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St. Helens, Oregon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

St. Helens, Oregon
The Columbia County Courthouse with Mount St. Helens in the background
The Columbia County Courthouse with Mount St. Helens in the background
Official seal of St. Helens, Oregon
Seal
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 45°51′34″N 122°49′1″W / 45.85944°N 122.81694°W / 45.85944; -122.81694
CountryUnited States
StateOregon
CountyColumbia
Incorporated1889
Government
 • TypeMayor-council government
 • MayorRick Scholl
Area
 • Total5.93 sq mi (15.35 km2)
 • Land4.80 sq mi (12.44 km2)
 • Water1.13 sq mi (2.91 km2)
Elevation
39 ft (11.9 m)
Population
 • Total12,883
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
13,739
 • Density2,860.50/sq mi (1,104.52/km2)
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (Pacific)
Zip Code
97051
FIPS code41-64600[4]
GNIS feature ID1126468[5]
Websitewww.ci.st-helens.or.us

St. Helens is the county seat of Columbia County, Oregon. It was founded by Captain Henry Montgomery Knighton, a native of New England, in 1845, as "Plymouth". The name was changed to St. Helens in the latter part of 1850 for its view of Mount St. Helens, roughly 39 miles (63 km) away in Washington. The city is about 28 miles (45 km) northwest of Portland. Its population was 12,883 at the 2010 census.[6]

History

St. Helens was established as a river port on the Columbia River in the 1840s. The original town was surveyed and platted by Scottish-born Peter Crawford.[7] In 1853, the Pacific Mail Steamship Company tried to make the city their only stop on the Columbia River.[8] Portland's merchants boycotted this effort, and the San Francisco steamship Peytona helped break the impasse.[8] St. Helens was incorporated as a city in 1889.[9]

The Lewis and Clark Expedition passed through and camped in the area that is now St. Helens on the night of November 5, 1805, while on their way to the Pacific Ocean. While there, the party encountered Native Americans and Clark observed "low rockey clifts".[10]

Geography

U.S. Route 30 passes through the city.[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.51 square miles (14.27 km2), of which 4.53 square miles (11.73 km2) is land and 0.98 square miles (2.54 km2) is covered by water.[12]

Climate

According to the Köppen climate classification system, St. Helens has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate Csb.

Climate data for St. Helens
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 63
(17)
71
(22)
82
(28)
90
(32)
102
(39)
104
(40)
106
(41)
107
(42)
106
(41)
94
(34)
72
(22)
62
(17)
107
(42)
Average high °F (°C) 46.4
(8.0)
51.2
(10.7)
57.2
(14.0)
63.1
(17.3)
69.4
(20.8)
75.3
(24.1)
81.5
(27.5)
82.4
(28.0)
76.6
(24.8)
65.1
(18.4)
52.2
(11.2)
45.7
(7.6)
63.8
(17.7)
Average low °F (°C) 33.1
(0.6)
34.4
(1.3)
38.1
(3.4)
40.7
(4.8)
45.7
(7.6)
51
(11)
55.1
(12.8)
55.4
(13.0)
51.5
(10.8)
44.4
(6.9)
38.2
(3.4)
33.9
(1.1)
43.5
(6.4)
Record low °F (°C) 9
(−13)
4
(−16)
18
(−8)
20
(−7)
21
(−6)
34
(1)
38
(3)
30
(−1)
34
(1)
20
(−7)
10
(−12)
1
(−17)
1
(−17)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 6.27
(159)
4.82
(122)
4.71
(120)
3.4
(86)
2.82
(72)
1.94
(49)
0.72
(18)
1.11
(28)
1.7
(43)
3.15
(80)
6.42
(163)
6.75
(171)
43.79
(1,112)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 1.3
(3.3)
0.4
(1.0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.4
(1.0)
0.8
(2.0)
3
(7.6)
Average precipitation days 18 15 17 15 12 9 4 5 7 12 18 18 150
Source: [13]

Neighborhoods

Columbia Heights is a formerly separate populated place that is within the city limits of St. Helens.[14][15]

Demographics

The Olde School in St. Helens
The Olde School in St. Helens

2017 population estimate

According to the Portland State University Population Research Center,[16] the estimated 2017 population of St. Helens is 13,240.

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880209
18902205.3%
190025817.3%
1910743188.0%
19202,220198.8%
19303,99479.9%
19404,3047.8%
19504,7119.5%
19605,0226.6%
19706,21223.7%
19807,06413.7%
19907,5356.7%
200010,01933.0%
201012,88328.6%
2019 (est.)13,739[3]6.6%
Sources:[4][17][18][19][20][21]

2010 census

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 12,883 people, 4,847 households, and 3,243 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,843.9 inhabitants per square mile (1,098.0/km2). There were 5,154 housing units at an average density of 1,137.7 per square mile (439.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.3% White, 0.6% African American, 1.6% Native American, 1.3% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 1.3% from other races, and 4.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.1% of the population.

There were 4,847 households, of which 38.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 14.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.1% were non-families. 26.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.11.

The median age in the city was 34 years. 27.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.9% were from 25 to 44; 23.3% were from 45 to 64; and 10.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.8% male and 50.2% female.

2000 census

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 10,019 people, 3,722 households, and 2,579 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,305.6 people per square mile (889.3/km2). There were 4,032 housing units at an average density of 927.8 per square mile (357.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.74% White, 0.34% African American, 1.68% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 1.35% from other races, and 3.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.05% of the population. 21.5% were of German, 10.9% English, 9.5% Irish and 9.3% American ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 3,722 households, out of which 39.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.7% were non-families. 24.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.12.

City Hall
City Hall

In the city, the population was spread out, with 30.2% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,648, and the median income for a family was $45,548. Males had a median income of $39,375 versus $26,725 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,237. About 8.7% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.5% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.

Tourism

In October, the town embraces the Halloween spirit with a month-long celebration of spooky events and decorations geared toward entertaining crowds of families. The Riverfront District in St. Helens, Oregon served as the backdrop for the 1998 Disney Channel Original Movie Halloweentown.[22] The film adaptation of Stephanie Meyer's novel Twilight also filmed in the town.[23]

Education

Public schools in St. Helens are served by the St. Helens School District.

Media

The Chronicle is St. Helens' weekly newspaper, published since 1881.[24]

KOHI (AM) is St. Helens' local AM radio station.[25]

Notable people

Sister city

St. Helens has one sister city:

See also

References

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ a b c "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  6. ^ "State & County QuickFacts: St. Helens (city), Oregon". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 11, 2012.
  7. ^ Olson, Jerry (March 30, 2014). "GLO Surveyor Personal Notes" (PDF). Washington State Department of Archaeology and Historic Preservation. Retrieved August 29, 2019.
  8. ^ a b MacColl, E. Kimbark (1979). The Growth of a City: Power and Politics in Portland, Oregon 1915-1950. Portland, Oregon: The Georgian Press. ISBN 0-9603408-1-5.
  9. ^ "Incorporated Cities: St. Helens". Oregon Blue Book. Oregon State Archives. Retrieved April 19, 2013.
  10. ^ "Journals of Lewis & Clark". University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  11. ^ "U.S. 30". Google Maps. Retrieved April 19, 2013.
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 2, 2012. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  13. ^ "ST HELENS RFD, OREGON (357466)". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  14. ^ "Columbia Heights". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. May 1, 1994. Retrieved April 19, 2013.
  15. ^ "Columbia Heights". Google Maps. Retrieved April 19, 2013.
  16. ^ "Portland State College of Urban & Public Affairs: Population Research Center | Population Estimates and Reports". www.pdx.edu. Retrieved May 13, 2018.
  17. ^ "Population-Oregon" (PDF). U.S. Census 1910. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
  18. ^ "Population-Oregon" (PDF). 15th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 27, 2013.
  19. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Oregon" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
  20. ^ "Oregon: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved October 9, 2019.
  21. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 11, 2013. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
  22. ^ "Spirit of Halloweentown Returns to St. Helens, Oregon with "Halloweentown" Cromwell Family Reunion | City of St Helens". www.ci.st-helens.or.us. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  23. ^ "'Twilight' descends on St. Helens". South County Spotlight. Pamplin Media Group. October 30, 2009. Retrieved February 1, 2011.
  24. ^ "The Chronicle". Oregon Newspaper Publishers Association. Archived from the original on 25 February 2011. Retrieved 20 February 2011.
  25. ^ "KOHI 1600 AM". KOHI 1600 AM. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  26. ^ "Toledo Blade - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
  27. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 13, 2005. Retrieved August 7, 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links

This page was last edited on 7 May 2021, at 19:32
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