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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Spijkenisse
City centre of Spijkenisse
City centre of Spijkenisse
Flag of Spijkenisse
Flag
Coat of arms of Spijkenisse
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Spijkenisse in a municipal map of South Holland
Location in South Holland
Coordinates: 51°51′N 4°20′E / 51.850°N 4.333°E / 51.850; 4.333
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceSouth Holland
MunicipalityNissewaard
Area
 • Total30.27 km2 (11.69 sq mi)
 • Land26.12 km2 (10.08 sq mi)
 • Water4.15 km2 (1.60 sq mi)
Elevation−1 m (−3 ft)
Population
 • Total72,500
Demonym(s)Spijkenissenaar
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode
3200–3209
Area code0181
Websitewww.nissewaard.nl

Spijkenisse (Dutch pronunciation: [spɛi̯kəˈnɪsə] (About this soundlisten)) is a city in the province of South Holland, Netherlands. Following an administrative reform in 2015, it is part of the municipality of Nissewaard, and has a population of 72,500. It covers an area of 30.27 km2 (11.69 sq mi) of which 4.15 km2 (1.60 sq mi) is water. It is part of the Greater Rotterdam area.

History

Topographic map of Spijkenisse, as 2014
Topographic map of Spijkenisse, as 2014

Archaeological research has shown that the area around Spijkenisse has been inhabited for many thousands of years. The people then depended on fishing on the Meuse and hunting in the swamps.

The oldest reference to the name Spickenisse is from a source from 1231. This name comes from the words spieke (spit) and nesse (nose) meaning "pointy nose" in reference to a spit of land protruding along the river.[3]

Spijkenisse formed as a farming and fishing village at a creek along the Oude Maas. Initially it belonged to the Lord of Putten (whose coat of arms is now used by the city) but in 1459 the fiefdom Putten, including Spijkenisse, was transferred to Philip III, Duke of Burgundy. In 1581, after the Dutch declaration of independence, the area came under the control of the States of Holland and West Frisia.[4]

In the 16th century the village suffered several floods. In the 17th and 18th centuries it endured destructive fires which hampered its economic growth. In the 20th century, it heavily urbanised as part of the Greater Rotterdam area. Nowadays, Spijkenisse also includes the community of Hekelingen, as well as Den Hoek and Beerenplaat.

Transportation

Spijkenisse has a connection to the city of Rotterdam by Rotterdam Metro lines C and D, through Spijkenisse Centrum, Heemraadlaan, and De Akkers stations. The metro is operated by RET.

On November 2, 2020, at about 0:30 h, a train ran through stop buffers at the end of the line and was saved from plunging down 10 meters by the sculpture "Whale tails".

There are also several bus services operated by EBS and 1 line of Connexxion to Ouddorp.

In 2011, the town built seven bridges designed by Robin Stam, replicating Robert Kalina's fictional designs on the euro banknotes.[5][6][7][8]

Districts

  • De Akkers
  • Centrum
  • De Elementen
  • De Hoek
  • Gildenwijk
  • Groenewoud
  • Hoogwerf
  • Maaswijk
  • Schenkel
  • Schiekamp
  • Sterrenkwartier
  • Vierambachten
  • Vogelenzang
  • Vriesland
  • Waterland

Health

  • Spijkenisse Medisch Centrum (former Ruwaard van Putten hospital)

Schools

Primary schools

Roman Catholic Protestant Public Calvinist
De Akkers Het Anker Annie MG Schmidt De Morgenster
De Klinker Het Baken De Vuurvogel
De Maasoever De Bron
Monseigneur Bekkersschool De Duif De Vogelenzang
De Wegwijzer De Hoeksteen De Krullevaar
Paus Johannes De Marimba De Meander(tot 2012)
De Rank De Montessori
De Schakel Jan Campert
De Piramide
De Toermalijn
De Veenvlinder

Secondary school

Roman Catholic Christian Public
MAVO Charles de Foucauld PENTA college CSG Scala Molenwatering OSG My College
PENTA College CSG Scala Rietvelden OSG De Ring van Putten
PENTA college CSG De Oude Maas

Notable residents

Emiel Mellaard, 1987
Emiel Mellaard, 1987
Sport

International relations

Spijkenisse is twinned with the following cities:

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2020" [Key figures for neighbourhoods 2020]. StatLine (in Dutch). CBS. 24 July 2020. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  2. ^ "Postcodetool for 3201EL". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  3. ^ "Gemeente Spijkenisse". Spijkenisse.nl. Retrieved 2014-02-10.
  4. ^ Spijkenisse Online - geschiedenis Archived June 7, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Kristen Allen, "Euro Bridges: An Uncommon Monument to the Common Currency", Spiegel Online, 4 November 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
  6. ^ Benjamin Starr, "Bridges on Euro Banknotes Were Fictional, But This Dutch Designer Built Them Anyway", Visual News, 17 December 2014. Retrieved 23 March 2015.
  7. ^ Those fantasy bridges on euro notes? They’re real, now, and all in one place Coin World (www.coinworld.com). July 24, 2017. Retrieved on 2017-07-25.
  8. ^ Euro Banknote Bridges Atlas Obscura (www.atlasobscura.com). Retrieved on 2018-06-25.

External links

This page was last edited on 24 February 2021, at 18:32
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