To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

# List of government space agencies

## From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of government agencies engaged in activities related to outer space and space exploration.

As of 2018, 72 different government space agencies are in existence; 14 of those have launch capability. Seven government space agencies—the French National Centre for Space Studies (CNES), China National Space Administration (CNSA), the European Space Agency (ESA), the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and the Russian Federal Space Agency (RFSA or Roscosmos)—have full launch capabilities; these include the ability to launch and recover multiple satellites, deploy cryogenic rocket engines and operate space probes.

The name given is the English version, with the native language version below. The acronym given is the most common acronym: this can either be the acronym of the English version (e.g. JAXA), or the acronym in the native language. Where there are multiple acronyms in common use, the English one is given first.

The date of the founding of the space agency is the date of first operations where applicable. If the space agency is no longer running, then the date when it was terminated (i.e. the last day of operations) is given. In particular the Soviet space program is not listed since it was not organized as a consolidated agency.

## List of space agencies

The capabilities of the space agencies are color-coded as follows
Human Lunar Exploration + Operates Space Station + Human Spaceflight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
Space station + Human Spaceflight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
Human spaceflight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
None of the Above

### Civilian

Name Initialisms/Acronym Country Founded Terminated Capabilities of the space agency Ref(s)
Astronauts Operates Satellites Sounding Rockets capable Recoverable Biological Sounding Rockets capable
Australian Space Agency ASA  Australia 2018, 1 July No Yes Yes No [1][2][citation needed]
Belarus Space Agency BSA  Belarus 2009 No No Yes No [3]
Central American Association for Aeronautics and Space (Asociación Centroamericana de Aeronáutica y el Espacio) ACAE  Costa Rica 2010 No Yes No No [4]
Mexican Space Agency AEM  Mexico 2010, 30 July Yes Yes Yes No
Algerian Space Agency
ASAL  Algeria 2002, 16 January No Yes Yes No
Asia-Pacific Space Cooperation Organization APSCO
International
2005, 28 October No Yes No No
Austrian Space Agency ALR  Austria 1972, 12 July No No No No [5][6]
Azerbaijan National Aerospace Agency[7] AMAKA  Azerbaijan 1974, 21 February No Yes No No
National Space Science Agency NSSA  Bahrain 2014, 9 April No No No No [8]
Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy BIRA
IASB
BISA
Belgium 1964, 25 November Yes No No No [9]
Bolivarian Agency for Space Activities ABAE  Venezuela 2008, 1 January No Yes No No [10]
Brazilian Space Agency AEB  Brazil 1994, 10 February Yes Yes Yes[11] No [12]
UK Space Agency UKSA  United Kingdom 2010, 1 April Yes Yes Yes No [citation needed]
Bolivian Space Agency ABE  Bolivia 2012 No Yes No No [13][14][15]
Bulgarian Space Agency ИКИ-БАН
SRI-BAS
ИСЗВ-БАН
STIL-BAS
Bulgaria 1987 Yes Yes No No [16]
Canadian Space Agency CSA
ASC
Canada 1989, 1 March Yes Yes Yes No [17]
China National Space Administration CNSA  China 1993, 22 April Yes Yes Yes Yes [18]
Colombian Space Commission CCE  Colombia 2006, 18 July No Yes No No [19]
Centre for Remote Imaging, Sensing and Processing CRISP  Singapore 1995 No Yes No No
Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems CCSDS
International
Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI)
British National Space Centre (BNSC)
Canadian Space Agency (CSA)
Centre National d’Études Spatiales (CNES)
China National Space Administration (CNSA)
Deutsches Zentrum für Luft und Raumfahrt (DLR)
European Space Agency (ESA)
Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Russian Federal Space Agency (RFSA)
1982 No No No No
Czech: Ministerstvo dopravy České republiky
(Ministry of Transport of the Czech Republic – Space Technologies and Satellite Systems Department[citation needed][20])
[1]
Ministry of Transport of the Czech Republic
Czech Republic 2003[citation needed] Yes No No No [20]
Danish National Space Center DRC
DNSC
Denmark 1968, 1 January 31 December
2006
Yes No No No [citation needed]
Danish Space Research Institute DRKI
DSRI
Denmark 2005, 1 January 31 December
2006
No Yes No No [citation needed]
European Space Agency ESA
ASE
EWO
1975, 31 May Yes Yes Yes Yes [21][22]
Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development Agency GISTDA
สทอภ
Thailand 2002, 3 November No Yes No No [23]
Serbian Office for Space Sciences, Research and Development SERBSPACE  Serbia 2016, August No Yes No No
German Aerospace Center DLR  Germany 1969 Yes Yes Yes No [24]
Hellenic Space Centre (Greek: Ελληνικό Κέντρο Διαστήματος) ΕΛΚΕΔ
HSC
Greece 2019, 9 August No No No No [citation needed]
Hungarian Space Office MŰI
HSO
Hungary 1992, January No Yes No No
Indian Space Research Organisation ISRO
इसरो
India 1969, 15 August Yes Yes Yes Yes [25][26][27]
Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial INTA  Spain 1942 Yes Yes Yes No [28][29][30]
Iranian Space Agency ISA  Iran 2004 Yes Yes Yes Yes [31][32][33]
Israeli Space Agency
ISA
סל"ה
Israel 1983, April Yes Yes Yes No [citation needed]
Italian Space Agency ASI  Italy 1988 Yes Yes Yes No [34][35]
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency JAXA  Japan 2003, 1 October Yes Yes Yes Yes [36][37]
Luxembourg Space Agency
LSA  Luxembourg 2018, September No No No No [38]
National Space Agency of the Republic of Kazakhstan KazCosmos
KazKosmos
Kazakhstan 2007, 27 March Yes Yes No No [39]
New Zealand Space Agency
NZSA  New Zealand 2016, April No No No No
Korean Committee of Space Technology KCST  North Korea 1980s 2013 No Yes Yes No [40][41][42]
National Aerospace Development Administration NADA  North Korea 2013 No Yes Yes No [43]
Korea Aerospace Research Institute KARI  South Korea 1989, 10 October Yes Yes Yes No [citation needed]
Lithuanian Space Association[citation needed] LSA  Lithuania 2007 No Yes No No [44]
Malaysian Space Agency MYSA  Malaysia 2002 Yes Yes No No [45]
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA  United States 1958, 1 October Yes Yes Yes Yes [46]
National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences NARSS  Egypt 1994 No Yes No No [47]
National Space Program NSP  Australia 1986 1996 No Yes No No [48]
National Centre for Space Studies CNES  France 1961, 19 December Yes Yes Yes No [49]
Paraguayan Space Agency (<i>Agencia Espacial de Paraguay</i>) AEP  Paraguay 2014, 26 March No No No No
National Commission for Aerospace Research and Development CONIDA  Peru 1974, 11 June No Yes Yes No [50]
Department of Science and TechnologyAdvanced Science and Technology Institute DOST–ASTI  Philippines 2014 No Yes No No [52][53]
Philippine Space Agency PhilSA  Philippines 2019, 8 August No No No No [55][56][57]
Comisión Nacional de Investigaciones Espaciales CNIE  Argentina 1961 1991 No No Yes Yes [58][59]
Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales CONAE  Argentina 1991, 28 May No Yes Yes No [58]
National Institute of Aeronautics and Space LAPAN  Indonesia 1964, 27 November Yes Yes Yes No [citation needed]
National Remote Sensing Center of Mongolia[citation needed] NRSC  Mongolia 1987 No No No No [60]
French: Centre national de la cartographie et de la télédétection
(Arabic: المركز الوطني للإستشعار عن بعد‎)
(National Remote Sensing Center of Tunisia)[citation needed]
CNCT  Tunisia 1988 No No No No
Uzbek State Space Research Agency (UzbekCosmos) USSRA (UzbekCosmos)  Uzbekistan 2001 No No No No [2][61]
State Space Agency of Ukraine ДКАУ
SSAU
Ukraine 1992, 2 March Yes Yes Yes No [3]
National Space Organization NSPO  Republic of China (Taiwan) 1991, 3 October No Yes Yes No [62]
National Space Research and Development Agency NASRDA  Nigeria 1998 No Yes No No [citation needed]
Netherlands Institute for Space Research SRON  Netherlands 1983 Yes Yes No No [citation needed]
Norwegian Space Centre NRS
NSC
Norway 1987 No Yes Yes No [63]
Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission SUPARCO
سپارکو
Pakistan 1961, 16 September No Yes Yes No [citation needed]
Portugal Space  Portugal 2019 No No No No [64][65]
Romanian Space Agency ASR
ROSA
Romania 1991 Yes Yes No No [citation needed]
Egypt Remote Sensing Center (defunct) EASRT-RSC  Egypt 1971 1994 No No No No [47]
French: Centre Royal de Télédétection Spatiale
Berber: Ammas Amrrukan n Tallunt
(Arabic: المركز الملكي للإستشعار البعدي الفضائي‎)
(Royal Center for Remote Sensing)[citation needed]
CRTS  Morocco 1989, December No No No No
Roscosmos ROSCOSMOS
РОСКОСМОС
Russia c.1992 Yes Yes Yes Yes [citation needed]
Turkish Space Agency
(Türkiye Uzay Ajansı)
TUA
TUA
Turkey 2018 No Yes Yes No [66][67][68][69]
Space Research and Remote Sensing Organization SPARRSO  Bangladesh 1980 No No No No [70]
Polish Space Agency POLSA
POLSA
Poland 2014 Yes Yes No No [citation needed]
South African National Space Agency SANSA  South Africa 2010, 9 December No No No No [71]
Space Research Institute of Saudi Arabia[citation needed]
(Arabic: معهد بحوث الفضاء‎)
KACST-SRI  Saudi Arabia 1977 No Yes No No
Space Technology Institute (Viện Công nghệ vũ trụ Việt Nam) CNVT or STI
VAST-STI
Vietnam 2006, 20 November Yes Yes No No [72]
Swedish National Space Agency SNSA  Sweden 1972 Yes Yes Yes No [citation needed]
Swiss Space Office SSO   Switzerland 1998 No No No No [73][74]
Turkmenistan National Space Agency TNSA  Turkmenistan 2011 No Yes No No [75]
United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs UNOOSA  United Nations 1958, 13 December [76]
United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space UNCOPUOS 1959, 12 December [77]
United Arab Emirates Space Agency UAESA  United Arab Emirates 2014 Yes Yes No No [78]
Mohammed bin Rashid Space Centre MBRSC Dubai,  United Arab Emirates 2006, 6 February (as EIAST)
2015 (as MBRSC)
Yes Yes No No [79]
Syrian Space Agency SSA  Syria 2014, 18 March No No No No [80][81][82][83]

## List of space agencies with launch capability

Space agency Country Founded Terminated Capabilities of the space agency Ref(s)
Name Acronym Multiple Satellites Launch capable Developed and Deployed Cryogenic Rocket Engines Operates Extraterrestrial Probe Recoverable Satellites capable
Australian Space Agency ASA  Australia 1 July 2018 No No No No [1][2][citation needed]
China National Space Administration CNSA  People's Republic of China 22 April 1993 Yes Yes Yes Yes [18]
European Space Agency ESA
ASE
EWO
31 May 1975 Yes Yes Yes Yes [21][22]
Iranian Space Agency ISA
ISA
Iran 2004 No No No No
Israeli Space Agency ISA
סל"ה
Israel April 1983 No No No No [citation needed]
Italian Space Agency ASI  Italy 1988 Yes No Yes No [84]
National Aerospace Development Administration
KCST  North Korea 1980s No No No No [citation needed]
Korea Aerospace Research Institute
KARI
항우연
South Korea October 1989 No No No No [citation needed]
Indian Space Research Organisation ISRO
इसरो
India 15 August 1969 Yes Yes Yes Yes [25][26][27]
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency JAXA  Japan 1 October 2003 Yes Yes Yes Yes [36]
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA  United States 1 October 1958 Yes Yes Yes Yes [46]
French: Centre National d’Études Spatiales CNES  France 19 December 1961 Yes Yes No No [49]
State Space Agency of Ukraine ДКАУ
SSAU
Ukraine 2 March 1992 Yes No No No [citation needed]
Roscosmos ROSCOSMOS
РОСКОСМОС
Russia ca. 1992 Yes Yes Yes Yes [citation needed]
United States Space Force USSF  United States 20 December 2019 Yes Yes No Yes [85][86][87]

## List of space agencies with human spaceflight capability

Space agency Country Founded Terminated Accomplished tasks by the space agency Ref(s)
Name Acronym Human Space launch capable Spacewalk capable Space Rendezvous and Docking capable Operates Space Station
China National Space Administration CNSA  People's Republic of China April 22, 1993 Yes Yes Yes Yes [18][88]
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA  United States October 1, 1958 Yes Yes Yes Yes [46]
Russian Federal Space Agency ROSCOSMOS
RFSA
Russia December 26, 1991 Dissolution of Soviet Union Yes Yes Yes Yes [89]

## List of space agencies with extraterrestrial landing capability

Space agency Country Founded Terminated Accomplished tasks by the space agency Ref(s)
Name Acronym Circumlunar crewed spaceflight Controlled impact with surface Uncrewed soft landing Uncrewed (automated) rover operation Automated sample return mission Crewed Moon landing and sample return
China National Space Administration CNSA  People's Republic of China 22 April 1993 No Yes Yes Yes Yes No [18]
European Space Agency ESA
ASE
EWO
31 May 1975 No Yes Yes No No No Huygens (spacecraft), though launched and orbited by NASA
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency JAXA  Japan 1 October 2003 No Yes Yes No Yes No Hayabusa
Indian Space Research Organisation ISRO
इसरो
India 15 August 1969 No Yes No No No No [25][26][27]
Italian Space Agency ASI  Italy 1988 No Yes Yes No No No Huygens (spacecraft), though launched and orbited by NASA
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA  United States 1 October 1958 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes[4] Yes [46]
Russian Federal Space Agency ROSCOSMOS
RFSA
Russia December 26, 1991 (main inheritor of the Soviet space program) No Yes Yes Yes Yes No

^ sample successfully taken by OSIRIS-REx, though not returned yet

## Expected and proposed future space agencies

Space agency Country/Countries Expected date of formation Current status Ref(s)
Name Acronym
African Space Agency AfSA  African Union 2023 Proposed in 2015. AU plans to launch the agency by 2019 with a proposed headquarter in Cairo, Egypt. Funded by Egypt. See the stamp issued by Egypt on 19 September 2019. [90][91][92][93][94]
Armenian Space Agency ArmCosmos  Armenia Proposed in 2013 with the goal to launch satellites. Negotiating with the International Telecommunications Union to clear the path for its prospective launch. [95]
Cambodian Aeronautics and Space Agency  Cambodia Proposed in 2016, at progress stage [96]
Caribbean Space Agency  Caribbean Community Proposed in 2017, at progress stage [97]
Croatian Space Office CSO  Croatia Proposed in 2020, currently operate as NGO Adriatic Aerospace Association A3, at progres stage [98]
Haiti Space Agency HSA  Haiti Proposed in 2018, at progress stage [99]
Latin American and Caribbean Space Agency  Organization of American States Proposed in 2020, at progress stage [100]
South American Space Agency  South America Proposed in 2011, at progress stage [101]
Sri Lanka Aeronautics and Space Agency SLASA  Sri Lanka Proposed in 2009. Immediate goal was to construct and launch two satellites. Sri Lankan Telecommunications Regulatory Commission had signed an agreement with Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd to get the relevant help and resources. [102]

## Budgets

The annual budgets listed are the official budgets for national space agencies available in public domain. The budgets are not normalized to the expenses of space research in different countries, i.e. higher budget does not necessarily mean more activity or better performance in space exploration.[103][104] Budget could be used for different projects: e.g. GPS is maintained from the US defence budget, whereas ESA's money is used for developing the European Galileo positioning system[citation needed]. The data for authoritarian countries are unreliable. For European contributors to ESA, the national budgets shown include also their contributions to ESA.

Budgets of different space agencies.
Agency (country/region) Budget (in millions of US \$)
NASA (United States)
22,629
CNSA (China)
11,000
ESA (Europe)
7,430
DLR (Germany)
4,233
CNES (France)
3,024
Roscosmos (Russia)
2,530
ISRO (India)
2,000
ASI (Italy)
1,800
JAXA (Japan)
1,699
KARI (South Korea)
583
UKSA (United Kingdom)
500
ASA (Algeria)
360
CSA (Canada)
246
ISAB (Belgium)
224
INTA (Spain)
211
SSO (Switzerland)
177
NSO (Netherlands)
110
SNSA (Sweden)
100
NOSA (Norway)
97
SSAU (Ukraine)
80
ALR (Austria)
75
LAPAN (Indonesia)
55
AEB (Brazil)
47
CONAE (Argentina)
45
PhilSA (Philippines)
38
ISA (Israel)
14.5
ISA , ISRC and ARI (Iran)
8
Country/
region
Agency Budget
(in millions of US \$)
Year Reference
United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration 22,629 2020 [105][106]
China China National Space Administration 11,000 2018 [107]
European Space Agency 7,430 2020 [108]
Germany German Aerospace Center 4,233 2017 [109]
France National Centre for Space Studies 3,024 2020 [110]
Russia Roscosmos 2,530 2020 [111]
India Indian Space Research Organisation 2,000 2021 [112]
Italy Italian Space Agency 1,800 2016 [113]
Japan Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency 1,699 2017 [114]
South Korea Korea Aerospace Research Institute 583 2016 [115]
United Kingdom UK Space Agency 500 2017 [116]
Algeria Algerian Space Agency 360 2015 [117]
Canada Canadian Space Agency 246 2018 [118]
Belgium Interfederal Space Agency of Belgium 224 2018 [119]
Spain Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial 211 2018 [120]
Switzerland Swiss Space Office 177 2019 [108]
Netherlands Netherlands Space Office 110 2013 [121]
Sweden Swedish National Space Agency 100 2011 [122]
Norway Norwegian Space Agency 97 2014 [123]
Ukraine State Space Agency of Ukraine 80 [124]
Austria Austrian Space Agency 75 2018 [125]
Poland Polish Space Agency 61.5 2019–21 [126]
Indonesia National Institute of Aeronautics and Space 55 2019 [127][128]
Brazil Brazilian Space Agency 47 2018 [129]
Argentina Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales 45 2019 [130]
Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission 45 2018–19 [131][132]
Philippines Philippine Space Agency 38 2019 [133]
Nigeria National Space Research and Development Agency 32.3 2019 [134]
Australia Australian Space Agency 32 [135][136]
Israel Israel Space Agency 14.5 2019 [137]
South Africa South African National Space Agency 11.8 2014–15 [138]
Mexico Mexican Space Agency 8.34 2010 [139]
Iran Iranian Space Agency , Iranian Space Research Center and Aerospace Research Institute 8 2019–20 [140]
Turkey Turkish Space Agency 5.4 2020 [141]
World
All space agencies (Total of listed budgets) About 60,537

## References

1. ^ a b "Australia just launched a brand new space agency". The Independent. 25 September 2017.
2. ^ a b hermes (6 October 2017). "Australia sets up space agency with eye on satellite tech". The Straits Times.
3. ^ "Belarusian satellite takes pictures of Bahrain, Mozambique". Belarus News: Belarus Telagraph Agency. eng.belta.by. 30 August 2012.
4. ^ "Central American Association for Aeronautics and Space – ACAE". Retrieved 7 July 2020.
5. ^ Besser, Bruno (January 2004). "Austria's History in Space" (PDF). pp. 25–28. Retrieved 24 June 2009.
6. ^ "ESA – Human Spaceflight and Exploration – Other space agencies". 3 January 2007. Retrieved 9 March 2008.
7. ^ "Azercosmos official site". Retrieved 11 December 2015.
8. ^ "Bahrain: Launch of National Space Science Agency". Retrieved 11 December 2015.
9. ^ "Aeronomy.be – Contact – Who are we?". Archived from the original on 25 February 2006. Retrieved 7 March 2008.
10. ^ Magan, Veronica (23 August 2013). "Venezuela: Latin America's Next Space Pioneer?". Satellite Today. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
11. ^ Brazil's Atlantic Spaceports SpaceToday. Retrieved 1 March 2011.
12. ^
13. ^ Lin, Zhi. "Bolivia creates space agency for Chinese satellite". Xinhua News Agency. Archived from the original on 8 April 2010. Retrieved 4 November 2008.
14. ^ Carroll, Rory (12 February 2010). "Bolivia to launch satellite into space". The Guardian.
15. ^ "China to launch Bolivian satellite in 2013: Chinese Ambassador". Space-travel.com. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
16. ^ Space research in Bulgaria is coordinated by the Inter-Department Commission for Space Research Archived 27 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine (Bulgarian: Междуведомствена комисия по космически изследвания) which is composed of the deputy ministers of several ministries and representatives of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
17. ^ "Canadian Space Milestones". 4 December 2007. Retrieved 1 April 2009.
18. ^ a b c d "China National Space Administration – Organization and Function". Archived from the original on 28 February 2008. Retrieved 9 March 2008.
19. ^ "Colombian Space Commission – CCE". Retrieved 1 April 2009.
20. ^ a b "About Space Technologies and Satellite Systems Department – Ministry of transport of The Czech Republic". Retrieved 1 December 2012.
21. ^ a b "ESA – About ESA – What is ESA?". ESA. Retrieved 1 March 2008.
22. ^ a b "ESA – About ESA – History of the European Space Agency". ESA. Retrieved 1 March 2008.
23. ^ "Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development Agency – About Us". Archived from the original on 18 October 2011. Retrieved 16 October 2011.
24. ^
25. ^ a b c "About ISRO". isro.org. Archived from the original on 13 October 1999.
26. ^ a b c "About ISRO". isro.gov.in. Indian Space Research Organization. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
27. ^ a b c "All Missions". isro.gov.in. Indian Space Research Organization. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
28. ^
29. ^ Programas de Alta Tecnología de Nanosatélites Archived 1 December 2009 at the Wayback Machine, Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial
30. ^ "El Arenosillo". sat-net.com.
31. ^
32. ^ "Iran tests sounding rocket, unveils first homemade satellite | World". RIA Novosti. 28 October 2005. Retrieved 13 June 2011.
33. ^ "Iran launches homegrown satellite". BBC News. 3 February 2009.
34. ^ ASI official site "ASI MISSIONS AND PROJECTS-ACTIVITY". Retrieved 21 June 2014.
35. ^ ASI official site "ASI MISSIONS AND PROJECTS-CASSINI". December 2008. Archived from the original on 28 July 2011. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
36. ^ a b "JAXA HISTORY". Retrieved 5 December 2006.
37. ^ ライフサイエンス研究 (in Japanese). JAXA. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
38. ^ Luxembourg establishes space agency and new fund, SpaceNews, 13 September 2018. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
39. ^ "PM introduced new head of Kazakh National Space Agency". kazinform. 12 April 2007.
40. ^ "朝鲜宣布发展太空计划抗衡"西方强权"". 民族网. 8 February 2009. Retrieved 26 February 2009.
41. ^ "Despite Clinton, Korea has rights". Workers.org. 25 February 2009. Retrieved 13 June 2011.
42. ^ Levs, Josh (13 December 2012). "N. Korea's launch causes worries about nukes, Iran and the Pacific". CNN.
43. ^ "National Aerospace Development Administration of DPRK". Korean Central News Agency. 31 March 2014. Archived from the original on 6 April 2014. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
44. ^ "Association | Lithuanian Space Association". Space-lt.eu. Archived from the original on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
45. ^ "Malaysian National Space Agency, Official Website – Background". Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 7 March 2008.
46. ^ a b c d "NASA History in Brief". NASA. Retrieved 9 March 2008.
47. ^ a b "NARSS official site". Retrieved 1 April 2009.
48. ^ "Research Report 43; An Economic Evaluation of the National Space Program". Bureau of Industry Economics RPTS. 41–46. Australian Government Publishing Service. 1992.
49. ^ a b "About CNES". Retrieved 1 April 2009.
50. ^ "PeruSat-1". directory.eoportal.org. eoPortal. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
51. ^ Parrocha, Azer (13 August 2019). "Duterte signs law creating Philippine Space Agency". Philippine News Agency. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
52. ^ Sabillo, Kristine (14 August 2019). "Philippine Space Agency: Is a Filipino in space in the horizon?". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
53. ^ "PH's Maya-2 launched into space: DOST". Philippine News Agency. Retrieved 23 February 2021. The (satellite) program (of the DOST) will now transition into the leadership of the newly established Philippine Space Agency, he added.
54. ^ Parrocha, Azer (13 August 2019). "Duterte signs law creating Philippine Space Agency". Philippine News Agency. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
55. ^ Lopez, Virgil (13 August 2019). "Duterte signs law creating PHL space agency". GMA News. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
56. ^
57. ^ "PH's Maya-2 launched into space: DOST". Philippine News Agency. Retrieved 23 February 2021. The (satellite) program (of the DOST) will now transition into the leadership of the newly established Philippine Space Agency, he added.
58. ^ a b "Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales – Background". CONAE. Archived from the original on 21 May 2008. Retrieved 1 March 2008.
59. ^ "IIAE Orion". Archived from the original on 5 September 2009. Retrieved 20 June 2009.
60. ^ "Remote Sensing activities in Mongolia". Retrieved 1 April 2009.
61. ^ "Uzbekistan planning to launch two satellites with Russian help". Red Orbit. 8 June 2004. Archived from the original on 10 February 2012. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
62. ^ Previously named National Space Program Organisation, until 1 April 2005 – "About NSPO/Heritage". Archived from the original on 10 August 2007. Retrieved 1 April 2009.
63. ^ "Norwegian Space Centre annual report" (PDF). 2007. p. 16. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2011. Retrieved 1 April 2009.
64. ^ "Portugal Space Agency". 2019. p. 1. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
65. ^ "Portugal Just Launched a National Space Agency!". 2019. p. 1. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
66. ^ "Turkey launches national space program". Hürriyet Daily News. 13 December 2018.
67. ^ "Can Turkey's new space agency curb brain drain?". Ahval. 5 February 2019.
68. ^ "Turkey's first sounding rocket passed the Kármán Line". iletisim.gov.tr. 30 August 2020.
69. ^ "Turkish firm to develop hybrid rocket tech for 2023 moon mission". Daily Sabah. 28 February 2021.
70. ^ "SPARRSO". Archived from the original on 11 March 2008. Retrieved 7 March 2008.
71. ^ "Home". SANSA. 14 October 2013. Archived from the original on 7 July 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
72. ^ "Space Technology Institute – Introduction". Retrieved 1 April 2009.
73. ^ "SSO – Swiss Space Office". Archived from the original on 2 February 2005.
74. ^ "Organisation Chart of the SERI". Archived from the original on 12 July 2018. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
75. ^ "TurkmenAlem52E/MonacoSAT launch a success!". Thales Alenia Space. 28 April 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
76. ^ "United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA)". Retrieved 7 March 2008.
77. ^ "COPUOS Membership Evolution". unoosa.org. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
78. ^ "About the Agency – UAE Space Agency". Retrieved 23 July 2016.
79. ^ "About Us – Mohammed Bin Rashid Space Centre". Retrieved 18 January 2019.
80. ^ Rupar, T. (18 March 2014). Syria has set up a space agency. Retrieved 14 May 2020, from https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2014/03/18/syria-has-set-up-a-space-agency/
81. ^ Ohlheiser, A. (18 March 2014). Syria Creates a Space Agency in the Middle of its Civil War. Retrieved from https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2014/03/syria-creates-space-agency-middle-its-civil-war/359308/
82. ^ Sheldon, J. (13 December 2018). Syria Seeks To Build Satellite, Establish A Space Programme. Retrieved from https://spacewatch.global/2018/12/syria-seeks-to-build-satellite-establish-a-space-programme/
83. ^ "Syria Aims for the Stars With New Space Mission". Al Bawaba. 17 December 2018. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
84. ^ ASI official missions history "ASI MISSIONS HISTORY". Archived from the original on 15 October 2013.
85. ^ "AFSPC Unveils Tribute to Astronaut Airmen". Air Force Space Command.
86. ^ Bennett, Jay (6 November 2017). "Space War: How the Air Force Plans to Defend the Final Frontier". Popular Mechanics.
87. ^ "U.S. Air Force Looks To Bridge Sounding Rocket Contract Vehicles". SpaceNews.com. 2 November 2015.
88. ^ "Shenzhou". Archived from the original on 16 October 2013.
89. ^ "Russian Space Web". Archived from the original on 5 July 2006.
90. ^ Smith, David (5 September 2010). "Africa prepares to join the big boys in the space race". The Guardian.
91. ^ Smith, David (6 September 2012). "Sudanese president calls for African space agency". The Guardian.
92. ^ "Africa eyes joint space agency". Phys.org. 11 September 2012.
93. ^ Ezigbo, Onyebuchi; Okpara, Lois (9 August 2010). "AU to Establish African Space Agency". All Africa.
94. ^ https://physicsworld.com/a/plans-for-african-space-agency-jeopardized-by-lack-of-progress/. Missing or empty `|title=` (help)
95. ^ "Armenia & Azerbaijan: A Caucasus Space Race is On!". Retrieved 17 October 2019.
96. ^ "China to build and launch Cambodia's first satellite". SpaceTech Asia. 12 January 2018. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
97. ^ "Does The Caribbean Need A Space Agency?". MNI Alive. 6 October 2018. Retrieved 15 February 2020.
98. ^ "Adriatic Aerospace Association". Adriatic Aerospace Association (in Croatian). 21 June 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2021.
99. ^ "Haiti Space Agency To Be Announced at Haiti Tech Summit in Partnership with Singapore-Based SpaceChain Foundation". Haiti Tech Summit. 13 June 2018. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
100. ^ "Mexico and Argentina lay the foundation for the Latin American Space Agency". mexicanist.com. 13 October 2020. Retrieved 18 January 2021.
101. ^ "Argentina, with Brazilian support proposes a South American Space agency". MercoPress. 1 September 2011. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
102. ^ "SSTL Contracted to Establish Sri Lanka Space Agency". Via Satellite. 18 November 2009.
103. ^ "Global Space Revenues and Budgets". The Space Report. 2009. Archived from the original on 28 November 2009. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
104. ^ "The Space Report 2011 | Resources". Thespacereport.org. Archived from the original on 12 July 2011. Retrieved 13 June 2011.
105. ^ NASA FY 2017 BUDGET REQUEST nasa.gov
106. ^ Dreier, Casey (18 December 2015). "[Updated] An Extraordinary Budget for NASA in 2016 – Congressional omnibus increases the space agency's budget by \$1.3 billion". The Planetary Society. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
107. ^ "In space, the US sees a rival in China". phys.org. 6 January 2019. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
108. ^ a b "ESA Budget for 2019". esa.int. 14 January 2019.
109. ^ "Das DLR im Überblick". DLR Portal. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
110. ^ Le 2ème budget au monde, Activité institutionnelle du CNES, retrieved 30 January 2017
111. ^ Роскосмос прокомментировал новый бюджет НАСА. vz.ru. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
112. ^ "Dept of Space gets Rs 13,949 crore in Union Budget, Rs 4,449 crore more than last year". India Today. 1 February 2021. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
113. ^ "Exomars and the future of Italy's space". ASI. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
114. ^ "Transition of Number of Staff and Budget". JAXA. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
115. ^ "기관별 경영공시 한국항공우주연구원". alio.go.kr. Archived from the original on 24 June 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
116. ^ UK Space Agency Annual Report and Accounts 2016 to 2017 (PDF), retrieved 22 November 2017
117. ^ . 2015 https://asal.dz/. Missing or empty `|title=` (help)
118. ^ "Canadian Space Agency 2017–18 Departmental Plan" (PDF). 2017.
119. ^ "Belgium Gets own Space Agency". 6 December 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
120. ^ Infodefensa.com, Revista Defensa (6 April 2018). "El INTA contará con un presupuesto de 188 millones, un 36% más – Noticias Infodefensa España". Infodefensa.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 1 May 2018.
121. ^ "Programmes and Participations". Spaceoffice.nl. Archived from the original on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
122. ^ "European Commission: CORDIS : ERAWATCH". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 21 October 2013.
123. ^ "More about the NSC". Norsk Romsenter. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
124. ^ https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/file/text/68/f479611n176.xls. Retrieved 21 June 2019. Missing or empty `|title=` (help)
125. ^ "Beteiligung Österreichs an Programmen der ESA" (in German). ffg.at. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
126. ^
127. ^ "RUU APBN 2019" (PDF) (in Indonesian). Ministry of Finance. 2019. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
128. ^ "DIPA LAPAN 2019" (PDF) (in Indonesian). PPID LAPAN. 2019. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
129. ^ "RELATÓRIO DE GESTÃO DO EXERCÍCIO DE 2018" [2018 FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT REPORT] (PDF) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 21 June 2019.
130. ^ "POLÍTICA PRESUPUESTARIA DE LA ENTIDAD" [BUDGET POLICY OF THE ENTITY] (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 21 June 2019.
131. ^ "135% increase in funds for space program likely". Daily Times. 4 June 2009. Archived from the original on 15 August 2011. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
132. ^
133. ^ Cervantes, Filane Mikee (20 May 2019). "Senate approves creation of PH Space Agency". Philippine News Agency.
134. ^ "How much does Nigeria spend on space science and technology?". Space in Africa. 4 February 2019. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
135. ^ Corinne Reichert (8 May 2018). "Budget 2018 Government confirms AU41m Space Agency". ZDNet.
136. ^ ":: Budget 2018 – New opportunities and jobs for Australian industry". minister.industry.gov.au. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
137. ^ "Space program budget (In Hebrew)". Retrieved 7 May 2020.
138. ^ "Address by the Minister of Science and Technology, Naledi Pandor MP, on the occasion of the Science and Technology budget vote". Department of Science and Technology. 22 July 2014. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
139. ^ "Agencia Espacial Mexicana". AEM. 16 March 2010. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
140. ^ "زیر و بم لایحه بودجه سال 99 کل کشور در بخش هوا و فضا". مرکز پژوهش ها. Retrieved 26 December 2020.
141. ^ "Türkiye Uzay Ajansı'na (TUA) ayrılan devlet bütçesi 38 milyon TL olarak gözüküyor". BBC News Türkçe (in Turkish). 10 February 2021. Retrieved 19 February 2021.
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.