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St James, Norton

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

St James, Norton
St James, Norton.jpg
St James, Norton is located in Sheffield
St James, Norton
St James, Norton
53°20′08″N 1°27′41″W / 53.3355°N 1.4615°W / 53.3355; -1.4615
LocationNorton, Sheffield
CountryEngland
DenominationChurch of England
WebsiteSt James Church, Norton
History
DedicationSt James the Greater
Consecrated11th century
Architecture
Functional statusactive
Heritage designationGrade II*
Designated1 May 1952
Architectural typeChurch
StyleNorman, Early English, Perpendicular
Specifications
Materialsstone
Bells8 (1896)
Tenor bell weight15 long tons 2 cwt 6 qr (33,990 lb or 15.42 t)
Administration
DeaneryEcclesall
DioceseSheffield
ProvinceYork
Clergy
RectorVacant
Priest(s)Toby Hole (Acting Priest-in-Charge)

St James, Norton is the Church of England parish church of the Norton district of Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England.

History

Restored Norman doorway inside the south porch
Restored Norman doorway inside the south porch

The Domesday Book of 1086 records a manor at Norton but not a church. The earliest parts of the building are Norman: the 11th-century inner doorway in the south porch and six corbels, evidently re-set, flanking it on the east and west walls of the porch. The arch over the doorway has zigzag moulding but is heavily restored.[1] If the doorway is 11th-century, the claim by John Charles Cox (1843–1919) that Robert FitzRanulph (circa 1117–72) founded the church can be discounted.[2]

The church has a west tower, all but the top of which is Early English Gothic. Also Early English is the baptismal font inside the church.[3]

Much of the rest of the church is Perpendicular Gothic. The nave has north and south aisles. The north aisle has five bays and was built about 1200. The south aisle has a three-bay arcade and is 14th-century. East of the south aisle is a south chapel with its own two-bay arcade, which was completed in 1524.[3]

In the 19th century the church was restored, the vestry and organ chamber were built and the south porch was rebuilt with a new Gothic Revival vault.[1]

The west tower has a ring of eight bells. John Taylor & Co of Loughborough, Leicestershire cast or re-cast them all in 1896,[4] in time for the Diamond Jubilee of HM Queen Victoria in 1897.

Churchyard

Remains of 14th-century stone cross
Remains of 14th-century stone cross

In the churchyard are the base and truncated shaft of a 14th-century stone cross. Its gritstone base, with four steps, and plinth are thought to be original, while its socket stone and shaft are believed to be 18th- or 19th-century replacements. The cross is a Scheduled Ancient Monument[5] and is Grade II listed.[6]

Chantrey tomb
Chantrey tomb

In the churchyard is the Chantrey tomb, designed by the sculptor Francis Leggatt Chantrey (1781–1841) and completed on his death in 1841. He is among the family members buried in it. The tomb is also Grade II listed.[7]

References

  1. ^ a b Historic England. "Church of St James the Great  (Grade II*) (1271180)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 December 2012.
  2. ^ Cox 1875, p. 291.
  3. ^ a b Pevsner & Radcliffe 1967, p. 479.
  4. ^ Reading, Simon (8 September 2017). "Sheffield, Norton S James Gt". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
  5. ^ Historic England. "Standing cross at the Church of St James, Norton (1012878)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 December 2012.
  6. ^ Historic England. "Preaching Cross 15 metres south of Church of St James  (Grade II) (1246795)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 December 2012.
  7. ^ Historic England. "Tomb of Sir Francis Chantrey 5 metres south west of Church of St James  (Grade II) (1246796)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 December 2012.

Bibliography

External links

This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 22:04
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