically, St Saviour's Place was regarded as part of the street, while, Hungate led off the south side of the street, but following the construction of Stonebow, the Stonebow House office block was built and blocked the route.[3]

Notable buildings on the north-west side of the street include the Methodist Church, a masonic hall which was originally built as the city' Mechanic's Institute, 18th-century houses at 27, 29 and 31, 33 and 35, and an early Victorian range at 1-7 which was formerly a department store. On the south-east side of the street lie the rear of Stonebow House, described by Nickolaus Pevsner as "disastrous", St Saviour's Church, now housing the Jorvik DIG centre, the terrace of 16-22 St Saviourgate, built in 1740, other 18th-century houses at 24, 26, 30 and 32, and 34 St Saviourgate, with 15th-century origins.[3][4]

References

  1. ^ Wilson, Van (1999). Number 26: The History of St Saviourgate, York. Voyager Publications. ISBN 0952539217.
  2. ^ Francis Drake (1788), Eboracum: or, The History and Antiquities of the City of York, from Its Origin to this Time, Vol. 2, T. Wilson and R. Spence, p. 75
  3. ^ a b c d An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in City of York, Volume 5, Central. London: HMSO. 1981. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  4. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus (1995). Yorkshire: York and the East Riding. Yale University Press. p. 231. ISBN 0300095937.
This page was last edited on 3 October 2020, at 16:55
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