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Speaker of the National Assembly of South Africa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Speaker of the National Assembly of South Africa
Thandi Modise

since 22 May 2019
National Assembly of South Africa
StyleHonorable Speaker
TypePresiding officer of one chamber in a bicameral legislature
ResidenceCape Town
AppointerElected by members of the National Assembly
First holderChristoffel Brand
DeputyDeputy Speaker of the National Assembly
SalaryR226‚400, a month

The Speaker of the National Assembly presides over the National Assembly of South Africa, the lower house of the Parliament of South Africa. The speaker is chosen from among the Members of the Assembly at its first sitting following a general election and whenever the office is vacant.[1] The Speaker acts as a "referee", taking charge of debates to make sure that the MPs can participate freely while keeping to the rules. The Speaker also has managerial duties to ensure that Parliament runs smoothly. Each political party in the Assembly elects a chief whip to run its affairs. The presiding officers, the chief whips, and the Leader of Government Business (the person appointed by the Cabinet to liaise with Parliament) together decide on the programme of work.

The office of Speaker of the National Assembly was preceded by the offices of Speaker of the House of Assembly (1910–1984) under the 1909 and 1961 constitutions and Speaker of Parliament under the Tricameral Parliament (1984–1994).

The Speaker

The Speaker of the National Assembly is elected to and removed from office in terms of S52 of the Constitution. In terms of this section the:

  • House must elect the Speaker from its members during the first House sitting
  • The house may remove the Speaker by resolution
  • The house must fill the position when it becomes vacant during term
  • Chief Justice must preside over the election of the Speaker

The Mandate of the Speaker

The Speaker's mandate is twofold. It is constitutional and institutional. This mandate is furthermore dual at the National Assembly and Parliamentary level. In both situations, it involves interacting with the following sectors of the global community:

  • International
  • Continental
  • Regional
  • National

List of Speakers (1854–present)

Speakers of the Cape House of Assembly (1854–1910)

No. Name
Portrait Term of office
1 Sir Christoffel Brand
Sir Christoffel Brand00.jpg
2 Sir David Tennant
David Tennant - Speaker of the Cape Parliament - Cape Colony.jpg
3 Sir Henry Juta
Cape Speaker Henry Juta - P Tennyson-Cole.png
4 Sir Bisset Berry
Wm Bisset Berry - Cape Speaker of Parliament - Photo Duffus CT.jpg
5 James Tennant Molteno
Sir James Molteno - retired Speaker of Parliament RSA.jpg

Speakers of the House of Assembly (1910–1994)

No. Name
Portrait Took office Left office Political party
1 James Tennant Molteno
Sir James Molteno - retired Speaker of Parliament RSA.jpg
1 November 1910 18 November 1915 South African Party
2 Joel Krige
No image.png
19 November 1915 24 July 1924 South African Party
3 Ernest George Jansen
EG Jansen 1949.jpg
25 July 1924 19 June 1929 National Party
4 Jan Hendrick Hofmeyr de Waal
No image.png
19 July 1929 25 May 1933 National Party
Ernest George Jansen
EG Jansen 1949.jpg
26 May 1933 21 January 1944 National Party
(until 1934)
United Party
(from 1934)
5 Clifford Meyer van Coller
No image.png
22 January 1944 5 August 1948 United Party
6 Jozua François Naudé
Tom Naudé 1962.jpg
6 August 1948 7 November 1950 National Party
7 Johannes Conradie
No image.png
19 January 1951 31 December 1960 National Party
8 Henning Johannes Klopper
No image.png
20 January 1961 1 August 1974 National Party
9 Alwyn Schlebusch
No image.png
2 August 1974 25 January 1976 National Party
10 Jannie Loots
No image.png
26 January 1976 30 July 1981 National Party
11 J. P. du Toit
No image.png
31 July 1981 13 February 1983 National Party
12 Johan Greeff
No image.png
14 February 1983 31 December 1986 National Party
13 Louis le Grange
No image.png
1 January 1987 26 October 1991 National Party
14 Gene Louw
No image.png
14 November 1991 9 May 1994 National Party

Speakers of the National Assembly (1994–present)

No. Name
Portrait Took office Left office Political party
1 Frene Ginwala
No image.png
9 May 1994 12 July 2004 African National Congress
2 Baleka Mbete
Baleka Mbete.jpg
12 July 2004 25 September 2008 African National Congress
3 Gwen Mahlangu-Nkabinde
No image.png
25 September 2008 6 May 2009 African National Congress
4 Max Sisulu
Max Sisulu (1985).jpg
6 May 2009 21 May 2014 African National Congress
5 Baleka Mbete
Baleka Mbete.jpg
21 May 2014 22 May 2019 African National Congress
6 Thandi Modise
Spotkanie premier Beaty Szydło z Thandi Modise (cropped).jpg
22 May 2019 Incumbent African National Congress

See also


  1. ^ "The Speakers Corner". Retrieved March 7, 2014.
  2. ^ From 1911, Sir James Tennant Molteno

External links

This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 06:22
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