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Spanish Campaign Medal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Army Spanish Campaign Medal
Army Spanish Campaign Medal.jpg
Army Spanish Campaign Medal
TypeCampaign medal
Presented byDepartment of War
EligibilityService in the Spanish–American War
StatusObsolete
First awarded11 May 1898
Last awarded16 August 1898
Spanish Campaign Medal ribbon.svg


Streamer SC.PNG
ribbon and streamer

The Spanish Campaign Medal was a military award of the United States Armed Forces which recognized those men of the U.S. military who had served in the Spanish–American War. Although a single decoration, there were two versions of the Spanish Campaign Medal, one for men of the United States Army and another for the forces of the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps. The Army medal was designed by Francis Davis Millet while the Navy and Marines medals were designed by Rudolf Freund (1878-1960) of Bailey, Banks & Biddle.[1][2]

Early versions of the Spanish Campaign Medal suspended the medal from a gold and red ribbon, but this design was changed in 1913 upon request from Spain that a United States service medal not bear the colors of the Spanish nation.[3] The new medal was suspended from a blue and yellow ribbon. Separate medallions existed for both the Navy and Army. Marine Corps recipients received the Navy version with the seal of the United States Marine Corps on the reverse of the medal.

The only device authorized to the Spanish Campaign Medal was the Citation Star and then only for U.S. Army recipients of the decoration.

Army version

The Army version of the Spanish Campaign Medal was established on 12 January 1905. It was awarded for military service performed between 11 May and 16 August 1898 which such service in the geographical regions of either Cuba, Puerto Rico, or the Philippine Islands. For those men of the Army who had served on active duty during the Spanish–American War, but had not been deployed in action, a separate medal was established in 1918, known as the Spanish War Service Medal.[4]

Navy version

Navy and Marine Corps Spanish Campaign Medal
Army Spanish Campaign Medal.jpg
Navy and Marine Corps Spanish Campaign Medal
TypeCampaign Medal
Presented byDepartment of the Navy
EligibilityService in the Spanish–American War
StatusObsolete
First awarded21 April 1898
Last awarded16 August 1898
Spanish Campaign Medal ribbon.svg


Streamer SC.PNG
ribbon and streamer

The Navy version of the Spanish Campaign Medal was created in June 1908 and issued to any man of either the Navy or Marine Corps who had served in the Philippine Islands between the dates of 1 May and 16 August 1898. Crews of select ships were eligible for the medal prior to 1 May.[5] For service in the West Indies, the Navy awarded the West Indies Campaign Medal as well as the Sampson Medal which was authorized by a joint resolution of Congress in 1901. In 1913, the Navy discontinued the award of the West Indies Campaign Medal and extended the criteria of the Spanish Campaign Medal to any man of the Navy or Marine Corps who had served on active duty during the Spanish–American War.

See also

References

  1. ^ "SPANISH CAMPAIGN MEDAL (Army)". COMMEMORATIVE MEDALS FOR SALE. Foxfall Medals. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  2. ^ "SPANISH CAMPAIGN MEDAL (Navy and Marine Corps)". COMMEMORATIVE MEDALS FOR SALE. Foxfall Medals. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  3. ^ Spanish Campaign Medal Red and Yellow
  4. ^ US Army Institute of Heraldry: Spanish Campaign Medal
  5. ^ Service Medals and Campaign Credits of the United States Navy Spanish Campaign Medal
This page was last edited on 28 January 2021, at 10:11
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