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Sovereign of the Seas (clipper)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sovereignoftheseasdockedphoto.jpg
Sovereign of the Seas
History
United States
Builder: Donald McKay of East Boston, MA
Launched: 1852
Fate: Wrecked in the Strait of Malacca, on voyage from Hamburg to China, 1859[1]
General characteristics
Class and type: Extreme clipper
Tons burthen: 2421 tons.
Length: 252 ft. (76.8m)
Beam: 45.6 ft. (13.9m)
Draft: 29.2 ft. (8.9m)
Notes: Has held the record for the fastest speed ever for a sailing ship, 22 knots (41 km/h, 25 mph), since 1854

Sovereign of the Seas, a clipper ship built in 1852, was a sailing vessel notable for setting the world record for fastest sailing ship—22 knots.[2][a]

Notable passages

Drawing of Sovereign of the Seas from a 1910 book
Drawing of Sovereign of the Seas from a 1910 book

Built by Donald McKay of East Boston, Massachusetts, Sovereign of the Seas was the first ship to travel more than 400 nautical miles in 24 hours.[3] On the second leg of her maiden voyage, she made a record passage from Honolulu, Hawaii to New York City in 82 days. She then broke the record to Liverpool, England, making the passage in 13 days 13.5 hours. In 1853 she was chartered by James Baines of the Black Ball Line, Liverpool for the Australia trade.

Record

In 1854, Sovereign of the Seas recorded the fastest speed for a sailing ship, logging 22 knots (41 km/h, 25 mph).[2]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Note that this is a very specific record, far exceeded by multi-hulled sailing craft, and modern monohulls. Some qualification, as to ship length, tonnage, number of masts, or such must be applied.

References

  1. ^ Lars Bruzelius. "Sailing Ships: Sovereign of the Seas". Retrieved 19 February 2010.
  2. ^ a b Octavius T. Howe; Frederick G. Matthews (1986). American Clipper Ships 1833-1858. 1. New York. ISBN 0-486-25115-2.
  3. ^ "San Francisco Commerce, Past, Present and Future". Overland Monthly and Out West Magazine. April 1888. p. 370. Retrieved 23 December 2016.

Further reading

  • Lyon, Jane D (1962). Clipper Ships and Captains. New York: American Heritage Publishing.

External links


This page was last edited on 9 November 2019, at 15:11
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