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Soyuz TM-10
COSPAR ID1990-067A
SATCAT no.20722Edit this on Wikidata
Mission duration130 days, 20 hours, 35 minutes, 51 seconds
Orbits completed~2,125
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeSoyuz-TM
ManufacturerNPO Energia
Launch mass7,150 kilograms (15,760 lb)
Crew size2 up
3 down
MembersGennady Manakov
Gennady Strekalov
LandingToyohiro Akiyama
CallsignВулка́н (Vulkan – Volcano)
Start of mission
Launch date1 August 1990, 09:32:21 (1990-08-01UTC09:32:21Z) UTC
End of mission
Landing date10 December 1990, 06:08:12 (1990-12-10UTC06:08:13Z) UTC
Landing site69 kilometres (43 mi) NW of Arkalyk
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude198 kilometres (123 mi)
Apogee altitude219 kilometres (136 mi)
Inclination51.6 degrees
Period88.7 minutes
Docking with Mir
Docking date3 August 1990, 11:45:44 UTC
Undocking date10 December 1990, 02:48:11 UTC
Mir insignia.svg
Soyuz programme
(Crewed missions)

Soyuz TM-10 was the tenth expedition to the Russian Space Station Mir.[1]

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Position Launching crew Landing crew
Commander Soviet Union Gennady Manakov
First spaceflight
Flight Engineer Soviet Union Gennady Strekalov
Fourth spaceflight
Research Cosmonaut None Japan Toyohiro Akiyama (Reporter)
First spaceflight

Mission highlights

Side of the Soyuz TM-10 where it was signed by all its passengers. The inscription in Japanese reads Toyohiro Akiyama (秋山豊寛).
Side of the Soyuz TM-10 where it was signed by all its passengers. The inscription in Japanese reads Toyohiro Akiyama (秋山豊寛).

TM-10 marked the return to earth of Japanese reporter Toyohiro Akiyama.

The Soyuz arrived at Mir's aft port with four passengers: quail for cages in Kvant-2. A quail had laid an egg en route to the station. It was returned to Earth, along with 130 kg of experiment results and industrial products, in Soyuz TM-9. The spacecraft landed without incident.

It spent 131 days attached to Mir. A camera was installed in the descent module as part of the agreement with Akiyama's network to film the reactions of the returning cosmonauts.


  1. ^ The mission report is available here:
This page was last edited on 6 May 2021, at 09:29
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