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Southern Transitional Council

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Southern Transitional Council
المجلس الانتقالي الجنوبي
Official southern transitional council logo.png
Logo of the STC
Overview
Established4 April 2017 (declared)[1]
11 May 2017 (formed)[2]
StateYemen
LeaderAidarus al-Zoubaidi
Main organCouncil
Ministries26
Responsible toUnited Arab Emirates
HeadquartersAden, Yemen
Websitestcaden.com

The Southern Transitional Council (STC; Arabic: المجلس الانتقالي الجنوبيal-Majlis al-Intiqālī l-Janūbiyy) is a secessionist organization in Yemen. The 26 members of the STC include the governors of five southern governorates and two government ministers. It was formed by a faction of the Southern Movement, also known as al-Hirak al-Janoubi. The Southern Movement was established in 2007, during the term of former president Ali Abdullah Saleh, and it has called for and worked toward the separation of southern Yemen from the rest of the nation (as it previously was until 1990).

Declared on 11 May 2017, the council is headed by the former Governor of Aden, Aidarus al-Zoubaidi, as president, with former-minister of state Hani Bin Breik as vice-president.[3] The formation of the council was authorized a week earlier by the Historic Aden Declaration announced at a rally protesting the dismissal of al-Zoubaidi from his post as governor.[4] The STC claims to rule most of the territory in southern Yemen.[5][6][7][better source needed] Some of the members of the STC were the governors of Dhale, Shabwah, Hadhramaut, Lahij, Socotra, and Al Mahrah governorates. It also has partial control of Abyan and Aden governorates.[citation needed]

History

On April 27, 2017, the Governor of the Aden, Aidarus al-Zoubaidi, was fired by President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi for conspiring with a foreign government, the UAE, against national security and sovereignty of the nation.

With the help and support of the UAE, the STC was formed on May 11, 2017.[2] Immediately, President Hadi called the council illegitimate.[8][6][9][10]

Territorial situation in Yemen in 2018.   Controlled by Southern Transitional Council
Territorial situation in Yemen in 2018.
  Controlled by Southern Transitional Council

Beginning on 28 January 2018, separatists loyal to the STC seized control of the Yemeni government headquarters in Aden in a coup d'état against the legitimate Yemeni government.[11][12]

Head of the UAE-backed STC Aidarus al-Zoubaidi announced the state of emergency in Aden and that "the STC has begun the process of overthrowing Hadi’s rule over the South".[13]

On Aug. 27th, 2019, tensions continue to escalate in southern Yemen after the UAE-backed Security Belt Forces (SBF) lost territories to troops loyal to the Saudi-backed government of President Abd Rabbuh Mansour Hadi. The troops advanced to the capital Aden and it was said that they took post outside of the city in order not to cause any civilian casualties.

On Aug. 29th, 2019, to stop government forces from advancing and reclaiming the capital, the UAE carried out air strikes on government positions outside of Aden, which killed and injured over 300 government soldiers.

Despite fighting in the same coalition against the Iran-aligned Houthi rebels, the UAE fell out with Hadi's government after Abu Dhabi accused Hadi of aligning with the Islah party, a powerful party, who it views as ideologically close to the Muslim Brotherhood.

STC Backing

The UAE helped create the SBF in southern Yemen. Since its formation, the SBF has played a crucial role in the Saudi-led coalition before the recent escalation.

It's successes came in part due to being militarily backed by the UAE. The backing included training of SBF fighters in Abu Dhabi and the supply of military equipment. Emirati backing was crucial in helping the STC gain Aden, which has been under its control since 2018.

Mustafa Akhwand of Shia Rights Watch claimed that the battle was a dispute between Saudi Arabia and the UAE over the control of Yemen's strategic ports and newfound natural resources of oil, silver and gold discovered near the border with Oman.[14]

Government and Presidential commission

The Presidential commission consists of 26 members, who are listed below.[15][16]

  • Aidarus al-Zoubaidi – President of STC
  • Hani Bin Breik – Vice President of STC
  • Fadhl al-Ghadi – Governor of Dhale
  • Lutfi Bashareef – Minister of Communications
  • Murad al-Hallemy – Minister of Transportation
  • Hamid Lamlas – Governor of Shabwah
  • Nasser Al-Khobbaki – Governor of Lahij
  • Ahmed bin Breik – Former Governor of Hadramaut
  • Saleh Al-Awlaqi – Southern Parliamentarian
  • Abdulhadi Shayif – Economist
  • Abdullah Arefarar – Representative of Mahra and Socotra
  • Abdurrab Al-Naqeep – Representative of Yafea(West-southern Abyan)
  • Adnan Al-Kaaf – Deputy of Aden
  • Ahmed Al-Socotry -Governor of Socotra
  • Mona Basharaheed – Professor of literature
  • Aqel al-Attas – Activist
  • Lutfi Shatara -Journalist
  • Sahair Ali – Professor of Law
  • Ahmed Bamuallem -Brigadier General, representative from Hadramaut.
  • Abdurahman Shaikh- Deputy of Aden
  • Salem al-Awlaqi – Activist
  • Ameen Saleh – Activist
  • Nasser Assadi – Brigadier General, Activist
  • Ali Ashaibah – Brigadier General, Activist
  • Niran Suqi – Jurist
  • Ali Al-Kathiri – Representative from SLA party

See also

References

  1. ^ "Aden's Historic Announcement". 4 April 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  2. ^ a b Maher Farrukh (2 November 2017). "Threat Update: Yemen and Southern Secessionism". Critical Threats. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  3. ^ Forster, R (September 2017). "The Southern Transitional Council: Implications for Yemen's peace process" (PDF). Middle East Policy. 24.3 (3): 133–144. doi:10.1111/mepo.12295.
  4. ^ "Aden Historic Declaration". Southern Hirak. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  5. ^ The New Arab. "GCC: Aden-based Southern Transitional Council 'doomed to fail'". alaraby.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-06-08.
  6. ^ a b The New Arab. "Banished Aden governor forms independent "South Yemen" council". alaraby.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-06-08.
  7. ^ Saudi Research & Marketing (uk) Ltd. "Thirty Southern Figures Reject Transitional Council in Aden – ASHARQ AL-AWSAT English". english.aawsat.com. Retrieved 2017-06-08.
  8. ^ "GCC rejects formation of Yemen transitional council | Yemen News | Al Jazeera". aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2017-06-08.
  9. ^ Saudi Research & Marketing (uk) Ltd. "Hadi Rejects 'South Council,' Urges Members to Clarify their Stances – ASHARQ AL-AWSAT English". english.aawsat.com. Retrieved 2017-06-08.
  10. ^ "Yemen gov't rejects formation of "southern transitional council" – Xinhua | English.news.cn". news.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 2017-06-08.
  11. ^ "Separatist clashes flare in south Yemen". BBC News. 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018 – via www.BBC.com.
  12. ^ "Yémen: les séparatistes sudistes, à la recherche de l'indépendance perdue". Le Point. 28 January 2018. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  13. ^ "South Yemen separatists send reinforcements to Aden". Almasdarnews.com. 2018-01-29. Retrieved 2018-09-02.
  14. ^ "Activist: 'Hadi Has to Go, Someone More Moderate' Must Lead Yemen". Sputnik. 30 January 2018.
  15. ^ demolinari. "Both governors are members of the Southern Transitional Council which will have its first meeting in #Mukalla on Tuesday. #SouthYemen #Yemenpic.twitter.com/yk19wIP02q". Twitter.com. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  16. ^ "#SouthYemen hashtag on Twitter". Twitter.com. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
This page was last edited on 29 September 2019, at 13:51
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