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St Mary Aldermanbury

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

St Mary Aldermanbury
StMaryAldermanbury.jpg
St Mary Aldermanbury in 1904
LocationLove Lane and Aldermanbury, London
CountryEngland
DenominationAnglican
Architecture
Demolished1966
The blitzed church in situ in London, 1964
The blitzed church in situ in London, 1964
The church was rebuilt at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri
The church was rebuilt at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri

St Mary Aldermanbury was a parish church in the City of London first mentioned in 1181[1] and destroyed by the Great Fire of London in 1666.[2] Rebuilt in Portland stone by Christopher Wren,[3] it was again gutted by the Blitz in 1940, leaving only the walls standing. These stones were transported to Fulton, Missouri in 1966, by the residents of that town, and rebuilt in the grounds of Westminster College as a memorial to Winston Churchill.[4] Churchill had made his Sinews of Peace, "Iron Curtain" speech in the Westminster College Gymnasium in 1946.

Inside the rebuilt church
Inside the rebuilt church
Sir Christopher Wren’s St Mary the Virgin, Aldermanbury at America’s National Churchill Museum on the campus of Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri, United States.
Sir Christopher Wren’s St Mary the Virgin, Aldermanbury at America’s National Churchill Museum on the campus of Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri, United States.

The footprint of the church remains at the junction of London's Aldermanbury and Love Lane, planted with bushes and trees; a memorial plaque has been placed by Westminster College in the footprint. The gardens also house a monument to Henry Condell and John Heminges, key figures in the production of the First Folio of William Shakespeare's plays and co-partners with him in the Globe Theatre. Condell and Heminges lived in the St Mary Aldermanbury parish and were buried in its churchyard. This monument is topped with a bust of Shakespeare. The remains of the church were designated a Grade II listed building on 5 June 1972.[5] The monuments are separately listed.[6]

In the 1830s, the notable missionary William Jowett was a lecturer at the church.[7]

Burials

Notable burials in the church included the notorious "hanging judge" Judge Jeffreys.[8][9] Of the interment of Judge Jeffreys, Leigh Hunt wrote:

"Jeffreys was taken on the twelfth of September, 1688. He was first interred privately in the Tower; but three years afterwards, when his memory was something blown over, his friends obtained permission, by a warrant of the queen's[10] dated September 1692, to take his remains under their own care, and he was accordingly reinterred in a vault under the communion table of St. Mary, Aldermanbury, 2nd Nov. 1694. In 1810, during certain repairs, the coffin was uncovered for a time, and the public had a sight of the box containing the mortal remains of the feared and hated magistrate."[11]

Also buried in the church were:

Marriage

  • In 1656 the poet John Milton married his second wife, Elizabeth Woodcock, at St Mary's.[12]

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ "The Churches of the City of London" Reynolds, H: London, Bodley Head, 1922
  2. ^ 'Cripplegate, one of the 26 Wards of the City of London' Baddesley, J.J p32: London; Blades, East & Blades; 1921
  3. ^ "The City of London Churches" Betjeman, J Andover, Pikin, 1967 ISBN 0-85372-112-2
  4. ^ "The London Encyclopaedia" Hibbert,C;Weinreb,D;Keay,J: London, Pan Macmillan, 1983 (rev 1993,2008) ISBN 978-1-4050-4924-5
  5. ^ Historic England, "Footings to former Church of St Mary the Virgin (1359121)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 16 May 2015
  6. ^ Historic England, "Monument to John Heminge and Henry Condell in former churchyard of Church of St Mary Aldermanbury (1064772)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 16 May 2015
  7. ^ Goodwin, G., revised by H. C. G. Matthew, 'Jowett, William (1787–1855), missionary', in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press, 2004)
  8. ^ Dictionary of National Biography
  9. ^ Winn, p. 44.
  10. ^ Mary II, daughter of the deposed James II. She ruled jointly with her husband William III, the former William of Orange.
  11. ^ Leigh Hunt, "Memoirs of Judge Jeffries," in London Journal, Wednesday April 9, 1834. Vol I, p. 14.
  12. ^ The City Churches, Tabor, M., p.87: London, The Swarthmore Press Ltd, 1917

Further reading

External links

This page was last edited on 15 April 2021, at 15:25
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