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Sport in Montenegro

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Sports in Montenegro revolves mostly around team sports, such as football, basketball, water polo, volleyball, and handball. Other sports involved are boxing, tennis, swimming, judo, karate, athletics, table tennis, and chess.

Most popular sport is handball. However even football is popular . Among many great players from Montenegro were Dejan Savićević, Predrag Mijatović, Mirko Vučinić or Stevan Jovetić. Montenegrin national football team, founded at 2006, played in playoffs for UEFA Euro 2012, which is the biggest success in the history of national team.

Water polo is often considered the national sport. Montenegro's national team is one of the top ranked teams in the world, winning the gold medal at the 2008 Men's European Water Polo Championship in Málaga, Spain, and winning the gold medal at the 2009 FINA Men's Water Polo World League, which was held in Montenegrin capital, Podgorica. Montenegrin team PVK Primorac from Kotor became a champion of Europe at the LEN Euroleague 2009 in Rijeka, Croatia.

The Montenegro national basketball team is also known for good performances and had won a lot of medals in the past as part of the Yugoslavia national basketball team. In 2006, the Basketball Federation of Montenegro along with this team joined the International Basketball Federation (FIBA) on its own, following the Independence of Montenegro. Montenegro participated on two Eurobaskets until now.

Among women sports, the national handball team is the most successful, having won the 2012 European Championship and finishing as runner-ups at the 2012 Summer Olympics. ŽRK Budućnost Podgorica won two times EHF Champions League.

National competitions

Leagues and Cups

Among many leagues and other national competitions in Montenegro, most popular are football, basketball, handball, volleyball and water polo. Since independence, Montenegrin clubs played in the competitions of SFR Yugoslavia, FR Yugoslavia and Serbia and Montenegro. After 2006, Montenegrin sports federations founded their own national leagues and cups.

At the end of every season, champions and Cup winners from Montenegrin national competitions are playing in European competitions. Many of them have important roles in eurocups, especially in basketball, women handball, water polo and volleyball. During the history, Montenegrin clubs won the titles in Yugoslav competitions, and especially successful were clubs as KK Budućnost Podgorica, ŽRK Budućnost Podgorica, RK Lovćen and PVK Jadran.

Below is a list with all leagues and cups in the system of Montenegrin national competitions.

Sport Competitions Most successful club(s)
Football (men)
Montenegrin First League FK Sutjeska 4
Montenegrin Second League FK Bokelj 2
Montenegrin Third League FK Pljevlja 4
Montenegrin Cup FK Rudar 4
Montenegrin Regional Cups FK Pljevlja 5
Football (women)
Montenegrin Women's League ŽFK Ekonomist 4
Montenegrin Women's Cup ŽFK Ekonomist 2
Basketball (men)
Prva A Liga KK Budućnost 12
Prva B Liga KK ABS Primorje 3
Montenegrin Basketball Cup KK Budućnost 13
Basketball (women)
Women's Basketball League ŽKK Budućnost 10
Montenegrin Women's Basketball Cup ŽKK Budućnost 10
Handball (men)
Montenegrin First League of Men's Handball RK Lovćen 7
Montenegrin Second League of Men's Handball RK Rudar 2
Montenegrin Men's Handball Cup RK Lovćen 9
Handball (women)
Montenegrin First League of Women's Handball ŽRK Budućnost 13
Montenegrin Women's Handball Cup ŽRK Budućnost 13
Volleyball (men)
Montenegrin Volleyball League OK Budvanska Rivijera 8
Montenegrin volleyball Cup OK Budvanska Rivijera 7
Volleyball (women)
Montenegrin women's volley league ŽOK Luka Bar 10
Montenegrin women's volleyball Cup ŽOK Luka Bar 7
Water polo
Montenegrin First League of Water Polo PVK Jadran 9
Montenegrin Second League of Water Polo VPK Bokelj 6
Montenegrin Water Polo Cup PVK Jadran 11

Football

Men

Most successful club in domestic Montenegrin football competitions is FK Rudar Pljevlja, with two champion titles and four Cups. Historically, most successful clubs and today most popular are FK Budućnost Podgorica and FK Sutjeska Nikšić, which were members of Yugoslav First League. (See: List of Montenegrin First League champions and List of Montenegrin Cup winners)

Women

Women's football is the youngest of all team-sports in Montenegro. First national competition was held in 2008, and until now most successful club is ŽFK Ekonomist Nikšić with five champion trophies and one Cup winner title. (See: List of Montenegrin Women's League champions and Montenegrin Women's Cup winners)

Basketball

Men

Among Montenegrin basketball clubs, notable successes had KK Budućnost Podgorica, who held numerous champion titles of Yugoslavia and Montenegro, with few successful seasons in FIBA and ULEB Euroleague. KK Budućnost won all champion titles in independent Montenegro and three titles in former Yugoslavia. KK Sutjeska Nikšić won one Cup-winner trophy, and all the others were won by KK Budućnost. (See: List of Prva A Liga champions and List of Montenegrin Basketball Cup winners)

Women

Most successful women's basketball club is ŽKK Budućnost Podgorica, who is the only Montenegrin team with champion titles from Yugoslav League. Except Budućnost, notable successes had ŽKK Jedinstvo Bijelo Polje. (See: List of Montenegrin Women's Basketball League champions and List of Montenegrin Women's Basketball Cup winners)

Handball

Men

With most titles in domestic competitions, but with trophies from Yugoslav League and Cup too, RK Lovćen Cetinje is most successful Montenegrin men's handball club. Except them, six other clubs won the national trophies since 2006. (See: List of Montenegrin Handball First League champions and List of Montenegrin Men's Handball Cup winners)

Women

The most-trophied and most successful Montenegrin club is ŽRK Budućnost Podgorica. It's one of two clubs from Montenegro that won European Champions League in team-sports (twice), and the only club that won all the titles in Montenegrin women's handball. ŽRK Budućnost is all-time most successful club in SFR Yugoslavia, FR Yugoslavia and Montenegro. (See: List of Montenegrin Women's Handball League champions and List of Montenegrin Women's Handball Cup winners)

Volleyball

Men

Traditionally, OK Budvanska Rivijera Budva and OK Budućnost were two successful Montenegrin volleyball clubs in former Yugoslav competitions. Since 2006, two teams dominated in Montenegrin competitions too, but majority of trophies won Budvanska Rivijera. (See: List of Montenegrin Volleyball League champions and List of Montenegrin volleyball Cup winners)

Women

Among Montenegrin women's volleyball clubs, four won at least one national trophy. Most successful club is ŽOK Luka Bar, who was the only Montenegrin club that in the past participated in Yugoslav elite competitions, too. (See: List of Montenegrin Women's Volleyball League champions and List of Montenegrin Women's Volleyball Cup winners)

Water polo

During the era of SFR Yugoslavia, first national titles won by Montenegrin clubs were in water polo. During the history, there are three extremely successful water polo clubs from Montenegro - PVK Jadran Herceg Novi, VK Primorac Kotor and VK Budva. All that clubs are holders of both national trophies - from Yugoslavia and from Montenegrin competitions. Except that, VK Primorac was a champion of Europe. (See: List of Montenegrin First League of Water Polo champions and List of Montenegrin Water Polo Cup winners)

Main rivalries and derbies

In every sport, there is one big sport rivalry in Montenegro. Most known is football rivalry between FK Budućnost Podgorica and FK Sutjeska Nikšić, known as Montenegrin Derby. Other traditional football rivalry is between FK Budućnost and FK Lovćen Cetinje, because two clubs are playing important games since the 1920s. In period 2000–2009, there was a huge interest for Podgorica rivalry between FK Budućnost and FK Zeta, and in period 2008–2014 there was another important local derby in top-tier competition, between teams from Nikšić - FK Sutjeska and FK Čelik Nikšić. From 2006, among important games is FK Budućnost - FK Rudar Pljevlja match.

Today, main derby in basketball is between KK Budućnost Podgorica and KK Sutjeska Nikšić. During the 90's, Montenegrin basketball derby was between KK Budućnost and KK Lovćen Cetinje.

During the decades, handball derby in Montenegro is between RK Lovćen Cetinje and RK Berane. In period 2008–2010, main rivalry was between RK Lovćen and RK Budućnost Podgorica.

Since the 90's, OK Budućnost Podgorica and OK Budvanska Rivijera Budva are playing Montenegrin volleyball derby. At the start of new century (2001), on derby game in Podgorica was recorded the highest all-time attendance in Yugoslav volleyball league (7,500). Finally, eternal Montenegrin water polo derby is game between VK Primorac Kotor and PVK Jadran Herceg Novi.

Montenegrin clubs in European and ragional competitions

During the every season, Montenegrin clubs in every team-sport are participating in European competitions. Most successful were teams in women's handball and men's water polo, who won the titles of Champion of Europe. Except that sports, Montenegrin teams are playing in European competitions in football (men, women), handball, basketball (men, women), volleyball (men, women) and similar sports.

At the beginning of the 21st century, on the territory of former Yugoslavia started process of founding regional sport leagues. Montenegrin clubs were among the founders of all regional competitions, and today they are participating in ABA League, WABA League, SEHA League, Women’s Regional Handball League and Adriatic Water Polo League. An exception is Balkans Cup in football, a regional tournament that was held earlier—between the 1960s and 90s.

Notable results

Among the notable results and successes of Montenegrin clubs in European competitions are following seasons;

Season Sport Competition Montenegrin team Result
1984–85
Handball Cup Winners' Cup ŽRK Budućnost Podgorica
WINNERS
1985–86
Handball EHF Champions League ŽRK Budućnost Podgorica
Semifinals
1986–87
Water polo LEN Champions League VK Primorac Kotor
Semifinals
1986–87
Handball EHF Cup ŽRK Budućnost Podgorica
WINNERS
1996–97
Water polo LEN Cup Winners' Cup VK Budva
Semifinals
1997–98
Handball EHF Champions League ŽRK Budućnost Podgorica
Semifinals
1998–99
Basketball FIBA Saporta Cup KK Budućnost Podgorica
Semifinals
1998–99
Handball Cities Cup RK Lovćen Cetinje
Quarterfinals
1998–99
Handball EHF Champions League ŽRK Budućnost Podgorica
Semifinals
1999–00
Basketball EuroLeague KK Budućnost Podgorica
Round of 16
1999–00
Handball EHF Cup RK Lovćen Cetinje
Quarterfinals
1999–00
Handball EHF Champions League ŽRK Budućnost Podgorica
Semifinals
2000–01
Basketball EuroLeague KK Budućnost Podgorica
Round of 16
2000–01
Handball EHF Champions League RK Lovćen Cetinje
Quarterfinals
2000–01
Handball EHF Champions League ŽRK Budućnost Podgorica
Semifinals
2001–02
Water polo LEN Cup Winners' Cup PVK Jadran Herceg Novi
Semifinals
2001–02
Handball EHF Champions League ŽRK Budućnost Podgorica
Semifinals
2003–04
Water polo LEN Champions League PVK Jadran Herceg Novi
FINAL
2005–06
Handball Cup Winners' Cup ŽRK Budućnost Podgorica
WINNERS
2006–07
Handball Challenge Cup RK Lovćen Cetinje
Quarterfinals
2006–07
Water polo LEN Euro Cup VK Budva
Semifinals
2007–08
Volleyball CEV Cup OK Budvanska Rivijera Budva
Semifinals
2007–08
Water polo LEN Euro Cup VK Budva
Semifinals
2008–09
Water polo LEN Champions League VK Primorac Kotor
WINNERS
2008–09
Handball Challenge Cup RK Budućnost Podgorica
Quarterfinals
2009–10
Water polo LEN Champions League VK Primorac Kotor
FINAL
2009–10
Water polo LEN Euro Cup VA Cattaro Kotor
WINNERS
2009–10
Handball Cup Winners' Cup ŽRK Budućnost Podgorica
WINNERS
2010–11
Handball EHF Champions League ŽRK Budućnost Podgorica
Semifinals
2010–11
Water polo LEN Champions League VK Budva
Semifinals
2010–11
Volleyball CEV Champions League OK Budvanska Rivijera Budva
Quarterfinals
2011–12
Basketball EuroCup KK Budućnost Podgorica
Quarterfinals
2011–12
Handball EHF Champions League ŽRK Budućnost Podgorica
WINNERS
2012–13
Football UEFA Europa League FK Zeta Golubovci
Playoff round
2012–13
Basketball EuroCup KK Budućnost Podgorica
Quarterfinals
2013–14
Handball EHF Champions League ŽRK Budućnost Podgorica
FINAL
2013–14
Volleyball CEV Champions League OK Budvanska Rivijera Budva
Quarterfinals
2014–15
Handball EHF Champions League ŽRK Budućnost Podgorica
WINNERS
2015–16
Handball EHF Champions League ŽRK Budućnost Podgorica
Semifinals
2016–17
Handball EHF Champions League ŽRK Budućnost Podgorica
Semifinals
2017–18
Basketball EuroCup KK Budućnost Podgorica
Quarterfinals
2018–19
Basketball Euroleague KK Budućnost Podgorica
15th

Football

Men's competitions

During the history, Montenegrin football clubs played in three different UEFA competitions for clubs - UEFA Champions League, UEFA Europe League (formerly UEFA Cup) and Intertoto Cup. Champions of Montenegro never played in the group-phase of UEFA Champions League, and most successful in the qualifiers was FK Zeta Golubovci at season 2007–08. Best performances in UEFA Europe League had FK Zeta who played in the playoffs, and FK Mladost Podgorica and FK Budućnost, which played in Round 3. Most successful in Intertoto Cup was FK Budućnost Podgorica.

Balkans Cup is a former regional football competition (1960–1994) in which Montenegrin clubs participated as a representatives of SFR Yugoslavia. Teams from Montenegro that played in Balkans Cup were FK Budućnost Podgorica and FK Sutjeska Nikšić. Biggest success made FK Budućnost, who played in the final 1991, after eliminated Galatasaray SK.

Women's competitions

Since the season 2012–13, champion of Montenegrin Women's League is playing in the UEFA Women's Champions League. In the period 2012–2015, the only Montenegrin representative was ŽFK Ekonomist. On season 2016–17, for the first time, Montenegro was represented in UEFA Champions League by ŽFK Breznica.

Basketball

Men's competitions

Clubs from Montenegro have been playing in European basketball competitions since the 1980s. Until 2006, they represented SFR Yugoslavia and FR Yugoslavia. Almost all European seasons by Montenegrin clubs are played by KK Budućnost. Exceptions are a single-season parcitipations of KK Lovćen and KK Mornar in Europe. The most successful period was the end of the 1990s and the beginning of the new century. At that time, KK Budućnost played in the finish phases of EuroLeague. In that period, Budućnost often played games against greatest European basketball teams like FC Barcelona, Real Madrid, CSKA Moscow, Panathinaikos, Olympiacos, Maccabi Tel Aviv.

Today, Adriatic Basketball League is one of strongest in Europe. At 2001, one of founders was Montenegrin side KK Budućnost Podgorica, which is among most successful members of competition. Except Budućnost, in ABA League played three other clubs from Montenegro - KK Lovćen Cetinje, KK Sutjeska Nikšić and KK Mornar Bar. KK Budućnost played four times in the semifinal of ABA League playoffs, which is the most significant success of Montenegrin clubs in that competition until now.

Women's competitions

Women's basketball clubs from Montenegro participated in FIBA competitions since the start of century. Clubs that played in European Cups until today are ŽKK Budućnost Podgorica and ŽKK Jedinstvo Bijelo Polje. ŽKK Budućnost played in EuroLeague Women during the one season, but finished it after the group phase.

Women Adriatic Basketball League, or MŽRKL is founded at 2001, and Montenegrin clubs are part of it since 2004. Most successful Montenegrin representatives in WABA League were ŽKK Budućnost Podgorica and ŽKK Jedinstvo Bijelo Polje. While ŽKK Budućnost won champion title (2015–16), ŽKK Jedinstvo finished one season as a finalist in playoffs.

Handball

Men's competitions

Montenegrin men's handball clubs are participating in the EHF competitions since the season 1995/96. First team that ever competed at the European cups was Mornar Bar and most successful Montenegrin represent in the European competitions is Lovćen Cetinje. The other Montenegrin clubs that competed at the EHF competitions are Berane, Rudar Pljevlja, Budućnost Podgorica, Sutjeska Nikšić, Mojkovac and Budvanska rivijera Budva. The greatest result in the European cups made RK Lovćen during the season 2000/01. As a champion of FR Yugoslavia, Lovćen won fifth place in the EHF Champions League.

Southeastern European Handball Association League, or SEHA League is founded at 2011, and Montenegrin clubs were part of it since first season. Most successful Montenegrin representative in regional league was RK Lovćen.

Women's competitions

Montenegrin women's handball clubs are participating in the EHF competitions since the season 1984/85. Montenegrin side ŽRK Budućnost Podgorica was extremely successful in the European Cups and today is among the best and most-trophied European and global women's handball teams. They are most successful Montenegrin sports team in European Cups, too. ŽRK Budućnost won six European titles. Except ŽRK Budućnost, until today, representatives of Montenegro in women's EHF competitions were ŽRK Biseri Pljevlja, ŽRK Danilovgrad, ŽRK Nikšić and ŽRK Petrol Bonus Podgorica.

Women Regional Handball League (WRHL) is founded in 2009, and Montenegrin clubs are participating from its inaugural season. As one of strongest European clubs, ŽRK Budućnost Podgorica dominated in the history of competition, often playing seasons without any defeat. So, ŽRK Budućnost won five titles during the six seasons of WRHL.

Volleyball

Men's competitions

Montenegrin volleyball clubs are participating in the CEV competitions since the season 1995–96. First team that ever competed at the European cups was OK Budućnost Podgorica. Except them, in CEV competitions played also OK Budvanska Rivijera Budva, OK Sutjeska Nikšić, OK Jedinstvo Bijelo Polje and OK Studentski Centar Podgorica. Among other competitions, OK Budućnost and OK Budvanska Rivijera played a numerous seasons in CEV Champions League, with few participations in the final phases of competition.

Women's competitions

Montenegrin women's volleyball clubs are participating in the CEV competitions since the season 1998–99. First team that ever competed at the European cups was ŽOK Luka Bar. Except them, in CEV competitions played also ŽOK Galeb Bar. Montenegrin women's volleyball teams played in Women's CEV Cup and CEV Women's Challenge Cup, and from the season 2016–17 in the qualifiers for CEV Women's Champions League.

Water polo

Montenegrin water polo clubs are participating in the LEN competitions since the season 1986–97. First team that ever competed at the European cups was VK Primorac Kotor. Except them, in LEN competitions played also PVK Jadran Herceg Novi, VK Budva, VA Cattaro Kotor and PVK Val Prčanj. Biggest success in the history of Montenegrin waterpolo made VK Primorac, who won the title in LEN Champions League 2009. Except them, another Montenegrin holder of European trophy is VA Cattaro.

Clubs from Montenegro were among the founders of Adriatic Water Polo League, which is established at 2008. Since its first season, Montenegrin sides were among the most successful participants of regional competition, and PVK Jadran Herceg Novi won two titles. Othed clubs from Montenegro that participated in Adriatic League are VK Primorac Kotor, VK Budva and VA Cattaro Kotor.

National sports teams

From 2006, following Montenegrin independence, sports associations of Montenegro founded their own national sports teams. In the period 2006–2007, all sports associations became full members of international sports bodies, including the International Olympic Committee, so teams of Montenegro started with performances in official World and European competitions.

Notable results

Among the notable results and successes of Montenegrin national teams at the main competitions includes:

Year Sport Team Competition Result
2008
Water Polo Water Polo (Men's) European Championship
Champion
2008
Water Polo Water Polo (Men's) Summer Olympics
4th
2011
Basketball Basketball (Women's) European Championship
6th
2012
Water Polo Water Polo (Men's) European Championship
Finalist
2012
Handball Handball (Women's) European Championship
Champion
2012
Handball Handball (Women's) Summer Olympics
Finalist
2012
Water Polo Water Polo (Men's) Summer Olympics
4th
2013
Water Polo Water Polo (Men's) World Championship
Finalist
2014
Handball Handball (Women's) European Championship
4th
2015
Basketball Basketball (Women's) European Championship
7th
2016
Water Polo Water Polo (Men's) European Championship
Finalist
2016
Water Polo Water Polo (Men's) Summer Olympics
4th
2017
Basketball Basketball (Men's) European Championship
13th
2019
Handball Handball (Women's) World Championship
4th
2020
Water Polo Water Polo (Men's) European Championship
3rd

Montenegro national football team

Men

The Montenegro national football team represents Montenegro in association football and is controlled by the Fudbalski Savez Crne Gore (FSCG), the governing body for football in Montenegro. In October 2006, Montenegro was granted provisional membership of UEFA, with a full membership scheduled at a in January 2007.[1] The team played its official friendly match against Hungary on 24 March 2007 in Podgorica, and won 2:1. Until now, best success of Montenegro was participation in the play-off round for UEFA Euro 2012. Montenegro played against the Czech Republic, but failing to qualify.

Women

Montenegro women's national football team was founded in 2012. It is organised and headed by Football Association of Montenegro. Montenegro played first official match on 13 March 2012 in Bar, against Bosnia and Herzegovina (2:3). Best competitive result, Montenegro made at 2013–14, when they qualified for the final round of 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup qualification (UEFA).

Montenegro national basketball team

Men

In 2006, the Basketball Federation of Montenegro along with national team joined the International Basketball Federation (FIBA) on its own following the Independence of Montenegro. The Montenegrin national team entered international competition in 2008, playing its first official match on September 6, against Netherlands in Almere (70–63). Montenegrin team participated on EuroBasket two times - 2011 and 2013.

Women

The women's national basketball team is the representative for Montenegro in international women's basketball competitions and it is organized and run by the Basketball Federation of Montenegro. The Montenegrin women's national team entered international competition in 2008, playing its first official match on August 27, against Republic of Ireland in Bijelo Polje (68–56). Montenegrin women's team participated on EuroBasket Women three times - 2011, 2013 and 2015, playing two times in quarterfinals.

Montenegro national handball team

Men

The national handball team was formed in 2006, recently after independence. Montenegro is a full member of IHF and EHF since 2006. Montenegro played their first official match at 3 January 2007 in Vantaa and won against Finland (28:26). Since then, Montenegro successfully qualified for four big competitions – once for the World Cup (2013) and for the European Championship 2008, 2014 and 2016.

Women

Montenegro women's national handball team was formed in 2006, and started playing in IHF and EHF competitions during the same year. Montenegro played their first official match in November 2006 in Cheb and won against Bulgaria (32:28). Women's handball team is among most successful national teams of Montenegro. They won Montenegro's first ever Olympic medal in 2012 by reaching the final. Same year, Montenegro was a champion of Europe.

Montenegro national volleyball team

Men

The national volleyball team was formed in 2006, recently after independence. Montenegro is a full member of FIVB and CEV since 2006. Montenegro played their first official match at 1 September 2007 in Podgorica and won against Latvia (3–1). Until now, at major tournaments, Montenegro played in FIVB World League and European League. The team never qualified for World Championship or European Championship. During the history, Montenegro won one gold medal at major men's volleyball tournaments.

Women

Soon after the Montenegrin independence referendum, Volleyball Federation of Montenegro founded national teams. Women's team started to play in 2008, with the first match against Albania (3:0, friendly game). Same year, Montenegro played its first games in official competitions - against Georgia in 2009 European Volleyball Championship qualifiers.

Montenegro national water polo team

References

  1. ^ Mark Chaplin (2006). "No decision yet on Gibraltar". UEFA.com. Archived from the original on 28 November 2006. Retrieved 11 April 2007. For the first time, Montenegro was on the FIFA rankings in June 2007.
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