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St Bartholomew's Church, Great Harwood

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

St Bartholomew's, Great Harwood
St Bartholomew's Church, Great Harwood.jpeg
St Bartholomew's Church, Great Harwood, from the southeast
St Bartholomew's, Great Harwood is located in the Borough of Hyndburn
St Bartholomew's, Great Harwood
St Bartholomew's, Great Harwood
Location in Hyndburn
OS grid referenceSD 73387 32716
LocationGreat Harwood, Lancashire
CountryEngland
DenominationAnglican
History
StatusParish church
Architecture
Functional statusActive
Heritage designationGrade II*
Designated11 July 1966 (1966-07-11)
Architect(s)Paley and Austin (alterations)
Architectural typeChurch
StylePerpendicular
Administration
DeaneryWhalley
ArchdeaconryBlackburn
DioceseBlackburn
ProvinceYork

St Bartholomew's Church is in the town of Great Harwood in Lancashire, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the Diocese of Blackburn. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building.

History

Historically, the township of Great Harwood was part of the ecclesiastical parish of Blackburn. There is mention of a parochial chapel of ease dedicated to St Lawrence at Great Harwood in sources from 1389.[1] A chantry to St Lawrence's was later formed by Thomas Hesketh of Martholme, and dedicated to St Bartholomew.[2] The dedication of the chapel was subsequently changed to St Bartholomew.[1]

The tower of the present building probably dates from the 15th century.[3] Most of the rest of the church appears to date from the 16th century and may have been rebuilt by Thomas Hesketh of Martholme, who made additions to his home at that time.[4] In 1880–81 the Lancaster architects Paley and Austin added a bay to the nave, a new chancel, a vestry, an organ chamber and a pulpit. The seating was increased from 377 to 470. These alterations cost £2,000 (equivalent to £200,000 in 2019).[5][6]

Architecture

Exterior

St Bartholomew's is built in the Perpendicular style in coursed rubble, with roofs of stone slate.[3] Its plan consists of a nave with a west tower, aisles and a chancel to the east. There is a porch to the south and a vestry to the north.[1] The tower has four stages and diagonal buttresses. There is a stair turret at the south east corner, and a crenellated parapet.[4] There is a three-light west window under a pointed arch head, with a moulding. There are two-light belfry louvres with moulding.[3]

The nave and aisles have three-light windows with stone mullions[3] In the south wall of the chancel there are two two-light windows. The east window has four lights and Perpendicular-style tracery.[1]

Interior and fittings

Internally, the tower measures 9 feet (2.7 m) by 10 feet (3.0 m).[1] The nave measures 66 feet 9 inches (20.3 m) by 15 feet 6 inches (4.7 m) and is accessed from the tower through a high arch with chamfered orders.[1]

There is a 19th-century reredos, now in the tower, that depicts the Annunciation. There is 17th-century octagonal baptismal font. Stained glass in the church includes work by Henry Holiday, Ballantine & Gardner and A. Seward & Co.[4]

The Lanterns in the main church were recently updated to LED by Electrical & Building Solutions with the assistance of Saturn Lighting Bolton, which has enabled a great energy saving and increase in the quality of artificial light in the space without changing the look or feel of the main hall.

External features

St Bartholomew's churchyard extension contains the war graves of two soldiers and an airman of World War I.[7]

Assessment and administration

St Bartholomew's was designated a Grade II* listed building on 11 July 1966.[3] The Grade II* designation is the second highest of the three grades of listed buildings.[8]

An active parish church in the Church of England, St Batholomew's is part of the diocese of Blackburn, which is in the Province of York. It is in the archdeaconry of Blackburn and the Deanery of Whalley.[9]

See also

References

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d e f Farrer & Brownbill (1911), pp. 337–344
  2. ^ Abram (1877), p. 545
  3. ^ a b c d e Historic England, "Church of St Bartholomew, Great Harwood (1362006)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 15 October 2013
  4. ^ a b c Hartwell & Pevsner (2009), p. 309
  5. ^ UK Retail Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Clark, Gregory (2017), "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)", MeasuringWorth, retrieved 2 February 2020
  6. ^ Brandwood et al. 2012, p. 232.
  7. ^ GREAT HARWOOD (ST. BARTHOLOMEW) CHURCHYARD EXTENSION, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, retrieved 14 February 2013
  8. ^ Listed Buildings, Historic England, retrieved 6 April 2015
  9. ^ "Church Details: Great Harwood St Bartholomew", blackburn.anglican.org, Diocese of Blackburn, retrieved 7 August 2011

Sources

External links

This page was last edited on 24 January 2021, at 14:14
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