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Blanford's fruit bat

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Blanford's fruit bat
Sphaerias blanfordi.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Pteropodidae
Genus: Sphaerias
Miller, 1906
Species:
S. blanfordi
Binomial name
Sphaerias blanfordi
(Thomas, 1891)
Blanford's Fruit Bat area.png
Blanford's fruit bat range
Synonyms
  • Cynopterus blanfordi Thomas, 1891

Blanford's fruit bat (Sphaerias blanfordi) is a mountain species of megabat. It is found in several countries in South and Southeast Asia.

Taxonomy

Blanford's fruit bat was described as a new species in 1891 by English zoologist Oldfield Thomas, who put it in the genus Cynopterus (C. blanfordi).[2] The eponym for its specific epithet "blanfordi" is English naturalist William Thomas Blanford.[3]

In 1906, American zoologist Gerrit Smith Miller proposed the new genus Sphaerias. He justified the inclusion of C. blanfordi in this genus as opposed to Cynopterus due to its lack of a calcar and the development of the incisors, whose shape he called "peculiar".[4]

Range and habitat

It occurs in several countries in South and Southeast Asia, including Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, and Vietnam.[1] In 2010, it was documented in Laos for the first time.[5] It has been documented at a range of elevations from 308–2,710 m (1,010–8,891 ft) above sea level.[1]

Conservation

As of 2008, it is listed as a least-concern species by the IUCN. It meets the criteria for this designation due to its large geographic range and presumably large population size. Additionally, it is unlikely to be experiencing rapid population decline.[1] The IUCN listed no major threats to the species,[1] but the first record of it in Laos was an individual sold as bushmeat at a market.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Bates, P.; Bumrungsri, S.; Csorba, G.; Francis, C. (2008). "Sphaerias blanfordi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2008: e.T20521A9210732. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T20521A9210732.en.
  2. ^ Thomas, O. (1891). "Diagnoses of three new Mammals collected by Signor L. Fea in the Carin Hills, Burma". Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova: 884.
  3. ^ Srinivasulu, C (2019). South Asian mammals: an updated checklist and their scientific names. p. 111. ISBN 978-0-429-88089-6. Retrieved 2019-08-30.
  4. ^ Miller, G.S. (1906). "Twelve new genera of bats". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 19: 83–85.
  5. ^ a b Douangboubpha, B.; Sanamxay, D.; Xayaphet, V.; Bumrungsri, S.; Bates, P. J. (2012). "First record of Sphaerias blanfordi (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae) from Lao PDR". Tropical Natural History. 12 (1): 117–122.
This page was last edited on 7 March 2021, at 09:57
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