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Spain in the OTI Festival

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Member stationRTVE (Spanish Radio and Television)
National selection eventsInternal Selection
Participation summary
First appearance1972
Best result1º in 1976 1º in 1981 1º in 1992 1º in 1993 1º in 1995 1º in 1996
Worst result10th 1988
External links
Televisión Española website

Spain and its OTI member station RTVE (Spanish Radio and Television) was one of the founding members of the OTI Festival and debuted in the event in 1972 in Madrid, being the host broadcaster of the first show. The Spanish participation in the song contest was almost uninterrupted, in fact, RTVE only withdrew from the contest in the edition of 1986, which was held in Santiago, as a protest against the Augusto Pinochet dictatorship.


Although RTVE selected their representants internally and didn't follow the tradition of national finals started by countries such as Mexico, Chile or Guatemala, Spain almost always selected famous names, most of whom would achieve strong results. Spain won the event on 6 occasions, which makes it the second most successful participant after Mexico.

The first Spanish victory came in 1976 with the singer-songwriter María Ostiz and her song "Canta cigarra" (Cicada, start singing!). This protest song, which transmitted a deep feeling of sadness, was not one of the favourite ones to win the contest, in fact being among the least favoured entries in the betting odds. Ostiz, who thought that she could not win, left the auditorium before the voting process started, but she had to return when her victory was clear.

In 1981, RTVE achieved the second Spanish victory in the festival, which was held in Mexico City, with Francisco and his song "Latino" (Latin man).[1] This song became a great hit both in Spain and Latin America and contributed to launch the career of the singer internationally. Francisco won again the festival in 1992 with the song "¿Adonde voy sin ti?" (Where am I going without you?). Since then, the singer started became known as the Latin Johnny Logan because of his two victories.

One year later, the Flamenco singer Ana Reverte achieved the fourth Spanish victory in the festival with the song "Enamorarse" (To fall in love).

The last Spanish victories came with Marcos Llunas in 1995[2] (who would represent Spain in the Eurovision Song Contest two years later) and with Anabel Russ in 1996.[3]

Spain in OTI vs Spain in Eurovision

Many of the Spanish entrants in the OTI Festival later represented Spain in the Eurovision Song Contest. This is the case of the band Trigo Limpio which took part in the Latin American song contest before they competed in Eurovision in 1980. In 1984, Amaya Saizar, who was the first vocalist of Trigo Limpio and the one who appeared in the OTI Festival, competed in Eurovision as member of the band Bravo.

After that, Marcos Llunas won the OTI Festival before placing 6th at Eurovision in 1997.

Other artists such as the band Alex y Cristina tried to represent Spain in the Eurovision Song Contest in 1986, but two years after being rejected, they participated in the OTI Festival in 1988 achieving 10th place.

In general, from the 1970s till the late 1990s, the Spanish Eurovision fans always claimed that RTVE seemed to be much more interested in the OTI Festival than in the Eurovision Song Contest. The followers of the European song contest complained that the Spanish broadcaster almost always selected famous names for the OTI Song Contest, while the Spanish performers in Eurovision were unknown to much of the audience.


The prominent Marisol was the first Spanish OTI performer
The prominent Marisol was the first Spanish OTI performer
The well known singer Camilo Sesto represented Spain in the OTI Festival in 1973.
The well known singer Camilo Sesto represented Spain in the OTI Festival in 1973.
The band Trigo Limpio represented Spain in OTI in 1977 before taking part in the Eurovision Song Contest.
The band Trigo Limpio represented Spain in OTI in 1977 before taking part in the Eurovision Song Contest.
Table key
  Second place
  Third place
  Last place
Year Artist Song Place Pts
2000 Sylvia Pantoja "Volver al Sur" 4
1998 Luis Villa "Desconocidos" 9
1997 La Plata "Como humo de tabaco" 3
1996 Anabel Russ "Mis manos" 1
1995 Marcos Llunas "Eres mi debilidad" 1
1994 Ana María González "Cuestión de suerte" 2 28
1993 Ana Reverte "Enamorarse" 1
1992 Francisco "¿A dónde voy sin ti?" 1
1991 Joel "Bésame" 7
1990 Paco Ortega e Isabel Montero "Duérmete mi amor" 3
1989 José Manuel Soto "Como una luz" 2
1988 Alex y Cristina "Dulce maldición" 10 2
1987 Vicky Larraz "Bravo samurái" 3
1986 Did not participate
1985[4] Caco Senante "Esta forma de querer" 7
1984 Bohemia "Cada día al despertar" 4
1983 Gonzalo "¿Quién piensa en ti?" 10
1982 La Pequeña Compañía "Ay, ay amor" 2 27
1981 Francisco "Latino" 1 51
1980 Dyango "Querer y perder" 2 32
1979 Rosa María Lobo "Viviré" 4 25
1978 José María Purón "Mi sitio" 5 18
1977 Trigo Limpio "Rómpeme, mátame" 3 7
1976 María Ostiz "Canta, cigarra" 1 14
1975 Cecilia "Amor de medianoche" 2 14
1974 Lia Uyá "Lapicero de madera" 4 9
1973 Camilo Sesto "Algo más" 5 6
1972 Marisol "Niña" 3 8

See also


  1. ^ País, Ediciones El (1992-12-06). "Segunda victoria de Francisco en el Festival de la OTI". EL PAÍS (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-06-06.
  2. ^ País, Ediciones El (1995-11-13). "España gana por quinta vez el Festival de la OTI". EL PAÍS (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-06-06.
  3. ^ País, Ediciones El (1996-11-27). "Anabel Russ irá al festival de la OTI". EL PAÍS (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-06-06.
  4. ^ PataNegraPro (2008-10-08), Rocio Jurado "El Clavel"  Final Imprevisto en OTI 85  4/4, retrieved 2017-06-06
This page was last edited on 18 April 2020, at 04:39
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